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ABSTRACT: We developed a new diagnostic method of subgenus (Sub) B adenovirus (Ad) in clinical samples using non-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sequences of the conserved hexon-coding region of representative strains of eight serotypes (3, 7, 11, 14, 16, 21, 34 and 35) of Sub B Ad were heterogeneous. In order to distinguish Ad serotype 3 (Ad 3) and Ad 7 from the other serotypes of Sub B Ad, and to differentiate Ad 3 and 7 from each other, 3 different downstream primers were designed based on the sequence heterogeneity. By a single-tube PCR method using a combination of 6 primers including the 3 new primers, Ads demonstrated to amplify 188, 206, 284, and 301 bp DNA fragments for Ad 3, Ad 7, other Sub B Ads, and non-Sub B Ads, respectively. A total of 114 clinical samples were selected to evaluate the direct applicability of our PCR. The results were compared with previous culture results. Sixty-seven out of 71 (94%) Sub B Ad culture-positive samples, and 15 out of 19 (79%) Sub C or E-positive samples amplified products of the expected size. Two of 20 (10%) culture-negative samples from pharyngoconjunctival fever patients were identified as Ad 3 by the PCR. Four samples, from which non-Ad viruses were isolated, were negative by the PCR. The present study might provide a rapid and sensitive diagnosis method for infections caused by Sub B Ads.
Microbiology and Immunology 02/2000; 44(10):821-6. · 1.55 Impact Factor