Zi-qian Xu

Chinese Center For Disease Control And Prevention, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (30)71.51 Total impact

  • Ji Wang · Zi-Qian Xu · Chen Zhang · Pei-Hua Niu · Li Guan · Zhao-Jun Duan · Xue-Jun Ma ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a novel resequencing pathogen microarray (RPM)-based multi-pathogen detection assay was developed to simultaneously detect 14 rotaviruses, 7 caliciviruses, 8 astroviruses, 28 enteroviruses, and 16 rare diarrhea viruses in patients with diarrhea syndrome. The specificity of the assay was examined using confirmed virus-positive specimens, and the sensitivity was evaluated by serial ten-fold dilutions of in vitro transcribed RNA. RPM assay could detect and differentiate virus types/subtypes at 20-2000 copies/microL. The detection threshold of RPM was determined by adjusting the reference concentration, and the detection steps were optimized to type Enterovirus. The nucleic acids of 10 stool samples from patients with unexplained diarrhea were screened, and 6 of them showed positive results. The RPM results were further verified by singleplex PCR followed by sequencing, and no difference was found between the two assays. In conclusion, we have established a high-throughput RPM assay with high specificity and sensitivity, which demonstrates a great potential for the identification of pathogens in patients with unexplained diarrhea and the management of emerging epidemic.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 03/2014; 30(2):128-33.
  • Dong-Mei Zhou · Miao Jin · Hui-Ying Li · Zi-Qian Xu · Zhao-Jun Duan ·
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    ABSTRACT: The object of this study is to develop a duplex fluorescent quantitative one-step RT-PCR assay for detection and quantitation of GI and GII norovirus. The specific primers, Taqman probes, optimized reaction solution and condition were used to develop the duplex fluorescent quantitative one-step RT-PCR assay. The sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility of the assay were evaluated. The assay was evaluated by testing the 100 specimen samples and compared with the reference assay conventional RT-PCR. The assay possessed high specificity for norovirus detection without any evident cross-reaction with enteric adenovirus, rotavirus or astrovirus. The detection limit of the real-time RT-PCR assay, for GI and GII norovirus was up to 10(3) copy/microL respectively. Compared with the conventional RT-PCR assay, the assay in this study had higher sensitivity with higher detection rate of norovirus in stool specimens. The duplex fluorescent quantitative one-step RT-PCR assay provides rapid, sensitive and reliable detection of GI and GII norovirus, and could be used as a laboratory diagnosis of norovirus in acute gastroenteritis patients.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 05/2013; 29(3):310-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Rapid and broad diagnostic methods are needed for the identification of viral agents of gastroenteritis. In this study, we used Luminex xMAP technology to develop a multiplexed assay for the simultaneous identification of major enteric viral pathogens, including rotavirus A (RVA), noroviruses (NoVs) (including genogroups GI and GII), sapoviruses (SaV), human astrovirus (HAstV), enteric adenoviruses (EAds), and human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2). The analytical sensitivity allowed detection of 103 (EAds, HBoV2, and RVA) and 104 (NoV GI and GII, SaV, and HAstV) copies per reaction mixture. Compared to conventional PCR, the Luminex-based assay yielded greater than 75% sensitivity and 97% specificity for each virus, and the kappa correlation for detection of all viruses ranged from 0.75 to 1.00. In conclusion, this multiplexed Luminex-based assay provides a potentially rapid, high-throughput, and maneuverable diagnostic tool for major viral pathogens associated with gastroenteritis.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 04/2012; 50(7):2384-9. DOI:10.1128/JCM.06790-11 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple, rapid and sensitive colorimetric reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method was established to detect norovirus genotype GII. The method employed a set of six specially designed primers that recognized eight distinct sequences of RNA-dependant RNA polymerase and capsid protein gene for amplification of nucleic acid under isothermal conditions at 65 degrees C for 60 minutes. The amplification process of RT-LAMP was monitored by the addition of HNB (Hydroxy naphthol blue) dye prior to amplification. A positive reaction was indicated by a color change from violet to sky blue and confirmed by agarose electrophoresis. The specificity of the RT-LAMP was validated by detecting several different diarrhea viruses including norovirus genotype GII. The sensitivity was determined by serial dilutions of RNA molecules from in vitro transcription of norovirus genotype GII in parallel with conventional RT-PCR detection. The assay was further evaluated with 93 clinical specimens of diarrhea patients. The results showed that the sensitivity of RT-LAMP was 1 000 copies/microL with a high specificity and the relative sensitivity was at the same level as that of conventional RT-PCR. Positive rate of RT-LAMP in analysis of clinical specimens was approximately the same as that of conventional RT-PCR as well. This colorimetric RT-LAMP assay was potential for rapid detection of norovirus genotype GII on spot due to the observation of visual result with high specificity and sensitivity, time-saving and cost benefit.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 03/2012; 28(2):165-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide. Human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2) was recently identified in stool samples and is involved in the pathogenesis of AGE, but the current data were too limited to clarify this issue. We conducted a case-control study on 632 children with diarrhea and 162 healthy controls in Lanzhou, China, to assess the role of HBoV2 in gastroenteritis. Viruses known or suspected to be agents of AGE, including RV, HucV, AdV, AstV, and HBoVs, were detected. Viral loads of HBoV2 were quantified by Real-time PCR. HBoV2 was detected in 129 (20.4%) and 20 (12.3%) of the gastroenteritis and control samples, respectively. The association between HBoV2 and gastroenteritis was weaker (OR = 1.269, CI= 0.704-2.288) than that between gastroenteritis and RV, HucV, AdV, or AstV, as determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The data also suggested that infection with HBoV2 did not exacerbate the clinical symptoms of gastroenteritis. Mean HBoV2 viral load in the case and control groups was fewer than 55 copies/ml extract. HBoV2 exhibit different epidemiological features from HBoV1 and HBoV3. The data presented herein do not support a causative role for HBoV2 in AGE, despite its high prevalence in stool samples.
    Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 09/2011; 52(3):251-3. DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2011.07.012 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A virus belonging to a new species in the genus Kobuvirus, family Picornaviridae, was first isolated in 2008 from apparently healthy pigs in Hungary and China. We report the complete genome sequence and the genetic organization of the novel porcine kobuvirus strain Y-1-CHI, which was identified in China. The RNA genome of strain Y-1-CHI contains 8210 nucleotides (nt) and has an organization similar to that of other picornaviruses. The full-length nucleotide sequence of Y-1-CHI was 88.62%, 58.66%, and 48.86% identical to those of S-1-HUN, U-1, and Aichi virus, respectively. No positive results were found in 454 stool samples from children with acute gastroenteritis. Dendrograms indicated that Y-1-CHI and S-1-HUN are most closely related to each other and belong to the same species. Our results suggest that members of this novel species have the typical genome characteristics of members of the genus Kobuvirus and may be distributed globally in swine.
    Archives of Virology 05/2011; 156(5):747-51. DOI:10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop and optimize a simultaneous detection method of RotavirusA, Norovirus GI, GII, Sapovirus, human astrovirus, enteric adenoviruses and HBoV2 with GenomeLab GeXP analysis system. The sensitivity was verified to be 10(4) copies/microL with plasmids containing the viral targets in triplicate on different days, and no cross-reaction with enterovirus71, human Parechovirus and PicobirnavirusII was observed. Finally, we successfully developed a high throughout, rapid and maneuverable multiplex RT-PCR assay for simultaneous detection of seven viruses related with viral gastroenteritis, which provide a novel method for the molecular diagnosis of diarrhea-associated virus.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 05/2011; 27(3):288-93.
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    ABSTRACT: To study HPeV from stool samples of children with acute gastroenteritis under 5 years old. We conducted a real-time PCR to detect HPeV from stool samples and to amply VP1 sequence by nested RT-PCR to identify HPeV type. The results showed that 27 of 306 (8.82%) children with acute gastroenteritis were infected HPeV. 11 strains were typed. 9 strains HPeV1, both HPeV2 and HPeV4 was 1 strain. HPeV was mostly identified in autumn season with a peak in July. HPeV seemed relevant in children >2 years old. The range of nucleotide identity between all isolated strains with reference strains was 79%-92%. Epidemiology characteristic of HPeV in Jilin was concordance with that of reports. HPeV3 wasnt detected. It's significant to conduct the large scale and long-term surveillance of HPeV.
    Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 02/2011; 25(1):46-8.
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    Zi-qian Xu · Wei-xia Cheng · Bo-wen Li · Jie Li · Bei Lan · Zhao-jun Duan ·
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    ABSTRACT: Human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2) is a parvovirus that has been recently identified in stool samples from children. Any association between the virus and clinical disease is unclear. A rapid, reliable diagnostic method is necessary to address this issue. In this study, we developed a sensitive and specific HBoV2 quantitative real-time PCR assay that targets the HBoV2 NP-1 gene, based on the TaqMan method. The assay could reproducibly detect 10 copies of a recombinant DNA plasmid containing a partial region of the HBoV2 genome, with a dynamic range of 8 log units (101 to 108 copies). A clinical evaluation detected HBoV2 in 85 (24.6%) of 345 children with gastroenteritis, with viral loads ranging from 1.67 × 102 to 4.27 × 109 copies per ml of stool specimen.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 02/2011; 49(4):1537-41. DOI:10.1128/JCM.00196-10 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new viral sampling concentration device was designed which was equipped with a new cationic filter membrane-Nanoceram suitable for field sampling. Norovirus Genegroup II was detected from environmental water with the aid of this device. The effects on virus recovery of prefiltration, various second-concentration methods, and different eluants were investigated through pre-experiment. The concentration optimized process, and the optimal concentration process were then determined. The results showed that the prefiltration had a profound effect on virus recovery, and two second-concentration method: PEG-NaC1 precipitation and celite adsorption, had almost the same concentration effects. The Na2 HPO4 solution of 0.15 mol/L was selected as the final eluant to elute the adsorbed Nuorovirus from the celite. The virus recovery of Nanoceram was determined to be 3.02%. Finally, successful detection of Norovirus GII in sewage from Yangqiao River, Fengtai District, Beijing was acheived. All these data had shown that the Naneceram filter concentration method could concentrate Norovirus from environmental water with a steady effects.
    Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 01/2011; 27(1):58-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Human CoV-HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1) has been isolated from a 71-year-old man with pneumonia; however, the impact and role of emerging HCoV-HKU1 have not been defined in children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). To investigate the Prevalence and clinical characteristics of HCoV-HKU1 in children with ARTI in Lanzhou, China. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or PCR was employed to screen HCoV-HKU1 and other common respiratory viruses in 645 nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) specimens collected from children with ARTI from November 2006 to October 2008. All PCR positive products were sequenced. And the demographic and clinical data were collected for all patients. Nineteen of 645 (2.95%) specimens tested positive for HCoV-HKU1, and all HCoV-HKU1 positive specimens were distributed in the winter and spring season. The HCoV-HKU1 co-infection rate with other respiratory viruses was 47.37% (9/19). There was no statistically significant difference in the detection rate between groups by age or gender, except between patients with and without underlying diseases. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that HCoV-HKU1 genotype B was circulating in the years 2007 and 2008 in children with ARTI in Lanzhou, China. HCoV-HKU1 is an uncommon virus existing among Chinese children with ARTI. Children with underlying diseases are more vulnerable to viral infection. Only HCoV-HKU1 genotype B circulated locally.
    Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 10/2010; 49(2):126-30. DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2010.07.002 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    Vaccine 04/2010; 28(19):3506-3506. DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.03.001 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human bocavirus (HBoV) and HBoV2, two human bocavirus species, were found in 18 and 10 of 235 nasopharyngeal aspirates, respectively, from children hospitalized with acute respiratory tract infection. Our results suggest that, like HBoV, HBoV2 is distributed worldwide and may be associated with respiratory and enteric diseases.
    Emerging Infectious Diseases 02/2010; 16(2):324-7. DOI:10.3201/eid1602.090553 · 6.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the epidemiologic characteristics of virus-induced acute diarrhea in children under 5 years old in Taiyuan, Shanxi province. Stool specimens and clinical data were collected from 346 inpatients with acute diarrhea from children less than 5 years old. Rotavirus-positive specimens were identified by ELASA kit. Calicivirus and astrovirus were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Adenovirus was done by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 346 specimens, the percentage of samples with Rotavirus, Calicivirus, Astrovirus, and Adenovirus was 40.8%, 7.5%, 6.4% and 3.2%. Among 141 rotavirus positive samples, serotype G1 (42.6%) was the predominant strain. More than 95% of viral diarrhea patients under hospitalization occurred among children younger than 2 years. Rotavirus is the major pathogen contributing to the acute diarrhea. The disease generally peaks at autumn/winter. The predominant rotavirus strain circulated was G1P[8].
    Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 02/2010; 24(1):8-10.
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    ABSTRACT: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a recognized human parvovirus associated with acute respiratory tract infection. However, HBoV has yet to be established as a causative agent of respiratory disease. In this study, the epidemiological and virological characteristics of HBoV infection were studied in children with acute respiratory tract infection in China. In total, 406 children younger than 14 years of age with acute respiratory tract infection were included in this prospective 1-year study. HBoV was detected in 29 (7.1%) of the 406 children. No clear seasonal fluctuation was observed in infection rates of HBoV. Of the 29 children infected with HBoV, 16 (55.2%) were coinfected with other respiratory viruses, most commonly respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Viral coinfection with HBoV did not affect the severity of the respiratory disease (P = 0.291). The number of HBoV genome copies ranged from 5.80 x 10(2) to 9.72 x 10(8) copies/ml in nasopharyngeal aspirates among HBoV-positive specimens by real-time PCR, and neither coinfection nor the severity of disease correlated with the viral load (P = 0.148, P = 0.354, respectively). The most common clinical features were cough and acute upper respiratory infection, and acute bronchopneumonia. Additionally, the NP-1 gene of HBoV showed minimal sequence variation. These data suggest that HBoV is frequent in young children with acute respiratory tract infection in Lanzhou, China, and RSV is the most common coinfecting virus. There was no apparent association between the viral load of HBoV and coinfection or disease severity. The NP-1 gene was highly conserved in HBoV.
    Journal of Medical Virology 02/2010; 82(2):282-8. DOI:10.1002/jmv.21689 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To sequence the complete sequence of bocavirus I with sequence independent single primer amplification (SISPA-PCR). To exclude the co-effection samples, all clinical samples of diarrhea cases were screened with special primers of rotavirus, astrovirus, adenovirus, calicivirus and bocavirus I. The virus were enriched through ultracentrifugation. Other nucleic acids, such as human and bacteria genomes, were degradated by DNase I and RNase. DNA of bocavirus was Amplificated with SISPA-PCR, then purificated, cloned and sequenced. The sequences were alighmented in nr with blastn and assembled with DNAstar. A 4834bp sequence of bocavirus I were assembled. SISPA-PCR is an economical and efficient technique for sequence a virus complete genome.
    Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 02/2010; 24(1):14-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Rotavirus was detected in 52% of 2328 stool specimens collected from children with acute gastroenteritis admitted to three sentinel hospitals in Mainland China from January 2006 to December 2007. G3P[8] (42%) was the most common strain. Despite being common globally, only 18 (2%) G9-positive samples were identified. The VP7, VP4, VP6, and NSP4 genes were sequences for 13 of the G9 strains with G9P[8] being most common and showing the same origin as G9 strains reported in other countries. One G9P[6] strain was possibly derived by reassortment between earlier Chinese G9 strains and more recent local P[6] strains.
    Vaccine 11/2009; 27 Suppl 5:F40-5. DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.08.073 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human rhinovirus C (HRV-C) is a newly identified genotype of HRV found in patients with respiratory tract infections (RTIs); however, its epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics are not well understood. In this study, Chinese children with RTIs were screened for HRV-C and their epidemiological and clinical characteristics were analyzed. From December 2006 to November 2007, 406 nasopharyngeal aspirates from children younger than 14 years of age with RTIs were screened for HRV and other common respiratory viruses by PCR or reverse transcription-PCR. Two-hundred twenty-four (55.2%) of the specimens were infected with at least one virus, including 53 patients with HRV (13%). HRV-A, HRV-B, and HRV-C were detected in 22, 12, and 19 specimens, respectively. HRV-C was detected mainly from December 2006 to April 2007 and from October to November 2007, with peaks in December and April (10/19). Acute upper respiratory infection and bronchopneumonia were observed in 53 and 37% of the cases, respectively. The most common symptoms were cough (82%), runny nose (53%), and fever (37%). Wheezing and bronchiolitis were less common in patients infected with HRV-C than in those infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Partial sequencing of the genes coding for VP4 and VP2 revealed that the HRV-C strains were 56 to 62% identical at the amino acid level to HRV-B and HRV-A reference strains and 80 to 99% identical to HRV-C reference strains. In conclusion, HRV-C is an important cause of RTIs in children, and highly diversified strains of HRV-C are prevalent in China. HRV-C may produce different epidemiological features, and patients infected with HRV-C may exhibit different clinical features from patients infected with RSV or HRV-A/B.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 08/2009; 47(9):2895-900. DOI:10.1128/JCM.00745-09 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    Emerging Infectious Diseases 07/2009; 15(6):993-4. DOI:10.3201/eid1506.090109 · 6.75 Impact Factor
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    Emerging Infectious Diseases 06/2009; 15(5):823-5. DOI:10.3201/eid1505.081518 · 6.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

431 Citations
71.51 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2013
    • Chinese Center For Disease Control And Prevention
      • Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Jilin University
      Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 2011
    • Nanhua University
    • Harbin Medical University
      Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China
  • 2008-2011
    • Beijing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009-2010
    • Shanxi Medical University
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China