[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBM-MSC) are being applied in tissue regeneration and treatment of autoimmune diseases (AD). Their cellular and immunophenotype depend on isolation and culture conditions which may influence their therapeutic application and reflect their in vivo biological functions. We have further characterised the phenotype induced by fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) on healthy donor hBM-MSC focusing on the osteoimmunological markers osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor kB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL) and HLA-DR and their regulation of expression by the inflammatory cytokines IL1β and IFNγ.
RANK, RANKL, OPG and HLA-DR expression in hBM-MSC expanded under specific culture conditions, were measured by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. MAPKs induction by FGF2, IL1β and IFNγ in hBM-MSC was analysed by immunoblotting and RT-PCR.
In hBM-MSC, OPG expression is constitutive and FGF2 independent. RANKL expression depends on FGF2 and ERK1/2 activation. IL1β and IFNγ activate ERK1/2 but fail to induce RANKL. Only IL1β induces P38MAPK. The previously described HLA-DR induced by FGF2 through ERK1/2 on hBM-MSC, is suppressed by IL1β through inhibition of CIITA transcription. HLA-DR induced by IFNγ is not affected by IL1β in hBM-MSC, but is suppressed in articular chondrocytes and lung fibroblasts.
RANKL expression and IL1β regulated MHC-class II, both induced via activation of the ERK1/2 signalling pathway, are specific for progenitor hBM-MSC expanded in the presence of FGF2. HLA-DR regulated by IL1β and ERK1/2 is observed on hBM-MSC during early expansion without FGF2 suggesting previous in vivo acquisition. Stromal progenitor cells with this phenotype could have an osteoimmunological role during bone regeneration.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 11/2013; · 8.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Following the coordinated efforts of five established scientific organizations, this report describes the "novel cellular therapy" activity (i.e., cellular treatments excluding hematopoietic stem cells for the reconstitution of hematopoiesis) in Europe for the year 2011. Two hundred and forty six teams from 35 countries responded to the cellular therapy survey, 126 teams from 24 countries provided data on 1759 patients using a dedicated survey; 120 teams reported no activity. Indications were musculoskeletal/rheumatological disorders (46%; 99% autologous), cardiovascular disorders (22%; 100% autologous), hematology/oncology, predominantly including prevention or treatment of GvHD (18%; 2% autologous), neurological disorders (2%; 83% autologous), gastrointestinal (1%; 68% autologous) and other indications (12%; 77% autologous). Autologous cells were used predominantly for musculoskeletal/rheumatological (58%) and cardiovascular (27%) disorders, whereas allogeneic cells were used mainly for hematology/oncology (84%). The reported cell types were mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) (56%), hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) (23%), chondrocytes (12%), dermal fibroblasts (3%), keratinocytes (2%) and others (4%). In 40% of the grafts, cells were delivered following ex vivo expansion, whereas cells were transduced or sorted respectively in 3% and 10% of the reported cases. Cells were delivered intraorgan (42%), intravenously (26%), on a membrane or gel (16%) or using 3D scaffolds (16%). As compared to last year, the number of teams participationg in the dedicated survey doubled and, for the first time, all EBMT teams reporting information on cellular therapies completed the extended questionnaire. The data are compared to those collected since 2008 to identify trends in the field. This year's edition specifically focuses on cardiac cell therapy.
Tissue Engineering Part A 10/2013; · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical characteristics of simultaneous occurrence of antitopoisomerase (ATA) and anticentromere (ACA) autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Data of patients (n=4,687) fulfilling the ACR criteria for SSc and followed in the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) cohort were analysed. Sera from patients with simultaneous ATA and ACA were reanalyzed centrally by indirect immunofluorescence, enzyme immunoassay, and immunoblot to confirm antibody status. RESULTS: A total of 29 patients (0.6%) had been documented double-positive for both ATA and ACA in the EUSTAR database. Sera of 14 cases were available for central analysis, of which 8 were confirmed to unequivocally contain both antibodies. The double-positive patients were on average 52.4 years of age, 87.5% were female, and 62.5% had diffuse cutaneous (dc) SSc. Compared with matched ACA single-positive disease, cutaneous and visceral complications were more prevalent in double-positive cases, but this prevalence did not differ significantly in comparison to ATA single-positives. CONCLUSIONS: Coexistence of ATA and ACA can be found at low prevalence in SSc. The clinical features of double-positive patients are not clearly dissimilar to those of patients harbouring only ATA. The data do not support a direct involvement of these antibodies in the pathogenesis of established SSc, but may lack statistical power.
Clinical and experimental rheumatology 10/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Following the coordinated efforts of five established scientific organizations, this report describes the novel cellular therapy activity in Europe for the year 2010. One hundred six teams from 27 countries responded to the cellular therapy survey, 69 teams from 21 countries provided data on 1010 patients using a dedicated survey; 37 teams reported no activity. These data were combined with an additional 260 records reported by 37 teams in 15 countries to the standard European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database. Indications were graft-vs.-host-disease (GvHD; 26%; 11% autologous), musculoskeletal disorders (25%; 93% autologous), cardiovascular disorders (20%; 100% autologous), epithelial disorders (16%; 44% autologous), autoimmune diseases (11%; 55% autologous), and neurological disorders (2%; 62% autologous). Autologous cells were predominantly used for musculoskeletal (39%) and cardiovascular (32%) disorders, whereas allogeneic cells were mainly used for GvHD (58%) and epithelial disorders (23%). The reported cell types were mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC; 49%), hematopoietic stem cells (28%), chondrocytes (10%), dermal fibroblasts (4%), keratinocytes (1%), and others (8%). In 63% of the grafts, cells were delivered following ex vivo expansion, whereas cells were transduced or sorted respectively in 10% or 28% of the reported cases. Cells were delivered intraorgan (45%), intravenously (31%), on a membrane or gel (20%) or using 3D scaffolds (4%). Compared with last year, the number of teams adopting the dedicated survey was 1.25-fold higher and, with few exceptions, the collected data confirmed the captured trends. This year's edition specifically discusses scientific, clinical, regulatory, and commercial aspects related to the use of cell therapy for the repair of cartilage defects.
Tissue Engineering Part A 06/2012; · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted much interest in oncology since they exhibit marked tropism for the tumor microenvironment and support or suppress malignant cell growth depending on the tumor model tested. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MSCs in the control of the growth of neuroblastoma (NB), which is the second most common solid tumor in children. In vivo experiments showed that systemically administered MSCs, under our experimental conditions, did not home to tumor sites and did not affect tumor growth or survival. However, MSCs injected intratumorally in an established subcutaneous NB model reduced tumor growth through inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis of NB cells and prolonged the survival of hMSC-treated mice. The need for contact between MSCs and NB cells was further supported by in vitro experiments. In particular, MSCs were found to be attracted by NB cells, and to affect NB cell proliferation with different results depending on the cell line tested. Moreover, NB cells, after pre-incubation with hMSCs, acquired a more invasive behavior towards CXCL12 and the bone marrow, i.e., the primary site of NB metastases. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that functional cross-talk between MSCs and NB cell lines used in our experiments can occur only within short range interaction. Thus, this report does not support the clinical use of MSCs as vehicles for selective delivery of antitumor drugs at the NB site unless chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy create suitable local conditions for MSCs recruitment.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e48654. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammatory cytokines present in the milieu of the fracture site are important modulators of bone healing. Here we investigated the effects of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) on the main events of endochondral bone formation by human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC), namely cell proliferation, differentiation and maturation/remodelling of the resulting hypertrophic cartilage. Low doses of IL-1β (50 pg/mL) enhanced colony-forming units-fibroblastic (CFU-f) and -osteoblastic (CFU-o) number (up to 1.5-fold) and size (1.2-fold) in the absence of further supplements and glycosaminoglycan accumulation (1.4-fold) upon BM-MSC chondrogenic induction. In osteogenically cultured BM-MSC, IL-1β enhanced calcium deposition (62.2-fold) and BMP-2 mRNA expression by differential activation of NF-κB and ERK signalling. IL-1β-treatment of BM-MSC generated cartilage resulted in higher production of MMP-13 (14.0-fold) in vitro, mirrored by an increased accumulation of the cryptic cleaved fragment of aggrecan, and more efficient cartilage remodelling/resorption after 5 weeks in vivo (i.e., more TRAP positive cells and bone marrow, less cartilaginous areas), resulting in the formation of mature bone and bone marrow after 12 weeks. In conclusion, IL-1β finely modulates early and late events of the endochondral bone formation by BM-MSC. Controlling the inflammatory environment could enhance the success of therapeutic approaches for the treatment of fractures by resident MSC and as well as improve the engineering of implantable tissues.
European cells & materials 01/2012; 24:224-36. · 4.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thanks to the coordinated efforts of four major scientific organizations, this report describes the "novel cellular therapy" activity in Europe for the year 2009. Fifty teams from 22 countries reported data on 814 patients using a dedicated survey, which were combined to additional 328 records reported by 55 teams to the standard European Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database. Indications were cardiovascular (37%; 64% autologous), graft-vs.-host disease (27%; 7% autologous), musculoskeletal (17%; 98% autologous), epithelial/parenchymal (8%; 73% autologous), autoimmune (9%; 84% autologous), or neurological diseases (3%; 50% autologous). Autologous cells were used predominantly for cardiovascular (42%) and musculoskeletal (30%) disorders, whereas allogeneic cells were used mainly for graft-vs.-host disease (58%) and cardiovascular (30%) indications. Reported cell types were mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) (46%), hematopoietic stem cells (27%), chondrocytes (7%), keratinocytes (5%), dermal fibroblast (13%), and others (2%). In 59% of the grafts, cells were delivered after expansion; in 2% of the cases, cells were transduced. Cells were delivered intraorgan (46%), on a membrane or gel (29%), intravenously (16%) or using 3D scaffolds (8%). As compared to last year, the number of teams adopting the dedicated survey was 1.7-fold higher, and, with few exceptions, the collected data confirmed the captured trends. This year's edition specifically describes and discusses the use of MSC for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, due to the scientific, clinical, and economical implications of this topic.
Tissue Engineering Part A 05/2011; 17(17-18):2221-30. · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To document the specificity and the mechanism of induction of a novel class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen by mitogenic growth factors in human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expanded in vitro for translational applications.
Expression of class II MHC molecules was measured in human MSCs and differentiated cells expanded in the presence of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), human platelet lysate, or interferon-γ (IFNγ). The roles of cell proliferation and growth factor-induced signaling pathways were investigated as well as the class II MHC assembly machinery and functional capacity.
FGF-2 and, to a lesser extent, PDGF-BB induced in adult human MSCs the expression of HLA-DR (normally induced by inflammatory cytokines), which was able to stimulate CD4+ T cells via superantigen binding. In contrast to IFNγ, FGF induced HLA-DR expression only in human MSCs proliferating under its mitogenic effect and not in mouse MSCs or in differentiated human cells. Although it induced cell proliferation, human platelet lysate did not cause HLA-DR expression in human MSCs. HLA-DR expression occurred following FGF-specific binding to its receptor(s), mainly FGF receptor 1, without inducing IFNγ or tumor necrosis factor α expression. Both MAPK/ERK-1/2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt controlled cell proliferation and HLA-DR expression, but only MAPK/ERK-1/2 controlled the induction of the class II MHC transcription activator protein CIITA, the major determinant of HLA-DR transcription.
The induction of functional HLA-DR in proliferating progenitor MSCs is a property of human MSCs that have been expanded with mitogenic growth factors. This has potential biologic significance in the regulation and/or protection of progenitor cell subpopulations under sustained mitogenic proliferation and needs to be taken into account when expanding MSCs for use in in vivo applications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and articular chondrocytes (ACs) affect the in vitro proliferation of T lymphocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) driven by the homeostatic interleukin (IL)2, IL7 and IL15 cytokines binding to the common cytokine receptor gamma-chain (gamma(c)) in the absence of T cell receptor (TCR) triggering.
PBMCs, total T cells and T cell subsets (CD4+ and CD8+) were stimulated with IL2, IL7 or IL15 and exposed to cultured BM-MSCs and ACs at varying cell:cell ratio either in contact or in transwell conditions. Lymphocyte proliferation was measured by (3)H-thymidine uptake or by flow cytometry of carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labelled lymphocytes.
MSCs and ACs enhanced and inhibited lymphocyte proliferation depending on the extent of lymphocyte baseline proliferation and on the MSC/AC to lymphocyte ratio. Enhancement was significant on poorly proliferating lymphocytes and mostly at lower MSC/AC to lymphocyte ratio. Suppression occurred only on actively proliferating lymphocytes and at high MSC/AC to lymphocyte ratio. Neither enhancement nor inhibition required cell-cell contact.
There is a dichotomous effect of MSCs/ACs on lymphocytes proliferating in response to the homeostatic IL2, IL7 and IL15 cytokines likely to be encountered in homeostatic and autoimmune inflammatory conditions. The effect is determined by baseline lymphocyte proliferation, cell:cell ratio and is dependent on soluble factor(s). This should be taken into account when planning cellular therapy for autoimmune disease (AD) using stromal-derived cells such as MSCs.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 08/2009; 68(8):1352-9. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fetal bovine serum (FBS) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 are key supplements for the culture of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells from adipose tissue, both for typical monolayer (2D) expansion and for streamlined generation of osteogenic-vasculogenic grafts in 3D perfusion culture. The present study investigates whether factors present in human platelet lysate (PL) could substitute for FBS and FGF-2 in 2D and 3D culture models of SVF cells from human lipoaspirates. SVF cells were grown in medium supplemented with 10% FBS+FGF-2 or with 5% PL. In 2D cultures, PL initially supported SVF cell proliferation, but resulted in growth arrest shortly after the first passage. Freshly isolated SVF cells cultured with both media under perfusion for 5 days within 3D ceramic scaffolds induced bone formation after subcutaneous implantation in nude mice. However, blood vessels of donor origin were generated only using FBS+FGF-2-cultured cells. This was unexpected, because the proportion of CD34+/CD31+ endothelial lineage cells was significantly higher with PL than that of FBS+FGF-2 (33% vs. 3%, respectively). These results support the use of PL as a substitute of FBS+FGF-2 for short-term culture of human SVF cells, and indicate that more specific serum-free formulations are required to maintain a functionally vasculogenic fraction of SVF cells expanded under 3D perfusion.
Tissue Engineering Part A 03/2009; 15(4):869-75. · 4.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) has been used as treatment for single patients with autoimmune diseases (AD). To summarise currently available information, we analyzed all patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT for AD and who reported to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database. Thirty-five patients receiving 38 allogeneic transplantations for various hematological and non-hematological AD were identified. Four patients had had an allogeneic HSCT for a conventional hematological indication in the past. Fifty-five per cent of the transplantation procedures led to a complete clinical response of the refractory AD and 23% to at least a partial response. The median duration of response at the last follow-up was 70.7 (15.2-130) months. Three patients relapsed at a median of 12.3 months after HSCT. Treatment-related mortality at 2 years was 22.1% (95% CI: 7.3-36.9%). Two deaths were caused by progression of AD. The probability of survival at 2 years was 70%. No single factor predicting the outcome could be identified. The retrospective nature of this study and the heterogeneous, partly incomplete data are its limitations. However, allogeneic HSCT can induce remission in patients suffering from refractory AD. These data provide the basis for carefully conducted prospective trials.
Bone marrow transplantation 02/2009; 44(1):27-33. · 3.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe herein some immunological properties of human fetal bone cells recently tested for bone tissue-engineering applications. Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and osteoblasts were included in the study for comparison. Surface markers involved in bone metabolism and immune recognition were analyzed using flow cytometry before and after differentiation or treatment with cytokines. Immunomodulatory properties were studied on activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The immuno-profile of fetal bone cells was further investigated at the gene expression level. Fetal bone cells and adult MSCs were positive for Stro-1, alkaline phosphatase, CD10, CD44, CD54, and beta2-microglobulin, but human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-I and CD80 were less present than on adult osteoblasts. All cells were negative for HLA-II. Treatment with recombinant human interferon gamma increased the presence of HLA-I in adult cells much more than in fetal cells. In the presence of activated PBMCs, fetal cells had antiproliferative effects, although with patterns not always comparable with those of adult MSCs and osteoblasts. Because of the immunological profile, and with their more-differentiated phenotype than of stem cells, fetal bone cells present an interesting potential for allogeneic cell source in tissue-engineering applications.
Tissue Engineering Part A 02/2009; 15(7):1523-32. · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a potential immunomodulatory role in autoimmune disease; however, the qualitative properties and haematopoietic support capacity of MSCs derived from patients with autoimmune disease is unclear.
To further characterise phenotypically and functionally bone marrow (BM)-derived MSCs from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
Key parameters of BM-derived MSC function and phenotype were assessed in 12 patients with SSc and compared with 13 healthy normal controls. The parameters included the ability to: form colony-forming unit fibroblasts (CFU-F), differentiate along the adipogenic and osteogenic lineages, express cell surface antigens defining the MSCs population, support normal haematopoiesis and suppress in vitro lymphocyte proliferation induced by either anti-CD3epsilon plus anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies or the mixed lymphocyte reaction.
SSc MSCs were shown to have a similar characteristic phenotype, capacities to form CFU-F and to differentiate along adipogenic and osteogenic lineages as those of healthy donor MSCs. The ability of SSc MSCs to support long-term haematopoiesis was also identical to that of controls. Both healthy donor and SSc BM MSCs reduced the proliferation of autologous and allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a cell number dependent fashion.
These results show that BM-derived MSCs from patients with SSc under the described culture conditions exhibit the same phenotypic, proliferative, differentiation potential and immunosuppressive properties as their healthy counterparts and could therefore be considered in an autologous setting. Further studies are needed to ensure the quality and safety of large-scale expansion of patient MSCs prior to their potential use in clinical trials.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 05/2008; 67(4):443-9. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem autoimmune disease, which is classified into a diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) and a limited cutaneous (lcSSc) subset according to the skin involvement. In order to better understand the vascular, immunological and fibrotic processes of SSc and to guide its treatment, the EULAR Scleroderma Trials And Research (EUSTAR) group was formed in June 2004.
