Cathryn Rankin

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States

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Publications (25)166.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Recurrence and toxicity occur commonly among patients with rectal cancer who are treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The authors hypothesized that genetic variation in folate-metabolizing genes could play a role in interindividual variability. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the associations between genetic variants in folate-metabolizing genes and clinical outcomes among patients with rectal cancer treated with 5-FU.METHODS The authors investigated 8 functionally significant polymorphisms in 6 genes (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase [MTHFR] [C667T, A1298C], SLC191A [G80A], SHMT1 [C1420T], dihydrofolate reductase [DHFR] [Del19bp], TS 1494del,and TSER) involved in folate metabolism in 745 patients with TNM stage II or III rectal cancer enrolled in a phase 3 adjuvant clinical trial of 3 regimens of 5-FU and radiotherapy (INT-0144 and SWOG 9304).RESULTSThere were no statistically significant associations noted between polymorphisms in any of the genes and overall survival, disease-free survival (DFS), and toxicity in the overall analyses. Nevertheless, there was a trend toward worse DFS among patients with the variant allele of MTHFR C677T compared with wild-type, particularly in treatment arm 2, in which patients with the MTHFR C677T TT genotype had worse overall survival (hazards ratio, 1.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-2.93 [P = .03]) and DFS (hazards ratio, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.03 [P = .02]) compared with those with homozygous wild-type. In addition, there was a trend toward reduced hematological toxicity among patients with variants of SLC19A1 G80A in treatment arm 1 (P for trend, .06) and reduced esophagitis/stomatitis noted among patients with variants of TSER in treatment arm 3 (P for trend, .06).CONCLUSIONS Genetic variability in folate-metabolizing enzymes was found to be associated only to a limited degree with clinical outcomes among patients with rectal cancer treated with 5-FU. Cancer 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 07/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas (STS) have limited therapeutic options. Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor of raf, vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 (VEGFR1) through 3, platelet-derived growth factor B, fms-like tyrosine kinase 3, and c-kit, and some of these may be relevant in STS. The authors tested sorafenib at a dose of 400 mg twice daily in patients with advanced vascular sarcoma (VS), high-grade liposarcomas, and leiomyosarcomas who had received 0 or 1 previous regimens for advanced disease. Fifty-one patients were accrued to the study, and 37 were evaluable for toxicity and response. There were no unexpected side effects and no confirmed responses. The median progression-free survival was 3 months, and the median overall survival was 17 months. Six of 8 patients in the VS cohort had prolonged clinical benefit (stable disease or better), resulting in a median progression-free survival of 5 months compared with 2 to 3 months for the patients who had liposarcoma and leiomyosarcomas. Sorafenib at the dose and schedule studied did not result in any responses in the VS, liposarcoma, or leiomyosarcoma cohort according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.
    Cancer 07/2011; 118(3):770-6. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder and cholangiocarcinomas represent a heterogeneous group of malignant diseases that commonly present at an advanced stage and have limited therapeutic options. Based on the role of the Ras-Raf-Mek-Erk pathway and the VEGF axis in biliary carcinomas, we conducted a phase II study of sorafenib in patients with advanced biliary cancers. Eligible patients had no prior therapy for metastatic or unresectable disease. Sorafenib was administered at 400 mg po twice daily continuously. The study was terminated after the first stage of accrual due to failure to meet the primary objective. A confirmed response rate of 0% (0%-11%) was observed. Thirty-nine percent of patients demonstrated stable disease (including 2 with unconfirmed PR). PFS was 3 months (95% CI: 2-4 months) and OS 9 months (95% CI: 4-12 months). The most common grade 3 and 4 toxicities included hand-foot skin reaction (13%), bilirubin elevation (13%), venous thromboembolism (10%), AST/ALT elevation (10%) and elevated alkaline phosphatase (10%). While treatment with sorafenib did not result in objective responses, patients with biliary cancers receiving this drug had some therapeutic benefit. Additional studies with sorafenib in combination with chemotherapy or other targeted agents may be warranted.
