ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) carries increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Adjunctive exenatide treatment in patients with T2DM is associated with improvements in glycemic control coupled with progressive weight reduction. We evaluated exenatide use on glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA(1c)) and cardiometabolic risk factors in patients with T2DM and MetS in a single clinical practice setting.
A retrospective analysis of clinical data extracted from the records of 176 adult patients with T2DM and MetS (106 women, 70 men) who received exenatide along with existing therapeutic regimes from 2005 to 2007 was performed. HbA(1c), lipid profiles, blood pressure, and anthropometric measures were evaluated at baseline and after 16 (+/-4) weeks of exenatide therapy.
Mean HbA(1c) was significantly reduced from baseline in 16 weeks (P < 0.001), with 68% of patients achieving HbA(1c) <7%. Total, high-density lipoprotein-, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels decreased significantly. This decline was not attributable to changes in lipid-lowering agents. Significant reductions were also noted in body mass index, mean body weight, and abdominal girth (AG) with the addition of exenatide. Additional analyses showed 76% of subjects lost weight. Lessening of AG was much more pronounced in female compared with male subjects with diabetes (P < 0.032). No consistent changes in blood pressure were observed.
We found that addition of exenatide to an existing treatment regimen in patients with T2DM and MetS resulted in significant reductions in HbA(1c) along with decline in lipids, AG, and body weight. This indicates improvement in these patients' metabolic profiles.
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 07/2009; 11(6):353-9. · 1.93 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of exenatide therapy on cardiometabolic risk factors and anthropometric parameters in patients with metabolic syndrome.
From June 2005 to June 2007, we performed a retrospective analysis of data extracted from the records of adult patients with metabolic syndrome being treated with exenatide. Diagnosis of any type of diabetes mellitus was exclusionary. Patients were initiated on exenatide therapy, 5 mcg, 1 hour before their morning and evening meals for the first month and were instructed to titrate up to 10 mcg. Cardiometabolic risk factors (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, calculated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood pressure) and anthropometric parameters (absolute body weight, body mass index, and abdominal girth) were measured at baseline and at 16 +/- 4 weeks after initiating exenatide therapy. Data collected also included age, sex, metabolic syndrome diagnosis, and other concomitant medication used in the management of endocrine disorders.
The study population consisted of 299 patients (259 women, 40 men) with an age range of 18 to 74 years. Exenatide treatment was associated with significant reductions in mean body weight (P<.001) and body mass index (P<.001). Weight loss in 76.6% of patients was concomitant with a significant reduction in mean abdominal girth (P<.001). Further analysis revealed significant decreases in mean triglycerides (P<.001), total cholesterol (P<.01), and both systolic (P<.01) and diastolic blood pressure (P<.03). Approximately 60.2% of patients used metformin concomitantly, and half either decreased or discontinued metformin therapy.
This is the first report examining the effect of exenatide on patients with metabolic syndrome. We observed a significant improvement in cardiometabolic risk factors and anthropometric parameters as a result of exenatide over the treatment interval.
Endocrine Practice 12/2008; 14(8):993-9. · 2.49 Impact Factor
Diabetes care 02/2008; 31(1):39-40. · 8.09 Impact Factor