[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study of 25 brains at the pontomedullary junction defined the different possible origins of the perforating arteries and lateral spinal arteries in relation to the posterior inferior cerebellar arteries (PICAs). - If the PICA emerges from the common trunk of the AICA-PICA coming from the basilar artery, it never gives perforating arteries or a lateral spinal artery on the lateral surface of the brain stem but supplies blood to a part of the ipsilateral cerebellar hemisphere. - If the PICA arises extradurally at C1, it never gives perforating arteries for the lateral surface of the brain stem, but it gives pial branches for the posterior surface of the medulla oblongata and is always the origin of the lateral spinal artery. - If the PICA emerges in the intradural vertebral artery, it is the source of the perforating arteries for the lateral surface of the brain stem and of the blood supply of the ipsilateral cerebellum.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is few published series dealing on the long-term outcome of the adult-onset craniopharyngiomas. We report the long term clinical, tomodensitometric and MRI data outcome of 35 (23 woman and 12 men) consecutive adult-onset cured for craniopharyngiomas between 1983 and 2002, and followed-up in Rennes University Hospital. The operation was performed via frontopterional approach in 59% and transphenoïdal approach in 41% of cases. Their age at the time of diagnosis was 44.7+/-15.1 years (21-74). The average postoperation follow-up was 7.4+/-7.0 years (0.1-19.1). Recurrence of tumour occurred in 8 patients (25.8%) and a tumor progression in 1 case. The delay of recurrence after initial surgery was 4.1+/-1.3 years (1.4-6.3). Two patients had 5 and 6 years treatment by growth hormone (GH), without tumor recurrence. The observed increase of weight after the surgical cure of craniopharyngiomas concerned 22 patients (63%). The average weight gain was 17.5+/-14.7 kg (1.5-58). In 7 cases (20%) neuropsychological disorders were noted, of which 2 with lost of professional activity. Three patients died. In conclusion the craniopharyngiomas recurrence is frequent and can appear in very prolonged deadlines after the initial surgery.
Annales d Endocrinologie 07/2007; 68(2-3):186-90. · 1.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is few published series dealing on the long-term outcome of the adult-onset craniopharyngiomas. We report the long term clinical, tomodensitometric and MRI data outcome of 35 (23 woman and 12 men) consecutive adult-onset cured for craniopharyngiomes between 1983 and 2002, and followed-up in Rennes University Hospital. The operation was performed via frontopterional approach in 59% and transphenoïdal approach in 41% of cases. Their age at the time of diagnosis was 44.7±15.1 years (21–74). The average postoperation follow-up was 7.4±7.0 years (0.1–19.1). Recurrence of tumour occurred in 8 patients (25.8%) and a tumor progression in 1 case. The delay of recurrence after initial surgery was 4.1±1.3 years (1.4–6.3). Two patients had 5 and 6 years treatment by growth hormone (GH), without tumor recurrence. The observed increase of weight after the surgical cure of craniopharyngiomas concerned 22 patients (63%). The average weight gain was 17.5±14.7 kg (1.5–58). In 7 cases (20%) neuropsychological disorders were noted, of which 2 with lost of professional activity. Three patients died. In conclusion the craniopharyngiomas recurrence is frequent and can appear in very prolonged deadlines after the initial surgery.
Annales D Endocrinologie - ANN ENDOCRINOL. 01/2007; 68(2):186-190.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors document a rapid development, within 3 weeks, of hydromyelia in a 12 year-old boy. The boy was admitted to a local hospital because of drowsiness and persistent severe neck pain. Neurological examination disclosed a lethargic boy with no neurological deficit other than Parinaud's sign. During his transfer to our department, he presented a cardio-respiratory arrest with coma and bilateral mydriasis. External ventricular drain and craniocervical decompression achieved excellent clinical and neuroradiological outcomes. The development of hydromyelia in this case is caused by obstruction to the natural cerebrospinal fluid pathway at the craniocervical junction and the cardio-respiratory arrest is provoked by a brain stem compression against the clivus and odontoid process. This report illustrates that hydromyelia may complicate acute obstructive hydrocephalus due to acquired Chiari malformation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: But de l’étude
une meilleure connaissance micro-anatomique du cercle veineux pour permettre l’interprétation des anastomoses veineuses profondes angiographiques.
Matériel et méthodes
25 cerveaux préalablement injectés au latex bleu et rouge.
Dissection micro-anatomique sous microscope opératoire Wild Leitz et Zeiss.