    Investigational New Drugs 07/2011; 30(4):1646-51. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with gallbladder cancer or cholangiocarcinoma were treated with the combination of gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) IV over 100 min on days 1 and 8 and capecitabine 650 mg/m(2) BID PO on days 1-14, administered every 21 days. The primary objective of this study was to assess the response rate (confirmed complete and partial responses) of gemcitabine and capecitabine used in advanced/metastatic biliary neoplasms. Secondary objectives included overall survival and toxicities. The study accrued 57 patients from September 2003 to April 2005. Three patients were ineligible, and two others received no treatment. Characteristics of analyzable patients: 35 (67%) cholangiocarcinoma, 17 (33%) gallbladder cancer; PS 0 (18 pts), 1 (26 pts), 2 (8 pts); 26 (50%) men; median age 58.8 years (29.5-85.6). Among 51 patients evaluated for toxicity, 6 experienced grade 4 toxicities. Among 52 patients, there were 7 confirmed partial responses for a confirmed response probability of 13% (95% CI: 6-26%). Six patients had an unconfirmed partial response for an overall response probability of 25% (95% CI: 14-39%). Twelve patients (23%) demonstrated stable disease. The 6-month overall survival was 55% (95% CI: 41-69%), and median survival was 7 months (95% CI: 5-8 months). The combination of gemcitabine and capecitabine is a well-tolerated regimen with activity in patients with advanced gallbladder cancer and cholangiocarcinoma.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 05/2011; 68(6):1595-602. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
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    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a dermal sarcoma typically carrying a translocation between chromosomes 17 and 22 that generates functional platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGFB). Two distinct phase II trials of imatinib (400 to 800 mg daily) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic DFSP were conducted and closed prematurely, one in Europe (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC]) with 14-week progression-free rate as the primary end point and the other in North America (Southwest Oncology Group [SWOG]) with confirmed objective response rate as the primary end point. In the EORTC trial, confirmation of PDGFB rearrangement was required, and surgery was undertaken after 14 weeks if feasible. The SWOG study confirmed t(17;22) after enrollment. Sixteen and eight patients were enrolled onto the EORTC and SWOG trials, respectively. Tumor size ranged from 1.2 to 49 cm. DFSP was located on head/neck, trunk, and limb in seven, 11, and six patients, respectively, and was classic, pigmented, and fibrosarcomatous DFSP in 13, one, and nine patients, respectively. Metastases were present in seven patients (lung involvement was present six patients). Eleven patients (4%) had partial response as best response, and four patients had progressive disease as best response. Median time to progression (TTP) was 1.7 years. Imatinib was stopped in 11 patients because of progression, one patient because of toxicity, and two patients after complete resection of disease. Median overall survival (OS) time has not been reached; 1-year OS rate was 87.5%. Imatinib is active in DFSP harboring t(17;22) including fibrosarcomatous DFSP, with objective response rate approaching 50%. Response rates and TTP did not differ between patients taking 400 mg daily versus 400 mg twice a day.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2010; 28(10):1772-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imatinib mesylate is standard treatment for patients who have advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), but not all patients benefit equally. In previous studies, GIST genotype correlated with treatment outcome and optimal imatinib dosing. We examined the relationship between kinase genotype and treatment outcome for 428 patients enrolled on the North American phase III study SWOG S0033/CALGB 150105 and treated with either 400 mg or 800 mg daily doses of imatinib. The presence of KIT exon 11-mutant genotype (n = 283) correlated with improved treatment outcome when compared with KIT exon 9-mutant (n = 32) and wild-type (WT; n = 67) genotypes for objective response (complete response [CR]/partial response [PR], 71.7% v 44.4% [P = .007]; and 44.6% [P = .0002], respectively); time to tumor progression (TTP; median 24.7 months v 16.7 and 12.8 months, respectively); and overall survival (OS; median 60.0 months v 38.4 and 49.0 months, respectively). The survival outcomes for patients with exon 9-mutant, exon 11-mutant or WT GIST were not affected by imatinib dose. However, there was evidence of improved response rates for patients with exon 9-mutant tumors treated with imatinib 800 mg versus 400 mg (CR/PR, 67% v 17%; P = .02). Patients who had CD117-negative GIST had similar TTP but inferior OS compared with patients who had CD117-positive disease, which suggests that patients who have CD117-negative GIST may benefit from imatinib treatment. In addition, we identified novel but rare mutations of the KIT extracellular domain (exons 8 and 9). We confirmed the favorable impact of KIT exon 11 genotype when compared with KIT exon 9 and wild-type genotype for patients with advanced GIST who are treated with imatinib.