Michael Molls

Technische Universität München, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (161)485.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To update a combined analysis of all published clinical data. We collected data from 38 additional patients treated in our department or published in four different reports and calculated the biologically effective dose (BED) according to the linear-quadratic model using an alpha/beta value of 2 Gy for cervical and thoracic cord and 4 Gy for lumbar cord. In this model, a dose of 50 Gy given in single daily fractions of 2 Gy is equivalent to a BED of 100 Gy(2) or 75 Gy(4). The 2005 risk score based on three variables (cumulative BED, highest BED of all treatment series in a particular individual, and interval), which discriminate three different risk groups, does not require modification. The low-risk group now contains 1 case of radiation myelopathy (RM) after hypofractionated stereotactic reirradiation. Therefore, the rate increased from 0% to 3%. Intermediate-risk patients developed RM in 25%, and high-risk patients in 90%. When the interval between the two treatment courses is not shorter than 6 months and the dose of each course is < or =98 Gy(2), the cumulative BED where no case of RM has yet been reported is 120 Gy(2). Based on these updated results, the risk of RM appears small after < or =135.5 Gy(2) when the interval is not shorter than 6 months and the dose of each course is < or =98 Gy(2). We would recommend limiting the dose to the lowest feasible level. The influence of very steep dose gradients from stereotactic and intensity-modulated approaches (i.e., a more complex volume-effect) requires further evaluation.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/2007; 66(5):1446-9. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite of postoperative radiotherapy plus temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and improvements in the molecular characterization of high-grade glioma, these tumors continue to relapse. We reviewed all clinical studies of re-treatment published between May 2000 and September 2005. In groups of highly selected patients with re-treatment for GBM, median survival reaches 26-27 months. Re-treatment was stereotactic radiotherapy (mostly with additional chemotherapy) or re-resection plus either photodynamic treatment, radioimmunotherapy and temozolomide, or systemic and local chemotherapy. Thus, intense local treatment was always a component of more successful strategies. Additional data suggest that chemotherapy is more efficacious when minimal residual disease is present, although the recent trials have not uncovered a clear regimen of choice. Early trials of immunotherapy and toxin-delivery demonstrate the feasibility of these approaches and encouraging median survival times. Response to erlotinib was more common if tumors had epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification, protein overexpression and low levels of phosphorylated PKB/Akt. Individual tailoring of such strategies based on molecular profiling is hoped to improve the outcome.
    Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology 01/2007; 60(3):181-93. · 4.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS) as a feasible and effective tool for detecting and classifying pathologic changes in the rectal mucosa after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer, and, also, to correlate its findings with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) score for late rectal toxicity. A total of 486 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent external-beam RT up to 70 or 74 Gy within an Austrian-German prospective multicenter trial. In 166 patients, voluntary rectal sigmoidoscopy was performed before and at 12 and/or 24 months after RT. Pathologic findings such as telangiectasia, congested mucosa, and ulcers were graded (Grades 0-3) and summarized according to the VRS. Late rectal side effects (EORTC/RTOG) were documented and correlated with the corresponding VRS. Before RT, 99% had a VRS score of 0. The median follow-up was 40 months. Overall, a late rectal side effects grade or score 1-3 was detected in 43% by EORTC/RTOG compared with 68% by VRS (p < 0.05). Grades 0, 1, 2, and 3 late rectal side effects were found using EORTC/RTOG in 57%, 11%, 28%, and 3%, respectively; the corresponding percentages were 32%, 22%, 32%, and 14% for a VRS of 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively. A significant coherence between the VRS and EORTC/RTOG was found (p < 0.01). The VRS is a feasible and effective tool for describing and classifying pathologic findings in the rectal mucosa after RT within a multicenter trial. The VRS and EORTC/RTOG showed a high coherence. However the VRS was significantly more sensitive.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/2007; 67(1):78-83. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current treatment methods result in survival beyond 2 years in just a minority of adult patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Our institution has used an aggressive policy of local retreatment, including surgery and radiotherapy, at first relapse. Long-term survival (>2 years) after such an approach was evaluated. A retrospective analysis was carried out of all patients with confirmed histological diagnosis of GBM at relapse. Patients with oligodendroglial component or progression from low-grade glioma were not included. Out of the 30 patients managed with aggressive local retreatment, 8 survived for more than 2 years, but no 5-year survivors were observed. All were younger than 60 years, had a good performance status, RPA class III or IV and a long interval to relapse. Those with the longest survival times had also received two different chemotherapy regimens. However, two of the patients were never treated with chemotherapy. Survival from retreatment was 5-17 months. When selecting patients on the basis of the factors associated with long-term survival, the same sequence of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy that should be considered at first diagnosis might provide a moderate survival extension.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(4C):2993-6. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) often contain highly radioresistant hypoxic regions, nonetheless, radiotherapy is a common treatment modality for these tumours. Reoxygenation during fractionated radiotherapy is desired to render these hypoxic tumour regions more radiosensitive. Hypoxia additionally leads to up-regulation of PAI-1, a protein involved in tumour progression and an established prognostic marker for poor outcome. However, the impact of reoxygenation and radiation on PAI-1 levels is not yet clear. Therefore, we investigated the kinetics of PAI-1 expression and secretion after hypoxia and reoxygenation, and determined the influence of ionizing radiation on PAI-1 levels in the two human SCCHN cell lines, BHY and FaDu. HIF-1alpha immunoblot was used to visualize the degree of hypoxia in the two cell lines. Cellular PAI-1 expression was investigated by immunofluorescence microscopy. ELISA was used to quantify relative changes in PAI-1 expression (cell lysates) and secretion (cell culture supernatants) in response to various lengths (2-4 h) of hypoxic exposure (< 0.66% O2), reoxygenation (24 h, 20% O2), and radiation (0, 2, 5 and 10 Gy). HIF-1alpha expression was induced between 2 and 24 h of hypoxic exposure. Intracellular PAI-1 expression was significantly increased in BHY and FaDu cells as early as 4 h after hypoxic exposure. A significant induction in secreted PAI-1 was seen after 12 to 24 h (BHY) and 8 to 24 h (FaDu) hypoxia, as compared to the normoxic control. A 24 h reoxygenation period caused significantly less PAI-1 secretion than a 24 h hypoxia period in FaDu cells. Irradiation led to an up-regulation of PAI-1 expression and secretion in both, BHY and FaDu cells. Our data suggest that both, short-term (approximately 4-8 h) and long-term (approximately 20-24 h) hypoxic exposure could increase PAI-1 levels in SCCHN in vivo. Importantly, radiation itself could lead to PAI-1 up-regulation in head and neck tumours, whereas reoxygenation of hypoxic tumour cells during fractionated radiotherapy could counteract the increased PAI-1 levels.
    BMC Cancer 01/2007; 7:143. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of these experiments was to test whether a brief course of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) injection (escalating doses) concomitant to irradiation ameliorates radiation-induced kidney dysfunction and lethal bowel toxicity in a mouse model of unilateral high-dose irradiation of the kidney and adjacent bowel. The kidney function was assessed by means of repeated 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinate scans (every six weeks) during a maximum follow-up of 49 weeks. The experiments with single fractions of 12 Gy and 15 Gy revealed only minor differences in the severity of kidney dysfunction and no reduction in lethal bowel toxicity from IGF-1 treatment In the absence of any significant radioprotective effect, other strategies of response modification need to be developed.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(1A):183-7. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of 11C-methionine positron emission tomography (MET-PET) in target volume delineation for meningiomas and to determine the interobserver variability. Two independent observers performed treatment planning in 10 patients according to a prospective written protocol. In the first step, they used coregistered computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the second step, MET-PET was added to CT/MRI (image fusion based on mutual information). The correlation between gross tumor volume (GTVs) delineated by the two observers based on CT/MRI was r=0.855 (Spearman's correlation coefficient, p=0.002) and r=0.988 (p=0.000) when MET-PET/CT/MRI were used. The number of patients with agreement in more then 80% of the outlined volume increased with the availability of MET-PET from 1 in 10 to 5 in 10. The median volume of intersection between the regions delineated by two observers increased significantly from 69% (from the composite volume) to 79%, by the addition of MET-PET (p=0.005). The information of MET-PET was useful to delineate GTV in the area of cavernous sinus, orbit, and base of the skull. The hypothesis-generating findings of potential normal tissue sparing and reduced interobserver variability provide arguments for invasive studies of the correlation between MET-PET images and histologic tumor extension and for prospective trials of target volume delineation with CT/MRI/MET-PET image fusion.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 11/2006; 66(2):339-44. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis inhibitors combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy have recently entered routine oncological practice. Several rationales exist for combining these agents with ionizing radiation, a primary curative cancer treatment, either in bimodal or trimodal fashion, i.e. with or without additional chemotherapy. More than 20 different anti-angiogenic agents have been studied in preclinical animal tumor models. This systematic review compares the results of preclinical studies published before February 2006. The combination of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors with irradiation consistently resulted in improved tumor growth delay (at least additive effects), despite different radiation schedules, drugs and doses, and combination regimens. Only two studies evaluated tumor control dose (TCD)50 as a measure of tumor cure (radiation dose yielding permanent local control in 50% of the tumors). While anti-VEGF receptor (VEGFR) antibody treatment improved the outcome, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor showed negative results. For agents interfering with other pathways, the results are also not consistent, although most studies were positive. Trimodal approaches seem to improve tumor growth delay even further. Importantly, both radiotherapy schedule and sequence of the modalities in combined treatment may impact on the outcome. Hence, further preclinical studies examining these parameters need to be conducted. While preclinical research is ongoing, phase I and II clinical trials with bevacizumab, combretastatin A-4, thalidomide and different receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, usually combined with radio- and chemotherapy, have been designed. Early results suggest that acute toxicity is acceptable, planned surgery after such treatment is feasible, and that further evaluation of such combined modality treatment is warranted.
    Cancer Treatment Reviews 09/2006; 32(5):348-64. · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
    Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 08/2006; 40:S179. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe an emerging concept of high-precision radiotherapy, a modality characterized by adaptation to patient and organ movements, which might occur between fractions or even during radiation delivery. Today's unprecedented technical capabilities to visualize the target volume and create conformal dose distributions allow for avoidance of critical structures or targeted treatment intensification within a conventionally imaged, anatomically defined tumor. The success of selective dose escalation depends on (1) correct staging and target volume identification, which can be improved by biological imaging, and (2) identification of biologically relevant subvolumes, which determine tumor control. Current efforts are directed at different methods, such as positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and integrating them into treatment planning. Early clinical trials assessing the safety and efficacy of image- and biology-guided radiotherapy are ongoing. The same modalities might be used to determine the individual tumor response during treatment and to adapt therapy. Temporal changes in tumor biology, which might represent both a challenge and a chance with regard to adaptation of treatment, need to be addressed in greater detail.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 08/2006; 182(7):361-8. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with localized prostate cancer are treated with 3D radiotherapy using a rectal balloon catheter for internal immobilization of the prostate, thereby reducing the radiation dose to the dorsal rectal wall. The purpose of the study was to investigate clinical feasibility and the influence of acute rectal side effects and pre-existing hemorrhoids on patients' acceptance of the rectal balloon catheter. 442 patients who underwent primary radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer were included in this prospective Austrian-German multicenter trial. The total radiation dose was either 70 Gy or 74 Gy. Acute rectal side effects were documented using the EORTC/RTOG grading score (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Radiation Therapy 225 Oncology Group) at weeks 2, 4 and 7 of radiation treatment. Within the same time intervals patients were interviewed about their tolerance of the rectal balloon catheter, evaluating five categories of acceptance (1 = no major complaints, 2 = pain at/during application, 3 = signs of blood at the balloon catheter after application but without any pain, 4 = signs of blood at the balloon catheter after application and pain, 5 = balloon application had to be stopped). Voluntary rectoscopy prior to radiotherapy was performed in 310 patients. 429/442 patients (97 %) were treated with the balloon catheter. No major complaints were reported in 79 % of the patients and no acute rectal side effects were seen in 52 % of the patients. Grade 1 side effects were seen in 31 % patients, Grade 2 in 17 % and Grade 3 in 0.5 %. Balloon use had to be stopped in only 4 % of the patients. There was significant correlation between balloon discomfort and rectal side effects (p < 0.01). The presence of hemorrhoids in 36 % patients prior to irradiation had no influence on balloon tolerance. The rectal balloon can be used in 3D radiotherapy of localized prostate cancer with a high degree of acceptance by the patients. Use of the balloon is safe within daily clinical treatment. Patients reporting acute rectal side effects experienced significantly more balloon discomfort, but the presence of hemorrhoids was not found to influence acceptance of the balloon.
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 06/2006; 118(7-8):224-9. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out in order to analyze the prevalence of late rectal and anal symptoms after conformal radiation therapy for prostate cancer and to assess their association with quality of life. Two-hundred and forty nine patients were interviewed at 24-111 months after definitive conformal radiation therapy of localized prostate cancer with a median dose of 70 Gy. Rectal symptoms and fecal incontinence were evaluated with standardized questionnaires. Quality of life was assessed with the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 and the prostate cancer module PR25. Rectal symptoms were mostly intermittent. Daily symptoms occurred in < or =5% of the patients. Incontinence was mostly mild with only 3% of the patients reporting daily incontinence episodes. Quality of life was comparable to that of the male German general population except that cognitive functioning and diarrhea were worse in the study population and pain was worse in the reference population. Global quality of life was associated with fecal incontinence, fecal urge, tenesmus, therapy for rectal symptoms and hormonal therapy for biochemical/clinical recurrence. Rectal symptoms and fecal incontinence after conformal radiation therapy for prostate cancer are mostly intermittent. Fecal incontinence, fecal urge and tenesmus are associated with lower global quality of life levels.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 06/2006; 79(3):341-7. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to investigate histomorphologic features as a response classification after neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (RTx/CTx) and to correlate the results with clinical outcome parameters (e.g., postoperative morbidity and mortality, recurrence, and survival) in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Three hundred eleven patients with histologically proven, locally advanced, intrathoracic ESCC (clinical T3 or T4, N0-N+, M0) located at or above the level of the tracheal bifurcation underwent preoperative, combined, simultaneous RTx/CTx followed by esophagectomy. Response to RTx/CTx was classified by the quantification of residual tumor cells. A histopathologic response was defined as <10% residual tumor cells found within the specimen compared with a histopathologic nonresponse, which was characterized by >10% residual tumor cells. A histopathologic response was correlated significantly with complete tumor resection status (R0 resection) (P .0001), histopathologic tumor (ypT) category (P <.0001), lymph node involvement (P <.0001), lymphatic vessel invasion (P <.001), and survival (P <.0001). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that histopathologic response classification according to the percentage of residual tumor cells was an independent prognostic factor (P <.0001). Nonresponders had greater postoperative pulmonary morbidity (P = .01), a greater 30-day mortality rate (P = .02), and a dismal survival rate compared to histopathologic responders (P <.0001). Histopathologic response evaluation based on the quantification of residual tumor cells provided meaningful information for the assessment of outcomes among patients with ESCC who have underwent neoadjuvant RTx/CTx. The current results indicated that histopathologic responders may represent a subgroup of patients who benefit from neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery.
    Cancer 05/2006; 106(10):2119-27. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test whether the clinically available growth factor erythropoietin (EPO) influences radiation-induced normal-tissue damage in a model of kidney dysfunction. Animal experiments were conducted to test the role of EPO administration in a C3H mouse model of unilateral kidney irradiation with 6, 8, and 10 Gy and to assess the effects of 2 different dose levels of EPO. The kidney function was assessed before radiotherapy, as well as 19, 25, 31, and 37 weeks thereafter by means of (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinat scans (static scintigraphy). Concomitant EPO administration significantly increased the degree of radiation-induced kidney dysfunction. A dose of 2,000 IU/kg body weight per injection tended to cause more damage than the lower dose of 500 IU/kg. Administration of growth factors concomitant to radiotherapy might modify the development of kidney dysfunction. Although insulin-like growth factor-1 has previously been shown to protect the kidney, such an effect could not be demonstrated for EPO. The latter agent even increased the development of nephropathy.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 05/2006; 64(5):1513-8. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tirapazamine (TPZ) is an anticancer drug that is selectively activated by the low oxygen environment in solid tumors. Furthermore, TPZ also enhances the tumor cell-killing effect of cisplatin. So far, detailed information on the toxicity of combined treatment is rare. The authors evaluated the toxicity of TPZ in combination with cisplatin in a mouse tumor model. For this purpose, general toxicity was monitored and all inner organs were examined histologically. RIF-1 fibrosarcomas of murine origin growing in the right hindfoot dorsum of C3H mice were used. The animals were treated with 10 x 2 Gy irradiation plus six i.p. injections of 4 mg/kg cisplatin (total dose 24 mg/kg) together with varying doses of TPZ (0-28 mg/kg per injection; total dose 0, 43.2, 86.4, 129.6, 151.2, 172.8 mg/kg). Treatment was applied within 2 weeks (Figure 1). Total observation period was up to 35 days. Combined treatment with TPZ led to a dose-dependent, significant decrease in motor activity (Table 1) and body weight and an increase in mortality (Figures 2 and 3, Tables 2 and 3). Histological analyses showed areas of necrosis in the heart, liver and kidney and gastric ulcers (Table 4). Cisplatin alone produced no severe toxicity. Tumor doubling times were TPZ dose-dependent and comparable with data from the literature (Figures 4 and 5, Table 3). Unlike most data from the literature a dose-dependent increase in toxicity was seen when adding TPZ to a standard treatment of cisplatin plus irradiation. To the authors' knowledge this is the first study histologically examining in detail the organ toxicity of TPZ in a mouse model. Furthermore, they expand the rare data on long-term toxicity after TPZ plus cisplatin in a fractionated therapy regimen. The results question the usefulness of frequently performed therapeutic studies where only short-term treatment and observation endpoints are used, since essential toxicities are likely to be overlooked.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 05/2006; 182(4):231-9. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine retrospectively the maximum dose to the large skull base/intracranial arteries in fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), because of the potential risk of perfusion disturbances. Overall, 56 patients with tumors adjacent to at least one major artery were analyzed. Our strategy was to perform FSRT with these criteria: 1.8 Gy per fraction, planning target volume (PTV) enclosed by the 95% isodose, maximum dose 107%. Dose limits were applied to established organs at risk, but not the vessels. If FSRT planning failed to meet any of these criteria, IMRT was planned with the same objectives. In 31 patients (median PTV, 23 cm3), the FSRT plan fulfilled all criteria. No artery received a dose > or =105%. Twenty-five patients (median PTV, 39 cm3) needed IMRT planning. In 11 of 25 patients (median PTV, 85 cm3), no plan satisfying all our criteria could be calculated. Only in this group, moderately increased maximum vessel doses were observed (106-110%, n = 7, median PTV, 121 cm3). The median PTV dose gradient was 29% (significantly different from the 14 patients with satisfactory IMRT plans). Three of the four patients in this group had paranasal sinus tumors. The doses to the major arteries should be calculated in IMRT planning for critical tumor locations if a dose gradient >13% within the PTV can not be avoided because the PTV is large or includes air cavities.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 04/2006; 64(4):1055-9. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Branislav Jeremić, Michael Molls
    03/2006: pages 309-320;
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    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic Radiotherapy has the potential to produce high local control rates with low risk of severe lung toxicity. From December 2000 to January 2006, 68 inoperable patients (median age 76 years) with stage I NSCLC received definitive hSRT. A mean total dose of 37.5 Gy (24-40 Gy; 60%-isodose) in 3-5 fractions was applied. Immobilisation was carried out by means of a vacuum couch and low pressure foil (Medical Intelligence, Schwab München, Germany). Staging procedures were thoracic and abdominal CT-scan, FDG-PET and CT or MRI of the brain in all patients. Clinical target volume was the tumor as seen in lung windowing of CT and in FDG-PET. Organ movements (6-22 mm) and patient positioning in the couch (3-12 mm) were added as safety margin for the definition of the planning target volume (PTV), that was enclosed by the 60%-isodose. We observed four (6%) local tumor recurrences, resulting in an actuarial local tumor control rate of 96%, 88% and 88% after 1, 2 and 3 year follow-up. Nineteen patients died, with eight patients due to cancer (12%), two to local tumor progression alone. Cancer-specific survival is 96%, 82% and 73% at 1, 2 and 3 years. Eleven patients died from comorbidities, making a 53% overall 3-year survival. Fifty five percent of the patients were affected by mild acute and subacute side effects, with only 3% experiencing pneumonitis III degrees . Late effects were pneumonitis III degrees in 1%, rib fractures in 3%, and benign pleural effusion in 2 patients. Hypofractionated SRT is safe even in elderly patients with stage I NSCLC and significantly reduced lung capacity. It leads to high local control rates and should be offered to patients not amenable for curative resection.
    Acta Oncologica 02/2006; 45(7):796-801. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recent development of an electronic test system based on silicon sensor-chips allows the continuous parallel recording of relative changes in extracellular acidification, oxygen consumption and electric impedance in living cells. The objective of this proof-of-principle study therefore, was to clarify whether this system can also be applied to live tissue slices thus providing a device for an ultimately envisioned chemosensitivity testing apparatus for individualized treatment schemes in cancer therapy. A prototype of the testing apparatus equipped with six individual measuring devices has been used to simultaneously analyze changes in extracellular acidification, oxygen consumption and electronic impedance in live liver tissue and compared to data obtained from a tumor cell line. In contrast to tumor cells, tissue slices showed low rates of extracellular acidification but high rates of oxygen consumption. Monitoring of electrical impedance values, reflecting cellular morphology, revealed that the compact cell structure of the tissue slices was able to function as electric insulator and actively change the impedance values of the system. Exposure of tumor cells to 1 microM cytochalasin B, a fungal metabolite known to interact with the cytoskeleton and influence glucose metabolism, resulted in the rapid decline of extracellular acidification, increased oxygen consumption rates and increased values in capacitance. In tissue slices upon addition of 1 microM cytochalasin B, a decline of both extracellular acidification and electrical impedance was observed within 1 h. Determination of ATP content in the tissue slices revealed that decreasing ATP content paralleled diminishing oxygen consumption. This new technique offers the possibility of generating metabolic profiles for cells and tissues by studying oxygen consumption, extracellular acidification and electrical impedance.
    Clinical laboratory 02/2006; 52(7-8):375-84. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify endoscopic pathological findings prior to radiotherapy and a possible correlation with acute or chronic rectal side effects after three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for prostate cancer. Between 03/99 and 07/02, a total of 298 patients, who consented in a voluntary rectoscopy prior to radiotherapy were included into the analysis. Patients were treated with a total dose of either 70 or 74 Gy. Pathological rectoscopic findings like hemorrhoids, polyps or diverticula were documented. Acute and late rectal side effects were scored using the EORTC/RTOG score. The most frequent pathological endosopic findings were hemorrhoids (35%), polyps (24%) and diverticula (13%). Rectal toxicity was mostly low to moderate. Grade 0/1 cumulative acute and late rectal side effects were 82 and 84%, grade 2 were 18 and 17%, respectively. We could not identify any correlation between preexisting pathological findings and rectal side effects by statistical analysis. There is no evidence that prostate cancer patients presenting with endoscopic verified pathological findings in the rectal mucosa at diagnosis are at an increased risk to develop rectal side effects when treated with 3D-CRT of the prostatic region.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 02/2006; 78(1):36-40. · 4.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
485.34 Total Impact Points


  • 1997–2012
    • Technische Universität München
      • Klinik und Poliklinik für Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1970–2012
    • Deutsches Herzzentrum München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2010
    • University of Wuerzburg
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2009
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Department of Internal Medicine II
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2007–2009
    • Nordlandssykehuset HF
      Bodø, Nordland, Norway
  • 2006–2009
    • Vienna General Hospital
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2006–2007
    • Friedrich Loeffler Institute
      • Institute of Molecular Pathogenesis
      Griefswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 2000
    • Zentrum für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie
      Bremen, Bremen, Germany