Hua-Shan Huang

New York Medical College, New York City, NY, United States

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Publications (3)11.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) is a Ser/Thr protein phosphatase that participates in the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation regulation of a diverse range of cellular processes. The PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1) achieves this by its ability to interact with many targeting subunits such that PP1 activity is thereby specified against phosphoprotein substrates in the microvicinity of its targeting subunit. DNA polymerase delta (Pol delta) is a key enzyme in mammalian chromosomal replication. It consists of four subunits, p125, p50, p68, and p12. We identify p68 as a novel PP1 targeting subunit. PP1 was shown to associate with human DNA polymerase delta by affinity chromatography and coimmunoprecipitation assays from mammalian cell lysates and in vitro by pull-down assays. The binding domain for PP1 was identified as the sequence KRVAL, a variant of the canonical RVxF PP1 binding motif. These studies provide the first evidence for the targeting of PP1 to DNA polymerase delta. We also show that CK2 phosphorylates the Pol delta p125, p68, and p12 subunits and that these phosphorylated subunits are substrates for PP1. These findings identify a new role for p68 as a PP1 targeting subunit that implicates PP1 in the dephosphorylation of Pol delta. Our findings also show that CK2 is a strong candidate for the protein kinase involved in the in vivo phosphorylation of p68.
    Biochemistry 11/2008; 47(43):11367-76. · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Hua-Shan Huang, Ernest Y C Lee
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    ABSTRACT: Inh3 (inhibitor-3) is a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 that selectively associates with PP1gamma1 and PP1alpha but not the PP1beta isoform. We demonstrate that Inh3 is a novel substrate for caspase-3 and is degraded in vivo during apoptosis induced by actinomycin D. Inh3 was not degraded in apoptotic MCF-7 cells, which lack caspase-3. These experiments establish that Inh3 is a novel physiological substrate of caspase-3. Electroporation of the caspase-3-resistant Inh3-D49A mutant into HL-60 cells resulted in a significant attenuation of apoptosis induced by actinomycin D. These results show that Inh3 degradation contributes to the apoptotic process. Immunofluorescence based examination of the subcellular localizations of Inh3 and PP1gamma1 revealed a major relocalization of the cellular pool of PP1gamma1 from the nucleolus to the nucleus and then to the cytoplasm during actinomycin D-induced apoptosis. A similar redistribution of PP1alpha from the nucleus to the cytoplasm occurred. These results are consistent with an unexpected discovery that significant fractions of the cellular pools of PP1gamma1 and PP1alpha are associated with Inh3 in HL-60 cells. Thus, Inh3 is a major factor in the cellular economy of PP1gamma1 and PP1alpha subunits. The unscheduled relocalization of this large a pool of PP1 subunits and their release from a potent inhibitor could deregulate a diverse range of essential cellular processes and signaling pathways. We discuss the significance of these findings in relation to working hypotheses whereby Inh3 destruction could contribute to the apoptotic process.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2008; 283(26):18135-46. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, we show that protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) inhibitor-3 (Inh3) is localized to the nucleoli and centrosomes in interphase HEK 293 cells. Inh3 exhibited a specific co-localization to the nucleoli with PP1gamma1, and to the centrosomes with PP1alpha. These findings indicate that Inh3 may act as a modulator of PP1 functions in the processes of cytokinesis, as well as of nucleolar events. The specificity of the interaction of Inh3 with the PP1 isoforms was also demonstrated in vitro, where Inh3 co-immunoprecipitated with PP1alpha and PP1gamma1, but not with PP1beta. The nuclear localization signal of Inh3 was identified as a N-terminal basic cluster (33RKRK36), while nucleolar localization was shown to be dependent on a C-terminal basic cluster (94HRKGRRR100). The importance of the individual basic residues was quantitatively assessed by site-directed mutagenesis and a novel use of laser scanning cytometry.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 12/2005; 443(1-2):33-44. · 3.37 Impact Factor