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2008; 26(33):5360-7. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who progress on standard chemotherapy have limited treatment options. New and effective drugs are needed for these patients. Romidepsin is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that can alter chromatin structure and gene transcription leading to multiple changes in cellular protein production. This may result in cell cycle arrest and tumor growth inhibition. Romidepsin has shown anti-proliferative activity in vitro against multiple mouse and human tumor cell lines and in vivo in human tumor xenograft models. Patients were required to have pathologically verified, measurable, metastatic or locally advanced colorectal cancer that was surgically unresectable. They must have failed either one or two prior chemotherapy regimens, had performance status of 0-1, adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic function, and no significant cardiac disease. Patients were treated with romidepsin at a dose of 13 mg/m(2) as a 4-h iv infusion on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. The study had a two stage design. The primary objective of the study was to determine the confirmed response probability in this group of patients treated with romidepsin. Twenty-eight patients were registered to the study, two of whom were ineligible. One eligible patient refused all treatment and was not analyzed. For the 25 remaining patients, performance status was 0 in 16 patients and 1 in nine patients. Ten patients had received one prior chemotherapy regimen and fifteen 2 prior regimens. Out of the 25 eligible and analyzable patients accrued in the first stage of the protocol, no objective responses were observed and the study was permanently closed. Four patients had stable disease as the best response. Twenty-five patients were assessed for toxicity. No grade 4 or greater toxicities were seen. Fourteen of the 25 patients experienced grade 3 toxicities the most common of which were fatigue or anorexia. Romidepsin at this dose and schedule is ineffective in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer after prior chemotherapy. Future trials might evaluate combinations of romidepsin with chemotherapeutic or other agents.
    Investigational New Drugs 11/2008; 27(5):469-75. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The poor prognosis reported for patients with high-grade glial neoplasms indicates a need for the development of multimodality therapeutic approaches. The addition of chemotherapy has contributed variably to increased survival. The objective of the current study (Southwest Oncology Group [SWOG] 9016) was to determine whether concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy with the combination of carmustine and cisplatin could be given safely in a cooperative group setting. Additional objectives included the estimation of response rate, the rate of disease stabilization, and the probability of 1-year survival. SWOG 9016 study included 59 eligible patients with grade III or IV astrocytoma who received radiotherapy concurrently with carmustine/cisplatin chemotherapy. Patients were required to have either measurable or evaluable disease. The therapeutic endpoints were comprised of complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or progressive disease (PD). Six patients achieved a CR (CR rate of 10%; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 4-21%), 4 achieved a PR (PR rate of 7%; 95% CI, 2-16%), and 2 patients (3%) experienced an unconfirmed response. Twenty-four patients (41%; 95% CI, 28-54%) had stable disease and 10 patients (17%) demonstrated PD. The overall disease stabilization rate (CR + PR + stable disease, excluding unconfirmed response) was 58% (95% CI, 44-70%). Despite the presence of a cohort of long-term survivors, the results of the current study do not appear to support the additional study or routine use of concurrent cisplatin and carmustine.
    Cancer 08/2008; 113(3):559-65. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this open-label phase II SWOG study was to evaluate the activity of gemcitabine (Gemzar; Eli Lilly, Indiana, USA) and cisplatin combination therapy, in patients with unresectable malignant mesothelioma of the pleura. Fifty eligible chemotherapy naïve patients with histologically proven malignant mesothelioma of the pleura, and a SWOG performance status 0-2 were enrolled between February 1999 and August 2000. Treatment consisted of gemcitabine 1000mg/m(2) and cisplatin 30mg/m(2) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle, until progression of disease or two cycles beyond complete response. Using SWOG response criteria, one patient had a confirmed complete response and five patients had a confirmed partial response, for a total response rate of 12% (95% CI 5-24%). All the responses were seen in patients with epithelioid or unspecified histology. Stable disease was seen in 25 patients (50%). The median overall survival was 10 months (95% CI 7-15 months), with a median progression-free survival of 6 months. Sixteen patients experienced Grade 4 toxicity. Twelve of these Grade 4 toxicities were hematologic. There were no treatment-related deaths. Cisplatin-gemcitabine combination chemotherapy has modest activity with an acceptable toxicity profile, as first line treatment for patients with malignant mesothelioma.
    Lung Cancer 06/2008; 60(2):259-63. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of DNA excision repair can modulate resistance to cisplatin. Cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and hydroxyurea (HU), in combination, inhibit the excision-repair system and removal of platinum-DNA adducts. Marked cytotoxic synergy had been demonstrated in vitro at clinically achievable levels. The three-drug regimen was found to be feasible in clinical pilot studies. A Phase II study in patients with relapsed or progressive anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) or glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) was performed in the Southwest Oncology Group. The primary end point was 6 month survival, historically about 42%. A loading dose of HU 1,260 mg/m2 IV over 1 h was followed by Ara-C 1,200 mg/m2 plus HU 5,040 mg/m2 IV over 12 h, followed by cisplatin 100 mg/m2 IV over 1 h. A total of 76 patients were registered. The GBM stratum registered 56 patients in a two-stage accrual. Among 51 eligible GBM patients, the 6-month survival probability was 41% (95% CI 28-55%), and median overall survival was 5 months (95% CI 4-6 months). The 6-month progression-free survival probability was 25% (95% CI 14-37%), and median progression-free survival was 2 months (95% CI 2-4 months). One patient achieved a partial response (2%, 95% CI 0-10%), 13 patients had stable disease (25%, 95% CI 14-39%). Twenty-two patients progressed, and 14 were not assessable for response. The AA stratum was closed early after 20 patients due to slow accrual. Among 19 eligible patients, the 6-month survival probability was 58% (95% CI 36-80%), and median overall survival was 7 months (95% CI 7-14 months). The 6-month progression-free survival probability was 26% (95% CI 6-46%), and median progression-free survival was 3 months (95% CI 2-5 months). No responses were seen. Six patients (32%) had stable disease (95% CI 13-57%), 11 progressed, and 2 were not assessable for response. Of the 70 patients evaluable for toxicity, two died of infection. Twenty-three patients (33%) experienced Grade 4 toxicities, primarily hematological. Cisplatin combined with HU and Ara-C did not improve the 6 month survival rate in patients with relapsed or progressive AA or GBM. Significantly more hematological toxicity was seen than expected from cisplatin alone. Although benefit might be possible in a more platinum-sensitive tumor type, further clinical trials with this regimen for patients with glioblastoma multiforme or anaplastic astrocytoma are not justified.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2008; 86(3):353-8. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess potential differences in progression-free or overall survival when imatinib mesylate is administered to patients with incurable gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) at a standard dose (400 mg daily) versus a high dose (400 mg twice daily). Patients with metastatic or surgically unresectable GIST were eligible for this phase III open-label clinical trial. At registration, patients were randomly assigned to either standard or high-dose imatinib, with close interval follow-up. If objective progression occurred by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, patients on the standard-dose arm could reregister to the trial and receive the high-dose imatinib regimen. Seven hundred forty-six patients with advanced GIST from 148 centers across the United States and Canada were enrolled onto this trial in 9 months. With a median follow-up of 4.5 years, median progression-free survival was 18 months for patients on the standard-dose arm, and 20 months for those receiving high-dose imatinib. Median overall survival was 55 and 51 months, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in objective response rates, progression-free survival, or overall survival. After progression on standard-dose imatinib, 33% of patients who crossed over to the high-dose imatinib regimen achieved either an objective response or stable disease. There were more grade 3, 4, and 5 toxicities noted on the high-dose imatinib arm. This trial confirms the effectiveness of imatinib as primary systemic therapy for patients with incurable GIST but did not show any advantage to higher dose treatment. It appears reasonable to initiate therapy with 400 mg daily and to consider dose escalation on progression of disease.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2008; 26(4):626-32. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) usually consists of 7 days of cytarabine at 100-200 mg/m(2)/day and an anthracycline. Such combinations produce complete response (CR) rates of 60-80% in patients with de novo AML. On the basis of a previous report, suggesting a higher CR rate using a regimen of standard daunomycin and cytarabine followed by 3 days of high-dose cytarabine (HDAC), 101 eligible patients received this regimen in a phase II trial. Sixty patients [59%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 49-69%] achieved a CR, and 10 patients died of infection during induction. Although cytogenetic risk group affected overall survival (P = 0.0016) and relapse-free survival (P = 0.0043), it had no impact on CR rate (P = 0.63). Patients received postremission therapy with repetitive courses of alternate day high-dose cytarabine; this was associated with considerable toxicity and the majority of patients could not receive all of the scheduled postremission therapy. The estimated median survival was 23 months (95% CI 15-34 months), and the estimated probability of surviving 5 years was 34% (95% CI 24-43%). The results of this intensive induction regimen were similar to that seen in previous trials and were not as promising as reported in the previous pilot study.
    American Journal of Hematology 01/2008; 82(12):1056-62. · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) expresses high levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and preclinical studies have identified antitumor activity of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in MPM. We conducted a phase II trial of the EGFR TKI erlotinib in previously untreated patients with MPM. Patients with measurable and nonmeasurable disease were treated with erlotinib 150 mg/d on days 1 through 28 of each 28-day dosing cycle. Archived patient tumors were analyzed for immunohistochemical expression of EGFR, phospho-EGFR, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and phosphorylation of members of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway. Sixty-three patients were treated on the study. EGFR was highly expressed in 75% of patient tumors, as was phospho-ERK (82%), phospho-Akt (84%), phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (74%), and phospho-forkhead (74%). HER2 was rarely expressed, and loss of PTEN was rare. For 33 patients with measurable disease, there were no objective responses; 14 patients (42%) had stable disease, 15 patients (45%) had disease progression, and four patients had inadequate assessments to determine response. Toxicities were mainly constitutional (51%), dermatologic (82%), and GI (52%); there was one death on trial, which was related to dyspnea. Median overall survival time was 10 months; 1-year survival rate was 43%; and median progression-free survival time was 2 months. Single-agent erlotinib was not effective in MPM, despite high expression of EGFR. Activation of the ERK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt downstream pathways are possible resistance mechanisms to EGFR TKI. The activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway is a potential therapeutic target for MPM.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2007; 25(17):2406-13. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to estimate the time to treatment failure and survival rate of the three-drug combination of doxorubicin, cisplatin, and ifosfamide as primary and postoperative, adjunctive treatment for teenagers and adults with osteosarcoma (OS). Sixty-three eligible patients with nonmetastatic OS of the extremities were registered from 24 institutions from February, 1992 through December, 1996. Chemotherapy was comprised of doxorubicin at a dose of 75 mg/m2 and cisplatin at a dose of 120 mg/m2, alternating with doxorubicin at a dose of 50 mg/m2 and ifosfamide at a dose of 8 g/m2. Four cycles were given prior to surgical resection, and four cycles were given after surgery. Outcome measures included the time to treatment failure, overall survival, toxicity, and centralized assessment of tumor necrosis. Thirty-one of 63 eligible patients died, for a 5-year overall survival rate of 58% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 46-71%). The median time to treatment failure was 19 months (95% CI, 12-41 months). A good pathologic response (> or = 90% necrosis) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 48% of patients who underwent surgery. There was no correlation noted between response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and patient outcome. Grade 4 hematologic toxicities were frequent (89%), although serious nonhematologic toxicities other than nausea and emesis were uncommon. The regimen and schedule used in the current study did not improve outcomes compared with prior trials of doxorubicin and cisplatin alone. New, more effective drugs are needed for the treatment of patients with OS. The identification and utilization of molecular markers to predict outcome and response to therapy would facilitate clinical management, limiting exposure to toxic therapies for patients with favorable molecular profiles and identifying those patients who may fail with current approaches as candidates for clinical trials.
    Cancer 03/2004; 100(4):818-25. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The current study was conducted to assess the activity and toxicity of high-dose ifosfamide and mesna with recombinant human granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), given in an outpatient setting, in the treatment of patients with unresectable malignant mesothelioma. Between September 1994 and September 1996, 41 patients with histologically verified, unresectable malignant mesothelioma were registered, 38 of whom were analyzable (2 were ineligible and 1 was nonanalyzable). Patients received intravenous ifosfamide at a dose of 2.8 g/m2 over 3 hours (total dose of 14 g/m2), plus mesna at a dose of 0.56 g/m2 prior to and at 4 hours and 8 hours after ifosfamide infusion daily for 5 days every 21 days. rhG-CSF at a dose of 5 microg/kg/day was administered subcutaneously on days 6-15. Response assessment could be determined adequately in 21 patients. Two patients obtained responses; 1 was a confirmed partial response (3%; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0-14%) and 1 was an unconfirmed response (3%; 95% CI, 5-14%). Eleven patients had stable disease (29%), 7 patients developed disease progression (18%), 1 patient had an early death (3%), and 17 patients had inadequate assessment (45%). At the time of last follow-up, 36 of the 38 eligible patients had developed disease progression, with a median progression-free survival of 5 months (95% CI, 3-7 months) and 34 patients had died with a median survival of 7 months (95% CI, 6-9 months). Twenty-four patients (63%) and 7 patients (18%), respectively, had Grade (according to Southwestern Oncology Group Toxicity Criteria) 4 hematologic toxicities and Grade 4 nonhematological toxicities. There was one treatment-related death, the result of infection, pulmonary edema, and renal failure. This regimen demonstrated a low overall objective response rate with substantial toxicity, and in the opinion of the authors does not warrant further investigation in the treatment of patients with unresectable malignant mesothelioma.
    Cancer 08/2003; 98(2):331-6. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amonafide 300 mg/M2 was administered intravenously on a daily x 5 schedule to 27 eligible patients with recurrent or progressive central nervous system tumors. There were no objective responses. The most common toxicities were gastrointestinal, hematologic and neurologic. Further study of amonafide in patients with central nervous system malignancies is not indicated.
    Investigational New Drugs 03/2002; 20(1):113-5. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Based upon the hypothesis that prolonged exposure to the S-Phase specific agent topotecan would be more efficacious in the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas than a conventional 5-day schedule of the drug, the Southwest Oncology Group performed a Phase II trial of topotecan administered as a continuous infusion in adult patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas. Patients who had received no prior chemotherapy for advanced disease were treated with topotecan at a dose of 0.50 mg/m2/day on days 1-21 of repeated 28 day cycles. Twenty-two patients were enrolled on the study, of whom 21 were eligible. No objective responses were observed (95% confidence interval of 0-16%). The median survival was 12 months (95% confidence interval of 5-16 months). We conclude that topotecan, given either according to a 5-day or a 21-day schedule, has minimal activity in the treatment of adult soft tissue sarcomas.
    Investigational New Drugs 03/2002; 20(1):129-32. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Based upon the hypothesisthat prolonged exposure to the S-Phasespecific agent topotecan would be moreefficacious in the treatment of soft tissuesarcomas than a conventional 5-day scheduleof the drug, the Southwest Oncology Groupperformed a Phase II trial of topotecanadministered as a continuous infusion inadult patients with advanced soft tissuesarcomas.
    Investigational New Drugs 01/2002; 20(1):129-132. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Older patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) have overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp+), and this has been shown to correlate quantitatively with therapeutic outcome. Since Pgp-mediated efflux of cytotoxic drugs can be inhibited by the cyclosporine analogue, PSC 833, we investigated the use of this agent with a 5-day mitoxantrone/etoposide regimen in patients over age 55 with newly diagnosed AML. Previous studies suggested a 33% incidence of grade IV/V non-hematologic toxicity with the use of mitoxantrone 10 mg/M(2) and etoposide 100 mg/M(2), each for 5 days, in this patient population. Since PSC 833 alters the pharmacokinetic excretion of MDR-related cytotoxins, this phase I dose-finding study was performed to identify doses of mitoxantrone/etoposide associated with a similar 33% incidence of grade IV/V non-hematologic toxicity, when given with PSC 833. Mitoxantrone/etoposide (M/E) doses were escalated in fixed ratio from a starting dose of M: 4 mg/M(2) and E: 40 mg/M(2), to M: 7 mg/M(2) and E: 70 mg/M(2), in successive cohorts of eight patients each. PSC 833 was well tolerated and the MTD of this M/E regimen with PSC 833 in this population was M: 6 mg/M(2) and E: 60 mg/M(2). The complete response (CR) rate for all patients was 50% (15/30) and was considerably higher for de novo than for secondary AML. These data suggest that the addition of PSC 833 to an M/E regimen for older patients with untreated AML is well tolerated but requires a reduction in M/E dosing to avoid increased toxicity.
    Leukemia Research 08/2000; 24(7):567-74. · 2.76 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

919 Citations
166.12 Total Impact Points


  • 2011
    • University of Southern California
      • Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 2008
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      Portland, Oregon, United States
    • Medical University of South Carolina
      Charleston, South Carolina, United States
  • 2007
    • The University of Arizona
      Tucson, Arizona, United States
  • 2004
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
  • 2002
    • Cleveland Clinic
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States