Vera H Rigolin

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, United States

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Publications (30)57.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background The objectives of this study were twofold: to assess the diagnostic utility of three-dimensional (3D) multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) in identifying prolapsing mitral valve (MV) scallops, and (2) to compare two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and 3DMPR to (2D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) approaches among patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP).Methods Fifty-five patients with MVP who underwent MV repair or replacement were retrospectively analyzed using 3 types of echocardiographic studies (2DTEE, 2DTTE, 3DMPR). The operative (OR) findings were considered the gold standard.ResultsWhen 3DMPR was combined with 2DTTE, the agreement with the OR findings was moderately strong for the A2 scallop (P < 0.001) and strong for the A3 scallop (P = 0.001), entire anterior leaflet (P < 0.001), P2 scallop (P < 0.001) and the entire posterior leaflet (P < 0.001). In comparison to the OR findings, 2DTEE demonstrated moderately strong agreement for the A2 scallop (P = 0.010) and the entire anterior leaflet (P < 0.001), and strong agreement for the P2 scallop (P < 0.001) and entire posterior leaflet (P < 0.001).Conclusions Three-dimensional MPR should be added to the armamentarium of complementary echo techniques in the evaluation of MVP. There is increased benefit in combining 3DMPR with 2DTTE findings as part of the preoperative evaluation of patients with MVP.
    Echocardiography 04/2014; · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 06/2013; 145(6):1682. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Laila A Payvandi, Vera H Rigolin
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    ABSTRACT: The mitral valve annulus is a complex structure that is an integral part of the mitral valve apparatus. The annulus plays an active role in mitral valve leaflet coaptation and in left atrial and ventricular function. The annulus is susceptible to disease processes that are distinct from those that affect the mitral valve leaflets. Advanced annular calcification may extend onto the mitral valve leaflets, thereby causing increased diastolic gradients across the mitral valve. This review highlights risk factors for mitral annular calcification, features of calcific mitral stenosis, differentiation from rheumatic mitral valve disease, and the echocardiographic approach to this disorder.
    Cardiology clinics 05/2013; 31(2):193-202. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compares 2-dimensional, transthoracic echocardiography with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in the preoperative identification of bicuspid aortic valve before aortic valve surgery. Of 1203 patients who underwent an aortic valve operation, 218 had both preoperative transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Patients in the study group were aged 56 years and had an ejection fraction of 56%, 76% were male, and 29% had associated coronary artery disease. The results of transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were classified as bicuspid aortic valve, trileaflet aortic valve, or nondiagnostic. Of the 218 patients, 123 (56%) had bicuspid aortic valve as determined at the time of surgery and 116 (53%) had an ascending aortic aneurysm. Of the 123 patients with bicuspid aortic valve confirmed at surgery, by transthoracic echocardiography 76 (62%) were identified preoperatively with bicuspid aortic valve, 12 (10%) were misidentified with trileaflet aortic valve, and 35 (28%) were nondiagnostic for valve morphology. In the same patients with bicuspid aortic valve, by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging 115 (93%) were identified with bicuspid aortic valve, 5 (4%) were misidentified with trileaflet aortic valve, and 3 (2%) were nondiagnostic. The difference between transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to determine the presence of bicuspid aortic valve was statistically significant (P<.001). In the entire cohort of patients, transthoracic echocardiography was diagnostic for valve morphology in 155 patients (71%) compared with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, which was diagnostic in 212 patients (97%) (P<.001). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is more diagnostic than transthoracic echocardiography in determining the presence of bicuspid aortic valve. A significant factor is the rate of nondiagnostic transthoracic echocardiography for aortic valve morphology. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging can be performed as a complementary test when transthoracic echocardiography is nondiagnostic for aortic valve morphology.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 12/2011; 144(2):370-6. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who undergo septal myectomy are at risk for developing postoperative atrial fibrillation. Amiodarone is effective in treating this arrhythmia but is associated with multiple adverse effects, often with delayed onset. A novel case is described of a patient who developed type 2 amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism that presented as recurrence of outflow obstruction after septal myectomy. The patient's symptoms and echocardiographic findings of outflow obstruction resolved substantially with the treatment of the amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism. Amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism of delayed onset can be a subtle diagnosis, requiring a high index of suspicion. In conclusion, recognition of this diagnosis in patients with recurrence of outflow obstruction by symptoms and cardiac imaging after septal myectomy may avoid unnecessary repeat surgical intervention.
    The American journal of cardiology 12/2010; 106(11):1670-2. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Asimul Ansari, Vera H Rigolin
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    ABSTRACT: The evaluation of valvular and nonvalvular structures is of central importance in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of infective endocarditis (IE). The incidence of IE has remained constant due to changing substrate, with notably higher prevalence observed in the elderly. Mortality and morbidity continue to remain high, despite advances in medical and surgical treatment. This article reviews the technical and practical aspects of the use of echocardiography to evaluate patients with suspected IE.
    Current Cardiology Reports 05/2010; 12(3):265-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Valvular heart disease (VHD) encompasses a number of common cardiovascular conditions that account for 10% to 20% of all cardiac surgical procedures in the United States. A better understanding of the natural history coupled with the major advances in diagnostic imaging, interventional cardiology, and surgical approaches have resulted in accurate diagnosis and appropriate selection of patients for therapeutic interventions. A thorough understanding of the various valvular disorders is important to aid in the management of patients with VHD. Appropriate work-up for patients with VHD includes a thorough history for evaluation of causes and symptoms, accurate assessment of the severity of the valvular abnormality by examination, appropriate diagnostic testing, and accurate quantification of the severity of valve dysfunction and therapeutic interventions, if necessary. It is also important to understand the role of the therapeutic interventions vs the natural history of the disease in the assessment of outcomes. Prophylaxis for infective endocarditis is no longer recommended unless the patient has a history of endocarditis or a prosthetic valve.
    Mayo Clinic Proceedings 05/2010; 85(5):483-500. · 5.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation may become a potential treatment for high-risk patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We analyzed our contemporary series of isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AS to determine implications for patients referred for AVR. From April 2004 through December 2008, 190 patients (mean age, 68 years; 68% men) underwent isolated AVR for AS. Mean ejection fraction was 0.58. Sixty-one percent underwent minimally invasive AVR and 18% were reoperations. Twenty-one percent were aged 80 years or older, and 34% were in New York Heart Association functional class III-IV. Estimated operative mortality was 3.6%. Thirty-day mortality was 0%. One in-hospital death (0.5%) occurred from complications of an esophageal perforation. Reoperation for bleeding occurred in 4.7%. Acute renal failure developed in 2.1%. Actuarial survival was 97% at 1 year and 94% at 3 years. Hospital length of stay was 7.0 days for patients aged 80 and older vs 5.0 days (p < 0.001), and they were less likely to be discharged to home (50% vs 83%, p < 0.001). Contemporary results show that AVR for AS can be performed with low operative mortality and morbidity, although patients aged 80 years and older are at increased risk of prolonged recovery. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation may be an alternative for high-risk patients, but AVR is still appropriate for low-risk patients. The low risk of AVR supports the argument that asymptomatic patients who have a high likelihood of progression of AS may be considered for earlier surgical referral.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2010; 89(3):751-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy mimics acute myocardial infarction but is a separate clinical entity characterized by distinct wall motion abnormalities in the absence of obstructive coronary lesions. The prevalence of this condition is relatively uncommon yet has gained increasing recognition in recent years. It has rarely been associated with the use of dobutamine infusion during cardiac stress testing. We present in detail two cases of dobutamine-induced Takotsubo cardiomyopathy from our case series, one from 2002 and the other from 2008. While both cases display the typical features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, the former was initially diagnosed as dobutamine-induced vasospasm. These cases may provide insight into the pathophysiological mechanism of the condition and suggest that the increasing recognition of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy results from increasing familiarity of the condition.
    Echocardiography 03/2010; 27(3):E30-3. · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2010; 55(10).
  • Kameswari Maganti, Vera H. Rigolin
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    ABSTRACT: Stress echocardiography was introduced in the early 1980s and has matured into a robust, versatile, widely available, reliable, and cost-effective technique utilized for noninvasive imaging of the heart. In combination with a variety of stressors, stress echocardiography provides a means for the detection of ischemia by assessment of regional wall motion abnormalities. In addition to its utility in detection and accurate risk stratification of patients with suspected and established coronary artery disease, it has a role in assessment of severity of valvular heart disease by providing valuable physiological hemodynamic data and also has a proven role in the assessment of myocardial viability in patients with dyssynergic segments as well as with left ventricular dysfunction.
    12/2009: pages 167-191;
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary amyloidodis is a rare disease process with a propensity to cause polyneuropathies, autonomic dysfunction, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. It is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, with disease onset usually in the 20s-40s. The most common hereditary amyloidogenic protein, transthyretin, is synthesized in the liver and lies on Chromosome 18. Over 80 amyloidogenic transthyretin mutations have been described, the majority of which are neuropathic and hence the common name, Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy. Until 1990, the disease was intractable with a 5-15 year survival after diagnosis. The prognosis changed after the implementation of orthotropic liver transplantation as a treatment strategy which halts the synthesis of amyloidogenic transthyretin. This has now has been performed over 1300 times in 67 centers. We describe the case of a man of Irish ancestry with Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy and no clinical history of cardiac involvement. Shortly after orthotropic liver transplantation, he developed congestive heart failure. He was subsequently diagnosed with an accelerating post-transplant restrictive cardiomyopathy due to amyloid infiltration. A liver transplant induced cardiomyopathy in Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy can be observed in patients without any history of cardiac symptoms. All patients with Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy should be followed after transplantation to assess for a deterioration in cardiac function.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 02/2008; 2:35.
