M Paesmans

Free University of Brussels, Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium

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Publications (306)1263.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PurposeTo assess the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in patients with R/M SCCHN and to explore the predictive value of early metabolic responses.Patients and methodsSorafenib was administered orally at 400 mg BID on a continuous basis. Primary endpoint was response rate. Correlation of early 18FDG PET-CT response to time-to-event outcomes was a secondary objective.ResultsTwenty-three pts were included. Grade 3-4 toxicities included fatigue (22%), hand-foot syndrome (9%), lymphopenia (17%), hyponatremia (39%) and hypophosphatemia (48%). One pt (5%) had PR; 12 pts (55%) had SD. Early metabolic response rate was 38%. Median PFS was 2.2 months in early metabolic non responders (13/21 pts) in comparison to 7.4 months in the 8 pts with class I early metabolic response (p 0.006).Conclusions Sorafenib showed a modest antitumor activity. Data suggest a possible role of 18FDG PET metabolic response as an early predictor of a prolonged PFS. Head Neck, 2014
    Head & Neck 10/2014; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) may present various behaviours that define different courses of tumor evolution. There is presently no available tool designed to assess tumor aggressiveness, despite the fact that this is considered to have a major impact on patient outcome.Methods/design: CORIOLAN is a single-arm prospective interventional non-therapeutic study aiming mainly to assess the natural tumor metabolic progression index (TMPI) measured by serial FDG PET-CT without any intercurrent antitumor therapy as a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) in patients with mCRC.Secondary objectives of the study aim to test the TMPI as a prognostic marker for progression-free survival (PFS), to assess the prognostic value of baseline tumor FDG uptake on PFS and OS, to compare TMPI to classical clinico-biological assessment of prognosis, and to test the prognostic value on OS and PFS of MRI-based apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and variation of vADC using voxel-based diffusion maps.Additionally, this study intends to identify genomic and epigenetic factors that correlate with progression of tumors and the OS of patients with mCRC. Consequently, this analysis will provide information about the signaling pathways that determine the natural and therapy-free course of the disease. Finally, it would be of great interest to investigate whether in a population of patients with mCRC, for which at present no known effective therapy is available, tumor aggressiveness is related to elevated levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and to patient outcome.
    BMC Cancer 05/2014; 14(1):385. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Women affected by breast cancer (BC) will often go through menopause at an earlier age and display more frequent and severe symptoms than women who have a natural menopause. The safety of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and vaginal estrogens for BC survivors has been debated over time and remains unclear. Non hormonal therapies such as antidepressants, gabapentine and clonidine may be useful for those patients but there are few data about their safety.
    Maturitas 05/2014; · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Oncology 05/2014; 25 Suppl 1:i17-i18. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Rev Med Brux. 05/2014; 35(3):132-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Given recent data on genetic heterogeneity within and individual's tumor, we investigated if there were differences in the prognostic and predictive abilities of BCL2 and TP53 protein expression in primary breast cancer (TU) and corresponding axillary lymph-nodes (LN). We used patient samples from the adjuvant Belgian three-arm study which randomized between anthracycline containing regimens and traditional CMF. The endpoints analyzed were overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS) and interactions between chemotherapy regimens. At a median follow-up of 15.6 years, BCL2 and TP53 (in both TU and LN) were significantly associated with OS but only in the first 5 years. Likewise, BCL2 and TP53 (in both TU and LN) were associated with EFS in the first 2 years after randomization, with no association after 2 years. BCL2 and TP53 remained statistically significant after adjustment for the standard clinical-pathological characteristics in regard to OS and EFS in the respective first years after randomization, (p value < 0.001 for both markers). Furthermore, an interaction was found between high BCL2 expression in the TU (but not in LN) and benefit to CMF over anthracycline-based chemotherapy (interaction p value EFS: 0.042; OS = 0.01). No interaction was found for TP53 expression neither in TU nor in LN. We conclude that BCL2 and TP53 were predictive biomarkers for better and worse survival respectively, but only in the first two to five years after diagnosis. BCL2 expression in the TU but not in the LN was predictive of increased benefit to CMF vs anthracycline-based chemotherapy.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 04/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the commonest cause of cancer-related death worldwide and poses a significant respiratory disease burden. Little is known about the provision of lung cancer care across Europe. The overall aim of the Task Force was to investigate current practice in lung cancer care across Europe.The Task Force undertook four projects: 1) a narrative literature search on quality management of lung cancer; 2) a survey of national and local infrastructure for lung cancer care in Europe; 3) a benchmarking project on the quality of (inter)national lung cancer guidelines in Europe; and 4) a feasibility study of prospective data collection in a pan-European setting.There is little peer-reviewed literature on quality management in lung cancer care. The survey revealed important differences in the infrastructure of lung cancer care in Europe. The European guidelines that were assessed displayed wide variation in content and scope, as well as methodological quality but at the same time there was relevant duplication. The feasibility study demonstrated that it is, in principle, feasible to collect prospective demographic and clinical data on patients with lung cancer. Legal obligations vary among countries.The European Initiative for Quality Management in Lung Cancer Care has provided the first comprehensive snapshot of lung cancer care in Europe.
    European Respiratory Journal 03/2014; · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the current clinical management of early stage breast cancer patients, identify areas of controversy, and interrogate how treating physicians implement latest advances. We conducted a 27-item survey, disseminated in 2 stages: paper distribution at selected breast cancer sessions at the ESMO 2012 Congress, and dedicated mailings to ESMO members. Descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression analysis were applied to explore potential associations between the demographic characteristics of the participants and replies. A total of 512 physicians from 79 countries participated in the study, accounting for 465 (91%) fully completed questionnaires. The majority of the participants were ESMO members (66%), medical oncologists (86.5%), and working in multidisciplinary teams (91.6%). Heterogeneous results were captured, such as the following: 40.9% of the participants consider no genetic test useful for making adjuvant treatment decisions; 15.3% consider PET-CT a useful imaging modality for staging; 68.8% consider that postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor positive disease should always be offered an aromatase inhibitor as part of their adjuvant therapy; 78.7% prefer to administer trastuzumab concurrently with the taxane component of chemotherapy; and 27% would consider bevacizumab in the neoadjuvant setting. The logistic regression analysis did not identify any strong predictor of the probability of giving a reply fully compatible with evidence in the literature. This survey captures clinical practice and whether the latest research advances are implemented in the treatment of early stage breast cancer by an extended number of physicians. Significant individual differences were found. Areas of controversy were detected, and they deserve further exploration in order to generate 'tailored' educational tools, with the final goal being the standardization of the treatment of early stage breast cancer patients.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the United States, there will be a shortage of medical oncologists (MO) by 2020. However, this information is not available for Europe. The aim of this study was to assess the current number of MO in the 27 European Union (27-EU) countries and to predict their availability by 2020. Between June 2012 and January 2013, a survey was submitted to health authorities, medical oncology societies, and personal contacts in all 27-EU countries in order to gather annual data on the number of practicing MO. Data were collected by e-mail, telephone contact, or through research on official websites. Data regarding cancer incidence in 2008 and projections for 2015 and 2020 were obtained through Globocan. The mean annual increase in the number of MO was calculated for each country. The total number of MO by 2015 and 2020 was estimated, and the ratio of new cancer cases versus number of MO was calculated for 2008, 2015, and 2020. Twelve countries provided sufficient data. The average mean annual increase in the total number of MO was 5.3% (range 1.8%-8.7%), with Belgium being the lowest and UK the highest. The 2008 ratio of cancer cases versus MO was lowest in Hungary (113) and highest in UK (1067). A favorable decrease in this ratio was estimated in most countries. Our estimates, based on incidence and not on prevalence, indicate that MO availability will probably meet the projected need in most of the 12 countries analyzed, provided that: (i) these countries maintain their rate of annual increase in MO; and (ii) no unforeseen changes occur in cancer incidence. Unfortunately, minimal information is available for Eastern Europe. Our data call for the prospective surveillance of the cancer burden and MO availability to ensure adequate and equal care for cancer patients throughout Europe.
