[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) has been developed as a means of decreasing the incidence of surgical wound complications. However, NOSE performed using a conventional multiport technique has been reported previously. The current authors performed totally laparoscopic anterior resection with transvaginal specimen extraction (TVSE) using the reduced-port surgery (RPS) technique. The Alexis wound retractor (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, USA) and Free Access (Top Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) were attached to the transvaginal route for transvaginal assistance and smooth specimen extraction. The authors documented this simple and safe technique and its short-term results.
Data were prospectively collected for five patients who underwent totally laparoscopic anterior resection with TVSE for colorectal cancer between June 2012 and December 2012. A multiport access device (GelPOINT advanced-access platform; Applied Medical) was inserted into the navel, and a 5-mm port was inserted into the right lower quadrant to be used as a drain site. Transverse transvaginal posterior colpotomy then was performed. One ring of an Alexis ring pair was inserted into the peritoneal cavity through the vagina. The other white ring was placed outside of the vagina and then covered with a Free Access to maintain the pneumoperitoneum for insertion of a 12-mm port. Lymph node dissection and transection of the distal colon were performed with transvaginal assistance. The specimen then was extracted transvaginally. After the Alexis had been removed, the vaginal incision was closed transvaginally. End-to-end colorectal anastomosis was performed using the double-stapling technique.
Transvaginal extraction was completed in all five cases. The median operation time was 235 min. One case was complicated by chyloperitoneum. The median hospital stay was 6 days. Only one patient required intravenous analgesics once on postoperative day 1. All the patients remained disease free.
Totally laparoscopic anterior resection using TVSE with RPS appears to be feasible, safe, and oncologically acceptable for selected cases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of hyperammonemic encephalopathy related to 5-FU in an aged patient with recurrent colon cancer treated with FOLFIRI therapy. An 80-year-old man underwent right hemicolectomy for cecal cancer. After 10 months, surgical resection was performed for its local recurrence. He was then treated with FOLFIRI therapy, and during the fifth course, he presented with a sudden onset of congestive disturbances. Through radiographic examination and laboratory data, only hyperammonemia was found; he was therefore diagnosed with hyperammonemic encephalopathy. By starting branchedamino acid solutions for its treatment, his consciousness and serum ammonia were promptly improved. Hyperammonemic encephalopathy related 5-FU is caused by increasing ammonia production and its metabolic inhibition, and is worsened by renal dysfunction, dehydration, constipation, infections, or body weight loss. On account of the potential decrease of metabolic function of liver and kidney, an aged person tends to have hyperammonnemia more than a youth. Clinicians should be aware of the adverse events associated with hyperammonemia when then administer a large amount of 5-FU to elderly patients.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 05/2013; 40(5):671-3.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSES: Pancreatic cancer still has a poor prognosis even after curative resection because of the high incidence of postoperative liver metastasis. This study prospectively evaluated the feasibility and tolerability of portal vein infusion chemotherapy of gemcitabine (PVIG) as an adjuvant setting after pancreatic resection. METHODS: Thirteen patients enrolled in this study received postoperative chemotherapy with PVIG. The patients received intermittent administration of gemcitabine (800 mg/m(2)) via the portal vein on days 1, 8, and 15 after surgery. The tolerability and the toxicity of PVIG were closely monitored. RESULTS: The PVIG was started on an average of 3.1 days after surgery. Complete doses of chemotherapy (three sessions of portal infusion) were accomplished in 11 of the 13 patients. Grade 3 or 4 leukocytopenia was observed in three patients (23 %), and liver dysfunction was found in one patient (7.7 %). Grade 2 sepsis developed in two cases due to bloodstream infection. Liver metastasis was the first site of recurrence in only two patients. CONCLUSIONS: PVIG can be administered to the liver with acceptable toxicity, but myelosuppression is similar to the systemic use of gemcitabine. Careful observation is required even for locoregional chemotherapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The patient was a 62-year-old man with bowel obstruction in a locally advanced rectal cancer. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed tumor enlargement(11.4 × 9.0 cm)that invaded the urinary bladder, but no distant metastasis. XELOX therapy was planned in order to shrink or eliminate the tumor after a sigmoid colostomy. Four courses of XELOX therapy were perfomed. Consequently, the level of the tumor marker had been restored to a normal range. CT scan revealed marked shrinkage of the tumor (6.1 × 5.2 cm) and a sharply-defined border between the tumor and the urinary bladder. Three weeks after chemotherapy, a low anterior resection as a radical surgery, and a temporary ileostomy were performed. The post-operative course was good. The histological effect was judged to be grade 3. There were no viable cancer cells in the rectal tumor and lymph nodes. The patient is alive and has been disease-free for 10 months after the operation. XELOX therapy as pre-operative chemotherapy might be safe and effective for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2012; 39(4):683-6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conventional techniques for laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) require abdominal minilaparotomy for extraction of the specimen. Abdominal wound complications often increase the invasiveness of LAC. To decrease the incidence of wound complications, natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) has been reported. However, only a few devices that allow smooth extraction and reduced intracorporeal contamination have been reported previously. We performed totally laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy using transanal specimen extraction (TASE) and the Alexis(®) wound retractor (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, USA). We document this simple and safe technique and its short-term results.
We prospectively collected data on 18 patients who underwent totally laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy with TASE from April 2009 to July 2010. Lymph node dissection and transection of proximal and distal colon were performed in conventional manner. The transected rectal stump was opened transversely, and a long Babcock grasper was inserted transanally through the opened rectal stump. One of a pair of Alexis rings was held and pulled out of the anus. The other ring was placed in the opened rectal stump. The specimen was then extracted transanally through the Alexis. After the Alexis had been removed, the rectal opening was reclosed with a linear stapler. End-to-end colorectal anastomosis was then performed using the double-stapling technique.
Transanal extraction was achieved in 17 cases. We switched to conventional LAC in a case involving a bulky specimen. In 16 cases not including the combined cholecystectomy case, mean operation time was 241 min. One case was complicated by anastomotic leakage and wound infection, while another had enterocolitis. Median hospital stay was 6 days. All patients remained disease free. Mean Wexner score at 12 months after operation was 2.3.
Totally laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy using TASE and the Alexis appears to be feasible, safe, and oncologically acceptable for selected cases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liver perfusion chemotherapy (LPC) for pancreatic cancer has been rarely undertaken in a postoperative adjuvant setting. We evaluated the feasibility and antitumor efficacy of LPC with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by gemcitabine treatment.
This prospective study enrolled 27 patients who underwent pancreatic resection and subsequent LPC + gemcitabine treatment during a 3-year period. The liver was infused with 5-FU (125 mg/body per day per route) via both routes of hepatic artery and portal vein for more than 21 days. After that, gemcitabine (1000 mg/m) was administered biweekly.
Portal vein thrombosis developed in 1 patient, but 89% patients tolerated LPC for more than 21 days with no life-threatening complication. Systemic administration of gemcitabine was accomplished in 93%; however, 1 patient died of serious capillary leak syndrome. No grade 4 toxicity was recorded, except for that patient. Median survival time and disease-free survival were 27.5 and 24.5 months, respectively. Hepatic relapse was observed in 25.9% (n = 7). Survival was in favor of paraaortic node-negative cases (n = 20) with a 2-year survival of 68.7%.
Liver perfusion chemotherapy was feasible with acceptable toxicity. Systemic use of gemcitabine also seems to be safe for the most part. This adjuvant chemotherapy shows promising survival benefit and seems to be indicative to paraaortic node-negative tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 51-year-old man had been diagnosed with esophageal achalasia 26 years previously; however, regular medical examination was
not performed. He presented to the hospital for severe back pain and increased dysphagia during the past 7 months. Endoscopic
examination showed the presence of multiple primary carcinoma of the esophagus with achalasia. An esophagogram showed sigmoid-type
achalasia with grade III dilatation. Subtotal esophagectomy with mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenectomy was performed.
Histopathological examination showed three squamous cell carcinomas at pStage IVB, including pT3 and pM1b. Furthermore, all
the three lesions located in the large, slightly iodine-stained area showed hyperplasia with inflammatory cells. Although
adjuvant chemotherapy was administered, the patient died of recurrence on the right chest wall and in the stomach, liver,
and left iliac bone at 23 months after operation. A patient with esophageal achalasia should be carefully followed up by endoscopy
with iodine staining.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have experienced successful treatment of a multiple hepatic metastasis of rectal cancer with combination chemotherapy. The patient is a 57-year-old male with bowel obstruction accompanied by rectal cancer (SE, N3, P1, H3, M (-) stage IV) who underwent a Hartmann operation with D3 lymph node dissection on July 6, 2000. The histopathological findings revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (se, INFbeta, n3, ly2, v2, p1). From the 11th postoperative day, combination chemotherapy using 5-FU 750 mg/day and LV 300 mg/day was performed once a week. When he underwent 5 combination chemotherapy treatments, adverse effects of grade 3 occurred, and the serum CEA level rose rapidly. We changed his regimen at that time. He underwent 2 courses of combination chemotherapy with 5-FU 500 mg/day and CDDP 10 mg/day for 5 days. Additional courses of combination chemotherapy with 5-FU 500 mg/day, LV 25 mg/day and CDDP 10 mg/day were performed weekly in the outpatient department. The treatment was effective, and a complete response (CR) was noted 4 months after the chemotherapy. The same combination chemotherapy was performed biweekly for one year after CR. The patient has been receiving a subsequent single administration of UFT and has remained in remission for 3 years and 7 months after surgery.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2004; 31(10):1591-4.