  • Vera H Rigolin, Robert O Bonow
    Heart Failure Clinics 11/2006; 2(4):453-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is associated with asymmetric changes in annular and ventricular geometry. Surgical repair with standard symmetric annuloplasty rings results in a high incidence of residual or recurrent mitral regurgitation (MR). The Carpentier-McCarthy-Adams (CMA) IMR ETlogix annuloplasty ring is the first remodeling ring specifically designed to treat asymmetric leaflet tethering and annular dilatation. We used quantitative 2-dimensional echo to examine early results of mitral valve (MV) repair with the CMA IMR ETlogix annuloplasty ring in patients with IMR. Fifty-nine patients (aged 68+/-12 years) with grade > or = 2+ IMR (graded on a scale of 0 to 4+) underwent MV repair with the CMA IMR ETlogix annuloplasty ring. We assessed the mitral annular diameter (MAD), tethering area (TA), and tenting height (TH) of the MV in 4-chamber, 2-chamber, and long axis views at mid-systole before and 3 to 10 days after surgery. After surgery, 57 of 59 (97%) patients had grade 0 or 1+ MR, whereas 2 patients had 2+ MR. MV repair with the CMA IMR ETlogix ring significantly reduced MAD, TA, and TH (P<0.001, for all 3 echo views), particularly in the long axis and 4-chamber views. Surgical repair of IMR with the novel asymmetric CMA IMR ETlogix annuloplasty ring provided excellent early results with effective reduction of MR, MAD, and leaflet tethering. This novel etiology-specific strategy may result in improved outcomes in IMR patients.
    Circulation 07/2006; 114(1 Suppl):I588-93. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated the development of impaired systolic function and new segmental wall motion abnormalities following completion of ultraendurance events. Limited information is available on the effect of an endurance event such as a marathon on the left ventricular indices and hemodynamics. We examined 45 patients (26 men, 19 women with the average age of 35+/- 8 years) who successfully trained and completed the 2001 Chicago Marathon (26.2 miles). Transthoracic 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography (TTE) was preformed prior to the marathon (17+/-10.7 days), immediately following the marathon (71+/-42 minutes), and at follow-up (29+/-12.9 days). Left ventricular end diastolic volumes declined immediately post marathon and returned to baseline at the one-month follow-up. Ejection fraction was maintained and no regional wall motion abnormalities were identified at any time point. Diastolic parameters decreased immediately post marathon but returned to baseline during follow-up principally reflecting a change in volume status. Marathon running by a group of well-trained recreational athletes does not result in impairment of left ventricular systolic or diastolic function.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 03/2006; 19(2):202-5. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels reflect myocardial strain and are known to be elevated in patients with heart failure. To determine if BNP levels are elevated in patients with aortic regurgitation, we measured BNP levels in patients with chronic asymptomatic aortic regurgitation and normal left ventricular systolic function.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 10/2004; 94(5):676-8. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Beta blockers improve left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction but patient responses are heterogenous. We investigated the role of contractile reserve (CR) in predicting beta-blocker response in ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Resting and low-dose dobutamine echocardiograms were recorded in 32 patients with heart failure (LV ejection fraction <or=35%), 18 with ischemic cardiomyopathy (IC), and 14 with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). A segment was defined as CR positive (CR+) or negative (CR-) based on response to dobutamine. Patients were then classified as CR+ or CR- based on number of improved segments (IC group) or ejection fraction improvement (IDC group) in response to dobutamine. During follow-up (2, 6, and 14 months after beta-blocker initiation), response was measured by the percent of segments showing improved contractility from baseline, ejection fraction, and wall motion score index. In the IC group, the percent of improved segments was greater at 2 and 6 months in CR+ versus CR- (70% vs 15% and 39% vs 17%, p <0.05), whereas it was greater at all periods in the patients with IDC (36% vs 9% at 2 months, 50% vs 19% at 6 months, and 63% vs 42% at 14 months, p <0.05). Findings for ejection fraction and wall motion score index were similar. Therefore, time course and magnitude of improvement in LV function in patients with heart failure receiving beta blockers are related to CR status. CR predicts a greater early response in IC, whereas it predicts a greater response at all time periods in IDC. However, even patients without CR showed improvement in LV function at 14 months.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2004; 93(7):854-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    Kameswari Maganti, Vera H Rigolin
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnostic testing using noninvasive imaging has become an integral part of risk stratification in patients with coronary artery disease. It is important to understand the integral strengths and weaknesses between the different modalities of stress testing and to apply accurately the type of test the clinical scenario demands. There have been tremendous advances made in the field of cardiac imaging. Both myocardial perfusion imaging and stress echocardiographic techniques continue to evolve and play an important role in the assessment of patients with coronary artery disease. In this review the authors discuss the relative merits of both stress echocardiography and myocardial single photon emission computed tomographic imaging for diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with coronary artery disease.
    Current Opinion in Cardiology 12/2003; 18(6):486-93. · 2.56 Impact Factor