Photographies 2D et 3D.
le cercle veineux est formé par 2 systèmes anastomotiques transversaux antérieurs et postérieurs (veines communicantes antérieure et postérieure) et 2 vaisseaux longitudinaux paramédians (les veines basales) qui comportent 4 portions distinctes) et se terminent en arrière dans la grande veine cérébrale. La veine communicante antérieure court sur le chiasma optique en arrière de son homologue artériel. La veine communicante postérieure située en arrière de l’artère basilaire réunit les 2 veines mésencéphaliques latérales à la veine mésencéphalique antérieure. L’absence fréquente d’une partie de la veine basale peut entraîner un drainage veineux vers le sinus caverneux ou vers le sinus pétreux inférieur homo ou controlatéral.
cette étude micro-anatomique du cercle veineux de la base du cerveau permet de comprendre les variations du drainage veineux cérébral profond.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The concept of hemorrhage in a preexisting syringomyelic cavity was first described by Gowers in 1904. Since its first description only 13 cases have been reported. The aims of this report are to describe a new case, bring this entity to wider attention, and summarize the existing literature on the subject. This 36-year-old woman presented with progressive gait disturbance and unsteadiness. Physical examination revealed incomplete quadriparesis, predominantly on the left side, and hypesthesia below C-7. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed hematomyelia characterized by a heterogeneous hyperintense signal within the central cervical cord. A liquefied well-limited hematoma was evacuated. The postoperative course was uneventful; a near-complete recovery was observed at the 7-year follow-up examination. Most cases of intrasyringal hemorrhage (ISH) have occurred in syringomyelic cavities associated with scoliosis or Chiari malformation Type I. Although there is no specific clinical picture associated with this entity, it can be characterized by three neurological forms: 1) sudden onset or rapid development of signs and symptoms, 2) acute worsening of symptoms that may improve but leaving greater neurological dysfunction than before the previous episode, and 3) ISH may initiate progressive deterioration in a patient with known syringomyelia. Intrasyringal bleeding is most probably caused by a sudden dilation of the syringomyelic cavity, which may provoke rupture of the intrasyringal vessels by an acute distension of the accompanying strands. Magnetic resonance imaging is the most accurate diagnostic modality, and recognition of ISH can lead to early, safe, and efficient surgical treatment.
Journal of Neurosurgery Spine 01/2006; 3(6):477-81. · 1.98 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adjacent to the arterial circle of Willis at the base of the brain, there is an anastomotic circle of veins linking the right and left halves of the cerebral deep venous system. This venous circle is formed by anterior and posterior transverse anastomotic channels (the anterior and posterior communicating veins), and paramedian longitudinal vessels (the basal veins of Rosenthal). This collateral venous network has received considerably less attention than its arterial counterpart, but is its functional homologue. Although inconstant, it can be seen readily with current neuroimaging techniques including three-dimensional digital subtraction venographic phase 3D arteriography (3D-DSV) and CT venography (CTV). The venous circle represents a route of contralateral venous drainage that may become important, particularly when segments of the basal vein are absent (with or without complex DVA), or in high flow states including arteriovenous shunts that access the deep venous system.We review the gross anatomy and provide examples of the radiologic imaging of this venous circle.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Up to now, extra-dural haematomas (EDH) in elderly patients have been known for their poor prognosis and few studies have focused on the particularity of EDH in the elderly. Most clinical studies relating to EDH have generally focused on its occurrence in children and the middle-aged, grouping people of over 50 and 60 years together as the elderly. The purpose of this paper is to present a series of EDH cases in the elderly.
500 EDH patients (of all ages) were admitted to our Department from January 1990 to December 2003 and this is a retrospective study of 14 of those patients who were aged 70 years and over.
The study consists of 8 women and 6 men with an average age of 74 years. A high incidence of disease predisposes elderly to falls, which are the most frequent cause of head trauma. The elderly are less likely to manifest signs or symptoms of increased intracranial pressure due to cerebral atrophy, and almost all haematomas occurred in the parietal area. Post-operative results were satisfactory and only one death was recorded.
This study shows that the elderly, presenting EDH after a fall, have a better prognosis than is often feared.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor of soft tissue. The thoracic spine is an unusual location, even for metastasis, and to our knowledge, no case of primary pleomorphic liposarcoma of the vertebral body has been reported until now. A female patient presented with paraplegia. She had a previous medical history of mental depression, and complained of dorsal pain for three months following a road accident. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed a collapse of T7-T8, and the diagnosis of plasmocytoma was made. She was treated with decompressive laminectomy and posterior instrumentation. Histological examination revealed a pleomorphic liposarcoma. She received a course of radiotherapy. At 13 months follow-up she developed pulmonary metastases and rib involvement. The spine is an unusual location for pleomorphic liposarcoma, even as metastasis. The differential diagnoses of this rare entity are discussed, as well as the criteria for diagnosing primary spinal liposarcoma. Although rare, our case demonstrates that liposarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spinal tumors.
European Spine Journal 09/2005; 14(6):613-8. · 2.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spinal meningiomas are usually benign, slow-growing tumours and are commonly associated with good patient outcome following surgery. However, the existence of a severe preoperative neurological deficit has been considered to be a possible predictor of poor functional outcome after surgery. We retrospectively reviewed data from 33 patients with 35 spinal meningiomas treated in our institution over the past 17 years and exhibiting severe preoperative deficits before surgery. Among them, 20 suffered from paraparesis and 13 were paraplegic. The mean follow-up duration was 70.7 months (range 12-183 months). By the 1-year follow-up, all patients had improved in comparison with their preoperative neurological status, and 60% of them had totally recovered. It can be concluded from this study, that, in the vast majority of cases, patients harbouring spinal meningioma with severe preoperative deficits can expect a good outcome.
European Spine Journal 07/2005; 14(5):440-4. · 2.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We herein report five cases of cerebral palsy athetosic patients with spondyloid cervical myelopathy. Four of them underwent decompressive surgery. The level of cervicarthrosis differs from a control population with a more frequent osteoarthritis on the lower cervical spine. The diagnosis of spondylotic cervical myelopathy is frequently overlooked because of the insidious progression of neurologic disorders and of the pre-existent neurological handicap. Depressive syndrome is often evoked in such a situation, and thus responsible for a delay of diagnosis. The presence of an hypersignal in T2 MRI sequences is still controversial. For some authors it is an indication for surgery, which is the treatment with the best functional results. CONCLUSION: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy must be evoked in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy who complain about a decrease of their functional ability.
Joint Bone Spine 06/2005; 72(3):270-4. · 2.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Capillary haemangioma of the central nervous system is extremely rare. Histologically proven cases developed in the dura mater and choroid plexus, or were typically intracranial extensions of an extra-cranial lesion.
This report details a case that developed in the anterior choroidal artery of a newborn infant and manifested as a lethal intra-cerebral haemorrhage. Pathological criteria for the diagnosis of vascular malformations should be carefully investigated and the differential diagnoses of the present case are discussed.
Intracranial haemangioma presents a diagnostic challenge and the treatment of deep lesions remains problematic.
Child s Nervous System 05/2005; 21(4):265-71. · 1.24 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spinal schwannomas and meningiomas are mostly benign, intra-dural extramedullary tumours. We retrospectively reviewed the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examinations of 52 spinal schwannomas and meningiomas operated on at our institution since 1998. The series included 28 schwannomas and 24 meningiomas. We compared MRI features of schwannomas and meningiomas and evaluated statistical features that would allow differentiation. Tumours with extraspinal extension were excluded. Concerning the cranio-caudal distribution, half of the cervical tumours were schwannomas, 72% of thoracic lesions were meningiomas and all lumbar tumours were schwannomas. Meningiomas were significantly located at the upper and mid thoracic levels and schwannomas in the lumbar area. On T1-weighted images, MRI signal intensity and heterogeneity were not statistically different between meningiomas and schwannomas. On T2-weighted images, the signal intensity appeared significantly hyperintense and heterogeneous for schwannomas. After Gd-DTPA, we observed a significant difference between meningiomas and schwannomas, the enhancement being intense and heterogeneous in cases of schwannomas, and moderate and homogeneous in cases of meningiomas. The last significant qualitative item was the "dural tail sign", a dural enhancement or thickening near the tumour. It was found in only 16 cases of meningiomas. A simple diagnostic test was built for schwannomas by processing a multiple agreement analysis with the 6 significant items: cranio-caudal location, T2 signal intensity, T2 signal heterogeneity, Gd-DTPA enhancement intensity and heterogeneity, and the "dural tail sign". This test allowed diagnosis of schwannomas with a sensitivity of 96.4%, a specificity of 83.3%, a positive predictive value of 87.1%, and a negative predictive value of 95.7%. In conclusion, we consider that a diagnosis of schwannoma should be made when a spinal intradural extramedullary tumour shows hyperintensity on T2W images or intense enhancement without dural tail sign; otherwise meningioma is more probable.
Journal of Neuroradiology 02/2005; 32(1):42-9. · 1.24 Impact Factor