[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was performed to compare the mucosal findings after esophagogastroduodenoscopy in two groups before and after the use of alendronate only and following administration of the enteric-coated alendronate (5 mg) and calcitriol (0.5 µg) combined drug (Maxmarvil, Yuyu Co.).
The study population consisted of 33 postmenopausal healthy female volunteers, aged 50 to 70 years (mean age, 58 ± 5) without gastrointestinal symptoms and with normal baseline endoscopic findings. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed at baseline and was repeated 2 weeks later after daily intake of Maxmarvil (n = 17 subjects) or alendronate only (n = 16 subjects). Mucosal injury scores were reported by an endoscopist after 2 weeks of treatment with each medication schedule.
Esophageal mucosal injuries developed in two of 16 subjects in the alendronate only group and 0 of 17 in the Maxmarvil group. Gastric mucosal injuries developed in eight subjects in the alendronate group and four subjects in the Maxmarvil group; this difference was statistically significant.
The mucosal damage scores for the alendronate group (total score 24) were significantly higher than those for the Maxmarvil group (total score 9) in the esophagus and stomach. Therefore, this study suggested that enteric-coated Maxmarvil is less harmful to gastrointestinal mucosa than alendronate, and may improve the tolerability of osteoporosis medication in clinical practice.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 11/2013; 28(6):694-700.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relationship between Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) gene inactivation and various solid tumors has been reported; however, little information is available about RUNX3 in thyroid cancers.
We evaluated the DNA methylation of RUNX3 in 13 papillary thyroid cancer tissues and four thyroid cancer cell lines. Additionally, using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we analyzed RUNX3 gene expression in several thyroid cancer cell lines after treating with the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC).
RUNX3 was hypermethylated in many thyroid cancer cell lines and in 10 of the 12 papillary thyroid cancer tissues. Treatment with DAC increased the expression of RUNX3 in some thyroid cancer cell lines.
We suggest that RUNX3 is associated with thyroid carcinogenesis, and RUNX3 methylation is a potentially useful diagnostic marker for papillary thyroid cancer.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2012; 27(4):407-10.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Activating somatic mutation of the BRAF (V600E) has been identified as the most common genetic event in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with a variable frequency (32-87 %) in different series by different methods. The BRAF (V600E) mutation is associated with various clinicopathological parameters. The mutation is an important factor for the management of the PTC patients. The objective of this study was to detect the BRAF (V600E) mutation in PTCs by peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamp real-time PCR and to analyze the results with clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: We performed genetic analysis of BRAF (V600E) by PNA clamp real-time PCR in 211 PTCs in Korea, stratified by clinicopathological parameters. RESULTS: The BRAF (V600E) mutation was detected in 90 % of PTC cases, and it occurred significantly more often in female patients than in male patients (p = 0.001). The clinicopathological parameters of age, tumor size, and disease stage were not associated with the BRAF (V600E) mutation, while extrathyroid invasion (p = 0.031), lymph nodal metastasis (p = 0.002), and tumor multiplicity (p = 0.020) were. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence (90 %) of the BRAF (V600E) mutation in this study is the highest ever reported, confirming the key role of this mutation in PTC tumorigenesis. The BRAF (V600E) mutation was associated with aggressive clinical behaviors including extrathyroid invasion, lymph nodal metastasis and tumor multifocality. The PNA clamp real-time PCR method for the BRAF (V600E) mutation detection is sensitive and is applicable in a clinical setting.
Annals of Surgical Oncology 11/2012; · 4.12 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Granulomatous hypophysitis is a rare pituitary condition that commonly presents with enlargement of the pituitary gland. A 31-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with a severe headache and bitemporal hemianopsia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an 18 × 10-mm sellar mass with suprasellar extension and compression of the optic chiasm. Interestingly, brain MRI had shown no abnormal finding 4 months previously. On hormonal examination, hypopituitarism with mild hyperprolactinemia was noted. The biopsy revealed granulomatous changes with multinucleated giant cells. We herein report this rare case and discuss the relevant literature.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 09/2012; 27(3):346-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although adrenocortical tumors are common, adrenocortical carcinomas are rare. Moreover, aldosterone-producing adrenocortical carcinomas without hypertension are exceedingly rare, with only two previously reported cases.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 06/2012; 27(2):221-3.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a syndrome characterized by reduced sensitivity to the thyroid hormone. It is generally caused by mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor beta (TR beta) gene. On the basis of its clinical features, two different forms of this syndrome have been described: generalized resistance and pituitary resistance. A total of 122 TR beta gene mutations have been identified thus far. A 38-year-old woman presented with intermittent palpitation. Thyroid function tests revealed elevated levels of free T4 and TSH. TSH a-subunit levels were 0.41 mlU/mL, and magnetic resonance images of the sellar region evidenced no abnormal findings. The TSH response to TRH stimulation was found to be normal. The sequence analysis of the TR beta gene verified a missense mutation in exon 11, and the observed amino acid alteration was a substitution of a valine for a methionine at codon 349. We report the first case of a woman with RTH, which was found to be caused by a missense mutation (V349M) in the TR beta gene.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 04/2008; 23(1):45-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI; OMIM 192340) is a rare inherited disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. It is characterized by persistent polydipsia and polyuria induced by deficient or absent secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP). We report a Korean kindred in whom FNDI is associated with a novel deletion mutation in exon 2 of the AVP-NPII gene encoding the neurophysin II moiety. An 18-yr-old man with polyuria and polydipsia was shown to have central diabetes insipidus by using the water deprivation test. Four family members were suspected to have symptomatic vasopressin-deficient diabetes insipidus. Direct sequencing of the AVP-NPII gene showed a heterozygous GAG deletion mutation in exon 2, which results in in-frame deletion of glutamic acid (c.232_234delGAG; p.Glu78del). The mutation was predicted to yield an abnormal AVP precursor lacking Glu78 (E78) in its neurophysin II moiety. Because Glu78 is essential for neurophysin II molecules to form a salt bridge with AVP, the function of neurophysin as a carrier protein for AVP would be impaired. The proband's mother and sister have the same mutation. Presence of this mutation suggests that the portion of the neurophysin peptide encoded by this sequence is important for the appropriate expression of vasopressin.
Annals of clinical and laboratory science 02/2008; 38(1):12-4. · 0.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a tyrosine kinase that is found in cellular structures called focal adhesions. FAK appears to be a key element in signal transduction pathways involved in cell adhesion and locomotion. FAK is overexpressed in various tumors, including tumors derived from regions of the head and neck, colon, breast, prostate, and liver. In this study, we investigated immunohistochemically whether FAK expression was increased in thyroid cancers. FAK staining was not seen in any of the 20 normal thyroid tissues or the 6 nodular hyperplasia specimens. In contrast, FAK staining was observed in all of 17 papillary carcinomas, 9 follicular carcinomas, 8 medullary carcinomas, and 2 anaplastic carcinomas. Nine of 17 follicular adenomas showed FAK immunoreactivity. FAK was not expressed in normal tissue and nodular hyperplasia, but was expressed in some of the follicular adenoma, and all of the follicular, papillary, medullary and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. This result indicates that the up-regulation of FAK may play a role in the development of thyroid carcinogenesis.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 11/2004; 19(5):710-5. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent evidence indicates that elevated COX-2 expression is associated with the carcinogenesis of numerous neoplasms. In this study, we investigated COX-2 expression in various thyroid specimens in order to elucidate its physiological role in pathologic conditions, and to evaluate the efficiency of COX-2 protein expression as a molecular marker of malignancy in the thyroid gland.
COX-2 expression was studied immunohistochemically in 19 papillary carcinomas, 8 follicular carcinomas, 14 follicular adenomas, 2 Hürthle cell carcinomas, 4 Hürthle cell adenomas, 8 nodular hyperplasias, 3 Graves' diseases, 3 Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 2 medullary carcinomas, 1 anaplastic carcinoma, and 20 normal thyroid tissues.
COX-2 staining was not seen in any of the normal thyroid, Graves' disease, or nodular hyperplasia specimens. In contrast, COX-2 staining was observed in all of papillary carcinomas, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Hürthle cell carcinomas, and Hürthle cell adenomas tissues. Moreover, 7 of 8 follicular carcinomas and 11 of 14 follicular adenomas showed COX-2 staining.
These results indicate that COX-2 is not useful as a marker of malignancy. Since COX-2 expression was evident in follicular adenomas and in papillary and follicular carcinomas. Thus, the enzyme may be involved in the early process of thyroid tumorigenesis.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 01/2004; 18(4):225-9.