Chisato Nagata

National Cancer Center, Japan, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (170)560.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Having a lighter skin tone is highly valued among many Asian women. If skin colour is affected by smoking, women may be motivated to avoid tobacco or quit smoking. The present study examined the association of tobacco smoking with skin colour in Japanese women. METHOD: Information on smoking habits was obtained through a self-administered questionnaire completed by 939 Japanese women aged 20-74 in Gifu, Japan, during 2003-2006. Skin colour was examined on the inner side of the upper and lower arm and on the forehead using a Mexameter device (a narrow-band reflective spectrophotometer), which expressed results as a melanin index and erythema index. RESULTS: Current smokers had higher melanin indices than never-smokers and former smokers for all measured sites. The number of cigarettes smoked per day, the years of smoking and pack-years were significantly positively associated with melanin indices for all measured sites after adjustments for age, body mass index, lifetime sun exposure, and room temperature and humidity. Smoking was also significantly associated with erythema indices on the inner upper and lower arms. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that smoking is associated with a darker skin colour. If our findings are confirmed by further studies, they could be used in antismoking campaigns or by smoking cessation services.
    Tobacco control 05/2014; 23(3):253-6. · 3.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prospective evidence is inconsistent regarding the association between vegetable/fruit intake and the risk of gastric cancer. In an analysis of original data from 4 population-based prospective cohort studies encompassing 191,232 participants, we used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of gastric cancer incidence according to vegetable and fruit intake and conducted a meta-analysis of HRs derived from each study. During 2,094,428 person-years of follow-up, 2,995 gastric cancer cases were identified. After adjustment for potential confounders, we found a marginally significant decrease in gastric cancer risk in relation to total vegetable intake but not total fruit intake: the multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI; P for trend) for the highest versus the lowest quintile of total vegetable intake was 0.89 (0.77-1.03; P for trend=0.13) among men and 0.83 (0.67-1.03; P for trend=0.40) among women. For distal gastric cancer, the multivariate HR for the highest quintile of total vegetable intake was 0.78 (0.63-0.97; P for trend=0.02) among men. This pooled analysis of data from large prospective studies in Japan suggests that vegetable intake reduces gastric cancer risk, especially the risk of distal gastric cancer among men.
    Annals of Oncology 03/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A positive association between body mass index (BMI) and breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women has been reported, and a weak inverse association has been suggested among premenopausal women from studies in the Western population. The effects of BMI on breast cancer have remained unclear among the Asian population, especially in premenopausal women. We assessed the associations between BMI and breast cancer incidence by a pooled analysis from eight representative large-scale cohort studies in Japan. Cancer incidence was mainly confirmed through regional population-based cancer registries and/or through active patient notification from major local hospitals. Breast cancer was defined as code C50 according to ICD10. Pooled estimates of the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) for breast cancer were calculated using random-effects models. Analytic subjects were 183 940 women, 1783 of whom had breast cancer during 2 194 211 person-years of follow-up. A positive association between BMI and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer was observed (trend P < 0.001). The HRs for premenopausal breast cancer were 1.05 (95% CI 0.56-1.99), 1.07 (95% CI 0.76-1.52), 0.91 (95% CI 0.64-1.30), 1.15 (95% CI 0.76-1.73), 1.45 (95% CI 0.71-2.94), and 2.25 (95% CI 1.10-4.60), respectively, in BMIs of <19, 19 to <21, 21 to <23, 25 to <27, 27 to <30, and ≥30 kg/m(2). These results were not substantially altered after excluding the patients who were diagnosed with breast cancer in the first 2 years of follow-up. The increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer among women with higher BMIs was confirmed in Japanese. A borderline-significant positive association between BMI and premenopausal breast cancer was observed, suggesting that body mass in Asian women might have opposite effects on breast cancer compared with Western women.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2014; 25(2):519-24. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We reviewed epidemiological studies of soy intake and breast cancer among Japanese women. This report is one among a series of articles by our research group, which is evaluating the existing evidence concerning the association between health-related lifestyles and cancer. Original data were obtained from MEDLINE searches using PubMed or from searches of the Ichushi database, complemented with manual searches. Evaluation of associations was based on the strength of evidence and the magnitude of association, together with biological plausibility. Five cohort studies and six case-control studies were identified. Among the cohort studies, two studies observed that total soy intake (in terms of total amounts of soy foods or soy isoflavones) was associated with a moderate (0.5 ≤ relative risk ≤ 0.67 with statistical significance) or strong (relative risk ≤ 0.5 with statistical significance) risk reduction of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Among the case-control studies, two studies reported a weak (0.67 ≤ odds ratio ≤ 1.5 with statistical significance or 0.5 ≤ odds ratio ≤ 0.67 without statistical significance) inverse association between total soy intake and the risk of breast cancer. In the former, this association was observed in all women combined-premenopausal and postmenopausal women-but in the latter, the association was confined to postmenopausal women. The associations of intakes of individual soy foods with the risk of breast cancer were generally null. There is some evidence that supports the biological plausibility of a protective effect of isoflavones on breast cancer risk. We conclude that soy intake possibly decreases the risk of breast cancer among Japanese women.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, profiles of plasma amino acids have been utilized to detect diseases including breast cancer. However, there is a possibility that the amino acid status may be associated with the risk of breast cancer. We investigated the relationship of plasma levels of amino acids with levels of sex hormones and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, which are relevant to the etiology of premenopausal breast cancer, in normal premenopausal women. Participants were 350 Japanese women who had regular menstrual cycles less than 40-day long. Fasting plasma samples were assayed for estradiol, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and IGF-1. A total of 20 amino acids in plasma were quantified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Information on lifestyle and reproductive factors was obtained using a self-administered questionnaire. The plasma arginine level was significantly inversely correlated with plasma levels of total and free estradiol and IGF-1 after adjusting for age, body mass index, and phase of the menstrual cycle. Plasma leucine and tyrosine levels were significantly positively correlated with the free testosterone level. The ratio of plasma asparagine to the total amino acids was significantly positively correlated with SHBG level. Plasma levels of some specific amino acids, such as arginine, leucine, tyrosine, and asparagine, were associated with the levels of sex hormones, SHBG, or IGF-1 in premenopausal women. However, the present cross-sectional study cannot provide a cause-effect relation. The implication of amino acids in the etiology of breast cancer needs to be addressed in future studies.
    Cancer Causes and Control 11/2013; · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are few studies about the association between tinnitus and sleep disorders in the general population worldwide. This study assessed this association in a Japanese community. A total of 14,027 participants 45 to 79 years of age who were in the Takayama Study responded to a self-administered questionnaire about tinnitus and sleep disorders. Of this population, 13.3% of men and 10.6% of women had current tinnitus. The percentages of insomnia, respectively, among individuals with and without tinnitus were 28.1% in men and 36.1% in women and 18.8% in men and 21.5% in women. There were 1.7-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4 to 2.1) and 1.8-fold (95% CI, 1.5 to 2.2) increases in the odds ratios (ORs) of insomnia for those with tinnitus compared with those without tinnitus in men and women, respectively. Loud or very loud tinnitus was associated with 2.8-fold (95% CI, 1.8 to 4.3) and 3.3-fold (95% CI, 1.9 to 5.6) increases in the OR of insomnia in men and women, respectively. Even low (ie, quiet) or moderate tinnitus was significantly associated with insomnia. Difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, and a poor perceived quality of sleep were also significantly associated with tinnitus. Insomnia and other sleep disorders were significantly associated with tinnitus in Japanese adults.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2013; 122(11):701-6. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To maximize statistical power in studies of mammographic density and breast cancer, it is advantageous to combine data from several studies, but standardization of the density assessment is desirable. Using data from 4 case-control studies, we describe the process of reassessment and the resulting correlation between values, identify predictors of differences in density readings, and evaluate the strength of the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk using different representations of density values. The pooled analysis included 1,699 cases and 2,422 controls from California (1990-1998), Hawaii (1996-2003), Minnesota (1992-2001), and Japan (1999-2003). In 2010, a single reader reassessed all images for mammographic density using Cumulus software (Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada). The mean difference between original and reassessed percent density values was -0.7% (95% confidence interval: -1.1, -0.3), with a correlation of 0.82 that varied by location (r = 0.80-0.89). Case status, weight status, age, parity, density assessment method, mammogram view, and race/ethnicity were significant determinants of the difference between original and reassessed values; in combination, these factors explained 9.2% of the variation. The associations of mammographic density with breast cancer and the model fits were similar using the original values and the reassessed values but were slightly strengthened when a calibrated value based on 100 reassessed radiographs was used.
