[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cellular neurothekeoma is a benign lesion most commonly found on the face and upper extremities in the first two decades of life.
Retrospective clinicopathologic review of 12 examples of cellular neurothekeoma typified by prominent stromal sclerosis, a distinctive variant that we refer to as desmoplastic cellular neurothekeoma.
The mean age was 30 years (range, 3-55 years, 3 males, 9 females). The site was the head and neck in 3 cases, upper extremity in 4, lower extremity in 2, and trunk/abdomen in 3. All cases showed fascicles of slightly spindled and polygonal cells arrayed haphazardly in a prominent sclerotic background in the dermis and superficial subcutis. The cells displayed pale cytoplasm with indistinct membranes and vesicular nuclei with a single nucleolus. Lesional cells expressed NKI/C3, laminin, CD68, and CD10 and lacked expression of S-100 protein, EMA, and CD34. Clinical follow up was available on 10 cases with a mean duration of 24 months (range, 11-42 months) with no local recurrences or metastases.
The immunohistochemical staining pattern, clinical findings, and benign nature are similar to "conventional" cellular neurothekeomas. The differential diagnosis includes desmoplastic melanocytic lesions, desmoplastic spindle cell carcinoma, dermatofibroma, "immature" scar, plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor, perineurioma, and piloleiomyoma.
Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 04/2009; 36(11):1185-90. · 1.77 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many complications have been reported after orf infection, including lymphadenopathy, secondary bacterial infection, and erythema multiforme. Rare associations with papulovesicular eruptions, including a bullous pemphigoid-like eruption, have also been described.
Our purpose was to clinically, histologically, and immunologically characterize two cases of orf-induced blistering disease, and to determine whether this condition represented a novel disease entity distinct from known immunobullous diseases.
Two patients were clinically described and skin biopsy specimens were collected for routine histology, direct immunofluorescence studies, and polymerase chain reaction analysis to detect orf viral DNA. Patients' sera were assessed for autoantibodies by indirect immunofluorescence studies using normal-appearing human salt-split skin, by Western blot analysis using keratinocyte extracts, dermal extracts, and recombinant type VII collagen, and immunoprecipitation studies of extracts from biosynthetically radiolabeled human keratinocytes.
Two distinctive cases of severe, diffuse blistering eruptions after orf infection are described. In one patient, orf virus DNA was detected in the inciting orf lesion, but not in blistered skin, ruling out disseminated orf infection as a cause of the blisters. In both cases, histology revealed subepidermal blisters with mixed inflammatory cell infiltrates containing neutrophils and eosinophils, direct immunofluorescence microscopy studies demonstrated IgG and C3 deposited at the dermoepidermal junctions of perilesional skin, and indirect immunofluorescence studies demonstrated circulating antibasement membrane IgG that bound the dermal side of salt-split skin. Extensive immunoblot and immunoprecipitation studies failed to reveal a consistent, identifiable autoantigen.
We describe only two cases. The autoantigen recognized by circulating autoantibodies was not identified.
Orf-induced immunobullous disease is a unique disease entity that is clinically and immunologically distinct from bullous pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, and other known immunobullous conditions.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 02/2008; 58(1):49-55. · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Clear-cell acanthoma (CCA) has been reported to be a benign epidermal neoplasm; however, several authors have suggested alternative differentiation as well as other nosologic categories, including a reactive dermatosis. Fourteen CCAs, ten tricholemmomas, and seven cases of psoriasis were reviewed with conventional microscopy, periodic acid-Schiff stains, and immunohistochemical stains. Twelve of fourteen (86%) CCAs were associated with underlying or adjacent conditions. The CCAs stained immunohistochemically in a pattern similar to normal epidermis and psoriasis. Tricholemmomas stained in a distinctly different pattern with MNF116 and NGFR/p75. These cases demonstrate CCA in settings that reflect chronic inflammation, primarily scars and stasis dermatitis, and with an immunophenotype that parallels psoriasis. These findings support the contention that CCA does not show outer follicular sheath (tricholemmal) differentiation. Furthermore, these cases lend additional support to the contention that CCA represents a psoriasiform reaction pattern, which, in appropriately taken biopsies, usually has a demonstrable associated condition. Nonetheless, the precise nosology of this phenomenon has yet to be elucidated completely.
American Journal of Dermatopathology 09/2007; 29(4):378-84. · 1.42 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical distribution and character of cutaneous lupus erythematosus lesions can simulate squamous neoplasms, leading physicians to submit a shave biopsy specimen with a differential diagnosis of squamous neoplasm.
Our aim was to describe histologic features of interface dermatitis that cause difficulty in distinguishing between cutaneous lupus erythematosus and squamous neoplasia in shave biopsy specimens and to identify distinguishing criteria.
Twenty-six biopsy specimens from 10 patients initially diagnosed with squamous neoplasia that ultimately proved to be cutaneous lupus erythematosus were identified. Comparisons were made of these to 38 control biopsies of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus and 34 control biopsies of keratoses/carcinomas without lupus. All biopsies were scored (0 or 1: absent or present) with respect to 11 histologic criteria.
The criteria of perifollicular inflammation, follicular plugging, vacuolar interface change, compact orthokeratosis, and acrosyringeal inflammation were significantly more common in the lupus cases than in the keratoses/carcinomas controls. The mean lupus case score was 6.88, lupus control score 6.55, and keratoses/carcinomas control score 5.08.
A limited number of patients were studied. Microscopic observations and assumptions with inherent subjectivity were used in establishing the histologic scores.
Use of the criteria presented, although not absolute, should alert one to the possibility of lupus in an atypical squamous proliferation, especially in suspected squamous neoplasms that worsen or recur after therapy.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 07/2007; 56(6):1013-20. · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are neoplasms showing nerve sheath differentiation that can arise in the skin but, to our knowledge, have not been associated with significant clear-cell morphology.
Two patients developed four separate GCTs with distinctive, diffuse clear-cell change, which completely camouflaged the primary differentiation. The morphology, histochemistry and immunohistochemistry of the lesions are described and are compared with the presence and extent of clear-cell change in 14 other cases of GCTs.
The index cases were relatively broad proliferations with uniform diffuse clear-cell change and only minimal overlying epidermal hyperplasia. Prominent lymphoid nodules were present at the periphery. These clear-cell granular tumors were positive for S-100 protein, p75, CD68, NKI/C3 and neuron-specific enolase and were negative for epithelial mucin, periodic acid-Schiff, carcinoembryonic antigen, HMB-45, Melan-A, smooth muscle actin, Leu7, synaptophysin, CD34, factor XIIIa, epithelial membrane antigen and cytokeratin. Three of the fourteen comparison cases were found to have no clear-cell change, eight showed focal clear-cell change and three showed moderate clear-cell change.
The distinctive morphology and the immunohistochemical results are discussed in the context of the differential diagnosis of clear-cell cutaneous tumors.
Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 06/2007; 34(5):397-404. · 1.77 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Self-healing juvenile cutaneous mucinosis is a rare disease affecting young people characterized by transient cutaneous lesions and sometimes mild inflammatory symptoms. The deep dermal and subcutaneous features of this disorder have not yet been well described.
The purpose of our study was to present 3 cases of self-healing juvenile cutaneous mucinosis in which the histopathologic features caused diagnostic confusion between this disorder and proliferative fasciitis.
The study includes clinical and histologic findings of 3 patients, complemented by a literature review.
The histologic descriptions of nodular lesions in self-healing juvenile cutaneous mucinosis reveal features of proliferative fasciitis, including a myxoid stroma and gangliocyte-like giant cells.
Self-healing juvenile cutaneous mucinosis is a rare condition and has not been frequently reported in medical literature. Our findings are based on the pathologic features of 3 patients.
Our findings further elucidate the histologic features of self-healing juvenile cutaneous mucinosis and expand the differential diagnosis for entities in which gangliocyte-like giant cells are noted.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2007; 55(6):1036-43. · 4.91 Impact Factor