Rajinder Parshad

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Dilli, NCT, India

Are you Rajinder Parshad?

Claim your profile

Publications (73)115.94 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility and impact of fast track discharge in patients undergoing definitive breast cancer surgery.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2014; · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Giant cell tumor (GCT) is primarily a bone neoplasm. Rare origin of the tumor from soft tissues has been reported. Involvement of mediastinum by GCT is even rarer. We herein describe an interesting case of huge mediastinal tumor in a young man. Radiologically, no primary osseous lesion was present throughout the body. Morphologically, tumor resembles osseous GCT with increased mitotic activity. Hence, the case was diagnosed as soft tissue GCT of low malignant potential at the rare site of mediastinum. To the best of our knowledge, the present case is the fourth reported case. Pathologists and clinicians need to be aware of the rare diagnosis of GCT in mediastinum and should carefully evaluate the clinical and radiological findings.
    International Journal of Surgical Pathology 06/2014; · 0.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Breast carcinoma shows amplification/overexpression of Her-2/neu in ∼20-30% of cases. The determination of Her-2/neu expression accurately is vital in clinical practice as it has significant predictive value and eligibility for anti Her-2/neu therapy. Amplification and overexpression of Her-2/neu gene is traditionally identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) on tissue sections; only a few studies have evaluated feasibility of these techniques on cytological smears. One hundred cases of breast cancer with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) samples and corresponding surgically resected specimen were selected. Immunocytochemistry (ICC) and FISH for Her-2/neu was done on FNA smears, whereas IHC was performed on corresponding tissue sections. Diagnostic accuracy of ICC was 99% when compared with IHC. Comparison of FISH results with IHC showed 100% concordance. Unlike many centers in West, FNAC is still routinely performed in developing countries like India where vast majority of breast cancer cases present as palpable lumps. The high rates of accuracy of ICC and FISH for Her-2/neu detection can make FNAC a relevant first line of investigation as a cost effective model with a rapid turn-around time, providing complete information necessary for initial management of breast cancer patients. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Diagnostic Cytopathology 12/2013; · 1.49 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and in vivo proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) in the differentiation of breast tissue of healthy lactating women volunteers and breast cancer patients. DWI and MRS were carried out at 1.5 Tesla on 12 breast cancer patients and 12 normal lactating women volunteers. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and total choline (tCho) concentration were determined. tCho was observed in all breast cancer patients and in 10/12 lactating women. Additionally a peak at 3.8 ppm corresponding to lactose was seen in 10/12 of lactating women. Concentration of tCho was similar in malignant breast tissue of patients (3.51 ± 1.72 mmol/kg) and in normal breast tissue of lactating women (3.52 ± 1.70 mmol/kg). However, ADC was significantly higher in the normal breast tissue of lactating women (1.62 ± 0.22 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s) compared with the malignant breast tissue of patients (1.01 ± 0.10 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s). Observation of lactose peak with higher ADC in the breast tissue of healthy lactating women volunteers may aid in differentiation of changes that occur in breast tissue due to normal physiological conditions like lactation compared with malignant transformation. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2013; · 2.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sentinel lymph node biopsy shows promise as a minimally invasive technique that samples the first echelon (station) of nodes to predict the need for more extensive neck dissection. This paper discusses the accuracy and feasibility of sentinel node and “station II node” biopsy for predicting the status of neck in 20 patients of oral cancer. We identified sentinel node in these patients. The next higher-order nodes, that is, second echelon of nodes known as “station II nodes” were delineated by further injecting 0.1 ml of isosulfan blue dye in sentinel lymph node. Identification rate for station I nodes was 95 %. Station II nodes were identified in 84 % of patients. One patient had false negative station I node. Station II node status was false negative in two patients. “Station I and station II concept” is feasible in early-stage tumors of oral cavity.
    Indian Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 0.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Role of (18 [F] fluorine-18-labeled 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose [FDG] positron emission tomography-computed tomography [PET-CT]) in the evaluation of axillary lymph node involvement in T1T2N0 breast cancer and compare results with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). A total of 37 patients of proven T1T2N0 breast cancer were included in the study. Patients with past history of breast surgery, T3T4 disease, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and pregnant patients were excluded from the study. Pre-operative FDG PET-CT was performed followed by sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy with blue dye or combined technique. SLN was identified in 32 of 37 patients with an identification rate of 86.48% (32/37). With combined technique SLN identification rate was 100% (6/6) while with blue dye alone; it was 83.8% (26/31). Among 37 patients, 16 had axillary metastases of which 12 had macrometastases and four had micrometastases detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Of 12 patients with axillary macrometastases, skip metastases were present in two patients in whom SLN was negative and in two patients SLN was not identified, but axillary dissection showed metastases. PET-CT had shown sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value of 56%, 90%, 73%, and 81.8%, respectively. IHC of SLN detected four patients with micrometastases upstaging the disease by 11% (4/37). Because FDG PET-CT has a high specificity in the evaluation of axillary lymph node involvement in T1T2N0 breast cancer patients according to the results of this study if FDG PET-CT is positive in axillary lymph nodes, axillary lymph node dissection may be considered instead of SLNB.
    Indian journal of nuclear medicine : IJNM : the official journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India. 07/2013; 28(3):138-43.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The DNA methylation mediated by specific DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), results in the epigenetic silencing of multiple genes which are implicated in human breast cancer. We hypothesized that the natural compounds modulate the expression of DNMTs and their associated proteins in the breast cancer cell lines and affect the methylation mediated gene silencing. The DNMTs transcript expression was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the tumors and the adjacent normal breast tissues of the patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma. We tested the hypothesis that the natural compounds, viz., epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), genistein, withaferin A, curcumin, resveratrol, and guggulsterone, have demethylation potential. To investigate this hypothesis, we analyzed the DNMTs expression at the transcript levels, followed by the analysis of DNMT1 and its associated proteins (HDAC1, MeCP2, and MBD2). The increased DNMTs transcripts expression, viz., DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b, in the breast cancer tissues suggest involvement of the DNMTs in the breast carcinogenesis. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that the treatment with natural compounds, viz., EGCG, genistein, withaferin A, curcumin, resveratrol, and guggulsterone, resulted in a significant decrease in the transcript levels of all the DNMTs investigated. Importantly, these natural compounds decreased the protein levels of DNMT1, HDAC1, and MeCP2. Our results demonstrate that the natural compounds, EGCG, genistein, withaferin A, curcumin, resveratrol, and guggulsterone, have the potential to reverse the epigenetic changes. Moreover, their lack of toxicity makes these natural compounds promising candidates for the chemoprevention of the breast cancer. In-depth future mechanistic studies aimed to elucidate how these compounds affect the gene transcription are warranted.
    Journal of Breast Cancer 03/2013; 16(1):23-31. · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Congenital agenesis of the parotid gland is rare, and its association with accessory parotid tissue is even rarer. We report an unusual case of unilateral agenesis of the left parotid gland associated with pleomorphic adenoma of the left accessory parotid gland. To best of our knowledge, this is only the second such published case in the literature.
    Ear, nose, & throat journal 01/2013; 92(1):E13-5. · 1.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies pertaining to trans fatty acids (TFA), which have been implicated in development of chronic diseases, are more relevant in developing countries where nutrition transition is changing traditional habits and practices. Measuring TFA is an arduous task because of the need for fat biopsies. This study identifies a tissue, which can be easily accessed for analytical measurement of trans fatty acid. In this cross-sectional study, fatty acid in adipose tissue, cheek epithelium, and blood samples were assessed by gas chromatography. Spearman correlation coefficient was computed to study the correlation of fatty acid distribution among the three tissues. The correlation coefficient of total trans fatty acid between cheek epithelium and serum was 0.30 (P < 0.02) and between cheek epithelium and adipose tissue was 0.33 (P < 0.019). This study is the first to report trans fatty acid profile in cheek epithelium giving scope for utilizing the cheek epithelium as a tissue for objective assessment of trans fatty acid intake.
    BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:276174.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES It is generally believed that Heller's cardiomyotomy (HCM) cannot improve dysphagia in patients with marked dilatation and axis deviation or sigmoid oesophagus. Conventional management for sigmoid oesophagus has been oesophagectomy. We report our surgical experience in the management of 8 patients with sigmoid oesophagus with laparoscopic HCM.METHODS Eight patients with sigmoid oesophagus were retrospectively identified and their records were reviewed for symptomatic outcome evaluation following laparoscopic HCM with an antireflux procedure. Preoperative and postoperative, oesophageal and respiratory symptoms and quality of life scoring of achalasia were recorded.RESULTSThe mean age was 35.5 (range 25-57) years. Males and females were equally distributed. All patients had dysphagia as their chief presenting complaint. The median duration of dysphagia was 55 (range 18-180) months. All the patients had a poor quality of life. Four patients also had chronic cough. All 8 patients underwent laparoscopic HCM with an antireflux procedure. The mean duration of operation was 203.7 min. There were no mortalities and no major postoperative complications. At a median follow-up of 19.5 (range 6-45) months, there was a significant improvement of dysphagia and regurgitation scores with P-values of 0.014 and 0.008, respectively. Quality of life also significantly (P = 0.005) improved post-surgery. Chronic cough resolved in all the 4 patients (100%) following cardiomyotomy.CONCLUSIONS Laparoscopic HCM with an antireflux procedure provides significant symptom relief in patients with sigmoid oesophagus and may be considered as the first-line treatment option in such patients. Oesophagectomy should be reserved for patients with a failed cardiomyotomy.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 10/2012; · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with achalasia have respiratory symptoms due to chronic microaspiration. Achalasia can lead to radiological and functional changes in the lung. We studied the effect of either balloon dilatation or laparoscopic Heller's cardiomyotomy on the reversal of these changes in the lung. Thirty patients with achalasia were included in this study. Oesophageal symptoms and pulmonary symptoms were recorded. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were done at baseline and at the end of 6 months. High-resolution computed tomography of the chest was performed prior to treatment and repeated 6 months after treatment if found abnormal at the initial evaluation. The mean age of the patients was 30.97 years and mean duration of symptoms was 22.5 months. Fifteen patients (50%) had respiratory symptoms, nocturnal cough being the commonest symptom in 13 (43.3%). Thirteen patients (43.3%) had parenchymal lung changes on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Eight patients (28.5%) had functional abnormalities in the lungs in the form of restrictive airway disease. Nineteen patients opted for Laproscopic Heller's cardiomyotomy, while 11 patients underwent pneumatic dilatation. Six months after treatment, the respiratory symptoms resolved in all except two patients (13.3%). Four patients (66.6%) with active lung changes at HRCT showed resolution at 6 months. There was improvement in functional parameters on PFT evaluation with normalization of PFT in one patient. Pulmonary symptoms as well as radiological and functional abnormalities are common in patients with achalasia. Treatment in the form of pneumatic dilatation or Lap cardiomyotomy improves pulmonary symptoms.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 07/2012; 42(5):e90-5. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Identification of biomarkers for monitoring efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients is of utmost importance in individual tailoring of treatment and save from toxicity due to non-effective drugs. We hypothesized that methylation of circulating tumor-specific DNA may reflect changes in tumor burden in response to chemotherapy and help stratify responders from non-responders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of methylation changes in circulating DNA to monitor treatment response of breast cancer patients. Six consecutive sera samples collected from 30 breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed for methylation status of a panel of five genes namely, BRCA1, MGMT, GSTP1, Stratifin, and MDR1. Among these five genes, BRCA1 methylation frequency was different among responders and non-responders groups. The correlation coefficients between total gene methylation with initial chemotherapy and tumor volume reduction were R (2) = 0.8 and R (2) = 0.05 in the responders and non-responders groups, respectively. Our findings warrant further development of this approach for monitoring response in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
    Tumor Biology 06/2012; · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine concordance of promoter hypermethylation of ERβ (estrogen receptor β) and RARβ2 (retinoic acid receptor β2) in tumor and circulating DNA of Indian breast cancer patients and their association with clinicopathologic parameters and disease prognosis. ERβ and RARβ2 methylation was analyzed by methylation-specific PCR in the tumors and circulating DNA of 100 patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Promoter hypermethylation was associated with the expression of the encoded protein in tumors by immunohistochemistry, and their prognostic utility was explored in a follow-up study. Significant correlation was observed between promoter hypermethylation of ERβ (r = + 0.77; p ≤ 0.001) and RARβ2 (r = + 0.85; p ≤ 0.001) in tumors and paired sera. No association was found between ERβ and RARβ2 promoter hypermethylation and loss of protein expression. Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed loss of ERβ expression, and RARβ2 promoter hypermethylation was associated with poor overall survival (OS) (p = 0.03, p = 0.001). Breast cancer patients showing concurrent hypermethylation of ERβ and RARβ2 had a significantly shorter median OS (p = 0.02), underscoring that hypermethylation of these two genes may serve as an adverse prognosticator for breast carcinoma. Methylation status of ERβ and RARβ2 in serum could potentially be used to predict invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Furthermore, concurrent ERβ and RARβ2 methylation as well as loss of ERβ expression may serve as a good prognostic marker.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2012; 19(9):3107-15. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We carried out retrospective analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in 48 infiltrating ductal breast cancer patients who had dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCEMRI; Group I) and in 53 patients (Group II) for whom DCEMRI data were not available. Twenty-three patients of Group I showed no necrosis (Group Ia), while in 25 patients, both viable (nonnecrotic) and necrotic tumor areas (Group Ib) were observed on DCEMRI. T1-weighted, fat-suppressed and short inversion recovery images were used to identify the viable and necrotic tumor areas in Group II patients, and necrosis was not seen in 11 patients (Group IIa), while 42 (Group IIb) showed both viable and necrotic tumor areas. The ADCs of the necrotic area of Group Ib (1.79±0.30 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s) and Group IIb (1.83±0.40 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s) patients were similar and significantly higher (P<.01) compared to the ADCs of the viable tumor area of Group Ia (0.96±0.21 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s) and Group IIa (0.90±0.17 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s) patients. Proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) data were also available in these patients, and the ADC values were retrospectively determined from the voxel from which MR spectrum was obtained. These values were compared with the ADC obtained for the viable and necrotic areas of the tumor. ADC of the MRS voxel was similar to that obtained for the viable tumor area in patients of both groups. This interesting observation reveals the potential utility of using ADC values to identify viable tumor area for positioning of voxel for MRS in the absence of DCEMRI data.
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging 03/2012; 30(5):649-55. · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is being increasingly used for patients with large-size operable breast cancer. This phase 2 study of sequential NACT with gemcitabine and doxorubicin (Gem + Dox) followed by gemcitabine and cisplatin (Gem + Cis) was conducted in women with large or locally advanced breast cancer. The objectives were to evaluate the pathological complete response (pCR) rate, toxicity, pathological and genetic markers predicting response, the proportion of patients undergoing breast conservation surgery, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after 5 years, and time to treatment failure (TtTF). In this manuscript, we report the long-term OS, PFS, and TtTF results. METHODS: Female patients aged at least 18 years with large T2 (at least 3 cm) or locally advanced (T3, T4, or N2) breast carcinoma were included. Treatment consisted of 4 cycles of Gem + Dox (gemcitabine 1,200 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 plus doxorubicin 60 mg/m(2) on day 1 of each 21-day cycle), followed by 4 cycles of Gem + Cis (gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 plus cisplatin 70 mg/m(2) on day 1 of each 21-day cycle), and then surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients were enrolled. The pCR rate was 20%. The 5-year OS probability was 71% (95% CI 56-82%), and the 4-year PFS and TtTF probabilities were 63% (95% CI 48-74%) and 45% (95% CI 32-57%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: NACT with Gem + Dox followed by Gem + Cis was efficacious in patients with operable breast cancer.
    Breast Cancer 02/2012; · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of single photon emission tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) with 99mTc-N-(3-bromo-2,4,6-trimethylacetanilide) iminodiacetic acid (Mebrofenin) for detection and localisation of post-operative and post-traumatic bile leak and compare the same with planar hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS). METHODS: Data of 32 consecutive patients (Age-35.7 ± 15.3 years; Female-53.2%) who underwent 99mTc-Mebrofenin planar HBS and SPECT-CT for suspected bile leak was prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-six patients were post-operative and six had history of abdominal trauma. Planar HBS and SPECT-CT images were evaluated by two experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values, were calculated for planar HBS and SPECT-CT. Final diagnosis was established based on a combination of re-operative findings, follow up imaging and clinical follow up (1-4 week).For evaluation of observer confidence a third observer used a scoring scale of 1-5, with 1 being definite bile leak and 5 being no leak. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn and the areas under the curves were compared. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of SPECT-CT were 88.8%, 100% and 96.8% while that of planar HBS were 77.7%, 60.8% and 65.6%, respectively. Planar HBS showed very low diagnostic accuracy compared to SPECT-CT (65.6% vs. 96.8%; P = 0.021). It was false positive in nine patients. SPECT-CT also correctly localised the site of bile leak in eight of nine patients. On ROC analysis the observer confidence for SPECT-CT was significantly better than that for planar scintigraphy (P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: 99mTc-Mebrofenin hybrid SPECT-CT is highly sensitive and specific for detection and localisation of post-operative and post-traumatic bile leak. It is more accurate than planar HBS and should be routinely done in such patients.
    Abdominal Imaging 02/2012; · 1.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the role of single photon emission tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) with 99mTc-N-(3-bromo-2,4,6-trimethylacetanilide) iminodiacetic acid (Mebrofenin) for detection and localisation of post-operative and post-traumatic bile leak and compare the same with planar hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS). METHODS: Data of 32 consecutive patients (Age-35.7 ± 15.3 years; Female-53.2%) who underwent 99mTc-Mebrofenin planar HBS and SPECT-CT for suspected bile leak was prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-six patients were post-operative and six had history of abdominal trauma. Planar HBS and SPECT-CT images were evaluated by two experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values, were calculated for planar HBS and SPECT-CT. Final diagnosis was established based on a combination of re-operative findings, follow up imaging and clinical follow up (1-4 week).For evaluation of observer confidence a third observer used a scoring scale of 1-5, with 1 being definite bile leak and 5 being no leak. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn and the areas under the curves were compared. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of SPECT-CT were 88.8%, 100% and 96.8% while that of planar HBS were 77.7%, 60.8% and 65.6%, respectively. Planar HBS showed very low diagnostic accuracy compared to SPECT-CT (65.6% vs. 96.8%; P = 0.021). It was false positive in nine patients. SPECT-CT also correctly localised the site of bile leak in eight of nine patients. On ROC analysis the observer confidence for SPECT-CT was significantly better than that for planar scintigraphy (P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: 99mTc-Mebrofenin hybrid SPECT-CT is highly sensitive and specific for detection and localisation of post-operative and post-traumatic bile leak. It is more accurate than planar HBS and should be routinely done in such patients.
    Abdom Imaging. 01/2012;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The association of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status of breast cancer patients with total choline (tCho) concentration and tumor volume was investigated using in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and MRI at 1.5 T. Values for tCho concentration were determined in 120 locally advanced breast cancer patients (stages IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC), 31 early breast cancer patients (stage IIA), 38 patients with benign lesions, and 37 controls. Significantly higher tCho concentration and lower tumor volume were observed in early breast cancer patients compared to locally advanced breast cancer patients (P < 0.05). tCho concentration and tumor volume did not correlate with age and menstruation. tCho cutoff values were obtained for the differentiation of malignant from benign breast tissues (2.54 mmol/kg); malignant versus normal (1.45 mmol/kg) and benign versus normal tissues (0.82 mmol/kg). Estrogen receptor negative patients showed significantly larger tumor volumes, indicating higher angiogenesis with aggressive tumor behavior. Nontriple negative and triple positive patients had a significantly higher tCho concentration compared to triple negative patients (P < 0.05), indicating complex molecular mechanism of cell proliferation and the molecular heterogeneity of breast lesions. The results indicate the potential use of integration of breast (1) H magnetic resonance spectroscopy in diagnostic workup. Magn Reson Med, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 12/2011; 68(4):1039-47. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bilateral parotid swelling is not an uncommon occurrence and may pose a challenge for clinicians and radiologists. Numerous causes of bilateral parotid swellings have been identified. The purpose of this pictorial review is to display this wide array with a focus on multimodality approach.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 10/2011; 40(7):403-14. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The high concentration of prostaglandins has been associated with chronic inflammatory diseases and several types of human cancers. This is due to the over expression of inflammatory enzymes like Cyclooxygenase (COX), Lipoxygenase (LOX) etc. The aim of this study was to quantify the LOX-12 with clinicopathological parameter of breast cancer patients and its response after chemotherapy to establish serum LOX-12 as a prognostic marker. This case-controlled study was performed on 86 biopsy proven breast cancer patients. Blood and tissue samples were collected from the patients. Serum LOX-12 of the study group was quantified by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) and ELISA techniques by antibody-antigen interaction strategy. A significant increase in LOX-12 levels was observed in breast cancer patients (Mean ± SD=40.54±13.61 ng/ml) as compared to healthy controls (Mean ± SD=13.42±2.4 ng/ml) (p<0.0001). Serum LOX-12 levels were significantly higher (p<0.002) in patients with lymph node involvement. More than 75% patients had shown significant (p<0.0001) reduction of LOX-12 levels after chemotherapy. This was also confirmed by ELISA. This study for the first time had co-related the quantity of serum LOX-12 with breast cancer and also with the effect of chemotherapy.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 09/2011; 414(2):304-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

531 Citations
115.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2014
    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
      • • Department of Biochemistry
      • • Department of Surgical Disciplines
      • • Department of Radiology
      New Dilli, NCT, India
  • 2013
    • AIIMS Bhopal All India Institute of Medical Sciences
      Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2009
    • Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital
      New Dilli, NCT, India