Noboru Akiyama

Fujita Health University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (4)22.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Small GTPase Rho and Rho-kinase, the target protein of Rho, play an important role in atherosclerosis. In diabetic macroangiopathy, one of the major pathogenic changes is the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is known to stimulate the migration of SMCs. In the current study, we have investigated the involvement of the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway in the increased migration of cultured human aortic SMCs under a high glucose condition. PDGF stimulated the activation and the protein level of Rho. The protein level of PDGF receptor-beta (PDGFR-beta) was increased under the high glucose condition concomitant with the increased protein level and activation of Rho. The increased protein level and activity of Rho were suppressed by an anti-PDGF neutralizing antibody or a PDGFR-beta inhibitor, AG1433, under the high glucose condition. Furthermore, high glucose significantly increased the migration of SMCs. A specific inhibitor of Rho-kinase, Y-27632, or anti-PDGF neutralizing antibody inhibited increased migration of SMCs under the high glucose condition. The protein levels of Rho were increased in aortae of diabetic rats, which were abolished by the treatment of Imatinib, the inhibitor of PDGFR. These observations indicate that the upregulation of the PDGFR-beta / Rho / Rho-kinase pathway increases the migration of SMCs under the high glucose condition. The inhibition of Rho/Rho-kinase may be a new target for the treatment of diabetic macroangiopathy.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 05/2008; 45(2):326-32. DOI:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2008.04.006 · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates angiogenesis and induces neural cell regeneration. We investigated the effects of bFGF on diabetic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetic rats were treated with human recombinant bFGF as follows: 1) intravenous administration, 2) intramuscular injection into thigh and soleus muscles with cross-linked gelatin hydrogel (CGH), and 3) intramuscular injection with saline. Ten or 30 days later, the motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of the sciatic-tibial and caudal nerves, sensitivity to mechanical stimuli, sciatic nerve blood flow (SNBF), and retinal blood flow (RBF) were measured. Delayed MNCV in the sciatic-tibial and caudal nerves, hypoalgesia, and reduced SNBF in diabetic rats were all ameliorated by intravenous administration of bFGF after 10, but not 30, days. Intramuscular injection of bFGF with CGH also improved sciatic-tibial MNCV, hypoalgesia, and SNBF after 10 and 30 days, but caudal MNCV was not improved. However, intramuscular injection of bFGF with saline had no significant effects. bFGF did not significantly alter RBF in either normal or diabetic rats. These observations suggest that bFGF could have therapeutic value for diabetic neuropathy and that CGH could play important roles as a carrier of bFGF.
    Diabetes 06/2006; 55(5):1470-7. DOI:10.2337/db05-1160 · 8.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proinsulin C-peptide is involved in several biological activities. However, the role of C-peptide in vascular smooth muscle cells is unclear. We therefore investigated its effects, in vascular smooth muscle cells in high-glucose conditions. Rat aortic smooth muscle cells were cultured with 5.5 or 20 mmol/l glucose with or without C-peptide (1 to 100 nmol/l) for 3 weeks. Proliferation activities, the protein expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-beta receptor, the phosphorylation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, and glucose uptake were measured. The proliferation activities increased approximately three-fold under high-glucose conditions (p<0.05). C-peptide suppressed hyperproliferation activities that were induced by high glucose. This happened in a dose-dependent manner from 1 to 100 nmol/l of C-peptide. C-peptide (10 and 100 nmol/l) inhibited the increased protein expression of PDGF-beta receptor and the phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAP kinases that had been induced by high glucose (p<0.05). Furthermore, 100 nmol/l of C-peptide augmented the impaired glucose uptake in the high-glucose conditions. These observations suggest that C-peptide could prevent diabetic macroangiopathy by inhibiting smooth muscle cell growth and ameliorating glucose utilisation in smooth muscle cells. C-peptide may thus be a novel agent for treating diabetic macroangiopathy in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
    Diabetologia 12/2005; 48(11):2396-401. DOI:10.1007/s00125-005-1942-9 · 6.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactive carbonyl compounds and oxidative stress have been recently shown to up-regulate the expression of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a potent mitogen for vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) produced by SMC themselves. Because the polyol pathway has been reported to influence the formation of carbonyl compounds and the oxidative stress in various cells, we conducted this study to investigate whether the polyol pathway affects HB-EGF expression along with the generation of carbonyl compounds and the oxidative stress in SMCs. We found that, compared with those cultured with 5.5mM glucose, SMCs cultured with 40 mM glucose showed the accelerated thymidine incorporation, elevated levels of intracellular sorbitol, 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG), advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) along with the enhanced expression of HB-EGF mRNA. An aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI), SNK-860, significantly inhibited all of these abnormalities, while aminoguanidine suppressed 3-DG levels and HB-EGF mRNA expression independent of sorbitol levels. The results suggest that the polyol pathway may play a substantial role in SMC hyperplasia under hyperglycemic condition in part by affecting HB-EGF mRNA expression via the production of carbonyl compounds and oxidative stress.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2004; 314(2):370-6. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.12.095 · 2.28 Impact Factor