V. Vesovic

Imperial College London, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (76)136.15 Total impact

  • Rudolf Umla, Velisa Vesovic
    Fluid Phase Equilibria 01/2014; 372:34–42. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An extended hard-sphere model is reported that may be applied to correlate and predict the viscosity of gases, liquids and supercritical fluids. The method is based on the hard-sphere model of Dymond and Assael and uses their roughness factors and molar core volumes to relate reduced viscosity to a universal function of reduced volume. The extended model behaves correctly in the limit of low densities and offers improved accuracy at high densities. The new universal reference function was determined from a large database of experimental viscosities for alkanes extending up to reduced densities of 0.84. It has been tested by correlating the viscosity of two high-viscosity liquids not used in the development of the universal function and has shown to perform satisfactorily up to reduced densities of approximately 0.9.
    Fluid Phase Equilibria 01/2014; 363:239–247. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Robert Hellmann, Nicolas Riesco, Velisa Vesovic
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    ABSTRACT: The relaxation properties in the dilute-gas limit have been calculated by the classical trajectory (CT) method for a gas consisting of chain-like molecules that are rigid and interact through site–site Lennard–Jones 12–6 potentials. Results are reported for volume viscosity ηVηV, rotational collision number ζrotζrot and the ratio of the rotational to self-diffusion coefficient Drot/DDrot/D. The results indicate that the volume viscosity increases with temperature and decreases with chain length. The rotational relaxation of chains is efficient, as it takes of the order of 1.75–2.7 collisions to attain equilibrium. The rotational collision number is only weakly temperature dependent.
    Chemical Physics Letters 06/2013; 574:37–41. · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Robert Hellmann, Nicolas Riesco, Velisa Vesovic
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    ABSTRACT: The transport properties in the dilute gas limit have been calculated by the classical-trajectory method for a gas consisting of chain-like molecules. The molecules were modelled as rigid chains consisting of spherical segments that interact through a combination of site-site Lennard-Jones 12-6 potentials. Results are reported for shear viscosity, self-diffusion, and thermal conductivity for chains consisting of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, and 16 segments in the reduced temperature range of 0.3 - 50. The results indicate that the transport properties increase with temperature and decrease with chain length. At high temperatures the dependence of the transport properties is governed effectively by the repulsive part of the potential. No simple scaling with chain length has been observed. The higher order correction factors are larger than observed for real molecules so far, reaching asymptotic values of 1.019 - 1.033 and 1.060 - 1.072 for viscosity and thermal conductivity, respectively. The dominant contribution comes from the angular momentum coupling. The agreement with molecular dynamics calculations for viscosity is within the estimated accuracy of the two methods for shorter chains. However, for longer chains differences of up to 7% are observed.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2013; 138(8):084309. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper contains new, representative reference equations for the thermal conductivity of n-heptane. The equations are based in part upon a body of experimental data that have been critically assessed for internal consistency and for agreement with theory whenever possible. In the case of the dilute-gas thermal conductivity, a theoretically based correlation was adopted in order to extend the temperature range of the experimental data. Moreover, in the critical region, the experimentally observed enhancement of the thermal conductivity is well represented by theoretically based equations containing just one adjustable parameter. The correlations are applicable for the temperature range from the triple point to 600 K and pressures up to 250 MPa. The overall uncertainty (considered to be estimates of a combined expanded uncertainty with a coverage factor of 2) of the proposed correlation is estimated, for pressures less than 250 MPa and temperatures less than 600 K, to be less than 4%.
    Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 01/2013; 42:023101. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New, simple, and practical correlations for shear viscosity, self-diffusion coefficient, bulk viscosity, and thermal conductivity of hydrogen sulfide in the limit of zero density are provided, together with a correlation for the second pressure virial coefficient. The correlations are based on the values of thermophysical properties generated from a highly accurate, fully quantum-mechanical, ab initio potential energy surface. The validation of the computed values of thermophysical properties against the rather scarce experimental data demonstrates an excellent agreement with the most accurate data sets. The analysis undertaken indicates that the correlated values provide the most reliable, accurate, and internally consistent representation of thermophysical properties of hydrogen sulfide. The correlations extend over the temperature range (180 to 2000) K. The behavior of each transport property is represented by an independent correlation of the appropriate effective collision cross section as a function of temperature, while the behavior of the second pressure virial coefficient is directly represented as a function of temperature. The uncertainty of the proposed transport property correlations varies from ± 0.4 % for the shear viscosity in the temperature range (300 to 700) K to ± 5.0 % for the bulk viscosity. The uncertainty of the second pressure virial coefficient correlation is estimated to be of the order of ± 1 cm3·mol–1 at temperatures above 400 K, decreasing to ± 30 cm3·mol–1 at 180 K.
    Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 03/2012; 57(4):1312–1317. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New expressions for the viscosity of liquid mixtures, consisting of chain-like molecules, are derived by means of Enskog-type analysis. The molecules of the fluid are modelled as chains of equally sized, tangentially joined, and rigid spheres. It is assumed that the collision dynamics in such a fluid can be approximated by instantaneous collisions. We determine the molecular size parameters from the viscosity of each pure species and show how the different effective parameters can be evaluated by extending the Vesovic-Wakeham (VW) method. We propose and implement a number of thermodynamically consistent mixing rules, taking advantage of SAFT-type analysis, in order to develop the VW method for chain molecules. The predictions of the VW-chain model have been compared in the first instance with experimental viscosity data for octane-dodecane and methane-decane mixtures, thus, illustrating that the resulting VW-chain model is capable of accurately representing the viscosity of real liquid mixtures.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2012; 136(7):074514. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A six-dimensional potential energy hypersurface (PES) for two interacting rigid hydrogen sulfide molecules was determined from high-level quantum-mechanical ab initio computations. A total of 4016 points for 405 different angular orientations of two molecules were calculated utilizing the counterpoise-corrected supermolecular approach at the CCSD(T) level of theory and extrapolating the calculated interaction energies to the complete basis set limit. An analytical site-site potential function with eleven sites per hydrogen sulfide molecule was fitted to the interaction energies. The PES has been validated by computing the second pressure virial coefficient, shear viscosity, thermal conductivity and comparing with the available experimental data. The calculated values of volume viscosity were not used to validate the potential as the low accuracy of the available data precluded such an approach. The second pressure virial coefficient was evaluated by means of the Takahashi and Imada approach, while the transport properties, in the dilute limit, were evaluated by utilizing the classical trajectory method. In general, the agreement with the primary experimental data is within the experimental error for temperatures higher than 300 K. For lower temperatures the lack of reliable data indicates that the values of the second pressure virial coefficient and of the transport properties calculated in this work are currently the most accurate estimates for the thermophysical properties of hydrogen sulfide.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 06/2011; 13(30):13749-58. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fuel cell performance is determined by the complex interplay of mass transport, energy transfer and electrochemical processes. The convolution of these processes leads to spatial heterogeneity in the way that fuel cells perform, particularly due to reactant consumption, water management and the design of fluid-flow plates. It is therefore unlikely that any bulk measurement made on a fuel cell will accurately represent performance at all parts of the cell. The ability to make spatially resolved measurements in a fuel cell provides one of the most useful ways in which to monitor and optimise performance. This Minireview explores a range of in situ techniques being used to study fuel cells and describes the use of novel experimental techniques that the authors have used to develop an 'experimental functional map' of fuel cell performance. These techniques include the mapping of current density, electrochemical impedance, electrolyte conductivity, contact resistance and CO poisoning distribution within working PEFCs, as well as mapping the flow of reactant in gas channels using laser Doppler anemometry (LDA). For the high-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), temperature mapping, reference electrode placement and the use of Raman spectroscopy are described along with methods to map the microstructural features of electrodes. The combination of these techniques, applied across a range of fuel cell operating conditions, allows a unique picture of the internal workings of fuel cells to be obtained and have been used to validate both numerical and analytical models.
    ChemPhysChem 09/2010; 11(13):2714-31. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The viscosity and density of mixtures of carbon dioxide and 2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyltetracosane (squalane) are reported. The measurements were carried out using a vibrating wire instrument over a range of temperatures from (303.15 to 448.15) K and at pressures ranging from approximately the minimum miscibility pressure at a given composition to 170 MPa. Pure squalane and three different mixtures, with mole fractions of CO2 of 0.423, 0.604, and 0.788, were investigated. The estimated expanded relative uncertainties of the measurements were ± 2 % for viscosity and ± 0.2 % for density with a coverage factor of 2. The data for each composition were correlated by simple expressions with an absolute average relative deviation less than 2 % for viscosity and less than 0.2 % for density. The results show that the addition of CO2 to squalane at a given pressure and temperature reduces greatly the viscosity and increases slightly the density. A hard-sphere model, adjusted to fit the viscosity data of the pure substances but containing no adjustable binary parameters, was tested against the experimental data. Relative deviations bounded by approximately ± 60 % were found.
    Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data - J CHEM ENG DATA. 09/2009; 54(9).
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    ABSTRACT: Transport properties of dilute water vapor have been calculated in the rigid-rotor approximation using four different potential energy hypersurfaces and the classical-trajectory method. Results are reported for shear viscosity, self-diffusion, thermal conductivity, and volume viscosity in the dilute-gas limit for the temperature range of 250-2500 K. Of these four surfaces the CC-pol surface of Bukowski et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 128, 094314 (2008)] is in best accord with the available measurements. Very good agreement is found with the most accurate results for viscosity in the whole temperature range of the experiments. For thermal conductivity the deviations of the calculated values from the experimental data increase systematically with increasing temperature to around 5% at 1100 K. For both self-diffusion and volume viscosity, the much more limited number of available measurements are generally consistent with the calculated values, apart from the lower temperature isotopically labeled diffusion measurements.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 08/2009; 131(1):014303. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transport properties of pure methane have been calculated in the rigid-rotor approximation using the recently proposed intermolecular potential energy hypersurface [R. Hellmann et al., J. Chem. Phys. 128, 214303 (2008)] and the classical-trajectory method. Results are reported in the dilute-gas limit for the temperature range of 80-1500 K. The calculated thermal conductivity values are in very good agreement with the measured data and correlations. In the temperature range of 310-480 K the calculated values underestimate the best experimental data by 0.5%-1.0%. We suggest that the calculated values are more accurate, especially at low and high temperatures, than the currently available correlations based on the experimental data. Our results also agree well with measurements of thermal transpiration and of the thermomagnetic coefficients. We have shown that although the dominant contribution to the thermomagnetic coefficients comes from the Wjj polarization in the spherical approximation, the contribution of a second polarization, Wj, cannot be neglected nor can a full description of the Wjj polarization. The majority of the volume viscosity measurements around room temperature are consistent with the calculated values but this is not the case at high and low temperatures. However, for nuclear-spin relaxation the calculated values consistently exceed the measurements, which are mutually consistent within a few percent.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 04/2009; 130(12):124309. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the results of simultaneous measurements of the viscosity and density of five pure hydrocarbon liquids (octane, decane, 1,3-dimethylbenzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene, and 1-methylnaphthalene) at temperatures between (298.15 and 473.15) K and at pressures ranging from 0.1 MPa to approximately 200 MPa. The measurements were made with a vibrating-wire instrument, and the estimated expanded relative uncertainties are ± 2 % for viscosity and ± 0.2 % for density with a coverage factor of 2. The densities were correlated by means of a modified Tait equation, while the viscosities were correlated both with the theory of Dymond and Assael and in terms of an empirical function of temperature and pressure. We also present correlations of the viscosity of dodecane and octadecane based on results that we published previously [Caudwell et al. Int. J. Thermophys. 2004, 25, 1340−1352]. Extensive comparisons with literature data are presented.
    Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data - J CHEM ENG DATA. 02/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: Transport properties of pure methane gas have been calculated in the rigid-rotor approximation using the recently proposed intermolecular potential energy hypersurface [R. Hellmann et al., J. Chem. Phys. 128, 214303 (2008)] and the classical-trajectory method. Results are reported in the dilute-gas limit for shear viscosity, viscomagnetic coefficients, and self-diffusion in the temperature range of 80-1500 K. Compared with the best measurements, the calculated viscosity values are about 0.5% too high at room temperature, although the temperature dependence of the calculated values is in very good agreement with experiment between 210 and 390 K. For the shear viscosity, the calculations indicate that the corrections in the second-order approximation and those due to the angular-momentum polarization are small, less than 0.7%, in the temperature range considered. The very good agreement of the calculated values with the experimental viscosity data suggests that the rigid-rotor approximation should be very reasonable for the three properties considered. In general, the agreement for the other measured properties is within the experimental error.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 09/2008; 129(6):064302. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An expression for the viscosity of a dense fluid is presented that includes the effect of molecular shape. The molecules of the fluid are approximated by chains of equal-sized, tangentially jointed, rigid spheres. It is assumed that the collision dynamics in such a fluid can be approximated by instantaneous collisions between two rigid spheres belonging to different chains. The approach is thus analogous to that of Enskog for a fluid consisting of rigid spheres. The description is developed in terms of two molecular parameters, the diameter sigma of the spherical segment and the chain length (number of segments) m. It is demonstrated that an analysis of viscosity data of a particular pure fluid alone cannot be used to obtain independently effective values of both sigma and m. Nevertheless, the chain lengths of n-alkanes are determined by assuming that the diameter of each rigid sphere making up the chain can be represented by the diameter of a methane molecule. The effective chain lengths of n-alkanes are found to increase linearly with the number C of carbon atoms present. The dependence can be approximated by a simple relationship m=1+(C-1)3. The same relationship was reported within the context of a statistical associating fluid theory equation of state treatment of the fluid, indicating that both the equilibrium thermodynamic properties and viscosity yield the same value for the chain lengths of n-alkanes.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 06/2008; 128(20):204901. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • V. Vesovic
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    ABSTRACT: It has been argued that the Mason–Monchick approximation (MMA) and infinite order sudden approximation (IOSA) are not suitable for the calculation of the transport property coefficients of light polyatomic systems. It is proposed, on physical grounds, that a new approximation, the hybrid-MMA, is more appropriate. Although the hybrid-MMA belongs to the MMA/IOSA type methods, its accuracy is expected to decrease with increasing temperature.The hybrid-MMA was used to calculate the cross-sections that govern the binary diffusion coefficient and the interaction viscosity of the H–H2 system. The results were compared with the existing quantum IOSA calculations. The agreement is excellent for temperatures above 500 K. The present results were also compared with the ‘exact’ CC calculations. The agreement is very good below 1000 K, but progressively fails at elevated temperatures. The differences observed, with increasing temperature, can be attributed to a combination of the decreasing accuracy of a particular CC calculation and the expected failure of the MMA/IOSA family of methods when applied to light systems at high temperature.
    Chemical Physics 01/2008; 345(1):41-48. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to make spatially resolved measurements in a fuel cell provides one of the most useful ways in which to monitor and optimise their performance. Localised membrane resistance and current density measurements for a single channel polymer electrolyte fuel cell are presented for a range of operating conditions. The current density distribution results are compared with an analytical model that exhibited generally good agreement across a broad range of operating conditions. However, under conditions of high air flow rate, an increase in current is observed along the channel which is not predicted by the model. Under such circumstances, localised electrochemical impedance measurements show a decrease in membrane resistance along the channel. This phenomenon is attributed to drying of the electrolyte at the start of the channel and is more pronounced with increasing operating temperature.Under conditions of reactant depletion, an increase in electrolyte resistance with decreasing current is observed. This is due to the hydrating effect of product water and electro-osmotic drag through the membrane when ionic current is flowing. Localised conduction is shown to be an effective means of conditioning previously unused membrane electrode assemblies by forcing passage of ionic current through the electrolyte.
    Journal of Power Sources 10/2007; 172(1):2–13. · 4.68 Impact Factor
  • V Vesovic
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    ABSTRACT: The spillage of LNG on water surfaces can lead, under certain circumstances, to a decrease in the surface temperature of water and subsequent freezing. A model for heat transfer from water to LNG is proposed and used to calculate the surface temperature of water and examine its influence on the vaporization rate of LNG. For this purpose LNG was modeled based on the properties of pure methane. It was concluded that when LNG spills on a confined, shallow-water surface the surface temperature of water will decrease rapidly leading to ice formation. The formation of an ice layer, that will continue to grow for the duration of the spill, will have a profound effect upon the vaporization rate. The decreasing surface temperature of ice will decrease the temperature differential between LNG and ice that drives the heat transfer and will lead to a change of the boiling regime. The overall effect would be that the vaporization flux would first decrease during the film boiling; followed by an increase during the transition boiling and a steady decrease during the nucleate boiling.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 03/2007; 140(3):518-26. · 3.93 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology - J FUEL CELL SCI TECHNOL. 01/2007; 4(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The vertical pollutant dispersion is quite sensitive to the eddy diffusivity, KV. Therefore, good estimations of KV are essential for improving the predictive performance of Eulerian dispersion models; especially in urban areas where literature based KV correlations are not always accurate. Here, we present a methodology to obtain a more accurate, but site-specific, KV correlation. It is based on using artificial neural networks (ANN) to find the best KV function for a particular urban area by minimizing, in a least-squares sense, the difference between ambient measurements of carbon monoxide and dispersion simulations of this tracer species. The resulting ANN-KV correlation is a function of three parameters namely, the stability parameter (z/L), the height within the mixing layer (z/h), and the scaled height (zfC/u*)–hence the Monin–Obukhov (L), mixing (h) and Ekman (u*/fC) lengths are used to predict KV across the atmospheric boundary layer.We then assess how such an ANN-KV model improves the capability of a dispersion model (CAMx) to predict peak concentrations of ambient carbon monoxide in a large city. The evaluation has been performed with a set of eight air-quality meteorological stations evenly spread across the city of Santiago, Chile, during springtime. Results show that with the ANN-KV model, CAMx achieved better predictions of peak CO concentration levels than has been hitherto possible. Typically root-mean-square errors are reduced to half their original values. The resulting ANN-KV model—without any additional training—was then used to predict CO ambient concentrations at another period (summertime) and also to predict ambient concentrations of total carbon (PM2.5) at both periods. A much-improved agreement was observed. Furthermore, the ANN formulation allowed for the quality of the urban emission inventory to be critically assessed indicating that the weekend emissions in Santiago are most likely underestimated.
    Atmospheric Environment. 01/2006;

Publication Stats

655 Citations
136.15 Total Impact Points


  • 1981–2014
    • Imperial College London
      • • Department of Earth Science and Engineering
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2004–2013
    • University of Rostock
      • Institut für Chemie
      Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 2012
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      • Institute for Molecules and Materials
      Nijmegen, Provincie Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2010
    • University College London
      • Department of Chemical Engineering
      London, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2006
    • Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
      • Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Bioprocesos
      Santiago, Region Metropolitana de Santiago, Chile
  • 1993–2003
    • Newcastle University
      • School of Chemistry
      Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, United Kingdom
  • 1988–2001
    • Imperial Valley College
      Imperial, California, United States
  • 1986
    • Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy
      Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia