[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To explore whether there exist differences in cognitive development between singletons and twins born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
A total of 566 children were recruited for the study, including 388 children (singletons, n=175; twins, n=213) born after IVF and 178 children (singletons, n=87; twins, n=91) born after ICSI. The cognitive development was assessed using the Chinese-Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (C-WISC).
For all pre-term offspring, all the intelligence quotient (IQ) items between singletons and twins showed no significant differences no matter if they were born after IVF or ICSI. There was a significant difference in the cognitive development of IVF-conceived full-term singletons and twins. The twins born after IVF obtained significantly lower scores than the singletons in verbal IQ (containing information, picture & vocabulary, arithmetic, picture completion, comprehension, and language), performance IQ (containing maze, visual analysis, object assembly, and performance), and full scale IQ (P<0.05). The cognitive development of full-term singletons and twins born after ICSI did not show any significant differences. There was no significant difference between the parents of the singletons and twins in their characteristics where data were collected, including the age of the mothers, the current employment status, the educational backgrounds, and areas of residence. There were also no consistent differences in the duration of pregnancy, sex composition of the children, age, and height between singletons and twins at the time of our study although there existed significant differences between the two groups in the sex composition of the full-term children born after ICSI (P<0.05).
Compared to the full-term singletons born after IVF, the full-term twins have lower cognitive development. The cognitive development of full-term singletons and twins born after ICSI did not show any significant differences. For all pre-term offspring, singletons and twins born after IVF or ICSI, the results of the cognitive development showed no significant differences.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 01/2014; 15(1):51-7. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1300229 · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of sperm with different parameters and sources on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), 1972 ICSI cycles were analyzed retrospectively. Groups 1 to 5 were composed of cycles using ejaculated sperm and were grouped according to sperm quantity, quality, and morphology into normal (288 cycles), or mild (329 cycles), moderate (522 cycles), severe (332 cycles), and extremely severe (171 cycles) oligozoospermia and/or asthenozoospermia and/or teratozoospermia (OAT) groups. Group 6 was composed of 250 cycles using testicular or epididymal sperm, and Group 7 consisted of 80 cycles using frozen-thawed sperm. We found that fertilization rates were gradually reduced from Groups 1 to 6, and reached statistical difference in Groups 5 and 6 (P<0.05). The high-quality embryo rate was higher in Group 1 than in Groups 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 (P<0.05). No statistical differences were observed in the rates of embryo cleavage, clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, live-birth, premature birth, low birth weight, weeks of premature birth, average birth weight, or sex ratio for all seven groups (P>0.05). A total of nine cases of malformation were observed, with a malformation rate of 1.25% (9/719). In conclusion, different sperm sources and parameters can affect ICSI outcomes before embryo implantation. A full assessment of offspring malformation will require further study using a larger sample size.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 01/2012; 13(1):1-10. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1100216 · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We compared the social adjustment among Chinese children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) vs those after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and identify factors related to the adjustment. The social adaptation of 86 ICSI and 165 IVF conceived children of 4-6 years of age was assessed using the Infants-Junior Middle School Students' Social-Life Abilities Scale. There was no significant difference between the ICSI and IVF-conceived groups on the item of communication, self-dependence, locomotion, work skills, socialisation, self-management and total scores. Compared with routine IVF, ICSI does no harm to the social adaptation of children conceived through this technology.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 11/2011; 31(8):751-3. DOI:10.3109/01443615.2011.606937 · 0.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the aberrant der(X) chromosome using conventional and molecular cytogenetic approaches in a fetus of second trimester and to discuss its clinical effect.
Conventional cytogenetic procedures (GTG and CBG banding) were performed on cultured amniotic fluid cells. Three-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) consisting of X chromosome enumeration probes(CEPX), CEPY and Tel Xp/Yp was further performed to study the aberrant der(X) chromosome.
Der(X) was a rare X/Y translocation. The final karyotypes of the fetus was designated as: 46,X,der(X)t(X;Y)(p22.3;q11.2). ish der(X)t(X;Y)(p22.3;q11.2)(X/Ypter-, DXZ1+, DYZ1+)mat.
The combination of FISH and conventional cytogenetic techniques is a powerful tool to determine derivative chromosome and to offer an accurate genetic counseling. Identification of Xp; Yq rearrangement can help estimate the risk of fetus abnormalities and give a more precise prognosis.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 04/2011; 28(2):217-9. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2011.02.021
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on sperm quality and the outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART). A total of 916 men (457 HBV-positive and 459 HBV-negative) seeking fertility assistance from January 2008 to December 2009 at the Women's Hospital in the School of Medicine at Zhejiang University were analysed for semen parameters. Couples in which the men were hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-seropositive were categorized as HBV-positive and included 587 in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and 325 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles from January 2004 to December 2009; negative controls were matched for female age, date of ova retrieval, ART approach used (IVF or ICSI) and randomized in a ratio of 1:1 according to the ART treatment cycles (587 for IVF and 325 for ICSI). HBV-infected men exhibited lower semen volume, lower total sperm count as well as poor sperm motility and morphology (P < 0.05) when compared to control individuals. Rates of two-pronuclear (2PN) fertilisation, high-grade embryo acquisition, implantation and clinical pregnancy were also lower among HBV-positive patients compared to those of HBV-negative patients after ICSI and embryo transfer (P < 0.05); IVF outcomes were similar between the two groups (P > 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that HBV infection independently contributed to increased rates of asthenozoospermia and oligozoospermia/azoospermia (P < 0.05) as well as decreased rates of implantation and clinical pregnancy in ICSI cycles (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that HBV infection in men is associated with poor sperm quality and worse ICSI and embryo transfer outcomes but does not affect the outcome of IVF and embryo transfer.
Asian Journal of Andrology 03/2011; 13(3):465-9. DOI:10.1038/aja.2010.164 · 2.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the numerical aberration rate of X, Y and chromosome 18 in sperms from an oligozoospermic male with mosaic trisomy 18 and to perform preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the couple.
G-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on metaphase chromosome. Sperm was analyzed in three-color FISH with a probe mixture containing CEP18, CEPY and Tel Xq/Yq. A healthy man with normal semen parameters was used as control.
Significant difference in the rates of disomy for chromosome 18 (0.63% vs. 0.16%) and the gonosomes (0.945% vs. 0.35%) and diploidy (0.87% vs. 0.31%) was found in the spermatozoa between the patient and the control. After four embryos were biopsied in one PGD cycle, two embryos with XY1818 and XX1818 were selected for implanting and clinical pregnancy was ongoing.
Sperm-FISH allows further understanding of aneuploidy rate and accurate genetic counseling. FISHPGD was effective for patient with mosaic trisomy 18.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 08/2010; 27(4):367-70. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2010.04.002
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To perform genetic analysis of a complex chromosome rearrangement (CCR) 46,XY, t(3;11)(q27; q13), ins(11;3)(q13;p26p13) in an azoospermic man.
Peripheral blood lymphocytes we re obtained for karyotyping, and metaphases were studied by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization procedure, Y chromosomal microdeletions in the azoospermia factor (AZF) region were analyzed with multiplex polymerase chain reaction.
The case was a complex chromosomal translocation between chromosomes 3 and 11 with four breakpoints, and accompanied with a band of chromosome 3 inserting into chromosome 11. No Y-chromosome microdeletions were identified at 6 STS sequences of the AZF loci.
CCR can have a significant impact on male fertility. Molecular cytogenetic techniques may contribute to improving and personalizing reproductive counseling.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 05/2009; 26(2):200-2. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2009.02.018
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the sex chromosome meiotic segregation in inv(Y) patients by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
Conventional cytogenetic procedures (GTG and CBG banding) and FISH were performed on metaphase chromosome. Three-color FISH was performed on sperm samples using a probe mixture containing CEPX, Tel Xp/Yp and Tel Xq/Yq to investigate the sex chromosome segregation of five inv(Y) (p11.1q11.2) carriers. A healthy man with normal semen parameters was used as control.
There was no statistical difference in the abnormal sex chromosome number and recombination frequencies in each spermatozoon from the patient in comparison with that in the control.
There was no apparent sex chromosome abnormality in the sperm of the inv(Y) (p11.1q11.2) carriers. Sperm-FISH allows further understanding of the sex chromosome segregation pattern and an accurate genetic counseling.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 03/2009; 26(1):54-6. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2009.01.012
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the genetic characteristics of chromosomes and the rates of implantation and pregnancy in couples of translocation carriers who undergo preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and to evaluate the significance of PGD in the treatment of translocation carriers.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed to analyze the embryos of 12 carriers of reciprocal translocation and 22 carriers of Robertsonian translocation. The results of diagnosis and the implantation and pregnancy rates were analyzed.
A total of 253 embryos from 36 couples were retrieved and FISH was applied for the examination. The characteristics of chromosomes were diagnosed in 225 embryos and the rate of successful PGD was 88.9%. Fifty-eight embryos were found to have normal chromosome or balanced translocation and were transferred into the uterus. The rate of implantation was 36% (5/14) and 14% (6/44) and the rate of pregnancy was 4/9 and 26% (5/19) for carriers of Robertsonian translocation and reciprocal translocation, respectively.
The FISH-based PGD is effective in the diagnosis of Robertsonian translocation and reciprocal translocation of embryos. It provides the possibility of a high rate of implantation and pregnancy, and avoids recurrent abortion and unwilling termination of pregnancy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the accuracy of a scoring system combining zygote and embryo morphology in predicting the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment.
In a study group, 117 consecutive IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with embryo transfer were carried out and 312 embryos were scored using a combined scoring system (CSS) of zygote and embryo morphology before transplantation. In a control group, a total of 420 IVF or ICSI cycles were carried out and 1176 embryos were scored using a cumulative embryo score (CES). The effects of the combined scoring system on the embryo implantation rate and pregnancy rate per cycle were analyzed.
Using the combined scoring system, the embryo implantation rate (27.6%) and the clinical pregnancy rate (48.7%) were significantly higher than those in the control group (20.8% and 38.6%, respectively). Also, the implantation rate of embryos scoring>or=70 (38.5%: 82 sacs/213 embryos) was significantly higher (P<0.001) than that of embryos scoring<70 (4%: 4 sacs/99 embryos). The pregnancy rate of patients with embryos scoring>or=70 using the combined scoring system (66.7%) was significantly higher (P<0.001) than that of patients with embryos scoring>or=20 using the cumulative embryo score (59.0%).
The results suggest that selecting embryos with a high score (>or=70) using the combined scoring system could increase the implantation rate and pregnancy rate, and that using a scoring system combining assessments of human zygotes and pre-implantation embryos might predict IVF outcomes more accurately than using a cumulative embryo score.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 08/2008; 9(8):649-55. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B0820003 · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: L-selectin ligand has displayed mediating adhesion at the maternal-fetal interface. Therefore, we investigated the impact of L-selectin ligand on establishing pregnancy in women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET).
Endometrium between cycle days LH +6 to +9 was obtained from 56 Chinese women referred for IVF and tested for L-selectin ligand by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The standard gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist long protocol was used for ovarian stimulation.
L-selectin ligand was localized in the endometrial gland and luminal epithelial cells. Western blot analysis of endometrium identified four bands and levels of component 1, 2 and 4 were significantly higher in the pregnancy group than in the non-pregnancy group (P < 0.05). Clinical pregnancy and implantation rates were higher in patients with high level L-selectin ligand compared with those with low level (53.6%versus 25.0%, and 27.1%versus 12.1%, respectively, P < 0.05).
The presence of higher level L-selectin ligand was associated with a better pregnancy outcome.
American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y.: 1989) 07/2008; 60(2):127-34. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0897.2008.00604.x · 2.44 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the effects of autologous mature follicular fluid (FF) on the in vitro maturation (IVM) outcome of human cumulus-removed oocytes from routine stimulated ovaries, particularly on the IVM co-culture outcome with autologous cumulus cells.
Prospective comparison study.
A provincial reproductive medicine and research center.
A total of 196 germinal vesicle (GV) and 192 metaphase I (MI) stage oocytes were recruited from 151 infertile women by ovarian stimulation for routine intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) program.
Two novel IVM systems assisted with either autologous mature FF alone or both autologous mature FF and autologous cumulus cells were developed to mature in vitro MI and GV stage oocytes, respectively. A standard IVM system was used as the control.
Cumulative IVM rate of oocytes and the subsequent fertilization, cleavage, and preimplantation embryonic development.
By adding autologous mature FF to the medium of the IVM system, the nuclear maturation of human cumulus-removed oocytes was significantly promoted in both speed and rate, but not the corresponding fertilization, cleavage, and preimplantation embryonic development.
Autologous mature FF favors the IVM of human cumulus-removed oocytes, including the IVM co-culture with autologous cumulus cells, mainly in nuclear, but not cytoplasmic, maturation.
Fertility and sterility 12/2007; 90(4):1094-102. DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.07.1323 · 4.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate aquaporin 9 (AQP9) mRNA and protein expression in antrum follicle and luteinizing granulosa cells of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) ovary, and its relation to follicular fluid steroids hormone levels during IVF cycles.
AQP9 mRNA expression on luteinizing granulosa cells in IVF cycles was detected by RT-PCR. AQP9 protein expression in antrum follicles of PCOS ovary and luteinizing granulosa cells was measured by immunohistochemistry. The concentrations of estradiol (E2), progesterone (P) and testerone (T) in follicular fluid were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA).
The expression of AQP9 mRNA in luteinizing granulosa cells during IVF cycles was positive by RT-PCR. No significant differences in AQP9 mRNA levels in granulosa cells between PCOS and control group were found during IVF cycles. The expression level of AQP9 mRNA in large follicles was higher than that in small follicles, but not significantly. The immunoreactivity for AQP9 was localized in membrane and cytoplast of granulosa cells in antrum follicles from PCOS ovary and luteinizing granulosa cells during IVF cycles. Multiple regression analysis showed that AQP9 mRNA levels on granulosa cells were not correlated with E2, P and T levels in follicular fluid during IVF cycles.
AQP9 may play an important role in the follicle development and antrum formation through water transport and AQP9 may be involved in the mechanism of follicle development in PCOS.
Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 10/2007; 36(5):449-53.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of different cycles, ovarian follicle size and IVM culture media on the number of retrieved immature oocytes, maturation rate, fertilization rate, embryo quality and implantation rate, pregnancy rate, delivery rate, survival and development of frozen-thawed embryos from IVM.
The oocytes were obtained by follicular aspiration from 19 women undergoing oocyte retrieval for in vitro maturation due to the possible risk of ovarian hyperstimulation in IVF-ET program. One patient was in natural cycle, four patients were in ovulation induction cycles with gonadotropine and fourteen patients is controlled ovarian stimulated cycles. All the oocytes retrieved from follicles with 10.0 - 13.5 mm in maximumdiameter were allowed to culture in medium M-199 (TCM 199) or HTF supplemented with other substance.
When there were nonuniform diameters of follicles and the diameter of largest oocyte exceeded 12 mm, the retrieval rate of oocytes, fertilization rate, and the number of high-quality embryos decreased. The high-quality embryos formation rate was higher for the oocytes cultured in TCM 199 medium than in HTF medium (P<0.01). After being frozen-thawed, the IVM embryos could achieve the same outcome when compared with the conventional IVF treatment. In addition, the offspring were healthy.
When the nonuniform diameters of follicles and the diameter of largest oocyte exceeds 12 mm,the retrieval rate of oocytes, fertilization rate, and the number of high-quality embryos decreased. TCM199-based medium is better to improve the developmental potential and implantation rate of embryos derived from in vitro matured oocytes. After being frozen-thawed, the IVM embryos could achieve the same outcome when compared with the conventional IVF treatment. In addition, the offspring are healthy.
Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 09/2007; 36(5):443-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) conducted for women who had Down syndrome pregnancy previously.
Trisomy 21 was diagnosed by using fluorescence in site hybridization (FISH) before embryo transfer in two women who had Down syndrome pregnancies. Each received one or two PGD cycles respectively.
Case 1: one PGD cycle was conducted, two oocytes were fertilized and biopsied. One embryo is of trisomy 21 and the other of monosomy 21. No embryo was transferred. Case 2: two PGD cycles were conducted, in total, sixteen oocytes were fertilized and biopsied. Four embryos were tested to be normal, six of trisomy 21, and one of monosomy 21. Five had no signal. Four normal embryos were transferred but no pregnancy resulted.
For couples who had pregnancies with Down syndrome previously, PGD can be considered, and has been shown to be an effective strategy.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 08/2007; 8(7):515-21. DOI:10.1631/jzus.2007.B0515 · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on DNA damage in mammals are still controversial. In the present study, the effects of EMFs on DNA damage in preimplantation mouse embryos in vitro were investigated by using gammaH2AX foci formation, a new sensitive indicator for detecting DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The data obtained demonstrated that EMFs decreased the cleavage rate of preimplantation mouse embryos. This decreasing effect of EMFs was related to the DNA-damaging effect indicated by the induction of gammaH2AX foci formation in preimplantation mouse embryos. The inducing effects of EMFs on gammaH2AX foci formation could be inhibited by the treatment of noise MFs or wortmannin, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) family inhibitor. Furthermore, the data obtained also showed that EMFs could activate the DNA damage-repair mechanism by recruiting repair factor Rad50 to the damaged DNA sites to repair the corresponding DNA damage. These findings suggest that EMFs could cause DNA damage in preimplantation embryos in vitro and that the adverse effects of EMFs on development might at least partly act through DNA damage. The DNA damage induced by EMFs could be at least partly repaired by the natural activation of DNA damage-repair mechanism or prevented by the simultaneous treatment of noise magnetic fields.
Biology of Reproduction 12/2006; 75(5):673-80. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.106.052241 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of different ovarian stimulation (OS) protocols on endometrial receptivity remains controversial. In this study, the effects of different OS on the expression of endometrial integrin beta3 subunit and leukaemia-inhibitory factor (LIF) during the implantation window and the implantation rate in mice were investigated.
Three OS protocols were used, involving either pregnant mare's serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) alone, PMSG plus GnRH agonist or PMSG plus GnRH antagonist. Uterus samples were collected at 48 h after OS or ovulation and were detected with immunohistochemistry, Western blot and RT-PCR analyses. Normal embryos at gestation day 4 were transferred into the uteri of mice in the control and OS groups.
All OS groups showed a significant decrease in the expression of both the endometrial integrin beta3 subunit and LIF during the implantation window and the implantation rate. Among the three OS groups, GnRH agonist-treated mice showed a higher endometrial integrin beta3 subunit and LIF expression and a higher implantation rate. No significant difference was found in the measured indices between the GnRH antagonist and PMSG groups.
OS may inhibit the expression of endometrial integrin beta3 subunit and LIF and impair endometrial receptivity in mice. OS with GnRH agonist, but not GnRH antagonist, may partially restore the endometrial physiological secretion and improve uterine receptivity.
Human Reproduction 11/2006; 21(10):2521-9. DOI:10.1093/humrep/del215 · 4.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Early pregnancy loss is the most common complication of human reproduction. Given the complexities of early development, it is likely that many mechanisms are involved. Knowledge of differences in protein expression in parallel profiling is essential to understand the comprehensive pathophysiological mechanism underlying early pregnancy loss. To identify proteins with different expression profiles related to early pregnancy loss, we applied a proteomic approach and performed two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) on six placental villous tissues from patients with early pregnancy loss and six from normal pregnant women, followed by comparison of the silver-stained 2-DE profiles. It was found that 13 proteins were downregulated and 5 proteins were upregulated significantly (P < 0.05) in early pregnancy loss as determined by spot volume. Among them, 10 downregulated and 2 upregulated spots were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Anomalies of these proteins, including three principal antioxidant enzymes (copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase, peroxiredoxin 3, and thioredoxin-like 1 protein), S100 calcium binding protein, galectin-1, chorionic somatomammotropin hormone 1, transthyretin, fas inhibitory molecule, eukaryotic translation elongation factor, RNA-binding protein, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2N, and proteasome beta-subunit, indicate widespread failure in cell regulations and processes such as antioxidative defense, differentiation, cell proliferation, metabolism, apoptosis, transcription, and proteolysis in early pregnancy loss. This study has identified several proteins that are associated with placentation and early development, shedding a new insight into the proteins that may be potentially involved in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying early pregnancy loss.
Biology of Reproduction 09/2006; 75(3):414-20. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.105.049379 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to examine the expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2), a member of the water channel family aquaporins (AQPs), in human uterine endometrium and its modulation of ovarian steroid hormone at the proliferative and secretory phases. Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and RT-PCR were employed in the present study. Western blot revealed a 29-kDa band that represented AQP2 in human endometrium. The expression of AQP2 in endometrium was confirmed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical results. The immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that AQP2 was prominent in luminal and glandular epithelial cells of endometrium. The levels of endometrial AQP2 expression changed during the menstrual cycle and were higher in the secretory endometrium than in the proliferative endometrium. A significantly high level of AQP2 was detected at the mid-secretory phase. There was a positive correlation between the levels of the endometrial AQP2 expression and the concentrations of the serum 17beta-estradiol (E2) or/and progesterone (P4). These data for the first time corroborate that AQP2 is expressed in human endometrium and that the expression of AQP2 in human endometrium might be regulated by E2 or/and P4. The changed expression of AQP2 at different phases of the menstrual cycle may be essential to reproductive physiology in human. The high level of endometrial AQP2 expression was observed at the mid-secretory phase, the time of embryo implantation, suggesting that AQP2 might play physiological roles in the uterine receptivity.
Life Sciences 07/2006; 79(5):423-9. DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2006.01.020 · 2.70 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate protein and mRNA expression of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) in epithelial ovarian tumors and its clinic significance.
The protein and mRNA expressions of AQP1 were measured by immunohistochemical technique, western blot and RT-PCR in 65 cases of epithelial ovarian tumors and 13 cases of normal ovary tissue.
AQP1 located in microvascular and small vessel epithelial cells. The protein and mRNA expressions of AQP1 in ovarian cancer (0.39 +/- 0.12, 0.93 +/- 0.51, respectively) and ovarian borderline tumors (0.43 +/- 0.21, 0.95 +/- 0.34, respectively) were significantly higher than that of ovarian benign tumors (0.27 +/- 0.13, 0.51 +/- 0.41, respectively; P < 0.05) and normal ovary tissue (0.24 +/- 0.13, 0.34 +/- 0.29, respectively; P < 0.05). Of all ovarian cancers, expression of AQP1 in cases with ascites more than 1000 ml (0.46 +/- 0.13, 1.25 +/- 0.57, respectively) was higher than that of ascites less than 1 approximately 499 ml (0.35 +/- 0.11, 0.75 +/- 0.45, respectively; P < 0.05).
Over-expression of AQP1 plays an important role in development of epithelial ovarian tumors, and may be related with formation of ascites of ovarian carcinoma.