Bulent Kurt

Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (47)73.29 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A radical prostatectomy affects the prostate, bilateral seminal vesicles (SV), and the distal parts of the bilateral vasa deferentia (VD). SV invasion (SVI) is associated with an increased risk of lymph node metastasis and recurrence. However, the significance of VD invasion (VDI), either with or without the involvement of their surgical margins, has not been fully appreciated. We think VDI might have an independent prognostic significance, as does SVI, and should be incorporated into the pathology guidelines and the staging systems of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Our case illustrates this.
    07/2014; 8(7-8):E554-7.
  • International Journal of Experimental Pathology 10/2013; 94(5):352. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Functional nerve regeneration after reconstructive nerve surgery remains unsatisfying. In this study, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene therapy combined with a hyaluronic acid (HA)-enriched microenvironment in nerve regeneration was investigated. Sciatic nerve was transected, and end-to-end neurorrhaphy was performed on 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats, which were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8 per group): nerve coaptation without treatment (group I); nerve coaptation covered with HA film sheath (group II); nerve coaptation with intramuscular VEGF gene in plasmid injection (group III); and nerve coaptation combined with HA film sheath and intramuscular VEGF gene in plasmid injection (group IV). Contralateral sciatic nerves were used as control. VEGF expression was verified from gluteal muscle biopsies surrounding the sciatic nerve by reverse transcriptase-PCR. Electrophysiological, histopathological, and electron microscopic evaluations were performed after 4 weeks. Mean peak amplitude of groups I–IV and nonoperated sciatic nerve were 4.5 ± 0.6 mV, 6.4 ± 0.4 mV, 6.7 ± 0.5 mV, 8.5 ± 0.4 mV, and 9.8 ± 0.5 mV, respectively. Mean myelinated axonal counts of groups I–IV and nonoperated sciatic nerve were 105 ± 24, 165 ± 19, 181 ± 22, 271 ± 23, and 344 ± 17, respectively. Treatment with HA film sheath coverage combined with intramuscular VEGF gene in plasmid injection yielded statistically significant higher peak amplitudes and myelinated axonal counts (P < 0.001). In addition, significantly less scar formation with HA administration (groups II and IV; P < 0.001) was found. Thus, it was found that VEGF might crucially regulate nerve regeneration processes and that HA can reduce the scar formation. This study showed that the combination of HA film sheath and VEGF gene may synergistically promote peripheral nerve regeneration. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2013.
    Microsurgery 10/2013; · 1.62 Impact Factor
  • Respiratory medicine 08/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Experimental Pathology 06/2013; · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lumbar epidural varices are rare and usually mimick lumbar disc herniations. Back pain and radiculopathy are the main symptoms of lumbar epidural varices. Perineural cysts are radiologically different lesions and should not be confused with epidural varix. A 36-year-old male patient presented to us with right leg pain. The magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion at S1 level that was compressing the right root, and was interpreted as a perineural cyst. The patient underwent surgery via right L5 and S1 hemilaminectomy, and the lesion was coagulated and removed. The histopathological diagnosis was epidural varix. The patient was clinically improved and the follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed the absence of the lesion. Lumbar epidural varix should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of the cystic lesions which compress the spinal roots.
    Asian spine journal 06/2013; 7(2):136-8.
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    Annals of Hematology 05/2013; · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Many studies have shown that skin tissue extracted by circumcision can cause differences in sexual function, especially at the time of ejaculation. Sensitivity changes in penile skin and sexual satisfaction deriving from circumcision starting from premature ejaculation (PE) are discussed. Furthermore, most of these studies rely on questionnaires. Extracted free nerve endings (FNE) on the foreskin, which can detect temperature, mechanical stimuli (touch, pressure, stretch) or pain (nociception), have not been researched. Our aim is to determine FNEs in foreskin and the affects on sexual function, especially PE. This prospective study was done on adults who voluntarily applied to be circumcised between September 2010 and October 2011. The ejaculation latency times (ELT) before circumcision have been assessed, and a PE diagnostic tool (PEDT) form was filled out by the urologist according to the answers given by the volunteers. The proximal and distal ends of the foreskin were marked before circumcision, and the extracted foreskin was sent to the pathology department to determine FNEs. Twenty volunteers (average age 21.25 ± 0.44 years) were included in the study. The average ELT was 103.55 ± 68.39 seconds, and the average PE score was 4.35 ± 3.13. Proximal, middle, and distal tip nerve densities were compared. Proximal and distal (P / .003) and proximal and middle (P = .011) segments differed from each other, whereas middle and distal were similar (P = .119). There were not any correlations between PEDT scores and total nerve endings number (r = .018, P = .942). Also there were not any correlations between mean ELT and PEDT scores (r = .054, P = .822). The tissue extracted by circumcision has intensive FNEs, yet FNE intensity has no relation to PE.