    American journal of epidemiology 10/2013; · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), including leucine, isoleucine, and valine, has shown potential benefits for the metabolic profile. However, higher blood BCAA levels have been associated with insulin resistance. To our knowledge, there has been no study on dietary BCAAs and the risk of diabetes. We examined the association between BCAA intake and risk of diabetes in a population-based cohort study in Japan. A total of 13,525 residents of Takayama City, Japan, who enrolled in a cohort study in 1992 responded to a follow-up questionnaire seeking information about diabetes in 2002. Diet at baseline was assessed by means of a validated food frequency questionnaire. A high intake of BCAAs in terms of percentage of total protein was significantly associated with a decreased risk of diabetes in women after controlling for covariates; the hazard ratio for the highest tertile versus the lowest was 0.57 (95% confidence interval: 0.36, 0.90; P-trend = 0.02). In men, leucine intake was significantly marginally associated with the risk of diabetes; the hazard ratio for the highest tertile versus the lowest was 0.70 (95% confidence interval: 0.48, 1.02; P-trend = 0.06). Data suggest that a high intake of BCAAs may be associated with a decrease in the risk of diabetes.
    American journal of epidemiology 09/2013; · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to investigate the associations of sleep disturbance and sleep time with behavioral problems and to assess whether endogenous melatonin was associated with sleep-related factors and behavioral problems. Subjects were 234 boys and 203 girls, aged 3-6 years, in a cross-sectional study in Japan in 2006. Information related to children's sleep disturbance, sleep time, and behavioral problems was obtained from parent-administered questionnaires. Children's behavioral problems were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The 6-sulfatoxymelatonin levels in first-void morning urine were measured by radioimmunoassay. After multiple adjustments for covariates, children who often snore at night (P = .011), awake at night (P = .019), and looked tired in the daytime (P = .041) had a higher total difficulties score. Earlier time of waking (trend P = .021) and earlier time for bed (trend P = .014) were associated with a lower total difficulties score. Children with higher creatinine-corrected 6-sulfatoxymelatonin had lower total difficulties scores (trend P = .011). There were no associations between creatinine-corrected 6-sulfatoxymelatonin and sleep-related factors. Sleep disturbance, later times of sleeping and waking up, and lower melatonin levels might be involved in the development of pediatric behavioral disorders.
    Annals of epidemiology 08/2013; 23(8):469-74. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although a growing body of evidence suggests a link between diabetes and cancer, it is not clear whether diabetes independently increases the risk of cancer. We conducted a comprehensive assessment of the association between pre-existing diabetes and total and site-specific cancer risk based on a pooled analysis of eight cohort studies in Japan (>330,000 subjects). We estimated a summary hazard ratio by pooling study-specific hazard ratios for total and site-specific cancer by using a random-effects model. A statistically increased risk was observed for cancers at specific sites such as colon (hazard ratio; HR = 1.40), liver (HR = 1.97), pancreas (HR = 1.85), and bile duct (HR = 1.66; men only). Increased risk was also suggested for other sites, and diabetes mellitus was associated with an overall 20% increased risk in total cancer incidence in the Japanese population. The association between these two diseases has important implications for reiterating the importance of controlling lifestyle factors and may suggest a possible strategy for cancer screening among patients with diabetes. Studies continuously investigating the risk factors for diabetes are also important. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 07/2013; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of site-specific cancers; however, few studies assessed associations of DM with both total and site-specific cancers in Japan. We examined the association of a history of DM with cancer incidence in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan. A total of 14,173 men and 16,547 women over 35 years old, who completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire in 1992, were followed up for cancer incidence from September 1992 to March 2008. At baseline, 6.3% men and 2.9% women had a history of diabetes. A total of 1,974 men and 1,514 women were identified as newly diagnosed with cancer. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were determined using Cox proportional hazards models. After controlling for potential confounders, men with DM had a modest risk increase of total cancer occurrence compared with those without DM (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.93, 1.29). Increased risk of cancer of the liver (HR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.27, 3.74), bile duct (HR; 2.17; 95% CI, 1.01, 4.66), and larynx (HR, 3.61; 95% CI, 1.16, 11.2) in diabetic men were observed. In women, significant increased risk of total cancer (HR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.06, 1.73) and stomach cancer (HR, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.30, 3.54) were observed among diabetic subjects. These data suggest that people with DM may be at increased risk of both total and some site-specific cancers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 07/2013; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of soy or isoflavone intake on breast cancer need to be examined further in epidemiologic studies. We assessed the associations of soy and isoflavone intake with breast cancer incidence in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan. Participants were members from the Takayama study, aged 35 years or older in 1992. The follow-up was conducted from the time of the baseline study (September 1, 1992) to the end of March, 2008. Cancer incidence was mainly confirmed through regional population-based cancer registries. Breast cancer was defined as code C50 according to ICD-10. Soy and isoflavone intakes were assessed with a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Using the Cox proportional hazard models, the association of soy and isoflavone intake with breast cancer was assessed after adjustments for age, body mass index, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, education, age at menarche, age at first delivery, menopausal status, number of children and history of hormone replacement therapy. Among the 15,607 women analyzed, 172 had developed breast cancer. The relative risks of postmenopausal breast cancer were lower among women with higher intakes of soy (trend p=0.023) and isoflavone (trend p=0.046), although the relative risks of premenopausal breast cancer were not associated with intakes of soy and isoflavone. Decreased risks of breast cancer were found even among women with a moderate intake of soy and isoflavone. These results suggested that soy and isoflavone intake have a protective effect on postmenopausal breast cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 02/2013; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-occupational exposure to cadmium has been suspected to be a risk factor for breast cancer. The present study examined the association between urinary cadmium level and the risk of breast cancer in a case-control study among Japanese women. Cases were 153 women newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed with breast cancer at a general hospital in Gifu, Japan. A total of 431 controls individually matched to cases by age, menopausal status, and the period of urine sampling were selected from those who attended a breast cancer mass screening at this hospital. Urinary cadmium levels were measured using spot urine samples. Spot urine samples were collected from cases after surgery but before any cancer therapy. For controls, spot urine samples were obtained at the date of the screening visit. Information on known or suggested breast cancer risk factors was obtained by a self-administered questionnaire. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) of breast cancer according to the tertile of the creatinine-adjusted cadmium level were calculated using conditional logistic regression models. Women in the highest tertile of the creatinine-adjusted cadmium level (>2.620 μg/g) had significantly elevated OR of breast cancer relative to those in the lowest tertile (<1.674 μg/g) after controlling for covariates [OR = 6.05, (95 % CI 2.90, 12.62)]. The trend of increase in risk with increasing cadmium level was also statistically significant [OR = 1.67, (95 % CI 1.39, 2.01) for every 1.0 μg/g increase in urinary cadmium level, P-trend <0.01]. These data suggested that exposure to cadmium was associated with a risk of breast cancer in Japanese women.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 01/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The association between fish consumption and colorectal cancer risk remains inconclusive. The present study systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed epidemiologic data on the association between fish consumption and colorectal cancer risk among Japanese. METHODS: Original data were obtained from MEDLINE searched using PubMed or from searches of the Ichushi database, complemented with manual searches. The associations were evaluated based on the strength of evidence, the magnitude of association and biologic plausibility. Meta-analysis was conducted according to the study design. RESULTS: Five cohort studies and 12 case-control studies were identified. Fish consumption was not significantly associated with colorectal, colon or rectal cancer risks. One cohort study showed a weak positive association with colorectal cancer, and another showed a weak inverse association with colon cancer in men and a moderate and weak inverse association with colon and rectal cancers in women. As regards case-control studies, four studies reported a weak inverse association, whereas one showed a weak positive association with colon cancer. Regarding rectal cancer, four case-control studies showed a weak inverse association, but two reported a weak-to-moderate positive association. The pooled relative risk/odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of colorectal cancer for the highest versus lowest category of fish consumption was 1.03 (0.89-1.18) and 0.84 (0.75-0.94) for cohort and case-control studies, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There was insufficient evidence to support an association between fish consumption and the risk of colorectal cancer among Japanese.