EUSTAR collects prospectively the Minimal Essential Data Set (MEDS) on all sequential patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria in participating centres. We aimed to characterise demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of disease presentation in SSc and analysed EUSTAR baseline visits.
In April 2006, a total of 3656 patients (1349 with dcSSc and 2101 with lcSSc) were enrolled in 102 centres and 30 countries. 1330 individuals had autoantibodies against Scl70 and 1106 against anticentromere antibodies. 87% of patients were women. On multivariate analysis, scleroderma subsets (dcSSc vs lcSSc), antibody status and age at onset of Raynaud's phenomenon, but not gender, were found to be independently associated with the prevalence of organ manifestations. Autoantibody status in this analysis was more closely associated with clinical manifestations than were SSc subsets.
dcSSc and lcSSc subsets are associated with particular organ manifestations, but in this analysis the clinical distinction seemed to be superseded by an antibody-based classification in predicting some scleroderma complications. The EUSTAR MEDS database facilitates the analysis of clinical patterns in SSc, and contributes to the standardised assessment and monitoring of SSc internationally.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 07/2007; 66(6):754-63. · 9.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the ability of bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in suppressing the proliferation of stimulated lymphocytes across a range of conditions including autologous BM-MSCs derived from autoimmune disease (AD) patients.
In vitro cultures of BM-MSCs from healthy donors and AD patients were established and characterized by their differentiation potential into adipocytes and osteoblasts, and their fibroblast-colony-forming unit (CFU-F) ability and phenotype by flow cytometry. BM-MSCs (irradiated and non-irradiated) from healthy and AD patients were tested for their ability to suppress the in vitro proliferation of autologous and allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (from healthy donors and patients suffering from various ADs) stimulated with anti-CD3epsilon antibody alone or in combination with anti-CD28 antibody. The anti-proliferative effect of the BM-MSCs from healthy donors was tested also on transformed B-cell lines as a model of non-antigen-stimulated lymphocytes.
BM-MSCs from healthy donors and AD patients reduced the proliferation of autologous and allogeneic PBMCs by up to 90% in a cell dose-dependent fashion. The immunosuppression was independent of the proliferation of the BM-MSCs and was also effective on already proliferating cells. It was independent also of the clinical activity of AD. An MSC dose-dependent pattern of suppression of proliferation was observed also with transformed B-cell lines, similar to that observed with proliferating PBMC.
The BM-MSCs exhibit extensive anti-proliferative properties against lymphocytes under different conditions. This property might offer a form of immunomodulatory cellular therapy for AD patients if further confirmed in animal models.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from bone marrow and other sites are currently being studied to determine their potential role in the pathogenesis and/or management of autoimmune diseases. In vitro studies have shown that they exhibit a dose-dependent antiproliferative effect on T and B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, natural killer cells and various B cell tumour lines--an effect that is both cell contact and soluble factor dependent. Animal models of autoimmune disease treated with multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells have mostly exhibited a positive clinical response, as have a limited number of patients suffering from acute graft versus host disease. This review summarizes the findings of a 1-day meeting devoted to the subject with the aim of coordinating efforts.
Arthritis research & therapy 02/2007; 9(1):301. · 4.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether mature human articular chondrocytes (AC) exhibit an antiproliferative effect on activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and to compare this effect with other cells of mesenchymal origin.
AC from healthy cadaveric cartilage were grown for different passages, in the absence (control) or presence of factors enhancing cell de-differentiation (transforming growth factor (TGF)beta1, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)bb-TFP medium). Cell ability to suppress PBMC proliferation driven by anti-CD3 antibody was measured by tritiated thymidine uptake following incubation for 48 h at different PBMC:AC ratios and expressed as percent of residual proliferation (RP). AC antiproliferative effect was compared to that of control dermal fibroblasts (DF) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC).
AC exhibited a cell number-dependent antiproliferative effect. The strongest effect (up to 2% RP) was measured using the least expanded AC cultures. The use of TFP medium for AC expansion resulted in a significantly lower antiproliferative effect, in the range of that induced by BMSC (up to 18% RP). Also DF induced a marked antiproliferative effect (up to 11% RP).
We report for the first time that human AC have a marked antiproliferative effect on anti-CD3 stimulated PBMC, which is reduced upon culture in medium-inducing extensive cell de-differentiation. These results reflect the immunosuppressive properties observed for other different mesenchymal cell types and raise the question of a potential common physiological role in local tissue protection.
Journal of Cellular Physiology 01/2007; 209(3):732-4. · 4.22 Impact Factor