    Journal of Andrology 11/2012; 33(6). · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report the first case of a bilateral renal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) as a metastasis of an inguinal malignant SFT. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 60-year-old male patient with a history of a right inguinal 7 × 8 cm soft tissue mass excision 9 years ago was referred to our clinic with abdominal pain. Both physical examination and chest X-ray were normal. Computed tomography revealed bilateral renal tumor. He was successfully treated with left partial and right radical nephrectomy. Histopathological examination showed a metastasis of the previous inguinal SFT. Conclusion: This case showed that although malignant SFT is extremely rare in the urogenital tract, this tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis when identified in the kidneys.
    Medical Principles and Practice 08/2012; 21(6):585-7. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The main objectives of this retrospective cohort study were to evaluate reproductive endocrine and semen profiles before and after simple orchiectomy in patients with unilateral postpubertal cryptorchidism and to investigate the relationship between hormone levels and histopathology of the removed testis. METHODS: We evaluated 40 adult males who were admitted to our clinic, between 2001 and 2007, with unilateral undescended testis. Right orchiectomy was performed in 27 patients and left orchiectomy in 13. Semen analysis, serum inhibin B, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone levels were examined in before and 3 months after orchiectomy. Orchiectomy materials were evaluated histopathologically. RESULTS: Semen parameters, as well as testosterone and LH levels, did not change in any histopathological subgroups in the postoperative follow-up. In patients with maturation arrest, mean serum inhibin B level statistically significantly decreased from 160.9 to 83.5 pg/ml, and mean FSH level significantly increased from 4.8 to 7.6 mIU/ml after orchiectomy (p value, 0.008 and 0.008, respectively). Though, the levels were still within the normal range of the two hormones. CONCLUSIONS: Simple orchiectomy does not have any effect on semen parameters and testosterone level in patients with postpubertal cryptorchidism. The change in inhibin B and FSH levels after orchiectomy in patients with maturation arrest is not clinically significant.
    International Urology and Nephrology 08/2012; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the potential contribution of nuclear morphometry to the differential diagnosis of renal epithelial tumors with eosinophilic cytoplasm, including chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC), the eosinophilic variant of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (EoRCC), and oncocytoma. A total of 24 tumor tissue samples diagnosed as ChRCC, the EoRCC, or oncocytoma constituted our series. Eight geometric features such as nuclear area, nuclear perimeter, and circular form factor were measured and compared among the groups. On the basis of nuclear morphometry, measurements of eight geometric features significantly differ among these problematic eosinophilic renal epithelial neoplasms (p < 0.005). Because of their different biologic behaviors, the exact discrimination of the renal epithelial tumors with eosinophilic cytoplasm is crucial. However, this distinction can sometimes be problematic even for highly experienced pathologists. Our results suggest that the morphometric nuclear shape descriptors may be used as an ancillary method in their differential diagnosis.
    Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology / the International Academy of Cytology [and] American Society of Cytology 06/2012; 34(3):145-8. · 0.60 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 05/2012; 29(8):855. · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Fertility and sterility 03/2012; 97(5):e18; author reply e19. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Synapse 03/2012; 66(7):665; author reply 665-6. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2012; 420(3):698. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Nippon Medical School 01/2012; 79(3):244.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The differentiation of atypical complex type endometrial hyperplasia (ACEH) and low grade endometrial carcinoma (EC) may be problematic in endometrial biopsy materials. Desmoplasia and stromal invasion are diagnostic for EC but they are not always demonstrated in endometrial biopsies. In this study, we investigated the contribution of nuclear morphometry to distinction of ACEH and low grade EC. Methods: Ten low grade EC and eight ACEH cases retrieved from the archives of the Department of Pathology. For each case at least 100 nuclei (totally 1000 for both groups) were selected using hematoxylen-eosine stained sections and evaluated by a computer assisted system. Measured nuclear morphometric features were nuclear area, nuclear perimeter, circular form factor, diameter equivalent circle, minimum feret, maximum feret, area convex hull, perimeter convex hull. Results: There was no significant differences between these two groups for circular form factor (P=0.871). But all other morphometric features were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that nuclear morphometric features may be used as an ancillary diagnostic tool in addition to conventional histopathological findings in borderline lesion. These findings should be confirmed with expanded case series. Introduction Endometrial biopsy is used frequently in order to differentiate benign endometrial lesions from malignant [1]. Mostly there is no difficulty in that differentiation, but in some cases histological findings obtained from endometrial biopsy are not adequate in differential diagnosis. One of sample of these cases is differentiation of atypical complex type endometrial hyperplasia (ACEH) and low grade endometrial carcinoma (EC) [1, 2]. Desmoplasia and stromal invasion are diagnostic for EC but they are not always demonstrated in endometrial biopsies and absence of this cannot be interpreted as "non-invasive lesions". The other most valuable features for adenocarcinoma are presence of generalized atypia, confluent glandular growth (glandular fusion), a cribriform architecture, an excessive papillary pattern, neutrophilic inflammation and the presence of clonal budging or proliferation [2]. Despite careful examination of all these criteria, a clear distinction cannot be made in some cases and these cases are reported with expression of uncertainty. However, this differentiation is important for management of patients [3]. So, reproducible and specific another valuable criterion has been needed for this distinction. In this study, we investigated the contribution of nuclear morphometric features to distinction of ACEH and low grade EC.
    Journal of Experimental and Integrative Medicine. 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is effective in reducing the severity of acute distal colitis (ADC). Ozone therapy (OT) reduces inflammation in several pathological conditions. We aimed to compare the effects of HBO therapy and OT in an experimental ADC rat model. Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups: Sham, ADC, ADC + HBO, and ADC + OT. Rats in the sham group were given isotonic saline. In the remaining groups, ADC was created by intracolonic administration of 4% acetic acid. No treatment was given to the ADC group. The rats in the ADC + HBO and ADC + OT groups were given HBO and ozone treatments, respectively. The administration of acetic acid caused an inflammatory response in all animals. Distal colons and blood samples were obtained. The histopathological score was significantly higher in the ADC group compared to the other groups. The histopathological scores in the ADC + HBO and ADC + OT groups were significantly lower compared to the ADC group (both p < 0.001). The most pronounced therapeutic effect was observed in the ADC + OT group. Malondialdehyde and neopterin levels and superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in the ADC group were significantly higher compared to the other groups (p < 0.001). Our data showed that the therapeutic effect of OT is more pronounced than that of HBO therapy. Its possible effect is by means of decreasing inflammation, edema, and oxidative stress. These findings also suggest that it is possible to improve the outcome of ADC by using ozone therapy as an adjuvant therapy.
    Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation 01/2011; 71(3):185-92. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neopterin is synthesized in macrophage/Kupffer cells by interferon-gamma and other cytokines. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of using neopterin as a biomarker of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury. Wistar rats, randomly divided into two groups (APAP and normal), received APAP (1.0 g/kg) and distilled water, respectively, by gastric tube. The APAP group had a higher degree of liver necrosis than the control group. The APAP group also had significantly higher serum neopterin levels than the normal group. Serum neopterin levels correlated with serum AST, ALT activities, and degree of necrosis. This study demonstrates the preclinical utility of neopterin as a biomarker for the animal model of APAP-induced liver injury. Further research studies are required to determine the preclinical opportunities of using neopterin as a marker of APAP-induced liver injury.
    Environmental toxicology and pharmacology. 01/2011; 31(1):165-70.