Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger

Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina (UNOESC), Ruy Barbosa, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Publications (255)529.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hydrolysis of adenine nucleotide linked to the membrane of the platelets is changed in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) probably due to a greater arterial blockage and cell damage in patients with ST elevation (STEMI) than in those without ST segment elevation (NSTEM). This study aimed to compare the extracellular hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides on the platelet surface of STEMI and NSTEMI patients. This study was carried out with 50 patients with AMI (STEMI and NSTEMI). The extracellular hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides and nucleoside adenosine as well as the expression of NTPDase were verified in platelets. The results demonstrated that STEMI patients had significantly higher extracellular hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides (p < 0.001), ADA (adenosine deaminase) activity (p < 0.05), as well as troponin levels (p < 0.0001) when compared to NSTEMI patients. Findings suggest that the extracellular hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides and increase in the ADA activity are higher in patients with STEMI than in those with NSTEMI probably because there was a blockage in this major arterial with a large area of damaged tissue.
    Clinical laboratory 08/2015; 61(7):761-7. · 1.13 Impact Factor
  • Daniela F Passos · Maria Rosa C Schetinger · Daniela Br Leal
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    ABSTRACT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a serious condition associated to severe immune dysfunction and immunodeficiency. Mechanisms involved in HIV-associated immune activation, inflammation and loss of CD4+ T cells have been extensively studied, including those concerning purinergic signaling pathways. Purinergic signaling components are involved in viral entry and replication and disease progression. Research involving the participation of purinergic signaling in HIV infection has been not only important to elucidate disease mechanisms but also to introduce new approaches to therapy. The involvement of purinergic signaling in the pathogenesis of HIV infection and its implications in the control of the HIV infection are reviewed in this paper.
    08/2015; 4(3):285-94. DOI:10.5501/wjv.v4.i3.285
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of resveratrol on its free form and complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) when associated with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (ST) on cytokines levels of mice (n = 60) experimentally infected by Toxoplasma gondii. Groups A and E were used as controls (untreated): negative and positive, respectively. The onset of treatment started 20 days post-infection (PI), and it lasted for 10 consecutive days. ST was administered orally in doses of 0.5 mg kg(-1) for groups B and F, while 100 mg kg(-1) was the dose for resveratrol in its free form (groups C - G), inclusion complex (groups D and H), and on free and inclusion complex together (groups I - J). On day 31 PI, blood samples were collected in order to evaluate the cytokine profile. The mice that received drug combination (I and J) showed a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the number of cysts in the brain compared to other infected groups (E - H). The results showed that mice from the Group E had increased (P < 0.001) levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, while IL-10 levels were reduced when compared to the Group A. Additionally, there were increased levels of IL-4 and IFN-γ in animals of groups C and D, respectively (P < 0.05). Animals of the Group B showed reduced levels of IL-1, IL-4, IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ (P < 0.05). Mice infected and treated (groups F - J) showed increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines along with a reduction of IL-10. Treatment with the combination of drugs (the Group J) led to a protective effect, i.e. reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, resveratrol associated with ST was able to modulate seric cytokine profile and moderate the tissue inflammatory process caused by T. gondii infection, as well as to reduce parasite multiplication. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 07/2015; 87. DOI:10.1016/j.micpath.2015.07.013 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neural stem cells proliferate and differentiate into neurons and glial cells, being responsible for embryonic and postnatal development of the central nervous system (CNS) as well as for regeneration in the adult brain. These cells also play a key role in maintaining the physiological integrity of the CNS in face of injury or disease. The previous study has demonstrated that bradykinin (BK) treatment simultaneously induces neuronal enrichment (indicating that BK contributes to neurogenesis) and reduced proliferation rates during in vitro differentiation of rat embryonic telencephalon neural precursor cells (NPCs). Here, we provide a mechanism for the unresolved question whether (i) the low rate of proliferation is owed to enhanced neurogenesis or, conversely, (ii) the alteration of the population ratio could result from low proliferation of NPCs and glial cells. In agreement with the previous study, BK promoted neuron-specific β3-tubulin and MAP2 expression in differentiating embryonic mouse neurospheres, whereas glial protein expression and global proliferation rates decreased. Furthermore, BK augmented the global frequency of cells in G0 -phase of cell cycle after differentiation. Heterogeneous cell populations were observed at this stage, including neurons that always remaining a quiescent state (G0 -phase). It is noteworthy that BK did not interfere with proliferation of any particular cell type, evidenced by coimmunostaining for nestin, β3-tubulin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU). Thus, we conclude that neuronal enrichment is owing only to the fostering of neurogenesis, and that the low proliferation rate on the seventh day of differentiation is a consequence and not the cause of BK-induced neuronal enrichment. © 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. © 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
    Cytometry Part A 07/2015; DOI:10.1002/cyto.a.22705 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mammary carcinoma is the most common cancer that affects dogs, and in many cases it leads to death. Thus, given the importance of this disease, to clarify its pathogenesis is an important measure. In this sense, the aim of this study was to investigate the levels of cytokines and nitric oxide (NO), oxidative and antioxidant status, as well as the activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in dogs diagnosed with mammary carcinoma. With this purpose, thirty-three (33) serum samples from female dogs with histopathological diagnosis of mammary carcinoma, without evidence of metastasis, were used (group B). The material was classified based on the degree of malignancy, as follows: subgroup B1 (low-grade malignancy; n=26) and subgroup B2 (high grade of malignancy; n=7). Serum samples from healthy females (group A; n=10) were used as negative control. Our results showed that levels of cytokines (TNF-α, INF-γ, IL-1, and IL-6), NOx (nitrite/nitrate), AOPP (protein oxidation), and FRAP (antioxidant power) were significantly (P<0.05) increased in dogs with mammary carcinoma (group B), when compared with group A. On the other hand, ADA activity was significantly decreased (P<0.05) in both subgroups B1 and B2, when compared with group A. BChE activity, however, was reduced (P<0.05) only in subgroup B2 when compared with group A and subgroup B1. Unlike other variables, NO, AOPP, and IFN-γ were influenced by the degree of tumor malignancy, i.e., their levels were even higher in subgroup B2. Therefore, based on these results, we can conclude that all variables investigated are related to the pathogenesis of this disease, since they were altered in dogs with mammary tumor. Additionally, we suggest that ADA activity had an anti-inflammatory effect on these tumor samples, probably in order to modulate the inflammatory response. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 06/2015; 211(9). DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2015.06.011 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginger rhizomes and its varieties are used in folk medicine for the treatment of several cerebrovascular diseases with limited scientific basis for their action. Hence, in this study, we investigate the effects of two ginger varieties (red and white) on ectonucleotidases (NTPDase and 5′-nucleotidase), adenosine deaminase (ADA) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in synaptosomes of cerebral cortex from l-NAME induced hypertensive rats. The animals were divided into seven groups (n = 10): normotensive control rats; hypertensive rats; hypertensive rats treated with atenolol; normotensive and hypertensive rats treated with 4% supplementation of red or white ginger, respectively. After 14 days of pre-treatment with both ginger rhizomes the animals were induced with hypertension by oral administration of l-NAME. The results revealed an increase of ATP and AMP hydrolysis as well as ADA and AChE activities of cerebral cortex synaptosomes in induced rats when compared with the control. The supplementation of both gingers prevented these alterations by decreasing ATP and AMP hydrolysis and ADA and AChE activities in cerebral cortex. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that both gingers interfere with the purinergic and cholinergic neurotransmission in cerebral cortex of hypertensive rats. Therefore, we can suggest that both gingers exert neuroprotective potential under hypertensive state.
    Journal of applied biomedicine 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jab.2015.06.001 · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminum (Al) is the most widely distributed metal in the environment and is extensively used in daily life leading to easy exposure to human beings. Besides not having a recognized physiological role, Al may produce adverse effects through the interaction with the cholinergic system contributing to oxidative stress. The present study evaluated, in similar conditions of parenteral nutrition, whether the reaction of silicon (SiO2) with Al(3+) to form hydroxyaluminosilicates (HAS) reduces its bioavailability and toxicity through intraperitoneal administrations of 0.5 mg Al/kg/day and/or 2 mg Si/kg/day in Wistar rats. Al and Si concentrations were determined in rat brain tissue and serum. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and lipid peroxidation (LPO) were analyzed in the cerebellum, cortex, hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus, and blood. An increase in the Al concentration was verified in the Al + Si group in the brain. All the groups demonstrated enhanced Si compared to the control animals. Al(3+) increased LPO measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in cerebellum and hippocampus, whereas SiO2 reduced it when compared with the control group. An increase of AChE activity was observed in the Al-treated group in the cerebellum whereas a decrease of this enzyme activity was observed in the cortex and hippocampus in the Al and Al + Si groups. Al and Si concentrations increased in rat serum; however, no effect was observed in blood TBARS levels and AChE activity. SiO2 showed a protective effect in the hippocampus and cerebellum against cellular damage caused by Al(3+)-induced lipid peroxidation. Thus, SiO2 may be considered an important protector in LPO induced by Al(3+).
    Biological trace element research 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12011-015-0392-6 · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • 05/2015; 37(2). DOI:10.5902/2179460X15921
  • Andréia Machado Cardoso · Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger · Paulo Correia-de-Sá · Jean Sévigny
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    ABSTRACT: Adenine and uracil nucleotides play key functions in the autonomic nervous system (ANS). For instance, ATP acts as a neurotransmitter, co-transmitter and neuromodulator in the ANS. The purinergic system encompasses (1) receptors that respond to extracellular purines, which are designated as P1 and P2 purinoceptors, (2) purine release and uptake, and (3) a cascade of enzymes that regulate the concentration of purines near the cell surface. Ectonucleotidases and adenosine deaminase (ADA) are enzymes responsible for the hydrolysis of ATP (and other nucleotides such as ADP, UTP, UDP, AMP) and adenosine, respectively. Accordingly, these enzymes are expected to play an important role in the control of neuro-effector transmission in tissues innervated by both the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the ANS. Indeed, ectonucleotidases have the ability to either terminate P2 receptor responses initiated by nucleoside triphosphates (ATP and UTP), and/or to favor the activation of ADP (e.g. P2Y1,12,13) and UDP (e.g. P2Y6) and/or adenosine (P1) specific receptors. In addition, ectonucleotidases can also importantly protect some P2 receptors from desensitization (e.g. P2X1, P2Y1). In this review, we present the (putative) roles of ectonucleotidases and ADA in the ANS with a focus on their regulatory activity at neuro-effector junctions in the following tissues: heart, vas deferens, urinary bladder, salivary glands, blood vessels and the intestine. We also present their implication in nociceptive transmission. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Autonomic neuroscience: basic & clinical 05/2015; 191. DOI:10.1016/j.autneu.2015.04.014 · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) presence and its enzymatic activity in Toxoplasma gondii (RH strain) tachyzoites and to test a well-known inhibitor of this enzyme. Tachyzoites were obtained from cell culture (sample 1) and peritoneal fluid of experimentally infected mice (sample 2). The protein concentration was determined for each pellet of tachyzoite. In this study, our hypothesis is that T. gondii has the enzyme AChE just like other parasites, and this knowledge might be helpful to develop new chemotherapy strategies to fight toxoplasmosis. The AChE activity was detected in the parasite using 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.7, and 1.0 mg mL−1 concentrations of protein from tachyzoites. AChE activity has increased progressively according to protein increase, up to a certain point, when it had reduced activity when higher concentrations of protein were tested. The AChE activity of T. gondii was also inhibited with the use of trichlorfon, similar to what occurs with other parasites. Based on these results, we conclude that the enzyme AChE is present in T. gondii tachyzoites. Trichlorfon is able to inhibit the enzyme detected in this study, which might become an option for chemotherapy.
    Comparative Clinical Pathology 05/2015; 24(3):687-690. DOI:10.1007/s00580-014-2010-y · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to assess the potential effect of vitamin D3 (VD3) in avoiding atherothrombosis by modulation of lipid metabolism and platelet activation in type 1 diabetic rats. Male wistar rats were divided into eight groups (n = 5-10): Control/Saline (Sal); Control/Metformin 500 mg/kg (Metf); Control/Vitamin D3 90 µg/kg (VD3); Control/Metformin 500 mg/kg + VD3 90 µg/kg (Metf + VD3); Diabetic/Saline (Sal); Diabetic/Metformin 500 mg/kg (Metf); Diabetic/Vitamin D3 90 µg/kg (VD3); Diabetic/Metformin 500 mg/kg + VD3 90 µg/kg (Metf + VD3). Treatments were administered during 30 days after diabetes induction with streptozotocin (STZ). After 31 days, the rats were euthanized and blood was collected and separated into serum and platelets, both used for lipid profile and ectonucleotidase activity assays, respectively. Ectonucleoside triphosphate phosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase), ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (E-NPP), and 5'-nucleotidase and adenosine deaminase (E-ADA) were significantly higher in the Diabetic than in Control group. Treatment with Metf and/or VD3 prevented the increase in NTPDase and E-NPP activities in diabetic rats. Only Metf + VD3 significantly prevented the increase in 5'-nucleotidase. VD3 alone, but not Metf, prevented the increase in ADA activity when compared to saline-treated diabetic rats. Treatment of rats with VD3, Metf, and Metf + VD3 was also effective in the prevention of lipid metabolism disorder in diabetic and was able to ameliorate lipid metabolism in non-diabetic rats. These results provide evidence for the potential of Metf and VD3 in the treatment of platelet dysfunction and lipid metabolism impairment in T1D, which may be important in the control and prevention of atherothrombosis in diabetes.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 04/2015; 405(1-2). DOI:10.1007/s11010-015-2390-6 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypertension is accompanied by inflammatory process and purinergic system has been recognized as having an important role in modulating immune functions. Physical training is being considered one of the major lifestyle changes that contributes to the cardiovascular health as well as has an important role in regulating purinergic system. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic swimming training on lymphocytic purinergic system enzymes activities related to inflammatory process, as well as in lipid profile and classic inflammatory markers in rats that developed hypertension in response to the oral administration of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME). After 6 weeks of training, lymphocytes and serum were separated to be analysed. L-NAME-treated group displayed an increase in SBP as well as in ecto-NTPDase and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities (P < 0.05). Six weeks of swimming training were able to prevent these alterations and keep the blood pressure and enzymes activities in the same levels of control group. Exercise per se was associated with a decrease in the expression of ecto-NTPDase1 in lymphocytes (-23.4%). Exercise was also efficient in preventing the rise in classic inflammatory markers observed in L-NAME group. These findings highlight the link between purinergic signalling and inflammatory process and suggest a novel mechanism in which moderate aerobic exercise possesses the potential to attenuate inflammation caused by hypertension.
    Journal of Hypertension 04/2015; 33(4):763-772. DOI:10.1097/HJH.0000000000000468 · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury perinatal brain is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality to infants and children. Adenosine may play a role in the pathophysiology of HI, since it modulates the inflammatory process and the release of several neurotransmitters. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the isoforms of adenosine deaminase (ADA) responsible for the enzymatic activity as well as the adenosine kinase (ADK) and A1 adenosine receptor (A1R) expression in the cerebral cortex eight days after HI. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and N-acetyl-glucosaminidase (NAG) were assessed as inflammation markers. ADA activity was analyzed, in the presence or absence of a specific ADA1 inhibitor, erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine. The ADA1 activity (92.6 %) was significantly higher than ADA2 (7.4 %) activity in the cerebral cortex eight days after HI. A1Rs and ADK protein expression showed decreased 8 days after insult. Interestingly, the ADA1, MPO, and NAG activities were correlated positively. In view of this, we conclude that the inhibitor of ADA1, in in vitro conditions, was effective in decreasing the ADA activity, and that mainly ADA1 isoform is responsible for the increase in the ADA activity 8 days after HI insult. Therefore, HI neonatal was able to alter the ADK and A1R expression. Thus, due to the importance of adenosine signaling in the regulation of inflammatory and immune process and the crucial role of ADA in the postischemic homeostase of adenosine as well as during inflammatory process, we suggest that ADA1 inhibitors may play an important role in the regulation of events that follow the HI insult, favoring the increase in the adenosine in the sites of tissue injury. Together, these results highlight a role of the purinergic signaling cascade in the pathophysiology of HI neonatal.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2015; 403(1-2). DOI:10.1007/s11010-015-2347-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the methanolic extract of Condalia buxifolia (MECB) were investigated in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) transported for 6 h in plastic bags at 0, 5 or 10 μL/L MECB. Prior to transport, the fish were sedated with 10 μL/L MECB for 5 min, except the control group. At the end of transport, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, pH, temperature, and un-ionized ammonia levels in the transport water were not different between groups, but the control group presented the highest total ammonia levels. Net Na+, Cl− and K+ effluxes were highest in fish from the control group compared to those transported with MECB. PvO2, PvCO2 and HCO3− were higher after transport in fish transported with 5 μL/L MECB, but no significant difference between groups was found regarding blood pH and plasma cortisol levels. The metabolic parameters (glycogen, lactate, total amino acid, total ammonia and total protein) were lower or no significant difference was found in fish transported with MECB. There was no difference between treatments on the ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase, 5′-nucleotidase and acetylcholinesterase activities in the whole brain. The activity of all analyzed antioxidants increased in the gills and superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase also increased in the other analyzed tissues. In addition, lipoperoxidation (measured by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) and carbonylation of proteins (measured by protein carbonyl) decreased in most analyzed tissues, indicating lower ROS production. In conclusion, the use of MECB for the transport of silver catfish is advisable because MECB improves antioxidant defenses in several tissues and was effective in reducing waterborne total ammonia levels and ion loss.
    Aquaculture 02/2015; 437:46-50. DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.11.022 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Haemonchus contortus (order Strongylida) is a common parasitic nematode infecting small ruminants and causing significant economic losses worldwide. It induces innate and adaptive immune responses, which are essential for the clearance of this nematode from the host. Ecto-adenosine deaminase (E-ADA) is an enzyme that plays an important role in the immune system, while Zinc (Zn) has been found playing a critical role in E-ADA catalysis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of Zn supplementation on E-ADA activity in serum of lambs experimentally infected with H. contortus. To reach this purpose 28 male lambs (in average 25 kg) were used. The animals were divided into four groups: A and B composed of healthy animals (uninfected); C and D, infected with H. contortus. Groups B and D were supplemented with Zn Edetate, subcutaneously with 3 mg kg of live weight, on days 11 and 25 post-infection (PI). Blood and fecal samples were collected on the days 11, 25 and 39 PI, in order to assess hematocrit, seric E-ADA, and eggs per gram (EPG) counting, respectively. The animals of groups C and D showed severe hematocrit reduction (days 25 and 39 PI) and were EPG positive (days 11, 25 and 39 PI). On day 41 PI, three animals each group were subjected to necropsy. This procedure showed that animals of groups A and B did not have helminths in abomasum and intestines, while H. contortus were observed in groups C (5782.5 ± 810.9) and D (6185.0 ± 150.0). Infected and untreated animals (group C) showed a reduction in E-ADA activity, but this was not observed when the animals were supplemented with Zn (Group D). Therefore, based on our results, it was possible to observe that Zn supplementation exercised a positive effect on E-ADA activity in lambs infected with H. contortus, and did not allow a reduction in E-ADA activity, as occurred in the group infected and without supplementation. However, Zn supplementation was not able to prevent the worm burden.
    Experimental Parasitology 01/2015; 151-152. DOI:10.1016/j.exppara.2015.01.010 · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the influence of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (ST) associated with resveratrol on the enzymatic activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), adenylate kinase (AK), pyruvate kinase (PK), and creatine kinase (CK) in the brain of mice experimentally infected by Toxoplasma gondii. For that, 60 mice were divided into ten groups with 6 animals each: groups A to D composed by healthy mice and groups E to J consisting of animals infected by T. gondii (VEG strain). Animals started treatment 20 days post-infection for 10 consecutive days with oral doses of 0.5 mg kg-1 of ST (groups B and F), 100 mg kg-1 of free resveratrol (groups C and G) and inclusion complex of resveratrol (nanoparticles containing resveratrol) (groups D and H), as well as with an association of both drugs (groups I and J). The results showed increased (P<0.001) AChE activity on infected animals (groups E-J) when compared to not-infected (A) animals, and also uninfected animals treated with ST (group B) had increased AChE activity. AK activity decreased (P<0.001) in the infected and untreated (group E), differently from the other groups that did not differ. PK activity did not differ between groups (P>0.05). When comparing control groups (uninfected (A) and infected (E)), we verified a significant (P<0.001) increase in CK activity in the brain, and it is noteworthy that the animals treated with resveratrol associated with ST (group I and J) had similar CK activity to those animals from the group A. Treatment with the combination of ST and resveratrol was able to reduce (P<0.05) the number of parasitic cysts in the brain, thus reduced inflammatory infiltrates in the liver, and prevented the occurrence of hepatocytes lesions due to toxoplasmosis in mice. Based on these results, it is possible to conclude that increased AChE and CK activities after T. gondii infection did not change with the treatment of ST-resveratrol association. In addition, decreased AK activity caused by T. gondii infection was normalized by ST-resveratrol treatment. T. gondii infection and treatment does not affect PK activity in brain.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 01/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.micpath.2015.01.001 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhamdia quelen (jundiá) e Leporinus obtusidens (piava) foram expostos a formulação comercial Roundup(r), um herbicida a base de glifosato nas concentrações de 0,2 e 0,4 mg/L por 96h. Os efeitos do herbicida foram analisados na atividade da alanina aminotransferase (ALT), aspartato aminotransferase (AST) e glicose no plasma, glicose e proteína na camada de muco, hidrólise de nucleotídeos no cérebro e a proteína carbonil no fígado. Os parâmetros foram escolhidos devido à falta de informação com relação a análises integradas, considerando parâmetros oxidativo, danos no fígado, efeitos na composição da camada do muco e atividade da trifosfato difosfoidrolase (NTPDase). Níveis de glicose plasmática foram reduzidos em ambas às espécies, enquanto a atividade das transaminases (ALT e AST) aumentou após exposição ao herbicida. A exposição ao herbicida aumentou a proteína e níveis de glicose na camada de muco em ambas as espécies. Houve uma redução em ambas atividades de NTPDase e ecto-5'-nucleotidase no cérebro de piava, e um aumentou a atividade destas enzimas em jundiás em ambas as concentrações testadas. As espécies mostraram um aumento na proteína carbonil no fígado após exposição a ambas as concentrações de glifosato. Nossos resultados demonstraram que a exposição ao Roundup(r) causou danos no fígado, como evidenciado pelo aumento das transaminases plasmáticas e proteína carbonil no fígado em ambas as espécies de peixes estudadas. A composição do muco alterou e uma hipoglicemia foi detectada após a exposição ao Roundup(r) em ambas espécies. A hidrólise de nucleotídeos em cérebro mostrou diferente resposta para cada espécie estudada. Esses parâmetros indicam alguns importantes e indicadores potenciais da contaminação do glifosato no ecossistema aquático.
    Neotropical Ichthyology 01/2015; 13(1):229-236. DOI:10.1590/1982-0224-20140082 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. This study aimed to investigate the presence and activity of the ecto adenosine deaminase (E-ADA) enzyme in tachyzoites of Neospora caninum (Nc-1 strain), as well as to assess the activity of a well-known E-ADA inhibitor, the deoxycoformycin. Materials and methods. The parasites were grown in cell culture, being subsequently separated in a pellet of tachyzoites, on which the E-ADA activity was tested using the concentrations 0 (control), 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg mL(-1). Results. The E-ADA showed high activity, progressively increasing its activity according to the enhancement of the protein concentration. The test was carried out with different concentrations of deoxycoformycin, showing that it was able to inhibit the E-ADA present on the free form of the parasite. Conclusions. Based on these results we conclude that the E-ADA is present on tachyzoites of N. caninum, and deoxycoformycin is able to inhibit this enzyme. In this sense, knowing the negative impact of N. caninum on reproductive issue in cattle (mainly abortion), might it is an alternative in order to deal with this parasitic infection.
    Revista MVZ Córdoba 01/2015; 20(1):4455-4460. · 0.10 Impact Factor

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3k Citations
529.58 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina (UNOESC)
      Ruy Barbosa, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 1996–2015
    • Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
      • • Department of Chemistry
      • • Centre of Natural and Exact Sciences (CCNE)
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering (DEQ)
      • • Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis
      Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 1994–2014
    • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
      • • Departamento de Bioquímica
      • • Institute of Basic Sciences and Health
      Pôrto de São Francisco dos Casaes, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil