Taichi Ueshima

Hiroshima University, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima-ken, Japan

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Publications (5)17.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We screened circadian-regulated genes in rat cartilage by using a DNA microarray analysis. In rib growth-plate cartilage, numerous genes showed statistically significant circadian mRNA expression under both 12:12 h light-dark and constant darkness conditions. Type II collagen and aggrecan genes-along with several genes essential for post-translational modifications of collagen and aggrecan, including prolyl 4-hydroxylase 1, lysyl oxidase, lysyl oxidase-like 2, and 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 2-showed the same circadian phase. In addition, the mRNA level of SOX9, a master transcription factor for the synthesis of type II collagen and aggrecan, has a similar phase of circadian rhythms. The circadian expression of the matrix-related genes may be critical in the development and the growth of various cartilages, because similar circadian expression of the matrix-related genes was observed in hip joint cartilage. However, the circadian phase of the major matrix-related genes in the rib permanent cartilage was almost the converse of that in the rib growth-plate cartilage under light-dark conditions. We also found that half of the oscillating genes had conserved clock-regulatory elements, indicating contribution of the elements to the clock outputs. These findings suggest that the synthesis of the cartilage matrix macromolecules is controlled by cell-autonomous clocks depending upon the in vivo location of cartilage.
    Journal of Biochemistry 08/2013; · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several cis-acting elements play critical roles in maintaining circadian expression of clock and clock-controlled genes. Using in silico analysis, we identified 10 sequence motifs that are correlated with the circadian phases of gene expression in the cartilage. One of these motifs, an E-box-like clock-related element (EL-box; GGCACGAGGC), can mediate BMAL1/CLOCK-induced transcription, which is typically regulated through an E-box or E'-box. Expression of EL-box-containing genes, including Ank, Dbp, and Nr1d1 (Rev-erbĪ±), was induced by BMAL1/CLOCK or BMAL1/NPAS2. Compared with the E-box, the EL-box elements had distinct responsiveness to DEC1, DEC2, and HES1: suppressive actions of DEC1 and DEC2 on the EL-box were less potent than those on the E-box. HES1, which is known to bind to the N-box (CACNAG), suppressed enhancer activity of the EL-box, but not the E-box. In the Dbp promoter, an EL-box worked cooperatively with a noncanonical (NC) E-box to mediate BMAL1/CLOCK actions. These findings suggest that in addition to known clock elements, the EL-box element may contribute to circadian regulation of clock and clock-controlled genes.
    Gene 08/2012; 510(2):118-25. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DEC1 (BHLHB2/Stra13/Sharp2)-a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor-is known to be involved in various biological phenomena including clock systems and metabolism. In the clock systems, Dec1 expression is dominantly up-regulated by CLOCK : BMAL1 heterodimer, and it exhibits circadian rhythm in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)-the central circadian pacemaker-and other peripheral tissues. Recent studies have shown that the strong circadian rhythmicity of Dec1 in the SCN was abolished by Clock mutation, whereas that in the liver was affected, but not abolished, by Clock mutation. Moreover, feeding conditions affected hepatic Dec1 expression, which indicates that Dec1 expression is closely linked with the metabolic functions of the liver. Among ligand-activated nuclear receptors examined, LXRalpha and LXRbeta with T0901317-agonist for LXR-were found to be potent enhancers for Dec1 promoter activity, and a higher expression level of LXRalpha protein was detected in the liver than in the kidney and heart. T0901317 increased the levels of endogenous Dec1 transcript in hepatoma cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicated that LXRalpha bound to the Dec1 promoter, and an LXRalpha-binding site was identified. These observations indicate that hepatic DEC1 mediates the ligand-dependent LXR signal to regulate the expression of genes involved in the hepatic clock system and metabolism.
    Genes to Cells 12/2008; 14(1):29-40. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DEC1 suppresses CLOCK/BMAL1-enhanced promoter activity, but its role in the circadian system of mammals remains unclear. Here we examined the effect of Dec1 overexpression or deficiency on circadian gene expression triggered with 50% serum. Overexpression of Dec1 delayed the phase of clock genes such as Dec1, Dec2, Per1, and Dbp that contain E boxes in their regulatory regions, whereas it had little effect on the circadian phase of Per2 and Cry1 carrying CACGTT E' boxes. In contrast, Dec1 deficiency advanced the phase of the E-box-containing clock genes but not that of the E'-box-containing clock genes. Accordingly, DEC1 showed strong binding and transrepression on the E box, but not on the E' box, in chromatin immunoprecipitation, electrophoretic mobility shift, and luciferase reporter assays. Dec1-/- mice showed behavioral rhythms with slightly but significantly longer circadian periods under conditions of constant darkness and faster reentrainment to a 6-h phase-advanced shift of a light-dark cycle. Knockdown of Dec2 with small interfering RNA advanced the phase of Dec1 and Dbp expression, and double knockdown of Dec1 and Dec2 had much stronger effects on the expression of the E-box-containing clock genes. These findings suggest that DEC1, along with DEC2, plays a role in the finer regulation and robustness of the molecular clock.
    Molecular and cellular biology 07/2008; 28(12):4080-92. · 6.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the food-entrainable oscillatory mechanism of peripheral clock systems, we examined the effect of fasting on circadian expression of clock genes including Dec1 and Dec2 in mice. Withholding of food for 2 days had these effects: the expression level of Dec1 mRNA decreased in all tissues examined, although Per1 mRNA level markedly increased; Per2 expression was reduced in the liver and heart only 42-46 h after the start of fasting; and expression profiles of Dec2 and Bmal1 were altered only in the heart and in the liver, respectively, whereas Rev-erbalpha mRNA levels did not change significantly. Re-feeding after 36-h starvation erased, at least in part, the effect of fasting on Dec1, Dec2, Per1, Per2, and Bmal1 within several hours, and restriction feeding shifted the phase of expression profiles of all examined clock genes including Dec1 and Dec2. These findings indicate that short-term fasting and re-feeding modulate the circadian rhythms of clock genes to different extents in peripheral tissues, and suggest that the expression of Dec1, Per1, and some other clock genes was closely linked with the metabolic activity of these tissues.
    Journal of Biochemistry 10/2006; 140(3):401-8. · 3.07 Impact Factor