Y T Jin

National Cheng Kung University Hospital, 臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (51)139.81 Total impact

  • Histopathology 10/2003; 30(4):378 - 382. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2559.1997.d01-615.x · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • YS Shan · P C Lee · J R Wang · H P Tsai · C M Sung · YT Jin ·

    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 01/2002; 16(12):2420-2. DOI:10.1093/ndt/16.12.2420 · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • K C Chang · YT Jin · F F Chen · I J Su ·
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    ABSTRACT: Follicular dendritic cell tumours are very rare neoplasms that often occur in lymph nodes. We report here a case in the colon, a hitherto unreported site, in a 37-year-old female. The differentiation from gastrointestinal stromal tumour is emphasized. METHODS and The tumour was tan, elastic and solid with surface ulceration. Microscopically, it was composed of oval to spindle tumour cells with syncytial cytoplasm arranged in fascicular and whorled patterns. There were many infiltrating lymphocytes. The histological appearance resembled gastrointestinal stromal tumour, thymoma or meningioma. Distinct from the stromal tumour, the lymph node was also involved by the tumour. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells were positive for CD21, CD35 and CD68, but negative for cytokeratin, CD34, smooth muscle actin, desmin, S100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen, leukocyte common antigen, HMB-45 and c-kit. In-situ hybridization study was negative for Epstein-Barr virus RNA sequences. Ultrastructurally, the tumour cells possessed cytoplasmic processes joined by desmosomes. This entity should be considered in the list of differential diagnoses for gastrointestinal stromal tumour. The lymph node metastasis and immunohistochemical features are of value for identification of this rare neoplasm.
    Histopathology 02/2001; 38(1):25-9. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2559.2001.01035.x · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • T L Lin · C R Wang · M F Liu · P C Chen · YS Shan · YT Jin · C H Chien ·
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    ABSTRACT: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), or allergic granulomatous angiitis, is an uncommon vasculitic syndrome that is found mainly in middle-aged adults. We describe a 15-year-old girl with CSS, diagnosed by histological findings and characteristic clinical features. The patient experienced two episodes of catastrophic gastrointestinal vasculitis, resulting in resection of 150 cm of small intestine and right hemicolectomy. Colonoscopic examination showed multiple colonic ulcers with active bleeding. The clinical course of the patient was grave and refractory to the therapy of steroid and cytotoxic drugs. In the world literature only two patients with multiple colonic ulcers caused by CSS have been reported, and very rare cases of childhood-onset CSS have been published. We reviewed CSS in children and found that the prognosis was poorer than that in adults.
    Clinical Rheumatology 02/2001; 20(5):362-4. DOI:10.1007/PL00011209 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    J J Yan · W C Ko · S H Tsai · H M Wu · YT Jin · J J Wu ·
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 1,210 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli collected from a university hospital in southern Taiwan were screened for production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). Expression of classical ESBLs (resistant to extended-spectrum beta-lactam agents and susceptible to beta-lactam inhibitors) was inferred in 18 isolates by the phenotypic confirmatory test. These included 10 isolates producing CTX-M-3, 2 strains carrying SHV-12, 1 strain harboring SHV-5, 1 strain expressing TEM-10, and 4 strains producing unidentifiable ESBLs with a pI of 8.05, 8.0, or 7.4. Eighteen isolates that showed decreased susceptibilities to ceftazidime and/or cefotaxime, negative results for the confirmatory test, and high-level resistance to cefoxitin (MICs of >/=128 microg/ml) were also investigated. Five isolates were found to produce CMY-2 AmpC enzymes, one isolate carried both CTX-M-3 and CMY-2, and the remaining three and nine isolates expressed putative AmpC beta-lactamases with pIs of >9.0 and 8.9, respectively. Thus, together with the isolate producing CTX-M-3 and CMY-2, 19 (1.6%) isolates produced classical ESBLs. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed that all isolates carrying CTX-M-3 and/or CMY-2 were genetically unrelated, indicating that dissemination of resistance plasmids was responsible for the spread of these two enzymes among E. coli in this area. Among the 16 isolates expressing CTX-M-3 and/or CMY-2, 5 might have colonized outside the hospital environment. Our data indicate that CTX-M-3 and CMY-2, two beta-lactamases initially identified in Europe, have been disseminated to and are prevalent in Taiwan.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 01/2001; 38(12):4320-5. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The therapeutic effects of both cytokine-secreting tumor vaccine and DNA vaccine were studied using mouse MBT-2 bladder cancer cells as a model. Cytokine-secreting MBT-2 cells were obtained by infecting cells with retroviral particles containing interleukin (IL) 2-, IL-4-, or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-expression vector. The MBT-2-IL-2 cells were not tumorigenic in syngenic C3H mice at all. Tumor formation decreased significantly for the MBT-2-GM-CSF cells. MBT-2-IL-2, -IL-4, and -GM-CSF cells were killed by irradiation and tested as tumor vaccines. The irradiated MBT2-IL-2 cells could complete protect mice from the growth of the preexisting tumor cells, and the immune memory lasted for 8 months. On the other hand, irradiated MBT-2-IL-4 and MBT-2-GM-CSF cells were less effective. When the loading tumor mass increased, all tumor vaccines lost protective effects. DNA vaccine encoding the tumor antigen neu was additionally tested to improve the therapeutic efficacy. Coinjection of 60 microg pSV-neu DNA was effective in enhancing the antitumor effects of MBT2-IL-2; however, DNA vaccine alone cannot prevent the progression of the preexisting tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumor infiltrate revealed massive increase of CD4+ lymphoid cells in the group of mice treated with both DNA vaccine and IL-2-secreted tumor vaccine. Western blotting demonstrated the presence of anti-neu antibody in the serum from immunized mice. In contrast, combination of DNA vaccine and MBT-2-GM-CSF has no additive effect. The results indicate the combination of DNA vaccine and IL-2-secreting tumor vaccine can additionally improve therapeutic efficacy, and the efficacy is correlated with the increase of CD4+ T lymphocytes and anti-neu antibody.
    Clinical Cancer Research 12/2000; 6(11):4381-8. · 8.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The metastasis to cervical lymph nodes represents a frequent initial manifestation of NPC. The usefulness of EBV detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the diagnosis of occult NPC with cervical metastasis has been reported. Our previous study showed that EBER1 in-situ hybridization was somewhat more sensitive and specific than PCR in detecting EBV in the evaluation of specimens from a population at high risk for NPC. Fine-needle aspiration cytologic specimens of neck masses from 30 patients were investigated, including 10 NPC primary tumors, 19 squamous cell carcinomas from other sites of the head and neck (9 oral cavity, 2 paranasal sinuses, 2 oropharynx, 3 larynx, and 3 hypopharynx), and 1 diffuse large-cell lymphoma. EBER1 in-situ hybridization was performed on direct smears made from aspirates. EBER1 signals were detected in all neck metastases from the nasopharynx but none of the specimens from other primary sites. This study suggests that EBER1 in-situ hybridization can be used as a supplemental tool for differential diagnosis whenever fine-needle aspiration cytologic examination is presented with a neck metastasis without knowing the primary site.
    Head & Neck 08/2000; 22(4):336-40. DOI:10.1002/1097-0347(200007)22:43.0.CO;2-T · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • K Yuan · YT Jin · M T Lin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Tie-2, angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), ephrin-B2 and Eph-B4 are all important vascular morphogenesis factors which exhibit their functions in angiogenesis and blood vessel remodeling in embryonic stage. However, their roles in post-natal inflammatory angiogenesis are still unclear. Pyogenic granuloma is a benign inflammatory lesion that mostly occurs on the gingiva of females with high levels of steroid hormones. Prominent capillary growth in hyperplastic granulation tissue is characteristic histopathologically in pyogenic granuloma. The purpose of this study was to detect and compare the expressions of Tie-2, Ang-1, Ang-2, ephrin-B2 and Eph-B4 among pyogenic granuloma on human gingiva, gingiva diagnosed with periodontitis and healthy gingiva by immunohistochemistry. The immunostaining revealed that all of the endothelial cells and some mesenchymal cells expressed Tie-2. The cells which expressed Ang-1 and Ang-2 were mainly macrophage- or monocyte-like mesenchymal cells and smooth muscle cells surrounding blood vessels. The expression of ephrin-B2 and Eph-B4 was not exclusively limited to the endothelial cells of arteries and veins, respectively, as in mice embryo. Eph-B4 was expressed in the endothelial cells of newly budding capillaries and venules while ephrin-B2 was expressed in macrophage-like mesenchymal cells. Some of the ephrin-B2 positive cells were in direct contact with endothelial cells. The statistical analysis demonstrated that all of the five factors were upregulated in pyogenic granuloma compared to healthy gingiva. In conclusion, the 5 polypeptides mentioned above may play important roles in the process of adult inflammatory neovascularization, especially in pyogenic granuloma. It is highly plausible that most of the new capillaries in inflammatory angiogenesis originated from venules instead of arterioles.
