ABSTRACT: To investigate the surgical findings and outcomes after vitrectomy for a lamellar macular hole (LMH).
Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series.
Twenty-seven patients (27 eyes) with a lamellar macular hole and central vision loss.
All patients underwent 3-port vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) stripping by one of the authors. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and appearance by optical coherence tomography (OCT) were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively.
Preoperative and postoperative BCVA and OCT imaging.
Visual acuity improved postoperatively in 25 of 27 eyes (93%), with a mean improvement of 3.2 Snellen lines. Preoperative and postoperative OCT images were obtained in 24 of 27 eyes (89%) and were judged to have improved or normalized in 22 of 24 (92%) of these patients.
In patients with central visual loss from a lamellar macular hole, vitrectomy with ILM stripping appears to be a beneficial treatment.
Ophthalmology 06/2008; 115(5):884-886.e1. · 5.45 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: : To evaluate the anatomical and visual outcomes of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repairs performed using 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy.
: A retrospective, noncomparative interventional case series including 53 consecutive eyes of 52 patients who underwent 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy to repair primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was performed. Variables collected for the study were patient demographics, lens status, preoperative visual acuity, and macular status. Outcome measures included single-operation anatomical success rate, final anatomical success rate, postoperative visual acuity, and surgical complications.
: The retina was reattached with a single operation in 39 (74%) of 53 eyes. The final anatomical success rate was 100%. The mean time to redetachment was 72 days (range, 13-334 days). Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (64%) and development of new retinal breaks (43%) were the most common reasons associated with redetachment. Mean visual acuity improved from 20/100 to 20/60 (P = 0.001); 55% of eyes had final vision of 20/40 or better. Three eyes (6%) developed postoperative choroidal hemorrhage. Three eyes (6%) developed visually significant macular pucker that required surgery. No postoperative hypotony or endophthalmitis was observed.
: Repair of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments using 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy resulted in excellent final anatomical success rate and postoperative visual outcomes. However, redetachments due to new tears and/or proliferative vitreoretinopathy resulted in a lower single-operation success rate than those reported with 20-gauge systems.
Retina 06/2008; 28(5):729-34. · 2.81 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To present a current series that determined the effect of duration of macular detachment (DMD) and patient age on postscleral buckle (SB) visual acuity (VA) and anatomic results.
Retrospective, noncomparative, observational case series.
Ninety-four consecutive patients (94 eyes) with primary, uncomplicated, macula-off retinal detachments, a preoperative VA of 20/200 or worse, and a precise history of when macular function was lost.
Standard explant scleral buckle technique performed by multiple surgeons.
Visual acuity, anatomic reattachment, and proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
Visual acuity after SB of 20/40 or better was seen in 71% of eyes with a DMD of 10 days or fewer, 27% of eyes with a DMD of 11 days to 6 weeks, and 14% of eyes with a DMD of more than 6 weeks. Eyes achieved a mean VA after SB of 20/41 after a DMD of 10 days or fewer, 20/121 after a DMD of 11 days to 6 weeks, and 20/178 after a DMD of more than 6 weeks. No decrease in VA was seen within the 1- to 10-day period or the 11 days to 6 week period of DMD. Patients 60 years of age or less achieved a mean VA after SB of 20/47 compared with 20/81 for patients between 61 to 75 years of age and 20 of 96 in patients more than 76 years of age. Duration of macular detachment and patient age had no statistically significant effect on final anatomic reattachment after SB, reoperation rate, or proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
Eyes with primary, uncomplicated, macula-off retinal detachment repaired with SB achieve excellent postoperative VA if repaired within the first 10 days of macular detachment. These results are better than the VA in eyes repaired after 11 days to 6 weeks and more than 6 weeks of macular detachment. Patients 60 years of age and younger obtained better postoperative VA than older patients. Duration of macular detachment and patient age did not significantly effect anatomic outcomes.
Ophthalmology 02/2002; 109(1):146-52. · 5.45 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To investigate the size and distribution of lesions in newly diagnosed cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR).
Retrospective, observational case series.
Fundus photographs of 252 newly diagnosed CMVR lesions in 173 eyes of 130 patients (123 male, 7 female).
Thirty-five millimeter (60 degrees ) color transparencies were digitized. A montage of the retina was assembled for each involved eye and was superimposed on a specially designed map of the postequatorial retina. Cytomegalovius retinitis lesions were delineated, and the size and location of each lesion was measured. The size of newly diagnosed CMVR lesions was computed in terms of percent postequatorial retinal surface area (PERSA), and the location of lesions was plotted on a polar coordinate system.
Size and location of patches of newly diagnosed CMVR.
The median lesion size was 3% PERSA. Peripheral CMVR lesions were larger than posterior ones (P < 0.001). The mean number of lesions was 1.6 per eye. The total area of CMVR involvement ranged from 1% to 76% PERSA, with a median of 5% PERSA. There was no difference between left and right eyes in the distribution of lesion centers (P = 0.27). The concentric distribution of lesion centers appeared to be homogeneous, except for fewer centers in the most peripheral 14 degrees (P < 0.001), and a greater than expected number of lesion centers in the macula (central 11.6 degrees, P < 0.001). Eyes of patients with unilateral retinitis had 1.3 lesions per involved eye compared with eyes of patients with bilateral retinitis, which had 1.6 lesions per eye (P = 0.003).
Most newly diagnosed CMVR lesions were small. Peripheral lesions were larger than more posterior lesions. Variations from a homogeneous distribution of lesions were noted only at the extreme peripheral and central locations and are probably explained by ascertainment bias. The macula was not spared from new CMVR lesions in this patient population.
Ophthalmology 01/2002; 109(1):119-25. · 5.45 Impact Factor