    Annals of Oncology 01/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Given recent data on genetic heterogeneity within and individual’s tumor, we investigated if there were differences in the prognostic and predictive abilities of BCL2 and TP53 protein expression in primary breast cancer (TU) and corresponding axillary lymph-nodes (LN). We used patient samples from the adjuvant Belgian three-arm study which randomized between anthracycline containing regimens and traditional CMF. The endpoints analyzed were overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS) and interactions between chemotherapy regimens. At a median follow-up of 15.6 years, BCL2 and TP53 (in both TU and LN) were significantly associated with OS but only in the first 5 years. Likewise, BCL2 and TP53 (in both TU and LN) were associated with EFS in the first 2 years after randomization, with no association after 2 years. BCL2 and TP53 remained statistically significant after adjustment for the standard clinical–pathological characteristics in regard to OS and EFS in the respective first years after randomization, (p value < 0.001 for both markers). Furthermore, an interaction was found between high BCL2 expression in the TU (but not in LN) and benefit to CMF over anthracycline-based chemotherapy (interaction p value EFS: 0.042; OS = 0.01). No interaction was found for TP53 expression neither in TU nor in LN. We conclude that BCL2 and TP53 were predictive biomarkers for better and worse survival respectively, but only in the first two to five years after diagnosis. BCL2 expression in the TU but not in the LN was predictive of increased benefit to CMF vs anthracycline-based chemotherapy.
    The Breast. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The first ‘Women's Health Initiative’ (WHI) randomised controlled trial assessed use of continuous combined menopausal hormone therapy (cc-MHT). It was prematurely stopped because of an increased invasive breast cancer (BC), coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and pulmonary embolism risk. Consequently, scientific societies recommended use of MHT at the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration. As a result, a sharp decline in MHT use occurred worldwide. Aim To report in a uniform way the change in MHT use in European countries. To evaluate whether the variability of the MHT changes were related to some medical indicators. Materials and methods IMS Health provided MHT sales data for the years 2002 till 2010 for 17 countries. We tested several hypotheses to explain the heterogeneity of MHT use changes. Results and discussion In 2002, the estimated MHT rate in women 45–69 years old varied considerably between countries ranging from less than 5% to more than 25%. In all countries a profound decrease occurred between 2002 and 2010, ranging from 50% to 77%. By the end of 2010, the MHT uptake was lower than 10% in all countries except in Finland. MHT use change was not correlated to MHT use and prevailing BC incidence at baseline, nor to the number of gynaecologists per 100,000 women or to the level of information about MHT. Conclusion The global MHT use experienced a sharp decrease in all the analysed countries, although some variability exists. The decrease was unrelated to the assessed parameters.
    Maturitas 01/2014; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: While meta-analyses and clinical trials show improved survival in advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-containing chemotherapy, there are few data concerning front-line platinum-free ifosfamide-based regimens. We aimed to compare cisplatin-based chemotherapy to ifosfamide-gemcitabine (IG) with pre-defined second-line docetaxel. 693 Untreated advanced inoperable NSCLC cases were randomised to either GIP (gemcitabine, ifosfamide, cisplatin), DP (docetaxel, cisplatin) or IG. Primary outcome was overall survival. Median age of the patients was 58 years with a predominance of males (75%), adenocarcinoma (56%), Karnofsky PS 80-100 (77%) and stage-IV disease (81%). Median survival times were 8.7, 8.8 and 8.3 months for IG, GIP and DP (p=0.79). GIP presented with (p<0.05) greater neutropenia, thrombopenia, vomiting, while greater cardiotoxicity, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy were observed for DP and encephalopathy for IG. In advanced NSCLC, cisplatin-based CT is not superior to a platinum-free regimen (ifosfamide-gemcitabine) with a favourable toxicity profile.
    Anticancer research 12/2013; 33(12):5477-82. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain metastases (BMs) pose a clinical challenge in breast cancer (BC). Lapatinib or temozolomide showed activity in BM. Our study assessed the combination of both drugs as treatment for patients with HER2-positive BC and BM. Eighteen patients were enrolled, with sixteen of them having recurrent or progressive BM. Any type of previous therapy was allowed, and disease was assessed by gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The primary end points were the evaluation of the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and the determination of the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD). The secondary end points included objective response rate, clinical benefit and duration of response. The lapatinib-temozolomide regimen showed a favorable toxicity profile because the MTD could not be reached. The most common adverse events (AEs) were fatigue, diarrhea and constipation. Disease stabilization was achieved in 10 out of 15 assessable patients. The estimated median survival time for the 16 patients with BM reached 10.94 months (95% CI: 1.09-20.79), whereas the median progression-free survival time was 2.60 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.82-3.37]. The lapatinib-temozolomide combination is well tolerated. Preliminary evidence of clinical activity was observed in a heavily pretreated population, as indicated by the volumetric reductions occurring in brain lesions.
    Annals of Oncology 09/2013; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical variables, like stage and performance status (PS), have predictive and prognostic values in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemotherapy, not allowing adequate individual prediction. MicroRNA (miRNA) are non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression. In a prospective study, we assessed the predictive value for response and survival of tumour miRNA in NSCLC patients treated by 1st line cisplatin and vinorelbine. miRNA expression was analysed on a biopsy obtained during the diagnostic bronchoscopy, using TaqMan Low Density Arrays. The signature for response was derived using logistic regression with stepwise variable selection. The associations between overall survival and miRNA expression levels were estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazard regression models to estimate the hazard ratios. In total, 38 patients with adequate tumour biopsies, treated with cisplatin-vinorelbine were included: male (n=27), 80-100 Karnofsky PS (n=27), adenocarcinoma (n=20), stage IV (n=30). One patient was considered not assessable for response but remained included in the survival analyses. Out of the 37 patients assessable for response, 16 partial responses (43%) were observed. A two miRNA signature (miR-149 and miR-375) was found predictive for response and was also associated to progression-free survival (p=0.05). Using a linear combination of the miR CT values with Cox's regression coefficients as weights, we constructed a prognostic score for overall survival including four miRNA (miR-200c, miR-424, miR-29c and miR-124). The signature distinguished patients with good (n=18) and poor (n=20) prognosis with respective median survival times of 47.3 months (95% CI 29.8-52.4) and 15.5 months (95% CI 9.1-22.8) (p<0.001; hazard ratio 21.1, 95% CI 4.7-94.9). miRNA signature allows predicting response and is of prognostic value for survival in patients with NSCLC treated with first line cisplatin and vinorelbine.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 08/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • C Antoine, L Ameye, M Paesmans, S Rozenberg
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: Several studies report a Breast Cancer (BC) incidence decrease subsequent to the decrease in Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use. But its magnitude and the time-lag may vary between countries. This may reflect differences in populations, previous type and prevalence of HRT use and BC screening. Aim: To review systematically studies assessing the relation between BC incidence and change of HRT use. Material and method: Descriptive analysis of the methodology of the studies including design limitations and presence of confounding factors, data sources for BC and HRT and regimens of HRT used. Results and discussion: Eighteen articles were selected. Most studies were ecological and confounding factors such as mammography screening and changes in reproductive and life style habits could not be excluded. Sources of data on BC and HRT were heterogeneous and only few data on HRT regimens used were available. Most studies concluded that the decrease in HRT use during the last decade was probably associated with a BC incidence decrease, especially for women aged 50 or more. Conclusions: Data, mostly from epidemiological studies, suggest that the BC incidence decrease can be partly attributed to the HRT use drop. Nevertheless, available studies are hampered by a number of limitations and it remains difficult to evaluate the exact impact of HRT drop on BC incidence decrease. Especially, the studies are seldom based on detailed individual data and don't provide information on used regimens, type of cancers and possible confounding factors.
    Climacteric 08/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Questionnaires play a key place in the assessment of asthma control. Different questionnaires have been developed. However, it remains largely unknown whether they can be used interchangeably. We wondered whether the panel of frequently used scores would give similar measurement of asthma control. The present study aimed to assess the agreement between five specific questionnaires. In this prospective study, ninety-nine patients completed five commonly used asthma control scores: the GINA, the Asthma Control Test™, the Royal College of Physician score, the Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire (ATAQ), and the Asthma Control Questionnaire(©) (ACQ). The kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between questionnaires. The agreement between the GINA and other scores was only moderate (kappa coefficients amounted from 0.41 to 0.60). With respect to the "controlled" level, all the other scores gave higher results than GINA. All other scores also tended to underestimate GINA "uncontrolled level". For the "partly controlled level" defined by 3 of the 5 questionnaires, ACQ identified the same percentage of patients than GINA while ATAQ overestimated this percentage. This study shows only moderate agreement between five commonly used asthma control scores. The GINA score showed the lowest percentage of controlled and the highest percentage of uncontrolled asthma. As a consequence, all these scores do not seem to evaluate the same symptoms. Trial Registration number: NCT01350661.
    Respiratory medicine 07/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To describe the pitfalls encountered in switching over from conventional smears (CSm) to liquid-based cytology (LBC). To explore modifications of our usual diagnostic criteria. Study Design: 190 ThinPrep breast samples with paired biopsies were retrospectively evaluated by two breast cytopathologists experienced only in CSm. They were again studied after LBC training. The diagnostic performances were compared. In additional calculations we included those C4/suspicious samples containing 70% high-grade nuclei and up to 30% nonmalignant cells in the C5/positive category, simulating that they harbored a malignant one-cell population. We prospectively validated this modification of our diagnostic criteria. Results: Training resulted in higher complete sensitivity: 94 versus 86% (p value 0.003) and lower false negative ratio: 4 versus 12% (p value 0.003). Training generated higher complete sensitivity than collaboration without training: 94 versus 89% (p value 0.008). In the simulation, the modified criteria increased absolute sensitivity to 74% with a 0.6% false positive rate. In the validation series, they generated up to 91% absolute sensitivity, 12% suspicious rate and no false negative and false positive diagnoses. Conclusion: Training in breast LBC may increase diagnostic performance. Samples containing 70% high-grade nuclei or more can be categorized as malignant.
