Bang-Min Han

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (24)32.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical efficiency and safety of two-micron laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) for the treatment of large-volume ( > 70 ml) prostate in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
    09/2014; 20(9):803-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Mounting evidence has indicated the crucial role of Wnt5a in embryonic development including guts. However, the Wnt5a involvement in the process of anorectal malformations (ARMs) remains unclear. In this study, we examined the expression of Wnt5a during ARMs development in the offspring of di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP)-treated pregnant rats. During the neonatal period, Wnt5a expression was evaluated in the terminal rectum of ARM offspring, non-ARM littermates and controls. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR), western-blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry approaches, we found a significant decrease of Wnt5a expression in DBP-induced ARMs rats. Collectively, our results demonstrate the aberrant expression of Wnt5a during anorectal development, which suggest that Wnt5a might be involved in DBP-induced ARMs.
    Toxicology mechanisms and methods. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Some published evidence has revealed that the dendritic cells can interact with pathogens that exist in the inner foreskin. This information provides a new vision that pathogens could play a role through the redundant prepuce; numerous studies have failed to find pathogens in prostates of patients who had chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). However, no studies have reported an association between foreskin length and CP/CPPS. Hence, we conducted a retrospective case-control study of clinical data from 322 CP/CPPS patients (case group) and 341 nonCP/CPPS patients (control group). Demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and foreskin lengths were collected and analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was adopted to calculate the odds of foreskin length for CP/CPPS. According to the multivariate logistic regression results, when the foreskin length covered up more than half of the glans penis, the odds for CP/CPPS were higher with an increased foreskin (odds ratio (OR): 1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-2.66). In comparison, when the glans penis was completely covered by the foreskin, the OR value increased to 1.86 (95% CI, 1.2-2.88). The study results showed an association between foreskin length and the odds of CP/CPPS. When the foreskin length covered up more than half of the glans penis, there were greater odds for CP/CPPS. This possible mechanism might result from interaction between pathogens and DCs in the inner foreskin, consequently activating T-cells to mediate allergic inflammation in the prostate and producing the autoimmunizations causing CP/CPPS.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 05/2014; · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the long-term efficacies and complications of thulium laser resection of prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). From November 2004 to December 2009, a total of 348 BPH patients undergoing TmLRP-TT at our hospital were evaluated retrospectively for long-term efficacies and complications. The follow-up data included international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life score (QOL), maximum urinary flow (Qmax) and postvoid urinary residual (PVR). After 4 years, IPSS decreased 70% (22.7 ± 7.7 vs 6.8 ± 5.1) , QOL decreased 65% (4.3 ± 0.7 vs 1.5 ± 1.0), Qmax increased 212% (6.0 ± 2.6 ml/s vs 18.7 ± 4.6 ml/s) and PVR decreased 83% (104.7 ± 34.3 ml vs 17.7 ± 10.7 ml). Cumulative incidences of long-term complications was 6.0% (n = 21), including a second TmLRP-TT due to BPH recurrence (n = 4, 1.2%), urethral stricture (n = 8, 2.3%) and bladder neck contracture (n = 9, 2.6%). Overall, 93% were satisfied with surgical outcomes. TmLRP-TT has excellent efficacies with a low rate of long-term complications. Most patients are satisfied with surgical outcomes.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2013; 93(48):3857-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Two-micrometer thulium laser resection of the prostate-tangerine technique (TmLRP-TT) has been introduced as a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common and serious complication of BPH. The study was undertaken to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of TmLRP-TT in the treatment of patients with AUR secondary to BPH. A prospective evaluation of 52 patients undergoing TmLRP-TT from December 2011 to November 2012 was carried out. Preoperative status, surgical details, and perioperative complications were recorded. The follow-up outcome was evaluated with subjective and objective tests at 1 and 6 months. Mean age was 70.3 ± 7.8 years old. Mean prostate volume was 69.6 ± 31.6 ml, and mean residual volume with retention was 274.5 ± 150.7 ml. Mean operative time was 64.1 ± 30.4 min. Mean catheterization duration was 5.4 ± 1.1 days. The mean International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score, and postvoid residual urine volume decreased significantly at 6-month follow-up (21.6 ± 6.8 vs. 6.8 ± 3.2, 4.4 ± 1.2 vs. 0.9 ± 0.8, 274.5 ± 150.7 vs. 40.6 ± 22.5 ml). The mean maximum urinary flow rate was 18.7 ± 6.9 ml/s postoperative. Two (3.8 %) of the patients required blood transfusion in operation. Five (9.6 %) of the patients had transient hematuria postoperative, and two (3.8 %) of them received 3 days recatheterization due to clot retention. The early clinical results suggest that the TmLRP-TT is a promising safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment for patients with AUR secondary to BPH. The incidence of complications was low.
    Lasers in Medical Science 11/2013; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aging is a major risk factor for prostate cancer (PCa), and prostatic stromal cells may also promote PCa progression. Accordingly, stromal cells do not equally promote PCa in older males and younger males. Therefore, it is also possible that the expression of androgen receptors (ARs) by prostatic stromal cells in older versus younger males plays different roles in PCa progression. Using a gene knockdown technique and coculture system, we found that the knockdown of the AR in prostatic stromal cells obtained from younger males could promote the invasiveness and metastasis of cocultured PC3/LNCaP cells in vitro. By contrast, the invasiveness and metastasis of LNCaP cells was inhibited when cocultured with prostatic stromal cells from older males that when AR expression was knocked down. Moreover, after targeting AR expression with small hairpin RNA (shRNA), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression in stromal cells was observed to increase in the younger group, but decreased or remained unchanged in the older group. One exception, however, was observed with MMP9. In vivo, after knocking down AR expression in prostatic stromal cells, the incidence of metastatic lymph nodes was observed to increase in the younger age group, but decreased in the older age group. Together, these data suggest that the AR in prostatic stromal cells played opposite roles in PCa metastasis for older versus younger males. Therefore, collectively, the function of the AR in prostatic stromal cells appears to change with age, and this may account for the increased incidence of PCa in older males.Asian Journal of Andrology advance online publication, 24 June 2013; doi:10.1038/aja.2013.45.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 06/2013; · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the gene expressions in the stromal cells of the human prostate peripheral zone (PZ) in men of different ages. We primarily cultured stromal cells from the normal prostate PZ of men aged 23 -32 (young group) and 56 -75 years (old group), profiled the gene signature of the PZ cells by cDNA microarray, and defined the differential gene expression patterns by hierarchical cluster analysis. Among the differential genes, we selected and confirmed up-regulated genes by quantitative real time PCR (Q-PCR), and identified their protein coding by Western blotting. There were significant differences in the gene expressions of the PZ cells between the old and young groups. Based on the fold change ratio of > or = 2 or < or = 0.5, 509 up-regulated and 188 down-regulated genes were selected in the PZ cells. A subset of significantly differential genes influencing the growth of adjacent epithelial cells were identified, including HGF, IGF2, IGFBP5 and MMP1 in the old males. Stromal cells in the prostate PZ were more active in older males in promoting the malignant progression of adjacent prostate epithelial cells, which might be due to the increased expression of extracellular paracrining mediators.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 12/2012; 18(12):1078-82.
  • Di Cui, Bang-min Han, Yi-feng Jing, Shu-jie Xia
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the expression patterns of cadherins (N-cadherin and E-cadherin) in urothelial carcinomas and understand the values of N-E cadherin switch in the predictions of postoperative recurrence and prognosis. The expressions of N-cadherin and E-cadherin were measured by immunohistochemistry in 64 transurethral bladder tumer resection (TURBT) or partial cystectomy samples (48 cases) in 2005 by the method of streptavidin-biotin peroxidase. A positive expression of N-cadherin and a negative expression of E-cadherin were noted in 27 (42.2%) and 16 (25.0%) specimens respectively. Patients with more poorly differentiated bladder cancer were accompanied with a higher expression of N-cadherin and a lower expression of E-cadherin (both P < 0.05). A positive expression of N-cadherin decreased the recurrence-free and cancer-related survival rates while a negative expression of E-cadherin was correlated with a lower cancer-related survival rate (all P < 0.05). No significant association was found between the expression of E-cadherin and the recurrence-free survival rate. Furthermore, the N-E cadherin switch (a negative expression of E-cadherin and a positive expression of N-cadherin) showed a higher predictive power in both recurrence-free and cancer-related survival according to multivariate analysis (HR = 0.428, 95%CI: 0.217 - 0.845, HR = 0.098, 95%CI: 0.013 - 0.767). No significant association was found between the expressions of two cadherins and postoperative progression. Although the expressions of E-cadherin and N-cadherin appear to be correlated with survival outcomes in bladder cancer, N-E cadherin switch may be a better predicator for postoperative recurrence and cancer-related survival.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 02/2012; 92(6):380-3.
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that prostate cancer (PCa) occurs predominantly in the peripheral zone (PZ), whereas benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) typically develops in the transition zone. To identify possible mechanisms underlying zonal differences, we compared the effects of prostate stromal cells derived from the peripheral zone (PZsc) and the transition zone (TZsc) on a PCa epithelial cell line (PC3) in the presence of sex hormones. First, we observed that androgen receptor (AR) mRNA was more highly expressed in PZsc than TZsc when the cells were treated with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and β-oestradiol (E2) (P<0.05). By ELISA, we looked for differences in the secretion of peptide growth factors from PZsc and TZsc. We found that keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) secretion increased with increasing concentrations of DHT (P<0.01) and was higher in PZsc than TZsc. Under treatment with DHT plus E2, PZsc secreted more transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) than TZsc, but this pattern was reversed when the cells were treated with E2 only. With increasing concentrations of DHT, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) secretion increased in PZsc but decreased in TZsc. To further characterize the effects of PZsc and TZsc on PC3 cells, we developed a coculture model and performed MTT assays, Western blot analysis and real-time RT-PCR. We found that PZsc promoted PC3 cell proliferation and progression better than TZsc, particularly when treated with 10 nmol l(-1) DHT plus 10 nmol l(-1) E2. In conclusion, our data suggest that PZsc may have a greater capacity to induce PCa development and progression than TZsc via growth factors regulated by sex hormones. These findings provide possible mechanisms underlying zonal differences in prostate diseases, which may aid the search for novel therapeutic targets for PCa.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 07/2011; 13(6):798-805. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer (PCa) is an age-related disease, and the stromal microenvironment plays an important role in prostatic malignant progression. However, the differences in prostate stromal cells present in young and old tissue are still obscure. We established primary cultured stromal cells from normal prostatic peripheral zone (PZ) of donors of varying ages and found that cultured stromal cells from old donors (PZ-old) were more enlarged and polygonal than those from young donors (PZ-young). Furthermore, based on immunocytochemical and ultrastructural analysis, the components of stromal cells changed from a majority of fibroblasts to a mixture of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts with increasing donor age. Using a three-dimensional in vitro culture system, we found that PZ-old stromal cells could enhance the proliferation, migration and invasion of cocultured benign BPH-1 and PC-3 cells. Using an in vivo tissue recombination system, we also found that PZ-old stromal cells are more effective than PZ-young cells in promoting tumour formation by BPH-1 cells of high passage (>100) and PC-3 cells. To probe the possible mechanism of these effects, we performed cDNA microarray analysis and profiled 509 upregulated genes and 188 downregulated genes in PZ-old cells. Among the changed genes, we found genes coding for a subset of paracrine factors that are capable of influencing adjacent epithelial cells; these include hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), fibroblast growth factor 5 (FGF5), insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 4 (IGFBP4), IGFBP5 and matrix metallopeptidase 1 (MMP1). Changes in the expression of these genes were further confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Overall, our findings indicate that stromal cells from prostate PZ of old donors are more active than similar cells from young donors in promoting the malignant process of adjacent epithelial cells. This finding hints at a new potential strategy for the prevention of PCa.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 06/2011; 13(5):732-41. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate stromal cells are known to regulate epithelial growth as well as support and maintain epithelial function. However, how stromal cells regulate epithelial cells and what differences among various histological/pathological prostate stromal cells in prostate cancer progression still remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the different phenotypes of human various histological/pathological prostate stromal cells, and their role in tumor promotion. The different phenotypes of the human normal prostatic peripheral zonal primary stromal cells (NPPF), transitional zonal primary stromal cells (NPTF), and prostate cancer associated primary stromal cells (CAF) were examined with growth curves and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) assay. The different effects on prostate cancer cell line C4-2B by NPPF, NPTF, and CAF were examined with MTT assay and Annexin V-FITC assay. The gene expression of different histological/pathological prostate stromal cells was profiled by microarray and hierarchical cluster analysis. The growth rate of NPPF, NPTF and CAF gradually increased, followed by decreasing apoptosis. In vitro stromal-C4-2B cell line co-culture models, the proliferation and apoptosis of C4-2B cell line were differently affected by human various histological/pathological prostate stromal cells. CAF showed the most powerful effect to C4-2B cell line, as opposed to a weakest effect of NPTF. Microarray and hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes of CAF and NPPF were less than NPPF and NPTF, or CAF and NPTF. This was consistent with clinical observations that prostate cancer mostly derived from the peripheral zone and does not usually occur in the transitional zone. NPPF, NPTF and CAF possess extremely different biological characteristics and gene expression, which may play an important role in genesis and development of prostate cancer.
    Chinese medical journal 06/2011; 124(11):1700-7. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To characterize age-related cellular phenotype alterations and growth rates of human prostatic stromal cell cultures from the normal prostatic peripheral zone of young donors (PZ-young) and old donors (PZ-old). We isolated stromal cells from 10 donors of different ages, assessed the cellular phenotypes by immunocytostaining for prolyl-4-hydroxylase, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and desmin, and analysed the ultrastructure by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The proliferation and apoptosis of the cells were determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. All the stromal cells were positive for prolyl-4-hydroxylase regardless of the donors' age, while alpha-SMA and desmin positive cells increased with their age. The positive expressions of alpha-SMA and desmin were (2.56 +/- 1.81)% and (0.89 +/- 0.93)% in PZ-young, and (38.89 +/- 11.22)% and (14.89 +/- 5.97)% in PZ-old (P < 0.01). The alpha-SMA- and/or desmin-positive stromal cells were morphologically large, flat and polygonal. Ultrastructural analysis showed that the cell cultures from PZ-old were richer in rough endoplasmic reticulum and golgi complexes. The stromal cells of PZ-old had a lower growth rate than that of PZ-young (P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in the apoptosis rate between the two groups. Cellular phenotypes of human prostate stromal cell cultures change with the increase of age from predominantly typical fibroblasts to a mixture of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, which might responsible for the high incidence of prostate cancer in elderly men.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 03/2011; 17(3):219-23.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the location of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of bladder cancer could be macroscopically ascertained by instilling pirarubicin (THP) into urinary bladder. 50 mg of THP was dissolved into 50 ml of 5% glucose solution. And the resulting solution was instilled into urinary bladder. After 15 min, the urinary bladder was observed by a cystoscopy. The study group consisted of 51 patients with bladder cancer (37 males, 14 females) and 14 patients with hematuria (8 males, 6 females), treated at our hospital from December 2007 to June 2008. The THP uptake was seen in 67 flat (non-tumorous) areas of bladder mucosa in 37 patients with bladder cancer. Of these, 11 lesions in 7 patients were confirmed to be CIS. The THP uptake was found in 2 flat (non-tumorous) areas of bladder mucosa in 14 patients with hematuria, 1 lesion in 1 patient was confirmed to be CIS. The sensitivity and specificity of THP uptake by CIS were 92.3% (12/13) and 86.7% (371/428) respectively. This practical method may be employed to ascertain easily the macroscopic location of CIS of bladder cancer.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2010; 90(18):1239-42.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether androgen receptor (AR) could serve as a potential molecular target for the treatment of bladder cancer. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration capacity were determined in human transitional carcinoma cell lines T24 and 253-J treated with small interfering RNA directed against AR, and expression levels of growth- and metastasis-related genes were assessed using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Tumor cell growth and apoptosis were also evaluated in vivo in T24 tumor-bearing nude mice receiving electroporation-assisted administration of anti-AR small interfering RNA. AR expression knockdown produced increased apoptosis, decreased proliferation, and migration of bladder cancer cells. Cyclin D1, Bcl-x(L), and matrix metallopeptidase-9 gene expression were also reduced with AR knockdown, which might have contributed to the altered biological behavior of cancer cells. In vivo experiments showed that silencing AR expression, by interference aided by electroporation, significantly suppressed AR-positive bladder tumor growth with decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptotic rates. Downregulation of AR expression inhibits bladder cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo, implying that its use might be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of bladder cancer.
    Urology 04/2010; 75(4):820-7. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate targeted degradation of the androgen receptor (AR) by chimeric molecules (DHT-PROTAC) via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in androgen-independent prostate cancer CA-2B cells, and explore the proliferation, secretion and apoptosis of the treated cells. C4-2B cells were treated with DHT-PROTAC, and then the expressions of the AR protein and caspase3 in the C4-2B cells were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The concentration of PSA in the supernatant was examined by ELISA. The cells were counted and their proliferation analyzed by a growth curve. The inhibitory effect on the growth of C4-2B cells was evaluated by MIT assay. Compared with the control group, the DHT-PROTAC-treated group showed an obviously decreased expression of AR proteins with a significant attenuation of the band signals (P < 0.05), a 40% reduction of the AR-positive cells and a 60% decrease of the PSA concentration in the supernatant (P < 0.05). DHT-PROTAC exhibited an inhibitory effect on the C4-2B cells in a time-dependant manner (P < 0.05). The chimeric molecule (DHT-PROTAC) can target the degradation of androgen receptors, reduce the secretion of PSA and repress the in vitro growth of C4-2B cells.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 12/2009; 15(12):1059-63.
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty is technically feasible for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction although it is still challenged by its technical difficulty and time-consuming. In this study, we compared the initial results of retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty versus a combined laparoscopic dissection and open reconstruction through a small incision in the treatment of UPJ obstruction. Sixty-four patients with primary UPJ obstruction underwent pyeloplasty: 32 patients underwent laparoscopic procedure and 32 patients underwent open assisted laparoscopic surgery including two steps, ie, laparoscopic dissection of the UPJ transperitoneally and then pyeloplasty via an extended small incision. The demographic data and intraoperative, postoperative and follow-up conditions of patients were compared between the two groups. Preoperative data were comparable in the patients of the two groups. The operative time was shorter (60.9 minutes vs 157.7 minutes, P < 0.0001) and the complication rate was lower (9.4% vs 31.3%, P < 0.05) in the open assisted group than in the laparoscopic group. The estimated blood loss (42.3 ml vs 47.8 ml), time to have normal diet (37.6 hours vs 33.8 hours), and hospital stay (6.7 days vs 6.2 days) were equivalent. The operative success rate was 97% for the open assisted group and 91% for the laparoscopic group. The procedure of combined small incision with laparoscopy for UPJ obstruction is technically easy, and the results are promising. It can be used as an alternative to conventional procedures.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2009; 122(22):2728-32. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is one of the most common urogenital tumors in the world with an increasing incidence in China. Androgen deprivation therapy is the major therapeutic option for advanced prostate cancer. However, the role of androgen receptor (AR) in hormone-refractory prostate cancer still remains unclear. This work aimed to investigate the role of AR in an androgen independent prostate cancer cell line by in vitro and in vivo studies. The role of AR in the proliferation and invasion/metastasis ability of PC3-AR9 (a PC3 stable clone expressing human AR driven by natural human AR promoter) were examined with MTT assay, soft agar assay, chamber invasion assay, wound healing assay, and also with orthotopic xenograft mouse model. Restoring androgen receptor in PC3 cells resulted in decreased proliferation and invasion/metastasis ability in MTT, soft agar, chamber invasion and wound healing assay. In the mouse orthotopic xenograft model, PC3-AR9 resulted in smaller primary tumors and metastasis tumors, with a lower proliferation rate and higher apoptosis rate. The AR might function as a tumor suppressor in PC3 cells both in vitro and in vivo.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2009; 122(22):2779-83. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate the different involvements of prostatic stromal cells from the normal transitional zone (TZ) or peripheral zone (PZ) in the carcinogenesis of prostate cancer (PCa) epithelial cells (PC-3) in vitro and in vivo co-culture models. Ultra-structures and gene expression profiles of primary cultures of human prostatic stromal cells from the normal TZ or PZ were analyzed by electron microscopy and microarray analysis. In vitro and in vivo co-culture models composed of normal TZ or PZ stromal cells and human PCa PC-3 cells were established. We assessed tumor growth and weight in the in vivo nude mice model. There are morphological and ultra-structural differences in stromal cells from TZ and PZ of the normal prostate. In all, 514 differentially expressed genes were selected by microarray analysis; 483 genes were more highly expressed in stromal cells from TZ and 31 were more highly expressed in those from PZ. Co-culture with PZ stromal cells and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) increased the tumor growth of PC-3 cells in vitro and in vivo, as well as Bcl-2 expression. On the other hand, stromal cells of TZ suppressed PC-3 cell tumor growth in the mouse model. We conclude that ultra-structures and gene expression differ between the stromal cells from TZ or PZ of the normal prostate, and stroma-epithelium interactions from TZ or PZ might be responsible for the distinct zonal localization of prostate tumor formation.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 02/2009; 11(2):176-82. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Post-translational degradation of protein plays an important role in cell life. We employed chimeric molecules (dihydrotestosterone-based proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecule [DHT-PROTAC]) to facilitate androgen receptor (AR) degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) and to investigate the role of AR in cell proliferation and viability in androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cells. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were applied to analyse AR levels in LNCaP cells after DHT-PROTAC treatment. Cell counting and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell viability assay were used to evaluate cell proliferation and viability after AR elimination in both LNCaP and PC-3 cells. AR was tagged for elimination via the UPP by DHT-PROTAC, and this could be blocked by proteasome inhibitors. Degradation of AR depended on DHT-PROTAC concentration, and either DHT or an ALAPYIP-(arg)(8) peptide could compete with DHT-PROTAC. Inhibition of cell proliferation and decreased viability were observed in LNCaP cells, but not in PC-3 or 786-O cells after DHT-PROTAC treatment. These data indicate that AR elimination is facilitated via the UPP by DHT-PROTAC, and that the growth of LNCaP cells is repressed after AR degradation.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 01/2009; 11(1):119-26. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heparanase is an endo-β-glucuronidase that can selectively degrade heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans and that has been shown to play a role in tumor progression, metastasis and tumor angiogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that the overexpression of heparanase in human tumors facilitates their invasive activity, thereby enhancing tumor metastatic potential. We detected the simultaneous and significantly correlated overexpression of heparanase in the tissues and urine of patients with bladder cancer. Expression of heparanase mRNA in the tissues was significantly correlated with various clinicopathological factors, such as stage, histological grade, size, number, recurrence and lymph node metastasis. This was not the case in the urine. In addition, the relapse rate was significantly higher in the patients exhibiting heparanase mRNA expression than in the patients lacking it. Heparanase at the mRNA level had greater sensitivity in the detection of bladder cancer than cytology, and specificity for the marker was relatively high. These findings suggest that the overexpression of heparanase may influence various malignant behaviors in bladder cancer, and that the RT-PCR assay for heparanase mRNA is a promising non-invasive test with high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of the disease.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 01/2009; 2(2):327-31. · 1.17 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

123 Citations
32.02 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2013
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Neurology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2012
    • Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Shan-tang, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2008–2012
    • Shanghai University
      • Department of Urology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China