Semra Kurutepe

Celal Bayar Üniversitesi, Saruhan, Manisa, Turkey

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Publications (15)37.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is still a serious life-threatening disease, in which the etiologic agent cannot be identified in more than 50% of patients despite advanced diagnostic methods. The most commonly used methods in the determination of CAP etiology are culture and serological tests. Since early and accurate therapy reduces the mortality in CAP cases, rapid and reliable diagnostic methods are needed. The aim of this study was to determine the bacterial etiology in adult patients with CAP by implementing multiplex polymerase chain reaction/reverse line blot hybridization (M-PCR/RLBH) assay combined with conventional methods. A total of 128 cases (94 were male; age range: 19-81 years, mean age: 58) who were admitted to our hospital and clinically diagnosed as CAP between November 2008 - November 2010, were included in the study. Respiratory samples (sputum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage) obtained from patients were searched by M-PCR/RLBH method (Gen ID®, Autoimmun Diagnostika GmbH, Germany) in terms of the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila nucleic acids. The samples were simultaneously inoculated onto 5% sheep blood agar, chocolate agar, haemophilus isolation agar, buffered charcoal yeast extract-selective agar and EMB agar media for cultivation. Serum samples obtained from the cases were tested for IgM and IgG antibodies against C.pneumoniae by microimmunofluorescence (Focus Diagnostic, USA) and against L.pneumophila and M.pneumoniae by indirect immunofluorescence (Euroimmun, Germany) methods. The bacterial etiology was identified in 59 (46.1%) of 128 patients with CAP and a total of 73 pathogens were detected. The leading organism was S.pneumoniae (n= 32, 25%), followed by H.influenzae and M.pneumoniae (n= 9, 7%), gram-negative bacilli (n= 10, 7.8%), M.catarrhalis (n= 6, 4.7%), C.pneumoniae (n= 4, 3.2%), L.pneumophila (n= 2, 1.6%) and Staphylococcus aureus (n= 1, 1.4%). Infection with atypical pathogens were detected in 15 (11.7%), and mixed infections in 14 (10.9%) patients. The detection rate of microorganisms (S.pneumoniae, H.influenzae, M.catarrhalis, C.pneumoniae, L.pneumophilia, M.pneumoniae) searched by M-PCR/RLBH method was 41.4% (53/128), while those microorganisms were detected in 23.4% (30/128) of the patients by conventional methods, representing a significant difference (p< 0.05). It was concluded that M-PCR/RLBH method supplemented the determination of bacterial etiology in CAP cases by increasing the rate of detection from 23.4% to 41.4%. The results indicated that empirical treatment of CAP should primarily include antibiotics against S.pneumoniae, M.pneumoniae and H.influenzae in our region.
    Mikrobiyoloji bülteni 10/2012; 46(4):523-31. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we tested the advantages of TaqMan real time PCR technique and compare it to conventional methods using serum samples from patients with different clinical forms of brucellosis. A total of 50 patients were included in the study. Blood culture using BACTEC 9240 system, Standard Wright's tube agglutination, and real time PCR methods were used. Control blood samples from 30 people with no history of brucellosis or exposure to Brucella spp. were examined too. Serological assay was positive for 49 patients (98%). Forty-four (88%) of the 50 patients had a positive PCR result, whereas Brucella spp were isolated from blood cultures of 18 patients (36%). STA test was all positive for focal brucellosis. Real time PCR test was positive in 9 patients with focal disease (90%), whereas blood culture was positive only in 4 patients (40%). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the real time PCR method were calculated as 88%, 100%, 100%, and 83%, respectively. Our results suggest that the high sensitivity and specificity of real time PCR method make it a useful tool for diagnosis of brucellosis with different clinical manifestations.
    Polish journal of microbiology / Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów = The Polish Society of Microbiologists 02/2009; 58(1):15-9. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To observe early renal parenchymal cellular changes in an experimental model of vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) and to show whether the apoptotic pathway plays a role in these cellular changes. Fourteen New Zealand breed rabbits were used and were divided into two equal groups (control and experimental groups). Urine samples were obtained in a sterile manner and cultured. In the study group, reflux was created in the right kidneys surgically. Renal scintigraphy and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) were performed in both groups on Day 17. The kidneys were examined in terms of histology, apoptotic activity and caspase activity. No growth was observed in urine cultures in either group. VUR was manifested in only two rabbits in the experimental group on VCUG. On renal scintigraphy, no renal scarring was observed in either of the groups and renal uptake values were in the normal range. There was a greater increase in collagen in the right kidneys in the experimental group than in the control group and apoptotic activity was significantly increased in the study group: 0% in the control group, 10.8%+/-0.7% in the experimental group (p<0.001). Caspase-6 activity was strongly positive and caspase-8 and -9 activities were moderately positive in the right kidneys of the experimental group. Caspase-6 activity was moderately positive, and caspase-8 and -9 activities were weakly positive in the contralateral kidneys of the experimental group. Caspase activities in the control group were negative (p<0.001). In this experimental model of VUR, apoptotic activity was initiated via the caspase-8 and -9 pathway and collagen tissue increased in the renal parenchyma where reflux occurred. The balance of apoptotic activity may play a key role in the occurrence of reflux nephropathy.
    Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 02/2008; 42(3):213-9. · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • G T Keleş, S Kurutepe, D Tok, H Gazi, G Dinç
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to investigate the antimicrobial effects of dexmedetomidine and etomidate-lipuro, and to compare these effects with those of midazolam and propofol on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase Escherichia coli ( E. coli ESBL). All hypnotic dilutions were exposed to micro-organisms for 0, 30, 60, 120 and 240 min at room temperature in vitro. The inoculums taken from diluted suspensions were re-inoculated on blood agar and incubated for 18-24 h at 35 degrees C after which a count of the colonies was compared. Midazolam reduced the viable cells of S. aureus at 30, 60, 120 and 240 min, and also completely inhibited the growth of E. coli, P. aeroginosa, A. baumannii and E. coli ESBL. Dexmedetomidine, etomidate-lipuro and propofol, however, did not inhibit any of the micro-organisms tested. In vitro, midazolam had an antimicrobial effect on E. coli, P. aeroginosa, A. baumannii and E. coli ESBL. Like propofol and dexmedetomidine, etomidate-lipuro had no antimicrobial effect on any of the micro-organisms tested.
    European Journal of Anaesthesiology 01/2007; 23(12):1037-40. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a DNA hybridization test (Affirm VPIII) as an alternative to Gram stain for the rapid diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis in women with clinical signs of vaginal infection. Vaginal specimens were collected from 321 symptomatic women, and analyzed for bacterial vaginosis by both Gram stain using Nugent criteria and DNA hybridization test. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the DNA hybridization test were determined using the Gram staining as the standard for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis. Of the 321 patients, 115 (35.8%) were Gram positive for bacterial vaginosis and 126 (39.2%) were negative. 80 patients (25.0%) demonstrated intermediate Gram staining that was also considered negative. The Affirm system detected G. vaginalis in 107 (93.0%) of 115 vaginal specimens positive for bacterial vaginosis diagnosed by Gram stain. Compared to the Gram stain, DNA hybridization test had a sensitivity of 87.7% and a specificity of 96.0%. Positive and negative predictive values of the DNA hybridization test were 93.0% and 92.7%, respectively. In conclusion, Affirm VPIII hybridization test correlated well with Gram stain and may be used as a rapid diagnostic tool to exclude bacterial vaginosis in women with genital complaints.
    Apmis 12/2006; 114(11):784-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enteric flora constitutes 95% of the cells in the human body. It has been shown that the bacterial content of this flora is affected by diet and changes in nutrition. Considering that urinary tract infections (UTI) are mostly due to ascending infections from the gut flora, the importance of the elements of this flora and their characteristics becomes more evident. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of oral Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) intake on the number of Escherichia coli (E. coli) colonies in the colon. This study was carried out with 14 boys and 10 girls (total of 24 children) aged between 36 and 192 months (mean: 104.3+/-45.1 months). A commercial capsule or powder containing 5 billion colony-forming units (cfu) of S. boulardii was administered once a day for 5 days. The number of E. coli and yeast colonies was measured in the stool samples of the study group before and after the use of this drug. Before treatment, the mean number of E. coli colonies in g/ml stool was 384,625+/-445,744. This number decreased significantly to 6,283+/-20,283 after treatment (p=0.00). S. boulardii was not detected in stool before treatment and the number of colonies increased to 11,047+/-26,754 in g/ml stool. S. boulardii may be effective in reducing the number of E. coli colonies in stool. The influence of this finding on clinical practice such as prevention of UTI needs to be clarified by further studies.
    Pediatric Nephrology 07/2006; 21(6):807-10. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the spectrum of the pathogens cultured from surgical wound infections and assess their antimicrobial drug resistances. Laboratory-based retrospective study for the five year period. A four hundred bed, tertiary-care university hospital in Turkey. Overall 621 pathogens were identified from January 1999 to January 2004. Of these isolates, 431 (69%) were gram-positive, 178 (29%) were gram-negative bacteria and also 12 (2%) were identified as Candida albicans. The most common organism was Staphylococcus aureus (50%), followed by Escherichia coli (8%), Streptococcus pyogenes (7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7%), coagulase-negative staphylococci (6%), Enterococcus faecalis (4%), Enterobacter spp. (4%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (3%), Acinetobacter spp. (3%), Proteus spp. (3%), group B. B-haemolytic streptococci (2%), Candida albicans (2%), and Citrobacter spp. (1%). The rate of resistance to methicillin in staphylococci and multidrug resistance in S. aureus were 31% and 12%, respectively. There was no increase in resistance to methicillin by years. Piperacillin/tazobactam, sefoperazone/sulbactam, carbapenems, ofloxacin and amikacin were the most active agents against gram-negative isolates. The rates of extended spectrum beta-lactamase production in K. pneumoniae and E. coli strains were determined as 14%, and 6%, respectively. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is emerging as a major pathogen in surgical wound infections. We concluded that antimicrobial treatment of surgical wound infections should include empiric coverage for MRSA. The surveillance of resistance in pathogens causing surgical wound infections is necessary to promote the appropriate therapeutic choices for these infections.
    East African medical journal 08/2005; 82(7):331-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Urinary tract infections are among the most common infections with an increasing resistance to antimicrobials. The aim of this study was to determine the change in antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolates from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) for the years 1998 through 2003 and to suggest that the current empirical antibiotic therapy used for these patients is inappropriate. During the study period, 7,335 community urine samples of which 1,203 (16.4%) grew bacterial isolates were analyzed. Among the total of 1,203 isolates, 880 (73.2%) were E. coli. The range of resistance of E. coli to ampicillin was 47.8 to 64.6% and that to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was 37.1 to 44.6% during the study period. The susceptibility pattern of E. coli to nitrofurantoin and cefuroxime did not vary significantly over the 6-year period. There was a significant increase in the susceptibility of E. coli to ciprofloxacin (11.3 - 26.7%), amoxicillin-clavulanate (18.4 - 29.2%) and gentamicin (7.0 - 25.6%) (P < 0.05). Empirical initial treatment with ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was thus inadequate in approximately half of UTI cases in our region.
    Japanese journal of infectious diseases 07/2005; 58(3):159-61. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although high antituberculosis (anti-TB) drug resistance rates have been reported in Turkey, the clinical characteristics and implications for the outcome of anti-TB treatment have not been fully investigated. We determined the prevalence of anti-TB drug resistance and examined demographic data, clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in relation to patterns of resistance. From the TB case registry of a university hospital and the two largest dispensaries in Manisa city, we identified all pulmonary TB cases with a culture-proven definitive diagnosis and antimicrobial susceptibility results for a 7-year period. We collected and analyzed demographic and clinical data and information on treatment outcome for those cases in relationship to anti-TB drug resistance. Of 355 M. tuberculosis strains, 71.5% were susceptible to streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin and ethambutol. Any drug resistance and multi-drug resistance (MDR) rates were 21.1% and 7.3% and were higher in males (53% and 9%, respectively) than in females (22% and 1%, respectively). Drug resistance was significantly higher in old cases (acquired drug resistance) vs new cases (primary drug resistance), and was associated with treatmentfailure (P<0.001). The prevalence of MDR was significantly higher in the old cases (22.4%) than in the new cases (4.4%) (P<0.001). Symptoms, radiographic findings, associated diseases, and sputum smear positivity were unrelated to the development of resistance. The prevalence of any drug resistance and MDR was significantly higher in those with treatment failure than in patients with treatment success. High resistance rates, particularly for acquired MDR, indicate a need for improvement in the TB control programme in our region.
    Annals of Saudi medicine 01/2005; 25(4):313-8. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the oropharyngeal carriage rates and serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis in primary school children in Manisa, Turkey as well as the prevalence and penicillin resistance of N. meningitidis. Throat swabs obtained from 1128 children were cultured and recovered organisms were tested by disk diffusion method and the E-test for antimicrobial susceptibilities. The carriage rate of N. meningitidis in our region was 6.2% (71 strains) and the serogroups identified were serogroups A (28.1%), B (22.5%), C (35.2%), D (2.8%) and W-135 (11.2%). Penicillin resistance was found in 16 strains (22.5%), while beta-lactamase activity was found in none. The carriage rate of N. meningitidis and serogroups are similar to the rates reported in other countries. Continued surveillance of meningococci for antimicrobial resistance will allow early detection of changes in susceptibility patterns that might affect recommendations for chemoprophylaxis as well as for treatment.
    Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 12/2004; 33(6):758-62. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Information on oropharyngeal carriage rates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Moraxella catarrhalis and their resistance pattern in healthy school children in Turkey is lacking. The present study was undertaken to determine the carriage rates and antimicrobial resistance of these bacterial pathogens in such children aged 6-14 yr in Manisa, Turkey. A total of 1022 children were included from nine schools selected randomly from 32 schools. Throat swabs were cultured for bacteria which were identified using standard microbiological methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined as per National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards guidelines. Of the 1022 children 240 (23.4%) harboured S. pneumoniae, 162 (15.8%) H. influenzae, 30 (2.9%) S. pyogenes and 82 (8%) M. catarrhalis in their oropharynx. For S. pneumoniae overall 17.9 per cent of the isolates were intermediately and 7 per cent were resistant to penicillin and resistance to erythromycin trimethoprim-sulphamethoxasole (TMP/SMX), and chloramphenicol was 13.7, 9.1 and 1.6 per cent, respectively. Ampicillin resistance observed in 20.9 per cent of H. influenzae isolates was associated with the presence of beta-lactamase, except two isolates interpreted as beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin resistant strains. Resistance of H. influenzae to TMP/SMX, chloramphenicol, azithromycin, cefaclor and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was 14.2, 2.4, 1.8, 1.2 and 1.2 per cent, respectively. M.catarrhalis isolates produced beta-lactamase in 80.5 per cent of the cases and all were susceptible to macrolides and clavulanic acid/amoxicillin combination; the highest rate of resistance of 17 per cent was for TMP/SMX. One (3.3%) isolate of S. pyogenes was resistant to macrolides tested. Our data shows that upper respiratory tract of about 50 per cent children was colonized with respiratory pathogens. There is a need for surveillance of nasopharyngeal carriage of resistant strains in healthy school children.
    The Indian Journal of Medical Research 11/2004; 120(5):489-94. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Circumcision is a historical operation which is still performed for different purposes. The aim of this study is to investigate the changes in periurethral and glanular sulcus flora due to circumcision to determine the role of circumcision on urinary tract infections (UTIs). Fifty patients who were circumcised for social-religious reasons between January 2000 and January 2001 were evaluated in this prospective study. Two swabs were taken from the periurethral and glanular sulcus regions both just before circumcision and 4 weeks after, and the bacteria cultured were recorded. We isolated pathogenic bacteria in the periurethral region of 32 (64%) patients (enterococci in 14 cases; Escherichia coli in 12 cases) before circumcision, and this number decreased to 5 (10%) after circumcision. Similarly, pathogenic bacteria were cultured from the glanular sulcus swabs of 33 (68%) patients (enterococci in 14 cases; E. coli in 10 cases), as well as coagulase-negative staphylococci in another 15 patients before circumcision. Following circumcision, we detected pathogenic bacteria in the glanular cultures of only 4 cases, whereas 40 children had non-pathogenic skin flora. Only 1 of 5 children with history of UTIs (n = 1) and retractable phimosis (n = 4) had periurethral pathogenic bacteria (Proteus spp.) in the post-circumcision period. The differences between pre- and post-circumcision values of the pathogenic bacterial colonizations were statistically significant in both groups sampled (p < 0.05). Non-circumcised patients have similar pathogenic bacterial colonizations in the periurethral and the inner preputial regions, although they have no phimosis. The origin of periurethral flora should be the deeper preputial regions. The flora greatly changed with skin commensals after circumcision. Circumcision might be beneficial from this point of view.
    Urologia Internationalis 01/2004; 72(3):212-5. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance profile in women in the third trimester of pregnancy. A total of 310 pregnant women, referred in weeks 35 to 37 of gestation, were screened for GBS colonization during a 10-month period. Samples were collected from the vagina and the rectum. The colonization rate was 10.6% and 22 women (66.7%) had both positive vaginal and rectal cultures. Rates of GBS colonization were significantly lower in patients aged 24 years or older and in those with a third or later pregnancy. None of the isolates were resistant to penicillin and ampicillin, whereas 21.2% and 9.1% showed resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin, respectively. Screening and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of GBS during pregnancy are important to guide appropriate therapy.
    Infection 09/2003; 31(4):244-6. · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 12/2001; 18(5):445-7. · 4.42 Impact Factor
  • Nephron 09/2000; 85(4):363. · 13.26 Impact Factor