Peter Muschick

University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (7)38.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To test the feasibility of self-expanding drug-coated nitinol stents for prevention of restenosis in an animal model. Stent implantation in the carotid artery (CA) has been shown to be feasible for treatment of CA stenosis. Even though the restenosis rate in CA is reported to be lower than in the coronary and peripheral arteries, problems may arise with increasing numbers of treated patients and lengthier follow-up. After predilatation with 8-mm balloons, 8 Goettinger minipigs were randomly selected to receive a sirolimus-eluting self-expanding nitinol stent (7 mm/80 mm) as well as the same stent without sirolimus/polymer coating in the right or left CA. Aspirin was given starting 3 days before the intervention and administered for an additional 4 weeks. Clopidogrel was administered for 10 days. After 6 weeks, 2 subacute occlusions were observed in both groups. In the remaining vessels, the neointima was significantly reduced by sirolimus/polymer-coated stents (5.9+/-2.5 versus 0.7+/-1.0 mm2). Sirolimus self-expanding nitinol stents may be an effective tool in reducing neointimal formation in CA.
    Stroke 03/2006; 37(2):492-4. · 6.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of (188)Re-labeled stents to reduce neointimal formation in a rabbit atherosclerosis model and to test the long-term effects at 7 and 26 weeks. Fifty-nine male New Zealand White rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet for 4 weeks before balloon angioplasty and insertion of Palmaz stents in the infrarenal aorta. The animals were sacrificed 7 and 26 weeks after stent implantation. Control stents were compared with (188)Re stents: (dose 1) 11.3 +/- 1.8 MBq; (dose 2) 37.3 +/- 4.2 MBq, and (dose 3) 80.1 +/- 7.8 MBq. Each activity group consisted of a short-term (7 weeks) and a long-term group (26 weeks), resulting in a total of eight study groups. No thrombotic occlusion was observed. The neointimal formation in the control group was 2.11 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68--6.52] mm(2) at 7 weeks and 2.10 (0.62--7.11) at 26 weeks. In the treatment groups, neointima reduction was detectable at 7 weeks [dose 1: 0.33 (0.09--1.22) mm(2); dose 2: 0.17 (0.05--0.57) mm(2); dose 3: 0.03 (0.01--0.13) mm(2)]. After 26 weeks, a catch-up of neointimal formation in the radioactive groups was most obvious in the low-dose group [dose 1: 0.80 (0.28--2.29) mm(2); dose 2: 0.18([0.06--0.52) mm(2); dose 3: 0.50 (0.17--1.42) mm(2)]. Compared to the long-term control group, neointimal reduction was still >60%. No induction of neointimal formation was observed at the edges of the stents. Radiation resulted in delayed re-endothelialization. (188)Re stents were capable to reduce intimal hyperplasia and did not cause thrombosis. The edge effect, which was the major limitation of (32)P stents, was not observed in (188)Re stents.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 05/2005; 28(5):632-7. · 2.14 Impact Factor
  • Rofo-fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der Rontgenstrahlen Und Der Bildgebenden Verfahren - ROFO-FORTSCHR RONTGENSTRAHL. 01/2004; 176.
  • Rofo-fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der Rontgenstrahlen Und Der Bildgebenden Verfahren - ROFO-FORTSCHR RONTGENSTRAHL. 01/2004; 176.
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    ABSTRACT: The ubiquitin-proteasome system is the major intracellular protein degradation pathway in eucaryotic cells. It regulates central mediators of proliferation, inflammation, and apoptosis that are fundamental pathomechanisms in the development of vascular restenosis. Effects of proteasome inhibition on neointima formation were studied in a balloon injury model in the rat carotid artery. Local application of the proteasome inhibitor MG132 (1 mmol/L) resulted in significant inhibition of intimal hyperplasia, that is, by 74% (P=0.008). This effect was accompanied by decreased proliferation, reduced infiltration of macrophages, and prolonged apoptosis, as determined by immunohistochemical and TUNEL analyses. Functional effects of proteasome inhibition on proliferation, activation of nuclear factor kappa B, and apoptosis were further characterized in rat primary vascular smooth muscle cells. MG132 dose-dependently inhibited vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation with 50% inhibition at 10 micromol/L. TNFalpha-induced degradation of IkappaBalpha and beta was blocked, and activation of nuclear factor kappa B was suppressed in a concentration-dependent manner in bandshift assays. Moreover, proteasome inhibition (1 to 50 micromol/L MG132) induced apoptotic cell death up to 80%, as confirmed by DNA/Histone-ELISA and TUNEL-FACS analysis. Specificity of proteasome inhibition was shown by accumulation of multiubiquitinylated proteins and accumulation of specific proteasomal substrates. These proof-of-principle experiments demonstrate that inhibition of the ubiquitin-proteasome system effectively reduces neointima formation in vivo, which corresponds to strong antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory, and proapoptotic effects in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest the ubiquitin-proteasome system as a new target in the prevention of vascular restenosis.
    Circulation 02/2002; 105(4):483-9. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intraluminal beta-irradiation has been shown to decrease neointimal proliferation after angioplasty in experimental models. The purpose of this study was to test the technical feasibility and biological effects of (186)Re-labeled stents. Thirty-four New Zealand White rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet before balloon angioplasty and insertion of Palmaz stents in the infrarenal aorta. The animals were killed 7 weeks after stent implantation. Two of 34 animals died prematurely (aortic leak, pneumonia). Control stents (n=7) were compared with (186)Re stents (2.6 MBq [n=6], 8.1 MBq [n=5], 16.0 MBq [n=6], and 25.3 MBq [n=8]). Stent application was successful in all cases. No thrombus occlusion was observed. After 7 weeks, neointima formation was 2.2+/-0.2 mm(2) in the control group. In the treatment groups, a dose-dependent neointima reduction was detectable (0.5+/-0.5 mm(2) [2.6 MBq], 0.4+/-0.4 mm(2) [8.1 MBq], and 0 mm(2) [16.0 MBq, 25.3 MBq]). No induction of neointimal formation was observed at the edges of the stents. Radiation resulted in delayed reendothelialization. (186)Re stents were capable of reducing neointima formation in a dose-dependent fashion. (186)Re stents did not cause late thrombosis or neointimal induction at the stent margins in the observation period of 7 weeks.
    Circulation 08/2001; 104(4):480-5. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background—Intraluminal b-irradiation has been shown to decrease neointimal proliferation after angioplasty in experimental models. The purpose of this study was to test the technical feasibility and biological effects of 186Re-labeled stents. Methods and Results—Thirty-four New Zealand White rabbits were fed a 0.5% cholesterol diet before balloon angioplasty and insertion of Palmaz stents in the infrarenal aorta. The animals were killed 7 weeks after stent implantation. Two of 34 animals died prematurely (aortic leak, pneumonia). Control stents (n57) were compared with 186Re stents (2.6 MBq (n56), 8.1 MBq (n55), 16.0 MBq (n56), and 25.3 MBq (n58)). Stent application was successful in all cases. No thrombus occlusion was observed. After 7 weeks, neointima formation was 2.260.2 mm2 in the control group. In the treatment groups, a dose-dependent neointima reduction was detectable (0.560.5 mm2 (2.6 MBq), 0.460.4 mm2 (8.1 MBq), and 0 mm2 (16.0 MBq, 25.3 MBq)). No induction of neointimal formation was observed at the edges of the stents. Radiation resulted in delayed reendothelialization. Conclusions— 186Re stents were capable of reducing neointima formation in a dose-dependent fashion. 186Re stents did not cause late thrombosis or neointimal induction at the stent margins in the observation period of 7 weeks. (Circulation. 2001;104:480-485.)
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