    Journal of Periodontal Research 07/2000; 35(3):165-71. · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    Kuo Yuan · YT Jin · Ming T. Lin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Pyogenic granuloma is a benign inflammatory lesion demonstrating obvious activity of angiogenesis. Female steroid hormones are believed to play important roles in the etiology because the lesion is frequently found in females with high levels of sex hormones. Few molecular mechanisms of the pathogenesis have been proposed and proven. The purpose of this study was to detect and compare the expression of angiogenesis-associated factors among healthy gingiva, gingiva from periodontitis, and pyogenic granuloma to clarify the pathogenesis of pyogenic granuloma. Fifteen specimens were collected from each of 3 groups of gingiva (healthy gingiva, periodontitis, and pyogenic granuloma). The subjects were age and gender matched. The specimens were processed for immunohistochemistry to detect and compare the expression of 2 angiogenesis enhancers, i.e., vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), 2 angiogenesis inhibitors, i.e., angiostatin and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), and estrogen receptor (ER). Using the subject as the unit of statistical analysis, either analysis of variance or chi-square analysis was employed to show the statistically significant difference at a level P <0.05. The pyogenic granuloma group expressed significantly more VEGF and bFGF than healthy gingiva and periodontitis. The positive staining of VEGF was mostly localized in the cytoplasm of macrophages and fibroblasts while that of bFGF was in the extracellular matrix of lamina propria. Angiostatin was expressed significantly less in pyogenic granuloma than the other 2 groups and was mostly localized in the nuclei of endothelial cells and epithelial cells. There was no significant difference in the expression of TSP-1 and ER among the 3 groups. The results of this research suggest that the etiology of pyogenic granuloma is due to the imbalance between angiogenesis enhancers and inhibitors. Whether and how the angiogenesis-associated factors are regulated by female steroid hormones remain to be answered.
    Journal of Periodontology 05/2000; 71(5):701-9. DOI:10.1902/jop.2000.71.5.701 · 2.71 Impact Factor
  • J J Yan · AH Huang · S H Tsai · W C Ko · YT Jin · J J Wu ·
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 543 specimens were cultured in parallel with the MB/BacT and BACTEC MGIT 960 systems and on the conventional solid media. Mycobacteria were identified from 95 (17.5%) specimens, including 63 (66.3%) Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 32 (33.7%) nontuberculous mycobacteria. The recovery rates for the MB/BacT, MGIT 960, and solid media were 91.6, 87.4, and 54.7%, respectively, for all mycobacteria; the recovery rates were 93.6, 88.9, and 63.4%, respectively, for M. tuberculosis complex alone, and 87.5, 84.4, and 37.5%, respectively, for all nontuberculous mycobacteria. The mean times to detection of all mycobacteria by individual systems were 13. 9, 8.7, 31.7 days for the MB/BacT, MGIT 960 and solid media, respectively, 13.9, 9.3, 32.9 days for M. tuberculosis alone, and 14. 1, 8.1, 27.2 days for all nontuberculous mycobacteria. The contamination rates of the MB/BacT and MGIT 960 were 10.2 and 5.4%, respectively. With regard to detection times and recovery rates, both automated systems are superior to the conventional media (all p < 0.005). As compared to the MB/BacT, the MGIT 960 detected mycobacterial growth more rapidly (p < 0.001), and had a lower contamination rate (p = 0.003); however, there was no statistically significant difference in recovery rates between these two systems. These results indicate that both MGIT 960 and MB/BacT systems are rapid, sensitive, and efficient methods for the recovery of mycobacteria from clinical specimens.
    Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 05/2000; 37(1):25-30. DOI:10.1016/S0732-8893(00)00118-8 · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • J J Yan · W C Ko · A H Huang · H M Chen · Y.T. Jin · J J Wu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Invasive Arcobacter butzleri infection in humans has been rarely described. We report a 60-year-old man with liver cirrhosis who presented with high fever and esophageal variceal bleeding. Two aerobic blood cultures grew Campylobacter-like organisms. The biochemical reactions of the isolate were inconclusive, while sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene definitively identified the organism as A. butzleri. The patient's bleeding stopped after endoscopic sclerosing therapy. Although the organism appeared to be resistant to cephalosporins on the basis of the minimum inhibitory concentrations determined with the E test, the fever resolved with parenteral cefuroxime. Whether the clinical improvement was related to cephalosporin therapy or to the self-limited nature of Arcobacter bacteremia is not known.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 03/2000; 99(2):166-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • W Y Chao · S J Chang · Y T Jin ·
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of human papillomavirus DNA in cholesteatoma may have some role in the development of middle ear cholesteatoma as well as in papilloma. In the present study, polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization with human papillomavirus (HPV)-6 and -11 DNA probes were used to detect the presence of HPV DNA in 32 human middle ear cholesteatomas. Only one specimen contained HPV-6 DNA. Although its occurrence may have been coincidental, it is also possible that the hyperproliferative epithelium of cholesteatomas might have some relationship with HPV infections.
    Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 02/2000; 257(3):120-3. DOI:10.1007/s004050050206 · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • S H Tseng · YT Chen · F C Huang · YT Jin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Seborrheic keratosis on the conjunctiva appears to have never been reported in the literature. The authors report here a well-documented case of seborrheic keratosis of conjunctiva clinically simulating a malignant melanoma. Case report. A 66-year-old man presented with a juxtalimbal pigmented tumor involving the temporal conjunctiva of his left eye. Because of the rapid enlargement of the mass within a period of 5 months, a clinical diagnosis of malignant melanoma was made. Cytopathologic examinations were performed by impression cytology before the patient underwent a wide en-block excision of the tumor. Cytologic features were studied by impression cytology with periodic acid-Schiff-Papanicolaou stain. Immunochemical characteristics of tumor cells were studied by immunochemical stain of cytokeratin and HMB-45. Tumor morphology was observed by histopathologic examination. Impression cytology disclosed basaloid cells intermixing with squamoid cells, and these cells demonstrated positive immunoreactivity to cytokeratin and no reactivity to HMB-45. Histopathologic examination of the tumor specimen established the diagnosis of seborrheic keratosis, and the results of immunohistochemical staining were consistent with those of the impression cytology with immunocytochemical staining. The authors describe the first case report of conjunctival seborrheic keratosis and present its immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical characteristics. Such a benign lesion can clinically mimic a malignant melanoma.
    Ophthalmology 09/1999; 106(8):1516-20. DOI:10.1016/S0161-6420(99)90446-3 · 6.14 Impact Factor
  • S T Tsai · S Y Fang · Y T Jin · I J Su · B C Yang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial cancer with a high incidence in Southeast Asia. How it escapes attack from the host immune system is not fully understood. Recently, pieces of evidence show that Fas-ligand (Fas-L)-mediated apoptosis may be involved in immune privilege of tumours. To determine whether a similar mechanism may exist in NPC, the expression of Fas-L was analysed. Biopsy specimens of the nasopharynx were taken from 27 NPC patients. Histologically, they were either non-keratinizing or undifferentiated carcinomas. Nasopharyngeal biopsies of 11 other patients that proved to have no tumour served as control. The transcripts of Fas-L were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Localization of Fas-L protein was performed with immunohistostaining using an antibody recognizing human Fas-L. All nasopharyngeal tissues have a similar amount of transcripts of Fas-L. However, the Fas-L protein was detected exclusively on the cell surface of malignant epithelial cells of NPC. The present findings suggest that Fas-L protein may be involved in evading immune attack of NPC.
    Oral Oncology 08/1999; 35(4):421-4. DOI:10.1016/S1368-8375(99)00016-0 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The underlying molecular abnormalities associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in young adults (< 40 years) are unknown. We analyzed DNA extracted from paired microdissected samples of normal squamous epithelia and invasive oral squamous cell carcinomas from 36 young adults at microsatellite loci commonly found in older patients and correlated the results with clinicopathologic parameters and outcome. Our results showed that 30 of the 36 (83%) tumors manifest loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in at least one marker. Microsatellite instability was manifested in only six tumors (< 17%). The highest incidences of alterations were noted at markers D9S168 (9p23-22), TP53 (17p13), and D17S799 (17p11) on the short arms of chromosomes 9 and 17. In general, the incidences of LOH at 3, 9 and 17p regions in young adults were similar to those found in older patients. No correlation between LOH at chromosomes 3, 9, and 17p and clinicopathologic parameters was found. Our study indicates that chromosomal regions with frequent genetic alterations involved in young adult squamous tumorigenesis are similar to those reported in older patients. Further studies of other chromosomes in this population are underway to define the novel molecular features of these tumors.
    Oral Oncology 05/1999; 35(3):251-6. DOI:10.1016/S1368-8375(98)00112-2 · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • WY Lee · YT Jin · T W Chang · P W Lin · I J Su ·
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    ABSTRACT: BRCA1, a nuclear phosphoprotein, normally functions as a negative regulator of the cell cycle and may be an active inhibitor of neoplastic progression. Mutation of the BRCA1 gene has been demonstrated in 80% of familial breast cancer. Decreased mRNA levels or aberrant subcellular locations of BRCA1 have been identified in breast cancer lines and in sporadic cases of breast cancer tissues. The expression of BRCA1 in large series of variously differentiated breast carcinomas with correlation with other biological parameters has not been clarified. The BRCA1 expression in normal breast tissue (n = 15) and in sporadic cases of invasive ductal carcinoma (n=108) was determined using immunohistochemistry. BRCA1 expression was correlated with other prognostic parameters including p53, c-erbB-2, bcl-2, oestrogen receptor (ER), histological grade, tumour size, axillary lymph node status and age. BRCA1 was exclusively (100%) localized in the nuclei of normal ductal and lobular epithelia. However, this nuclear expression pattern was variable in breast carcinoma (76.8%). Loss of nuclear BRCA1 expression (22 of 108 cases, 20.4%) correlated well with high histological grade (P<0.025) and bcl-2-negative tumours (P<0.05) and frequently in ER-negative tumours. BRCA1 nuclear expression could be considered to represent the normal or physiological phenotype. Complete loss of BRCA1 nuclear expression in breast cancer and its correlation with other poor prognostic markers suggest that BRCA1 expression may play an important role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of sporadic breast carcinoma. Altered BRCA1 phenotype may therefore provide an additional prognostic parameter for breast cancer.
    Histopathology 03/1999; 34(2):106-12. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2559.1999.00578.x · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • J J Yan · W C Ko · H M Tsai · Y T Jin · I J Su ·
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    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium genavense is a recently described fastidious mycobacterium identified as a pathogen causing disseminated infection in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. In this report, we describe the first reported case of disseminated M. genavense infection in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Taiwan. A 22-year-old Chinese man was found to be seropositive for HIV at age 18, in 1993. In 1997, he presented with abdominal pain, weight loss, low CD4 lymphocyte count, hepatomegaly, and generalized lymphadenopathy. Microscopic examination of a biopsy specimen from an inguinal lymph node showed both ill- and well-formed noncaseating granulomas. Numerous acid-fast bacilli were present in the histiocyte cytoplasm. Although the organism did not grow on conventional solid media used in our laboratory, two molecular biology techniques, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by sequencing of 16S rRNA, and PCR together with restriction enzyme fragment polymorphism analysis, confirmed the M. genavense infection. The patient's abdominal symptoms responded well to a chemotherapy regimen that included ethambutol, ciprofloxacin, and clarithromycin, and he survived more than 6 months after diagnosis. However, the lymphadenopathy was still present at his final follow-up. Our report indicates that disseminated infection with M. genavense should be added to the list of differential diagnoses of secondary infections in advanced AIDS patients in Taiwan.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 02/1999; 98(1):62-5. · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • T Y Chen · S T Tsai · Y T Jin · W C Su · C J Tsao ·
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported the abundant expression of EBER1 in primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastatic to lymph nodes and bone marrow (BM). This study was done to research the use of EBER1 in situ hybridization to detect micrometastasis in the marrow of NPC patients. A total of 41 patients who underwent BM biopsy either for routine pretherapeutic evaluation or suspected bone marrow metastasis were enrolled for study. Thirty-two patients underwent BM biopsy for routine staging examination (Group I) and 10 were examined for unexplained cytopenia, leukoerythroblastosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, or extensive bone metastasis (Group II). The authors applied EBER1 in situ hybridization to investigate the expression of EBER1 in 42 BM specimens. Examinations were performed on paraffin embedded tissues using polymerase chain reaction-derived, digoxigenin-labeled EBER1 DNA probes. Eight of 42 specimens (19%) were positive for BM metastasis. Just one (3%) had bone marrow involvement in Group I. However, seven (70%) were positive in Group II. All but one of them with bone marrow metastasis showed positive EBER1 in situ hybridization in the BM. Another patient suspected of having BM metastasis was negative for cytokeratin, but was positive for EBER1 in situ hybridization. Routine bone marrow study is not recommended in the staging of NPC, since only 3% of patients had BM metastasis. EBER1 in situ hybridization of marrow specimens cannot detect malignant cells earlier in NPC, but can be usefully applied to cases of equivocal marrow metastasis.
    Anticancer research 01/1999; 19(1B):885-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    S Y Fang · Y T Jin ·
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    ABSTRACT: The aetiology of primary atrophic rhinitis (AR) is still unclear. Based on the sinus infection theories, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) was applied to treat AR. ESS was performed on 14 patients following Stammberger's techniques along with middle turbinectomy. Patients were evaluated using clinical symptoms, radiological sinus images, saccharine time tests, bacterial cultures and mucosal ultrastructures, before and 2 years after ESS. Three patients had good recoveries, 6 had partial recoveries and another 5 had persistent disease. Good recovery patients showed clear nasal cavities and mucociliary transport system normalisation. Patients possess in meagre infectious signs or crusting extending to their nasopharynx had poor outcomes. Patients with evidence of obvious infections (cloudy sinus images, mucopus presence in the sinuses and positive culture for Klebsiella ozaenae) had good recoveries following ESS. Candidate selection is critical for the success of ESS treatment in AR. Although further clinical trials are required to prove this strategy.
    Rhinology 10/1998; 36(3):122-7. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    C F Kuo · J J Wu · KY Lin · P J Tsai · S C Lee · Y T Jin · H Y Lei · Y S Lin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B) is a cysteine protease produced by Streptococcus pyogenes. In this study, the differences in virulence between protease-positive clinical isolates and their protease-negative mutants were examined in a mouse model. Isogenic protease-negative mutants were constructed by homologous recombination, using integrational plasmids to disrupt the speB gene. These mutants caused less mortality and tissue damage than protease-positive strains when inoculated into BALB/c mice via air pouch, suggesting that SPE B cysteine protease plays an important role in the pathogenesis of S. pyogenes infection. Reconstitution of SPE B in the air pouches increased the mortality of mice receiving the speB mutant strain. Infiltrated cell numbers in the exudates from the air pouches of mice infected with SPE B-producing S. pyogenes were higher than those from mice infected with protease-negative mutants at 12 h. However, despite pretreatment with vinblastine to deplete neutrophils, injection of protease-positive bacteria still resulted in severe tissue injury, indicating that neutrophil infiltration may not be the major factor involved in SPE B-enhanced tissue damage. The role of SPE B was further confirmed by demonstrating that SPE B immunization of mice conferred protection from challenge with a lethal dose of protease-positive bacteria.
    Infection and Immunity 09/1998; 66(8):3931-5. · 3.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
139.81 Total Impact Points


  • 1992-2003
    • National Cheng Kung University Hospital
      • Department of Pediatrics
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2001
    • R.D. University
      Jubbulpore, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 1996-2001
    • National Cheng Kung University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan