[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An unusual case of Maffucci's syndrome confined to an extremity with an additional superficial lymphangioma in the same limb is described. The patient, a 47-year-old woman, presented with several painful subcutaneous spindle cell hemangioendotheliomas (SCHs) and multiple lytic bone lesions, some calcified, in the left leg. She has been followed for two years and continues to do well. The combination of SCHs and multiple enchondromas (ENCHs) should be searched in any patient who presents with SCHs or multiple ENCHs, because there is a significant risk of malignant transformation.
General & diagnostic pathology 05/1998; 143(5-6):331-5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extrarenal angiomyolipomas are rare lesions. An angiomyolipoma located on the right ear lobe in a 49-year-old man is reported. Pathologic examination showed a well-circumscribed subcutaneous nodule, 2 cm in diameter. The components of the tumor were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Reactivity for HMB-45 was negative. A review of the twelve published cases, including the present, reveals that the patients age ranged from 33 to 77 years (mean 53.6), the male/female ratio was 11.1. The tumors were solitary, asymptomatic, noninvasive, located most commonly in acral skin or on the ear. The clinical impression is that of a cyst, a lipoma or a vascular tumor. Signs of tuberous sclerosis were absent in all cases. In contrast to the renal form, the cutaneous angiomyolipoma is a tumor differing in sex predominance, clinical associations, circumscription, solitariness, and HMB-45 immunoreactivity. Distinction from other mesenchymal lesions depends on recognition of traditional histologic criteria.