    Jpn J Clin Oncol. 01/2013; 43(9):935-41.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the associations of sex, age, body mass, sex steroid hormones, and lifestyle factors with the levels of melatonin in young children. METHODS: This study followed a cross-sectional design and was conducted two preschools in Japan. Subjects were 235 boys and 203 girls, aged 3-6 years. Information related to demographics, body mass, and lifestyle factors was obtained from parent-administered questionnaires. The levels of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin and dehydroepiandrosterone in first-void morning urine were measured by radioimmunoassay. Urinary estrone, estradiol, testosterone, and 5-androstene-3β, 17α diol levels were measured by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The creatinine-corrected 6-sulfatoxymelatonin levels and the estimated value of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin excretion were higher in girls than in boys. After adjustments for age, the creatinine-corrected 6-sulfatoxymelatonin was negatively associated with weight and body mass index among boys and with weight and height among girls. However, the estimated value of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin excretion was not associated with any indices of body mass. No significant relationships of urinary sex steroids, light exposure at night, sleep time, sedentary lifestyles, or passive smoking with urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that melatonin levels depend on sex and body size among young healthy children. Our results should be confirmed in future researches.
    Annals of epidemiology 12/2012; · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that micronutrients such as alpha-tocopherol, retinol, lutein, cryptoxanthin, lycopene, and alpha- and beta-carotene may help in the prevention of cervical cancer. Our aim was to investigate whether serum concentrations and/or dietary intake of micronutrients influence the regression or progression of low-grade cervical abnormalities. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study of 391 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 1-2 lesions, we measured serum micronutrient concentrations in addition to a self-administered questionnaire about dietary intake. We evaluated the hazard ratio (HR) adjusted for CIN grade, human papillomavirus genotype, total energy intake and smoking status. RESULTS: In non-smoking regression subjects, regression was significantly associated with serum levels of zeaxanthin/lutein (HR 1.25, 0.78-2.01, p = 0.024). This benefit was abolished in current smokers. Regression was inhibited by high serum levels of alpha-tocopherol in smokers (p = 0.042). In progression subjects, a significant protective effect against progression to CIN3 was observed in individuals with a medium level of serum beta-carotene [HR 0.28, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.11-0.71, p = 0.007), although any protective effect from a higher level of serum beta-carotene was weaker or abolished (HR 0.52, 95 % CI 0.24-1.13, p = 0.098). Increasing beta-carotene intake did not show a protective effect (HR 2.30, 95 % CI 0.97-5.42, p = 0.058). CONCLUSIONS: Measurements of serum levels of carotenoids suggest that regression is modulated by smoking status. Maintaining a medium serum level of beta-carotene has a protective effect for progression; however, carotene intake is not correlated with serum levels of carotenoids.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2012; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Increasing childhood asthma rates may be due to changing dietary lifestyle. We investigated the association of dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and fatty acids with asthma in Japanese pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School-based survey on lifestyle/diet and health status in children in Japan. SUBJECTS: Parents of 452 children aged 3-6 years completed a questionnaire on the children's and parents' lifestyle and demographics. Children were classified into asthma cases and non-asthma cases in accordance with the ATS-DLD (American Thoracic Society and Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) questionnaire. Children's diet was assessed using a 3 d dietary record completed by parents. Children's age, sex, BMI, history of food allergy, maternal age, parental history of allergy, maternal education, family size and second-hand smoking were included as covariates. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between children's diet and asthma. RESULTS: Compared with children with the lowest intake tertile for vitamin C and vitamin E, those in the highest were significantly inversely associated with asthma; adjusted OR (95 % CI) were 0·35 (0·14, 0·88) and 0·32 (0·12, 0·85), respectively. A statistically significant trend was also observed. Fruit intake showed an inverse but insignificant association with asthma. There were no associations of any type of fatty acids with asthma. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that children with high intakes of vitamins C and E may be associated with a reduced prevalence of asthma.
    Public Health Nutrition 10/2012; · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary guidelines generally recommend avoiding a high-fat diet. However, the relationship between fat subtypes and mortality remains unclear especially in a population with a relatively low intake of fat. We aimed to prospectively examine the relationship between dietary fat intake and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese community. In 1992, a total of 28,356 residents of Takayama, Japan, without cancer, stroke, or coronary heart disease, responded to a validated 169-item FFQ. We identified 4616 deaths during a 16-y follow-up. The HR of mortality according to the percentage of energy from the total and subtypes of fat when substituted for an isoenergic quantity of carbohydrate was calculated after controlling for potential confounders. A high intake of total fat and PUFA was associated with a decrease in all-cause mortality in men; the HR for the highest compared with the lowest quintile were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.70, 0.99; P-trend = 0.048) for total fat and 0.77 (95% CI: 0.62, 0.95; P-trend = 0.05) for PUFA. Both fats were associated with a decrease in mortality from cancer and diseases other than cardiovascular disease. In women, a higher SFA intake was associated with higher all-cause mortality [HR = 1.22 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.49; P-trend = 0.03)]. A favorable effect was suggested for total fat and PUFA intakes on mortality in men except for that from cardiovascular disease, whereas increased SFA intake may be associated with adverse health consequences in women.
    Journal of Nutrition 07/2012; 142(9):1713-9. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alcohol consumption and mammographic density are established risk factors for breast cancer. This study examined whether the association of mammographic density with breast cancer varies by alcohol intake. Mammographic density was assessed in digitized images for 1207 cases and 1663 controls from three populations (Japan, Hawaii, California) using a computer-assisted method. Associations were estimated by logistic regression. When comparing ever to never drinking, mean density was similar and consumption was not associated with breast cancer risk. However, within the Hawaii/Japan subset, women consuming >1 drink/day had a non-significantly elevated relative risk compared to never drinkers. Also in the Hawaii/Japan population, alcohol intake only modified the association between mammographic density and breast cancer in women consuming >1 drink/day (p(interaction)=0.05) with significant risk estimates of 3.65 and 6.58 for the 2nd and 3rd density tertiles as compared to 1.57 and 1.61 for never drinkers in Hawaii/Japan. Although these findings suggest a stronger association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk for alcohol consumers, the small number of cases requires caution in interpreting the results.
    Cancer epidemiology. 07/2012; 36(5):458-60.
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the efficiency of the criterion of metabolic syndrome to detecting non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Authors performed a cross-sectional study involving participants of a medical health checkup program including abdominal ultrasonography. This study involved 11 714 apparently healthy Japanese men and women, 18 to 83 years of age. NAFLD was defined by abdominal ultrasonography without an alcohol intake of more than 20 g/d, known liver disease, or current use of medication. The revised criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III were used to characterize the metabolic syndrome. NAFLD was detected in 32.2% (95% CI: 31.0%-33.5%) of men (n = 1874 of 5811) and in 8.7% (95% CI: 8.0%-9.5%) of women (n = 514 of 5903). Among obese people, the prevalence of NAFLD was as high as 67.3% (95% CI: 64.8%-69.7%) in men and 45.8% (95% CI: 41.7%-50.0%) in women. Although NAFLD was thought of as being the liver phenotype of metabolic syndrome, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among subjects with NAFLD was low both in men and women. 66.8% of men and 70.4% of women with NAFLD were not diagnosed with the metabolic syndrome. 48.2% of men with NAFLD and 49.8% of women with NAFLD weren't overweight [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)]. In the same way, 68.6% of men with NAFLD and 37.9% of women with NAFLD weren't satisfied with abdominal classification (≥ 90 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women). Next, authors defined it as positive at screening for NAFLD when participants satisfied at least one criterion of metabolic syndrome. The sensitivity of the definition "at least 1 criterion" was as good as 84.8% in men and 86.6% in women. Separating subjects by BMI, the sensitivity was higher in obese men and women than in non-obese men and women (92.3% vs 76.8% in men, 96.1% vs 77.0% in women, respectively). Authors could determine NAFLD effectively in epidemiological study by modifying the usage of the criteria for metabolic syndrome.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2012; 18(13):1508-16. · 2.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
560.55 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2013
    • National Cancer Center, Japan
      • Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1997–2013
    • Gifu University
      • • Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
  • 2012
    • Keio University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Alberta Health Services
      Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    • Dalhousie University
      Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 2006–2012
    • Saga University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Сага Япония, Saga, Japan
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Department of Reproductive, Developmental and Aging Sciences
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Kyushu University
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Osaka City University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Hawaii Agriculture Research Center
      Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
  • 2011
    • University of Hawai'i System
      Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
    • Nagoya University
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken, Japan
    • National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2006–2011
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2010
    • National Institute of Public Health
      Saitama, Saitama, Japan
  • 2008
    • University Hospital Medical Information Network
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1997–2006
    • Gifu University Hospital
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan