Deniz Erdogan

Gazi University, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (95)152.77 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ciliary body is responsible for humour aqueous production in posterior chamber. Valproic acid (VPA) has been widely used for the treatment of epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric diseases such as bipolar disease and major depression. Oxcarbazepine (OXC) is a new anti-epileptic agent that has been used recently for childhood epilepsies such as VPA. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of VPA and OXC treatments used as antiepileptic in ciliary body by electron microscopy. In our study, 40 Wistar rats (21 days old) were divided equally into four groups which were applied saline (group 1), VPA (group 2), OXC (group 3) and VPA + OXC (group 4). The as-prepared ocular tissues were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) technique in scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM-TEM) (Carl Zeiss EVO LS10). The results confirmed that VPA caused dense ciliary body degeneration. Additionally, ciliary body degeneration in group 4 was supposed to be due to VPA treatment. Ciliary body damage and secondary outcomes should be considered in patients with long-term VPA therapy.
    Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: During tendon injuries the tendon sheath is also damaged. This study aims to test effectiveness of engineered tendon synovial cell biomembrane on prevention of adhesions. Forty New Zealand Rabbits enrolled into four study groups. Engineered synovial sheath was produced by culturing cell suspension on fabricated collagen matrix membrane. Study groups were: tendon repair (group A), tendon repair zone covered with plane matrix (Group B), synovial suspension injection into the zone of repair over matrix (Group C), and biomembrane application (Group D). Biomechanical evaluations of tendon excursion, MP and PIP joint range of motion, H&E and Alcian Blue with neutral red staining, and adhesion formation graded for histological assessments were studied. Ten non-operated extremities used as control. Tendon excursions and range of motions were significantly higher and close to control group for Group D, p<0.05. Adhesion formation was not different among Group C, D and Control, p>0.005. Hyaluronic acid synthesis was demonstrated at group C and D at the zone of injury. Application of synovial cells into the tendon repair zone either by cell suspension or within a biomembrane significantly decreases the adhesion formation. Barrier effect of collagen matrix and restoration of hyaluronic acid synthesis can explain the possible mechanism of action.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 03/2014; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to observe the possible protective effects of resveratrol (RSV) against damage induced by di-n-butylphthalate (DBP), on the ductus epididymis and deferens in rats. SIX GROUPS OF RATS WERE USED IN THE EXPERIMENT: Group 1: Control group; Group 2: Solvent (carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), 10ml/kg); Group 3: 500 mg/kg/day DBP; Group 4: 500 mg/kg/day DBP+20 mg/kg/day RSV; Group 5: 1000 mg/kg/day DBP; Group 6: 1000mg/kg/day DBP + 20 mg/kg/day RSV. Groups were treated by gavage for 30 days. Immunohistochemical, electronmicroscopic and histomorphometric examinations were carried out in the epididymis and deferens. In the ductus epididymis and deferens mitochondrial crystolysis, exfoliation of the stereocilia and openings in lateral surface increased with DBP dosage, but these structures were recovered with RSV. DBP reduced the epithelial height of epididymis and vas deferens. Lumen dilatation was observed in both tissues. These disorders may lead to dysfunction of epithelial absorption. In the TUNEL examinations in both tissues, there were no apoptotic cells or apoptotic bodies. In conclusion, DBP administration caused structural degeneration in the epididymis and deferens, parallel to dose evaluation and RSV can reverse these changes with its protective effects.
    Indian Journal of Pharmacology 01/2014; 46(1):51-6. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To study the effects of cigarette smoke and vitamin E on the development of endometrial pinopods. Study design Eighteen female and 12 male Swiss albino mice, 12–14 weeks old, with a mean weight of 25 g (standard deviation 5 g) were used in this study. Female mice were divided into three equal groups. Every day for 10 weeks, mice in Group 1 (control group) received normal saline intraperitoneally; mice in Group 2 were exposed to smoke from 20 cigarettes/day using a smoke machine; and mice in Group 3 were exposed to smoke from 20 cigarettes/day using a smoke machine and also received 50 mg/kg vitamin E intraperitoneally. After 10 weeks, vaginal smears were taken from the female mice and they were copulated with the 12 male Swiss albino mice on the day of oestrus. Day 0 was defined as the day on which sperm were detected in the vagina by smear test. Mice were killed at the end of Day 5, which was considered to represent the optimal day for implantation. The uteri were removed and the effects of cigarette smoke and vitamin E on the development of endometrial pinopods were studied using an electron microscope. Results The endometrial tissue of the control group appeared morphologically normal, with short microvilli, cytoplasm and pinopods in the form of cytoplasm and cell membrane enlargements in patches. In total, 149 pinopods were counted in the control group using a scanning electron microscope (two histologists performed the analysis and were blinded to each other’s findings). In the smoke-exposed group, the cytoplasmic structure was degenerated considerably, and fewer pinopods were counted (n = 11). The number of pinopods in mice who were exposed to cigarette smoke and vitamin E (n = 67) was significantly higher compared with the cigarette-exposed group (p = 0.002), but considerably lower compared with the control group (p = 0.002). Conclusion Smoke exposure led to a significant decrease in the development of endometrial pinopods. Vitamin E, an antioxidant, partially reversed the adverse effects of cigarette smoke. This suggests that cigarettes may have a negative effect on fertility by decreasing the number of pinopods. However, this negative effect can be reduced using vitamin E. More studies should be conducted to support this finding.
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 01/2014; 179:117–120.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the histomorphological effects of smoking on the cilia of fallopian tubes in mice and the effect of vitamin E on the negative effects of smoke. Study design: Eighteen 12-14 week-old Swiss albino type female mice were randomly divided into three groups, each consisting of six mice: Group A: Control group; Group B: mice exposed to cigarette smoke; Group C: mice exposed to cigarette smoke together with vitamin E. Groups B and C were exposed to cigarette smoke for 10 weeks. After 10 weeks, tubal excision was performed in all animals. Histopathologic examination of excised tubal tissue was conducted under light microscopy. Results The number of cilia was significantly lower in Group B. Although not statistically significant, the median number of cilia in Group C was measured to be higher than in Group B but lower than in Group A. Conclusion Based on the results, it can be concluded that smoking decreases tubal cilia numbers. Supplementation by vitamin E may treat or at least help to slow down the decrease in number of cilia caused by smoking; therefore it could be used therapeutically in the treatment of smoking-related tubal damage.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 01/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective was to confirm the finding of "Bone microstructure is similar in osteopenic and osteoporotic patients with femoral neck fracture." obtained in previous "light microscopy study", which was new and important data. Fourteen patients (5 males, 9 females) who were admitted with proximal femoral fracture following low energy trauma (patients who participated in the light microscopy study) were included. The patients were divided into two groups based on the bone mineral density (BMD) measurement, including osteopenic group (n=7, mean age 69 years; range 63 to 74 years) and osteoporotic group (n=7, mean age 74.1 years; range 67 to 78 years). Cortical and trabecular bone samples were taken from the patients who underwent endoprosthesis during partial hip arthroplasty and these samples were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy evaluations which are more sophisticated higher resolution techniques. The mean cortical bone thickness was 3622.14 mm in osteopenic group and 2323.14 mm in osteoporotic group (p<0.005). Transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy evaluations revealed similar findings for both groups. Although a significant difference in cortical thickness was found between the groups, transmission and scanning electron microscopy confirmed that bone microstructure shared similar characteristics in osteopenic and osteoporotic patients with low-energy femoral neck fracture, as it was in previous light microscopy study.
    Eklem hastalıkları ve cerrahisi = Joint diseases & related surgery. 12/2013; 24(3):126-32.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to observe the possible protective effects of resveratrol (RSV) against the damage of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on the testis. The study was conducted in 6 groups of rats with 6 animals in each group aged 20 days. The groups include group 1: control group; group 2: solvent (carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), 10 ml/kg); group 3: 500 mg/kg/day DBP; group 4: 500 mg/kg/day DBP + 20 mg/kg/day RSV; group 5: 1000 mg/kg/day DBP; and group 6: 1000 mg/kg/day DBP + 20 mg/kg/day RSV. Groups were treated by gavage for 30 days. Indirect immunohistochemical staining was performed with c-kit, AT1, and ER-α antibodies. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method was used for apoptosis. It was found in the DBP-applied groups the C-kit immunostaining, which is parallel to increasing dose, decreased in comparison with the control. C-kit reactivity was similar to that of the control group in the group applied with 500 mg/kg/day + RSV; however, the reactivity was not same in the 1000 mg/kg/day DBP-applied group. It was observed that the reactivity of AT1 increased in the DBP-applied groups. RSV reversed these changes with its protective effects. While there was not much difference between the groups in terms of estrogen receptor reactivity, it was observed that the high dose of DBP reduced the level of estrogen receptor and the resveratrol was not at enough levels in all doses. In TUNEL analysis, high doses of DBP increased the apoptosis in all types of cells; nevertheless, the resveratrol application decreased the apoptosis in the low-level DBP dose. In the statistical analysis, while the length of epithelium and the diameter of seminiferous tubules decreased for all the other groups, it reverted to its original state in the RSV-applied groups. In conclusion, DBP (with increasing dose) administration caused cycle and hormonal changes in testis, resveratrol were recovered the cyclic changes but in hormonal changes, RSV is efficient too but inadequate.
    Toxicology and Industrial Health 11/2013; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been observed that weight loss is accelerated by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone preparation used for hypothalamic dysfunction in obesity treatment in both sexes. hCG is also used for in vitro fertilization and in treatment of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Our aim was to observe the ultrastructural changes caused by local injections of hCG made for purpose of weight loss and to present them to inform those receiving such therapy. In our study, 10 obese female, 10 male obese, 10 non-obese female and 10 non-obese male rats were used. In each group, single dose of subcutaneous hCG injection has been applied to 7 rats for 5 weeks in 5 days of the week, and placebo has been applied to the remaining 3 rats. Following the injection, the tissues were evaluated morphologically, immunohistochemically and ultrastructurally. Leptin immunoreactivity was similar in all groups. When the adipose tissue samples were examined under electron microscope, they were observed to exhibit normal structure with organelles located around the nuclei and nucleoli, and no distinctive features were found among the groups. Administering hCG in addition to diet had no advantage on weight reduction in rats.
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 11/2013; 17(22):3103-10. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, we studied the expression and localization of rat prostaglandin F (FP) receptor in uterine tissues of rats at gestational days 10, 15, 18, 20, 21, 21.5 and on postpartal days 1 and 3 using Western blotting analysis, Real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry techniques, respectively. A high immunoreactivity was observed on days 20, 21 and 21.5 being most significant on day 20. FP receptor protein the protein was expressed from gestation day 15, and a fluctuating unsteady increase was observed until delivery. Uterine FP receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) level was low between days 10 and 18 of gestation (p < 0.05). The transcript level increased significantly on day 20 and peaked on day 21,5 just before labor (p < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between FP-receptor mRNA level and serum estradiol levels (rs = 0.78; p < 0.01) and serum estradiol/progesterone ratio (rs = 0.79; p < 0.01). Serum progesterone levels were negatively correlated with FP-receptor mRNA levels (rs = -0.44; p < 0.01). We conclude an increase FP receptor expression in rat uterus with advancing gestation, a marked elevation at term and a concominant decrase in postpartum (PP) period supporting a role for uterine FP receptors in mediation of uterine contractility at term.
    Journal of veterinary science (Suwŏn-si, Korea) 10/2013; · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible therapeutic or protective effects of green tea in diabetic rat's testicular tissue, either as a single agent, or together with vitamin E. The present study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey from May to August 2011 for 10 weeks. Forty-eight adult male Wistar albino rats, weighting 250-300 g, were divided into 8 groups: control; nondiabetic vitamin E (0.4 mg/kg/NG); nondiabetic green tea (300 mg/kg/NG); nondiabetic vitamin E plus green tea administered groups; diabetic group (60 mg/kg/IV streptozotocin); diabetic vitamin E; diabetic green tea; and diabetic vitamin E plus green tea administered groups. Proliferative and apoptotic indexes were determined using anti-PCNA antibody immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assays respectively. Tubule degeneration was evaluated using the Johnson's score and also seminiferous tubules diameters, epithelial thickness were measured. Histopathological examination in diabetic group revealed degenerative changes in the seminiferous tubules together with a statistically significant decrease in PCNA positive cells, in epithelial thickness, diameter of the tubules and in Johnson's score, while exhibited an increase in the number of apoptotic cells. When all these findings are considered together, the most successful protective effects in diabetes were obtained in the combined antioxidant group. Combined therapy of vitamin E and green tea in diabetes was more effective than monotherapy. Therefore, these antioxidants may be use as a supporting therapy for reproductive dysfunction.
    Saudi medical journal 07/2013; 34(7):734-43. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cisplatin, an effective antineoplastic agent, damages normal cells in a manner related to chemotherapy. Acetyl L-carnitine protects cells against mitochondrial and nuclear damage induced by chemotherapy.
    Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 06/2013; 30(2):235-41. · 0.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Periosteal adventitia is believed to consist of fibrous tissue without any regenerative potential. This theory results in the assumption that surgically stripped periosteum which is also adventitial has no bone regeneration potential. We decided to test whether the periosteal adventitia is osteoinductive and whether it is suitable for a commonly faced clinical situation in an animal model. Methods: This study used 24 femurs from 12 rabbits, which were separated into 3 groups. Lateral femoral condylar cavitary defects were created with a 5 mm drill bit. In group I, the defects were left empty as the control. In group II, the defects were only filled with ceramic graft particles. In group III, the defects were filled with a mixture of ceramic graft particles and autogenous, adventitial, periosteal particles. All animals were sacrificed at the end of the 6th week and were evaluated histologically. Results: The microscopy of 3 different histologists suggested that group III had far superior healing when compared to the control group and group II. The statistical evaluation of the histomorphometrically gathered quantitative results revealed a meaningful increase in woven bone and a decrease in fibrous tissue in group III, confirming the histological analysis. Conclusions: In this study we observed that the composite graft obtained by mixing ceramics and free adventitial periosteal grafts offers healing potential surpassing both the ceramic-only group as well as the control group. We conclude that adventitial periosteal graft greatly facilitates new bone formation.
    The International journal of artificial organs 05/2013; 36(5):341-9. · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of craniofacial surgery 03/2013; 24(2):689. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the protective efficacy of ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, and selenium by measuring the glutathione (GSH) levels and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) expression in the ovarian tissues of rats treated with cyclophosphamide (CP) therapy. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 6 rats each: (I) control, (II) only CP, (III) CP + ascorbic acid, (IV) CP + α-tocopherol, and (V) CP + selenium. Immunohistochemical stainings and GSH protocol were then applied. RESULTS: Following CP administration, the rats exhibited significantly lower GDF-9 expression in oocytes and PCNA expression in granulosa cells of follicles in all stages of development (P < 0.05). In CP + antioxidant groups (Groups III, IV, V), GDF-9 immunoreaction in oocytes and PCNA immunoreaction in granulosa cells of the developing follicles were found to show an increase towards the levels observed in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CP was found to cause remarkable degenerative effects in normal ovarian tissue, and we believe that this damage can be reduced and ovarian tissue can be spared from the toxic effects of CP by using antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, and selenium.
    Nutrition 02/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 01/2013; · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim of the study was evaluating arrangement of apical surface differentiation in cross-sections of tuba uterinae in different age groups by scanning electron microscope.
    Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 12/2012; 29(4):370-5. · 0.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a novel hydroxyapatite containing gelatin scaffold-with and without local vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) administration-as the synthetic graft material in treatment of critical-sized bone defects. An experimental nonunion model was established by creating critical-sized (10 mm. in length) bone defects in the proximal tibiae of 30 skeletally mature New Zealand white rabbits. Following tibial intramedullary fixation, the rabbits were grouped into three: The defects were left empty in the first (control) group, the defects were grafted with synthetic scaffolds in the second group, and synthetic scaffolds loaded with VEGF were administered at bone defects in the third group. Five rabbits in each group were killed on 6th and 12th weeks, and new bone growth was assessed radiologically, histologically and with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). At 6 weeks, VEGF-administered group had significantly better scores than the other two groups. The second group also had significantly better scores than the control group. At 12 weeks, while no significant difference was noted between the second and third groups, these two groups both had significantly better scores in all criteria compared with the control group. There were no signs of complete fracture healing in the control group. The administration of hydroxyapatite containing gelatin scaffold yielded favorable results in grafting the critical-sized bone defects in this experimental model. The local administration of VEGF on the graft had a positive effect in the early phase of fracture healing.
    European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 08/2012; · 0.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate whether bone microstructure is different between osteopenic and osteoporotic patients with femoral neck fracture. Fourteen patients (5 males, 9 females) with proximal femoral fracture following low energy trauma were included in the study. Patients with secondary osteoporosis and who received antiosteoporotic treatment prior to trauma were excluded. The patients were divided into two groups based on the bone mineral density measurement, including osteopenic group (n=7, mean age 69 years; range 63-74 years) and osteoporotic group (n=7, mean age 74.1 years; range 67-78 years). Cortical bone specimens for biopsy obtained from the patients who underwent endoprosthesis during partial hip arthroplasty and were evaluated using light microscope. Mean cortical bone thickness was 3622.14 μM in osteopenic group, and 2323.14 μM in osteoporotic group (p<0.005). However, light microscope revealed similar characteristics for both groups. Although a significant difference was found between the groups in terms of cortical thickness, bone microstructure showed similar characteristics in osteopenic and osteoporotic patients with low energy femoral neck fracture.
    Eklem hastalıkları ve cerrahisi = Joint diseases & related surgery. 04/2012; 23(1):15-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was intended to investigate the effect of valproate (VPA) and oxcarbazepine (OXC) on embryo implantation in terms of extracellular matrix protein distribution. Thirty female rats (Wistar albino) were assigned to three groups of 10 animals each. Group 1 was administered two doses of saline solution, group 2, two doses of VPA at 300 mg/kg/day and group 3, two doses of OXC at 100mg/kg/day, for a period of 3 months. Female rats with vaginal plugs mated with males for one night were placed into separate cages. Day of mating was taken as day 0, and implantation areas were obtained with rats being sacrificed on the morning of day 7. Immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopic protocols were then applied. At electron microscopic evaluation, extraembryonic endoderm and ectoderm layers could not be distinguished in semi-thin sections in the VPA group, while they were partially differentiated in the OXC group. At immunohistochemical staining, laminin was observed in the primary embryonic endoderm cell visceral and parietal layers, the uterine luminal epithelial cells and the secondary decidual zone in the control group. In the VPA group, it was weakly expressed in some embryo trophoectoderm cells and uterine luminal epithelial cells and moderately in some decidual cells. In the OXC group, it was moderately expressed in some trophoectoderm and decidual cells. Collagen IV was localized in the ectoplacental cone cells and secondary decidual zone and weak in the luminal epithelial cells in the control group. In the VPA and OXC groups, collagen IV was negative in all embryonic and maternal structures in the VPA and OXC groups. Vimentin was moderately expressed in the luminal epithelium and strongly expressed in the primary decidual zone and ectoplacental cone cells in the control group. In the VPA group, it was negative in the embryo trophoectoderm, decidual and uterine luminal epithelial cells, while in the OXC group it was moderately localized in the ectoplacental cone cells. The use of VPA and OXC has a negative effect on the expression of extracellular matrix proteins that play a key role in embryo implantation in young rats. This may lead to pregnancies ending in failure.
    Toxicology 11/2011; 292(2-3):71-7. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the potential effects of valproate (VPA) and oxcarbazepine (OXC) on testicular development in rats. Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of 14 rats each. Each group received the following via gavage over 90 days: group 1, tap water (control group); group 2, VPA (300mg/kg/day); group 3, OXC (100mg/kg/day). After sacrifice, body, testicular and epididymidis weights were measured. Testes were sampled, fixed and processed, and quantitative morphometric analysis of Sertoli cells, spermatocytes and spermatids was performed in stages II, V and XII by histopathological examination. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to transform growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and p53, and the apoptotic index was assessed using the TUNEL method. Testis and relative testis weights were significantly lower in the VPA group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Spermatogonia, pachytene spermatocyte and round spermatocyte numbers decreased in all stages in both the VPA and OXC groups compared to the control group, though this was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Apoptotic cell counts and p53 immunoreaction were significantly high and TGF-β1 expression was significantly lower in the VPA group compared to that of the control group (p<0.05). In the OXC group, p53 immunoreaction and TGF-β1 expression decreased compared to the control group, but this difference did not attain statistical significance (p>0.05). Our results show that VPA treatment from prepuberty to adulthood significantly negatively affects spermatogenesis, not only by reducing testicular weight, but also by increasing apoptotic death and p53 and decreasing TGF-β1 activation. OXC has a minimal side effect on testicular development.
    Seizure 12/2010; 20(3):203-7. · 2.00 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

432 Citations
152.77 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • Gazi University
      • • Department of Histology and Embryology
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Anatomy
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2012
    • Hospital for Special Surgery
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • Pamukkale University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Denisli, Denizli, Turkey