    Acta cytologica 07/2013; 57(4):369-376. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Surgery is a curative treatment for patients with locally advanced colon cancer, but recurrences are frequent for those with stage III disease. FOLFOX adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to improve recurrence-free survival and overall survival by more than 20% and is nowadays considered a standard of care. However, the vast majority of patients will not benefit from receiving cytotoxic drugs because they have either already been cured by surgery or because their tumor cells are resistant to the chemotherapy, for which predictive factors are still not available.Identifying which patients are unlikely to respond to adjuvant chemotherapy from among those who are eligible for such treatment would be a major step towards treatment personalization. It would spare such patients from unnecessary toxicities and would improve the allocation of societal healthcare resources.Methods/designPePiTA is a prospective, multicenter, non-randomised trial built on the hypothesis that preoperative chemosensitivity testing using FDG-PET/CT before and after one course of FOLFOX can identify the patients who are unlikely to benefit from 6 months of adjuvant FOLFOX treatment for stage III colon cancer.The study's primary objective is to examine the ability of PET/CT-assessed tumor FDG uptake after one course of preoperative chemotherapy to predict the outcome of adjuvant therapy, as measured by 3-year disease-free survival.Secondary objectives are to examine the predictive value of changes in PET/CT-assessed tumor FDG uptake on overall survival, to define the best cut-off value of FDG uptake for predicting treatment outcome, and to analyse the cost-effectiveness of such preoperative chemo-sensitivity testing.At study planning, exploratory translational research objectives were 1) to assess the predictive value of circulating tumor cells for disease-free survival, 2) to examine the predictive value of single nucleotide polymorphisms for disease-free survival with respect to genes related either to toxicity or to drug targets, 3) to assess genomic rearrangements associated with response or resistance to FOLFOX treatment, 4) to identify an immunologic signature associated with metabolic tumor response to FOLFOX therapy and, finally, 5) to create a bank of frozen tumor samples for future studies. DISCUSSION: PePiTA is the first study to use the primitive tumor chemosensitivity assessed by metabolic imaging as a guidance for adjuvant therapy in colon cancer. It could pave the way for tailoring the treatment and avoiding useless toxicities for the patients and inadequate expenses for the society. It could also give an interesting insight into tumoral heterogeneity, resistance to chemotherapy, genetic predisposants to oxaliplatin toxicity and immune response to cancer.EudraCT number2009-011445-13ClinicalTrials.gov numberNCT00994864.
    BMC Cancer 04/2013; 13(1):190. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The importance of clinical predictors in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has increased during the last decade. This retrospective study analyzed the combined patient-level data from two phase II trials that investigated the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy with vinorelbine and mitomycin in patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC. The aim of this analysis was to determine if patients' baseline and disease characteristics, including histology, gender, smoking history, and expression of TTF-1, might be potential predictors of outcome. METHODS: Response rates, unadjusted survival times, and Cox covariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated. Results were reported separately for each subgroup in each individual trial and in the pooled data set. RESULTS: A total of 175 patients were included in this analysis. Adjusted HRs for both overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) favored the nonadenocarcinoma histology subgroup, achieving a statistical significance for OS in the pooled data (n = 175; HR 0.68; 95 % CI 0.49-0.94; p = 0.019). TTF-1-negative immunohistochemistry was associated with a significantly higher response rate (25 vs. 0 %; p = 0.04) and with a nonsignificant advantage in OS (n = 33; HR 1.23; 95 % CI 0.56-2.73; p = 0.608). Gender and smoking history were not strongly related to outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this analysis indicate that patients with nonadenocarcinoma histology might get superior benefit from combination chemotherapy with vinorelbine and mitomycin. These results should be confirmed in a prospective study.
    Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose 04/2013; · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Jean Klastersky, Marianne Paesmans
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    ABSTRACT: The Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer risk index score developed, through a multinational collaboration, was published in 2000 with the aim to identify patients with chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia at low risk of serious medical complication development. It has been endorsed as a reliable tool since 2002 by Infectious Diseases Society of America. Ten years after, we thought worth to review its use, its characteristics in the external validations that occurred after the initial publication and also to review how the recognition of a group of patients at low risk has changed the management of febrile neutropenia. We also raise the issue of identification of high-risk patients that remains a challenge today.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 02/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,263.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996–2014
    • Free University of Brussels
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
  • 1990–2014
    • Institut Jules Bordet
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
  • 1990–2013
    • Université Libre de Bruxelles
      • Bordet Institute
      Brussels, BRU, Belgium
  • 1997–2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Saint-Pierre
      • Service d'Pneumologie
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
    • Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
      • Department of Haematology and Oncology
      London, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2010
    • European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
  • 2003–2004
    • Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
  • 2001
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 1997–1999
    • St. Peter's Hospital
      Helena, Montana, United States
  • 1995
    • University Hospital Brussels
      • Department of Neurology
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium