[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome measure in the evaluation of therapies for inflammatory bowel disease. The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of one year infliximab treatment on QoL and clinical parameters in pediatric patients with Crohn's diseases (CD).
Our prospective study involved 51 children with conventional therapy resistant, severe CD (mean age: 15.25years, range: 11-18years). Infliximab was given according to the protocol (5mg/kg, at weeks 0, 2, 6 and every 8weeks). During the infliximab courses QoL of patients was evaluated by IMPACT-III questionnaire at weeks 0, 6, 30 and 53. At the same time, the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) score was calculated. Moreover, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), serum platelets and serum albumin were followed up. Auto-regressive, cross-lagged models were used to assess relation between QoL and the clinical parameters.
The initial IMPACT-III scores [median, percentile 25-75 (pc 25-75) at week 0: 115, 102.5-130.25] increased significantly (p<0.001) following infliximab therapy at week 54 (median: 141.5, 124.5-153.75). Clinical and laboratory parameters also improved significantly (p<0.001). Auto-regressive regression coefficients (β value) were significant between each variable over time. The strongest cross-lagged relations were observed between IMPACT-III and serum albumin, IMPACT-III and platelets. Reliability test of IMPACT-III revealed an excellent level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.931).
Infliximab treatment has beneficial clinical effect which is confirmed by decrease of PCDAI and increase of IMPACT-III. Autoregressive regression analysis showed regression relation between IMPACT-III and PCDAI and laboratory parameters.
Journal of Crohn s and Colitis 01/2014; · 3.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease involving several organs, including the lungs. Previous results confirmed changes of peripheral T cell subsets in lupus patients; however no data are available about their possible relationship with pulmonary involvement.
To determine pulmonary manifestations and potential relationship in changes of peripheral CD4+ T cell subsets.
Patients with SLE (N=28) were enrolled in complex pulmonary examination. Patients were divided into groups with pleuropulmonary manifestations (SLEpulm N=13 age: 44.9±3.3 years, female: male=11:2) or without (SLEc N=15 age: 27.2±3.7 years, female: male=12:3). Peripheral blood was taken for T helper (Th)1, Th2, Th17, CD4+CD25hi+ and regulatory T (Treg: CD4+CD25hi+CD127-) cell analysis from SLE patients and healthy volunteers (controls, N=40).
SLEpulm patients were older, had more pulmonary symptoms and significantly decreased pO2 as compared to SLEc group. Ventilatory disorder was present in 92% of SLEpulm patients, with significantly decreased lung volumes, signs of airway involvement and decrease in DLco. Significant increase in Th1/Th2, while decrease in Th17/Treg ratios was present in all SLE compared to controls. In SLEpulm CD4+CD25hi+ subset without changes in Treg number was significantly increased as compared to SLEc and this subgroup of T cell showed significant positive correlation with dynamic lung function parametes and DLco (p<0.05).
In lupus patients pleuropulmonary manifestations are prevalent and lung function and blood gas measurements should be regularly performed in the daily clinical assessment. Significant increase of activated CD4+CD25hi+ T cells, but nor Treg is associated with decreased lung function parameters in SLEpulm patients.
Respiratory medicine 01/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by abnormal prevalence of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory (Treg) subsets. Some data suggest that these subsets are influenced by anti-RA agents. Follow-up studies monitoring T cell phenotype in response to therapy are limited. We investigated the alteration of CD4+ T cell subset distribution after the initiation of disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) (with glucocorticosteroid (GCS) and methotrexate (MTX)) and anti-TNFα therapy. We enrolled 19 treatment naive (early) RA patients and initiated GCS (in a dose of 16 mg/day for 4 weeks; then 8 mg/day). MTX, 10 mg/week, was started at week 4. We also enrolled 32 RA patients unresponsive to DMARD and initiated anti-TNFα therapy: adalimumab (ADA), 40 mg/2 weeks, n = 12; etanercept (ETA), 50 mg/weeks, n = 12; or infliximab (IFX) on week 0, 2, and 6, 3 mg/kg bw, n = 8. Blood was taken before and 4 and 8 weeks after the initiation of therapy. Ten volunteers served as controls. The T cell phenotype was assessed with flow cytometry. In early RA, Th1, Th2, and Th17 prevalence was higher, while Treg prevalence was lower than normal. GCS alone decreased Th2 prevalence. GCS + MTX decreased Th17 prevalence. Immune phenotype in unresponsive RA before anti-TNF therapy was as in early RA. Four and 8 weeks after initiating anti-TNF therapy, Th1 prevalence was higher than baseline in ETA or IFX, while it was stable in ADA groups. Th2 prevalence was higher than normal in ADA or IFX, while normalized in ETA group. In each group, Treg prevalence increased, while Th17 prevalence was at the baseline. The proinflammatory immune phenotype is normalized only under GCS + MTX combination in early RA. Anti-TNFα therapy exhibit marked effects on all the cell populations investigated (except Th17); some slight differences in this action exist between ADA, ETA, and IFX therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the characteristics of mucosal lesions and their relation to laboratory data and long-term follow up in breast-fed infants with allergic colitis.
In this study 31 breast-fed infants were prospectively evaluated (mean age, 17.4 wk) whose rectal bleeding had not ceased after a maternal elimination diet for cow's milk. Thirty-four age-matched and breast-fed infants (mean age, 16.9 wk) with no rectal bleeding were enrolled for laboratory testing as controls. Laboratory findings, colonoscopic and histological characteristics were prospectively evaluated in infants with rectal bleeding. Long-term follow-up with different nutritional regimes (L-amino-acid based formula or breastfeeding) was also included.
Iron deficiency, peripheral eosinophilia and thrombocytosis were significantly higher in patients with allergic colitis in comparison to controls (8.4 ± 3.2 μmol/L vs 13.7 ± 4.7 μmol/L, P < 0.001; 0.67 ± 0.49 G/L vs 0.33 ± 0.17 G/L, P < 0.001; 474 ± 123 G/L vs 376 ± 89 G/L, P < 0.001, respectively). At colonoscopy, lymphonodular hyperplasia or aphthous ulceration were present in 83% of patients. Twenty-two patients were given L-amino acid-based formula and 8 continued the previous feeding. Time to cessation of rectal bleeding was shorter in the special formula feeding group (mean, 1.4 wk; range, 0.5-3 wk) when compared with the breast-feeding group (mean, 5.3 wk; range, 2-9 wk). Nevertheless, none of the patients exhibited rectal bleeding at the 3-mo visit irrespective of the type of feeding. Peripheral eosinophilia and cessation of rectal bleeding after administration of elemental formula correlated with a higher density of mucosal eosinophils.
Infant hematochezia, after cow's milk allergy exclusion, is generally a benign and probably self-limiting disorder despite marked mucosal abnormality. Formula feeding results in shorter time to cessation of rectal bleeding; however, breast-feeding should not be discouraged in long-lasting hematochezia.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2013; 19(24):3824-30. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aseptic inflammation due to activated immune cells has been implicated in the pathomechanism of migraine. We measured the prevalence of regulatory T cells (Tregs), along with that of CD4(+)/CD8(+) lymphocytes and their Th1/Th2 commitment in pediatric migraine. Children and adolescents suffering from migraine without aura, migraine with aura and hemiplegic migraine ictally (n = 53, 27, and 20, respectively), also interictally (n = 33) were recruited and compared to 24 healthy children. Our results indicated comparable prevalence of Tregs, CD4(+) and Th1/Th2 committed cells. CD8(+) prevalence was lower, and CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio was higher in ictal phase irrespective of the subtype of migraine. No association between CD8(+) prevalence and gender, body weight, disease onset and attack duration in migraine subtypes was found. CD8(+) prevalence was normal in patients in interictal phase. These results suggest the absence of major systemic alteration of adaptive immunity in children and adolescents suffering from migraine; however, a transient decrease of CD8(+) prevalence during the ictal phase was detected irrespective of the subtype of migraine.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal alkaline phosphatase enzyme plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of intestinal mucosal barrier integrity with the detoxification capacity of lipopolysaccharide, the ligand of Toll-like receptor 4. The inappropriate immune responses and the damage of the mucosal barrier may contribute to the initiation of inflammatory bowel and celiac diseases. In the inflamed colonic mucosa of children with inflammatory bowel disease and in the duodenal mucosa of newly diagnosed children with celiac disease, the decreased intestinal alkaline phosphatase and increased Toll-like receptor 4 protein expression may generate enhanced lipopolysaccharide activity, which may strengthen tissue damaging processes. The enhancement of intestinal alkaline phosphatase activity in an animal model of colitis and in therapy resistant, adult patients with ulcerative colitis reduced the symptoms of intestinal inflammation. In accordance with these results, the targeted intestinal administration of the enzyme in the two examined disorders may be a supplemental therapeutic option in the future.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Asthmatic inflammation during pregnancy poses a risk for maternal and fetal morbidities. Circulating T cell immune phenotype is known to correlate with airway inflammation (detectable by fractional concentration of nitric oxide present in exhaled breath (FENO)) in non-pregnant allergic asthmatics. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of peripheral T cell phenotype to FENO and clinical variables of asthma during pregnancy.We examined 22 pregnant women with allergic asthma in the 2nd/3rd trimester. The prevalence of Th1, Th2, regulatory T (Treg) and natural killer (NK) cell subsets was identified with flow cytometry using cell-specific markers. FENO, Asthma Control Test (ACT) total score and lung function were evaluated.Peripheral blood Th1, Th2, Treg, and NK cell prevalence were not significantly correlated to airway inflammation assessed by FENO in asthmatic pregnant women (all cells p > 0.05; study power > 75%). However, an inverse correlation was detected between Th2 cell prevalence and ACT total scores (p = 0.03) in asthmatic pregnancy.Blunted relationship between T cell profile and airway inflammation may be the result of pregnancy induced immune tolerance in asthmatic pregnancy. On the other hand, increased Th2 response impairs disease control that supports direct relationship between symptoms and cellular mechanisms of asthma during pregnancy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate intestinal alkaline phosphatase (iAP) in the intestinal mucosa of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Colonic biopsy samples were taken from 15 newly diagnosed IBD patients and from 10 healthy controls. In IBD patients, specimens were obtained both from inflamed and non-inflamed areas. The iAP mRNA and protein expression was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analysis, respectively. Tissue localization of iAP and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 was investigated by immunofluorescent staining.
The iAP protein level in the inflamed mucosa of children with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) was significantly decreased when compared with controls (both P < 0.05). Similarly, we found a significantly decreased level of iAP protein in the inflamed mucosa in CD compared with non-inflamed mucosa in CD (P < 0.05). In addition, the iAP protein level in inflamed colonic mucosa in patients with UC was decreased compared with non-inflamed mucosa in patients with CD (P < 0.05). iAP protein levels in the non-inflamed mucosa of patients with CD were similar to controls. iAP mRNA expression in inflamed colonic mucosa of children with CD and UC was not significantly different from that in non-inflamed colonic mucosa with CD. Expression of iAP mRNA in patients with non-inflamed mucosa and in controls were similar. Co-localization of iAP with TLR4 showed intense staining with a dotted-like pattern. iAP was present in the inflamed and non-inflamed mucosa of patients with CD, UC, and in control biopsy specimens, irrespective of whether it was present in the terminal ileum or in the colon. However, the fluorescent signal of TLR4 was more pronounced in the colon compared with the terminal ileum in all groups studied.
Lower than normal iAP protein levels in inflamed mucosa of IBD patients may indicate a role for iAP in inflammatory lesions in IBD. Based on our results, administration of exogenous iAP enzyme to patients with the active form of IBD may be a therapeutic option.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2012; 18(25):3254-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Skin autofluorescence (SAF) measurement is a simple, noninvasive method to assess tissue advanced glycation end products (AGE). In patients with end-stage renal disease and in those on hemodialysis AGE production is increased. Less is known about those treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). In this study we tested if SAF is influenced by clinical and treatment characteristics in PD patients.This cross-sectional study included 198 PD patients (of those, 128 were on traditional glucose-based solutions and 70 patients were partially switched to icodextrin-based PD). SAF measurements were done with a specific AGE Reader device. The impact of patients' age, gender, current diabetes, duration of PD, cumulative glucose exposure, body mass index, smoking habits and use of icodextrin on SAF values were tested with multiple regression analysis.Our analysis revealed that patients' age, current diabetes and icodextrin use significantly increase patients' SAF values (p = 0.015, 0.012, 0.005, respectively). AGE exposure of PD patients with diabetes and on icodextrin solution is increased. Further investigation is required whether this finding is due to the icodextrin itself or for a still unspecified clinical characteristic of PD population treated with icodextrin.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a pattern-recognition molecule of the innate immune system and may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our aim was to assess the prevalence of MBL deficiency in a cohort of patients with paediatric-onset IBD and study whether it is associated with the clinical manifestations, serum antibody formation, or genetic factors. METHODS: This prospective study included 159 paediatric patients (mean age: 14.0years) with IBD [107 patients with Crohn disease (CD) and 52 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC)]. Furthermore, 95 controls were investigated. Serum samples were determined for MBL by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and for serologic markers [autoantibodies against Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) and perinuclear components of neutrophils (pANCA)] by indirect immunofluorescent assay. NOD2/CARD15 variants were tested by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: The MBL serum concentration was significantly lower in IBD patients(both with CD and UC) compared to controls (IBD, p=0.007, CD, p=0.04, UC p=0.004). Prevalence of low MBL level (<500ng/mL) was significantly higher in both CD and UC groups compared to controls (p=0.002 and p=0.006). Furthermore, low MBL level was associated with isolated ileal involvement (p=0.01) and MBL deficiency (<100ng/mL) with male gender (p=0.004) in patients with CD. We failed to confirm any correlation between MBL deficiency and serum autoantibodies or NOD2/CARD15 variants. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that low MBL associated with paediatric-onset IBD and ileal CD may be considered an additional marker of the IBD pathogenesis.
Journal of Crohn s and Colitis 04/2012; · 3.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: Significance of pancreatic autoantibodies determined by using exocrine pancreas (PAB) and antibodies against recombinant pancreas antigen (rPAB), as well as the importance of autoantibodies against goblet cells (GAB), is not known in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our aim was to determine the complex analysis of PAB, rPAB, GAB, antibodies against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and perinuclear components of neutrophils in pediatric patients with IBD. Moreover, association with NOD2/CARD15 and disease phenotype was determined. METHODS:: A total of 152 pediatric patients (median age 13.9 years) with IBD (103 patients with Crohn disease [CD] and 49 patients with ulcerative colitis [UC]) and 104 controls were included. Serum autoantibodies were determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay. NOD2/CARD15 variants were tested by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS:: The presence of PAB and rPAB was significantly higher in CD (34% and 35.9%) and in UC (20.4% and 24.5%) compared with pediatric control cohort (0% and 0%, P < 0.0001). In addition, GAB positivity was significantly increased in patients with UC in comparison with CD and controls, respectively (UC, 12.2%; CD, 1.9%; controls, 1.9%; P = 0.02). Specificity of PAB and rPAB was 100%; however, sensitivity was low. The combination of PAB and/or antibodies against Saccharomyces cerevisiae/perinuclear components of neutrophils improved the sensitivity of serological markers in CD (87.4%) and in UC (79.6%); specificities were 89.3% and 93.2%, respectively. Pancreatic autoantibodies (PAB, rPAB) and GAB were not related to clinical presentation, medical therapy, or need for surgery in CD or in UC. CONCLUSIONS:: Pancreatic autoantibodies and GAB were specific for IBD, but the sensitivity was limited as well because there was lack of correlation with clinical phenotype. Combinations of these antibodies have shown increased sensitivity; therefore, it may be recommended in the diagnostic procedure of IBD.
Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 03/2012; 55(4):429-435. · 2.18 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: According to Porto Criteria upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy is recommended in patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Nevertheless, previous studies revealed frequent involvement of UGI tract even in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of the present study was to determine the diagnostic role of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and assess the prevalence and different aspects of UGI involvement in children registered in the Hungarian Pediatric IBD Registry (HUPIR) from 1st of January 2007 to 31th of December 2009.
Twenty seven institutes provided prospective follow-up data about newly diagnosed IBD patients to HUPIR. The registry was based on detailed questionnaire (76 parameters) involving anamnestic data, laboratory findings, activity indexes, diagnostic procedures, endoscopic examinations (EGD and ileocolonoscopy), and histological data. Localization and phenotype of disease were based on the Montreal classification criteria.
During the 3-year period 420 children were diagnosed with IBD, 265 (63%) of them had Crohn's disease (CD), 130 (31%) UC, and 25 (6%) IBD-unclassified (IBD-U). The mean age at diagnosis was 13.2 years (range: 1.2-18 years). EGD was performed in 237 patients (56%), in most cases in patients suffering from CD. Macroscopic lesions on EGD were noted in 64% of patients with CD and 40% of children with UC. Characteristic lesions for CD (ulcer, erosion, aphthous lesion, and granuloma) were noted in 31% of CD patients, however, EGD helped to establish the final diagnosis in 9% of CD patients (diagnostic yield, 9%).
There was a high frequency of UGI involvement in children with CD and UC. One third of CD patients showed significant lesions at upper endoscopy and one patient out of ten had real diagnostic help from EGD.
Journal of Crohn s and Colitis 02/2012; 6(1):86-94. · 3.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to assess the phenotype of T-cell subsets in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease. In addition, we also tested short-term T-cell activation characteristics. Measurements were done in 13 AS patients before and during the intravenous therapy with anti-TNF agent infliximab (IFX). Flow cytometry was used to determine T-cell subsets in peripheral blood and their intracellular signaling during activation. The prevalence of Th2 and Th17 cells responsible for the regulation of adaptive immunity was higher in AS than in 9 healthy controls. Although IFX therapy improved patients' condition, immune phenotype did not normalize. Cytoplasmic and mitochondrial calcium responses of CD4+ and CD8+ cells to a specific activation were delayed, while NO generation was increased in AS. NO generation normalized sooner upon IFX than calcium response. These results suggest an abnormal immune phenotype with functional disturbances of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in AS.
Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2012; 2012:808724. · 3.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to investigate the levels of hepcidin at parturition and 3 days after delivery and to relate hepcidin levels to parameters of iron homeostasis.
We measured hepcidin levels with mass spectrometry in serum samples of 38 term pregnant women taken just prior to and 3 days after vaginal delivery (n = 23) or cesarean section (CS) (n = 15). Hepcidin levels were related to iron homeostasis parameters and interleukin (IL)-6 levels. Parameters measured before and after delivery were compared with the Wilcoxon test.
Serum iron levels (median, interquartile range) decreased (14.3, 9.6-21.1 vs. 8.9, 6.8-11.5 µmol/L, P < 0.01), while hepcidin levels increased (2.73, 2.2-3.45 vs. 10.62, 6.70-15.89 µg/L, P < 0.01) by the third day after parturition compared to those measured before delivery. IL-6 levels were comparable before and after delivery. No direct association between serum hepcidin and iron homeostasis parameters or IL-6 levels was found.
Factors triggering hepcidin synthesis dominate 3 days after delivery. Studies are needed to assess the contribution of hepcidin to iron homeostasis during the periparturition period.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 07/2011; 37(11):1620-4. · 0.84 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent data suggest the involvement of both the adaptive and the innate immune system in celiac disease (CD). However, little is known about the immune phenotype of children with CD and its alteration upon dietary intervention.
We characterized the prevalence of major interacting members of the adaptive and innate immune system in peripheral blood of newly diagnosed children with CD and tested its alteration with the improvement of clinical signs after the introduction of gluten-free diet (GFD).
Peripheral blood was taken from ten children with biopsy-proven CD at the time of diagnosis and after the resolution of clinical symptoms following GFD. As controls, 15 children with functional abdominal pain were enrolled. The prevalence of the cells of adaptive and innate immunity was measured with labeled antibodies against surface markers and intracellular FoxP3 using a flow cytometer.
Patients with CD were found to have lower T helper, Th1 and natural killer (NK), NKT and invariant NKT cell prevalence and with higher prevalence of activated CD4(+) cells, myeloid dendritic cells (DC) and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR-4 positive DCs and monocytes compared to controls. After resolution of symptoms on GFD, the majority of these changes normalized, although the prevalence of NK and NKT cell, DC and TLR-2 expressing DCs and monocytes remained abnormal.
The immune phenotype in childhood CD indicates the implication of both adaptive and innate immune system. The normalization of immune abnormalities occurs on GFD, but the kinetics of this process probably differs among different cell types.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 03/2011; 56(3):792-8. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated the equal efficacy of urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (uhCG) and recombinant hCG (rhCG) products in in vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, limitations inherent with RCTs necessitate the reinforcement of RCT results in real-life. We retrospectively analyzed pregnancies after treatment with rhCG and uhCG products (n = 391, and 96, resp.). We found that laboratory-verified pregnancy occurred more frequently in rhCG patients than in those on uhCG (43% versus 30%, P = 0.02). The association remains significant (P = 0.002) after its adjustment for clinical characteristics. The prevalence of laboratory-verified pregnancies was higher with GnRH agonist use (P = 0.012) and BMI under 30 kg/m(2) (P = 0.053) while decreased the age (P = 0.014) and the number of previous failed attempts (P = 0.08). Similar (but not significant) trends were observed with rates of pregnancy filled the 24th week. These results reinforce RCTs supporting the notion that rhCG is more efficient as uhCG during IVF.
The Scientific World Journal 01/2011; 11:1781-7. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Smoking is the leading risk factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Corticosteroids are abundantly used in these patients; however, the interaction of smoking and steroid treatment is not fully understood. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play a central role in the maintenance of cell integrity, apoptosis and cellular steroid action. To better understand cigarette smoke-steroid interaction, we examined the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and/or dexamethasone (DEX) on changes of intracellular heat shock protein-72 (Hsp72) in lung cells. Alveolar epithelial cells (A549) were exposed to increasing doses (0; 0.1; 1; and 10 μM/μl) of DEX in the medium in the absence(C) and presence of CSE. Apoptosis, necrosis, Hsp72 messenger-ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expression of cells were measured, and the role of Hsp72 on steroid effect examined. CSE reduced the number of viable cells by significantly increasing the number of apoptotic and necrotic cells. DEX dose-dependently decreased the ratio of apoptosis when CSE was administered, without change in necrosis. CSE - DEX co-treatment dose-dependently increased Hsp72 mRNA and protein expression, with the highest level measured in CSE + DEX (10) cells, while significantly lower levels were noted in all respective C groups. Pretreatment with Hsp72 silencing RNA confirmed that increased survival observed following DEX administration in CSE-treated cells was mainly mediated via the Hsp72 system. CSE significantly decreases cell survival by inducing apoptosis and necrosis. DEX significantly increases Hsp72 mRNA and protein expression only in the presence of CSE resulting in increased cellular protection and survival. DEX exerts its cell protective effects by decreasing apoptotic cell death via the Hsp72 system in CSE-treated alveolar epithelial cells.
Cell Stress and Chaperones 12/2010; 16(4):369-78. · 2.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To characterize the prevalence of subpopulations of CD4+ cells along with that of major inhibitor or stimulator cell types in therapy-naïve childhood Crohn's disease (CD) and to test whether abnormalities of immune phenotype are normalized with the improvement of clinical signs and symptoms of disease.
We enrolled 26 pediatric patients with CD. 14 therapy-naïve CD children; of those, 10 children remitted on conventional therapy and formed the remission group. We also tested another group of 12 children who relapsed with conventional therapy and were given infliximab; and 15 healthy children who served as controls. The prevalence of Th1 and Th2, naïve and memory, activated and regulatory T cells, along with the members of innate immunity such as natural killer (NK), NK-T, myeloid and plasmocytoid dendritic cells (DCs), monocytes and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and TLR-4 expression were determined in peripheral blood samples.
Children with therapy-naïve CD and those in relapse showed a decrease in Th1 cell prevalence. Simultaneously, an increased prevalence of memory and activated lymphocytes along with that of DCs and monocytes was observed. In addition, the ratio of myeloid /plasmocytoid DCs and the prevalence of TLR-2 or TLR-4 positive DCs and monocytes were also higher in therapy-naïve CD than in controls. The majority of alterations diminished in remitted CD irrespective of whether remission was obtained by conventional or biological therapy.
The finding that immune phenotype is normalized in remission suggests a link between immune phenotype and disease activity in childhood CD. Our observations support the involvement of members of the adaptive and innate immune systems in childhood CD.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2010; 16(47):6001-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Asthma influences pregnancy outcome and pregnancy affects asthma severity, but the immunologic mechanisms of these interactions are not fully elucidated.
The prevalence of lymphocyte subsets was identified by cell surface markers and intracellular FoxP3 staining, in healthy non-pregnant (HNP; N = 15), healthy pregnant (HP; N=33), asthmatic non-pregnant (ANP; N=62) and asthmatic pregnant (AP; N=61) women.
Regulatory T cell (Treg) prevalence was higher in HP than in HNP subjects and showed a positive correlation with fetal birth weight, which was blunted in AP group. Treg prevalence was lower and invariable natural killer T cell prevalence was higher in AP patients (compared to HP). Higher naive and lower effector T cell prevalence was observed in AP than in ANP group.
Pregnancy-induced increase in Treg cell prevalence is absent in asthmatic pregnancy that may interfere with physiological intrauterine growth. However, pregnancy-specific inhibition of asthmatic inflammation can be detected in uncomplicated asthmatic pregnancy.
American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology 12/2010; 64(6):393-401. · 3.32 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of CD4 T lymphocyte subsets and their commitment to TH1 or TH2 direction in 10 infants with allergic colitis (AC) and 10 healthy controls. Infants with AC presented with a higher ratio of naïve to memory cells, lower prevalence of activated CD4CD25 cells and FoxP3 regulatory cells, and a shift to TH2 direction in balance compared with controls. These alterations are normalized upon cessation of AC symptoms on elemental L-amino acid formula. These findings suggest the importance of antigen exposure in AC in infancy.
Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 11/2010; 51(5):675-7. · 2.18 Impact Factor