Marc Cohen

Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (205)2080.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is reported in up to 50% of patients with cryptogenic stroke. However, the role of PFO in acute myocardial infarction is less reported. In this case report, the relationship between PFO, myocardial infarction, and an interatrial paradoxical thromboembolism (aka thrombus-in-transit) was diagnosed with the use of non-invasive technique, percutaneous procedures, as well as gross surgical specimen.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 04/2009; 29(1):127-9. DOI:10.1007/s11239-009-0317-3 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    Marc Cohen ·
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    ABSTRACT: Antiplatelet therapy is an evidence-based, guideline-recommended, worldwide standard of care for treatment of patients with atherothrombosis. However, clinical implementation of the guidelines is suboptimal, in part because of physician and patient nonadherence. The increased risk of bleeding associated with antiplatelet therapy is often the reason for nonadherence, and several programs have been created to increase adherence to guideline treatment recommendations. Despite the relative success of such initiatives, including Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines, Guidelines Applied in Practice, and the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines and a Science Advisory, a current estimate is that less than 50% of atherothrombotic patients are taking antiplatelet therapies as recommended by national guidelines. A PubMed and MEDLINE search of the literature (January 1, 1983-May 15, 2008) was performed to examine the bleeding risks associated with various antiplatelet therapies. Relevant clinical trials, observational registry data, and other studies relevant to treatment and guideline recommendations were selected from articles generated through specific search terms. This comprehensive review contributes to the understanding of the benefit-to-risk ratio of antiplatelet therapy for patients with atherothrombosis.
    Mayo Clinic Proceedings 03/2009; 84(2):149-60. DOI:10.1016/S0025-6196(11)60823-9 · 6.26 Impact Factor
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    Nicolai Mejevoi · Anjum Tanwir · Marc Cohen ·

    Antiplatelet Therapy In Ischemic Heart Disease, 02/2009: pages 125 - 142; , ISBN: 9781444303339
  • Marc Cohen · James J Ferguson ·
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    ABSTRACT: Controversy regarding the optimal antiplatelet/antithrombotic regimen indicates a need to re-evaluate the place of these agents in treating patients with unstable angina/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Although clinical trial data suggest that glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibition benefits moderate-risk to high-risk patients, recent studies question the use of intensive antiplatelet therapy in lower risk patients. The resultant shift towards less intensive alternative regimens raises questions about identifying patients in whom an alternative strategy is preferable. The concept of risk stratification for coronary intervention has evolved from lesion-based categorization to include clinical factors, for example, elevated levels of cardiac troponin. Risk factors for periprocedural complications during percutaneous coronary intervention can be divided into anatomic (unprotected left main stenting, bifurcation lesions, and diffuse disease) and clinical (older age, diabetes, renal disease, left ventricular function, recent myocardial damage, and female sex) factors. These may interact additively or synergistically, increasing the likelihood of complications in patients who might otherwise have been considered at low risk. We need to reconsider, therefore, how we identify appropriate options and, hopefully, optimize clinical outcomes. This review evaluates risk factors for periprocedural complications in an effort to determine patients who may benefit most from intensive antiplatelet regimens.
    Current opinion in cardiology 02/2009; 24(1):88-94. DOI:10.1097/HCO.0b013e32831ac90b · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the occurrence, size and composition of embolized debris captured during routine directional atherectomy using the SilverHawk device. 15 consecutive eligible patients with a nonocclusive superficial femoral artery (SFA) were enrolled. Patients were included if they were > 18 years of age and had > or = 70% stenosis in the SFA. All lesions underwent plaque excision with the SilverHawk atherectomy device. A FilterWire EZ was used for distal protection and retrieval of embolized material. Specimens were collected separately from the filter basket and the SilverHawk atherectomy device's nosecone and were studied by a pathologist for number, size and composition. Visible debris captured in the filter was found in the majority of patients 14/15 (93%). Clinically-significant debris was found in 7/15 (47%) patients. The proportion of captured debris ranged from 0.1-0.4 cm. Microscopy revealed that the shaved particles consisted predominantly of collagen, fibrin, lipid-laden macrophages, cholesterol and calcium. Analysis of the embolized material revealed a different composition, mostly consisting of collagen with fibrosis, cholesterol and macrophages. In this single-center comparative study we have shown that during SilverHawk atherectomy of SFA lesions, distal embolization is universal. The debris captured in the filter is different in overall composition from the captured material in the nosecone of the SilverHawk device. Debris large enough to cause clinically-significant embolization, no-reflow and ischemia following SFA interventions occurred in nearly 50% of cases.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 01/2009; 21(1):7-10. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The STEEPLE trial assessed outcomes of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention randomized to receive a bolus of intravenous enoxaparin (0.5 or 0.75 mg/kg, n = 2,298) or activated clotting time-adjusted unfractionated heparin (UFH, n = 1,230), stratified according to planned glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use. In this subanalysis, we assessed outcomes in patients with renal impairment (creatinine clearance < or =60 mL/min, n = 659). Major bleeding occurred more often in patients with renal impairment compared with those without (2.7% vs 1.5%, P = .04). Enoxaparin was associated with less major bleeding than UFH with normal renal function (0.9% for enoxaparin 0.5 mg/kg or 1.0% for enoxaparin 0.75 mg/kg vs 2.6%, respectively; both P = .01 vs UFH), with a trend toward less major bleeding with impaired renal function (2.6% or 1.8% vs 3.8%, P = .18 for enoxaparin 0.5 mg/kg and P = .47 for 0.75 mg/kg vs UFH). Minor bleeding rates were similar irrespective of renal function or anticoagulation regimen. The incidence of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or urgent target-vessel revascularization was similar between patients with and without renal impairment (5.7% vs 6.5%, P = .45). In patients with renal impairment, event rates were 6.2% or 5.3% with enoxaparin vs 5.6% with UFH (P = nonsignificant). Target anticoagulation levels were achieved 4 to 5 times more often with enoxaparin compared with UFH in patients with normal and impaired renal function (both P < .0001). A single bolus of enoxaparin was associated with similar ischemic events and a trend for less major bleeding compared with UFH in patients with renal impairment undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Enoxaparin can be administered safely without dose adjustment in these patients.
    American heart journal 01/2009; 157(1):125-31. DOI:10.1016/j.ahj.2008.08.019 · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Marc Cohen · Karen P Alexander · Sunil V Rao ·
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    ABSTRACT: Definitions of bleeding must be considered when evaluating results of clinical trials. Assessments of bleeding impact based on clinical criteria may be more relevant to patient outcomes than those based on simple laboratory measures like an isolated change in hemoglobin, that do not appear to affect patient care. The risk of excessive bleeding in patients who receive antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy is related to a combination of patient characteristics (older age, female sex, impaired renal function), and delivery factors (excessive dosing, stacking of anticoagulants). Investigators should justify components of bleeding endpoints as being clinically meaningful, sufficiently frequent in the study population, and affected by the intervention.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 12/2008; 26(3):175-82. DOI:10.1007/s11239-007-0182-x · 2.17 Impact Factor

  • Journal of Electrocardiology 11/2008; 41(6):644–645. DOI:10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2008.08.028 · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Marc Cohen · James Hoekstra ·
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    ABSTRACT: Patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) need to be quickly diagnosed, risk-stratified, and treated accordingly. Anticoagulants used in the ED should be easy to use and suitable for all patients with acute coronary syndromes, regardless of treatment strategy. In patients with ST-segment myocardial infarction, current guidelines recommend unfractionated heparin regardless of reperfusion strategy or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) as an alternative in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The LMWH enoxaparin is approved for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients managed medically or undergoing PCI. The recently updated American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for patients with unstable angina or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction recommend unfractionated heparin or the LMWH enoxaparin (class IA recommendation), or the factor Xa inhibitor fondaparinux or the direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin (class IB recommendation) for patients managed invasively. This review discusses each of these anticoagulant options in the context of patients transitioning to PCI.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 11/2008; 26(8):932-41. DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2007.11.031 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enoxaparin use in PCI has been investigated, however its role in primary PCI is less known. To evaluate the role of combination IV + SC enoxaparin in primary PCI in STEMI. 83 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI between January 1, 2005 and January 15, 2008 were included. Anticoagulation was based on our institution's STEMI protocol; either IV + SC enoxaparin, or IV unfractionated heparin (UFH). Clinical endpoints included MACE, bleeding and net adverse cardiac events (NACE). 45 patients received UFH and 37 received IV + SC enoxaparin. There was no difference in the rate of mortality, MACE, or NACE. There was a trend toward more TIMI major and GUSTO moderate and severe bleeding in the UFH group. Application of IV + SC enoxaparin strategy for primary PCI in STEMI appears both safe and efficacious. A prospective randomized trial will be necessary to evaluate the safety and efficacy more thoroughly.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 10/2008; 26(2):85-90. DOI:10.1007/s11239-008-0258-2 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the availability of new data and the recent release of new European and US guidelines, contemporary care paradigms for the treatment of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS), including those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, are likely to undergo substantial changes. In recognition of this shifting landscape as well as the impact of new guidelines on care models for the treatment of patients with NSTE ACS, a roundtable was convened on October 25, 2007, to discuss the implications of these changes. The purpose of this review is to summarize the presentations and subsequent discussions from the roundtable, which examined the guidelines and evidence from a variety of perspectives, and to explore the best ways to incorporate new treatment paradigms into everyday clinical care. The multiple viewpoints expressed by the roundtable attendees illustrate the recognition that at this point, consensus has not been reached on the optimum algorithm for treatment of these patients. This article focuses on issues discussed during the roundtable from the perspective of the practicing cardiologist.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiology 09/2008; 21(4):283-99. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8183.2008.00375.x · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most common organism associated with prosthetic valve endocarditis. Staphylococcus capitis, a coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, is a rare cause of endocarditis. We report two cases of S.capitis prosthetic valve endocarditis, both involving prosthetic aortic valve and complicated by aortic root abscess. We also review the literature for this rare condition caused by this rare organism.
    Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 09/2008; 37(5):380-4. DOI:10.1016/j.hrtlng.2007.09.005 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Smoking remains a major public health issue. We investigated the incidence of smoking and outcomes in high-risk patients with acute coronary syndromes. Differences in treatment effect of antithrombin therapies were also investigated. Using data from SYNERGY, patients were categorized by their self-reported smoking status. They were followed at 30 days and 6 months for death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization procedures, stroke, and need for rehospitalization, and at 1 year for occurrences of death. Overall, 9,971 patients were evaluated, of whom 2,404 (24%) were current smokers, 3,491 (35%) were former smokers, and 4076 (41%) had never smoked. Current smokers were younger (median age 61 years, interquartile range [IQR] 52-67) than former smokers (median age 69 years, IQR 63-75) and never smokers (median age 70 years, IQR 64-77) and had fewer additional coronary artery disease risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia). The 30-day death/MI rate was similar for former versus never smokers (15% vs 13.6%, P = .079) and for current versus never smokers (14% vs 13.6%, P = .585). Adjusted odds ratios for 30-day death/MI in patients receiving enoxaparin compared with those receiving unfractionated heparin were 1.065 (95% CI 0.883-1.283, P = .51) in never smokers, 1.034 (95% CI 0.853-1.254, P = .733) in former smokers, and 0.742 (95% CI 0.582-0.948, P = .017) in current smokers. A significant interaction for treatment and smoking status was found at 30 days (P = .0215), but not at 6 months (P = .1381) or 1 year (P = .1054). One-year unadjusted mortality rates were higher for former versus never smokers (9.1% vs 6.7%, P = .0002) but were similar for current versus never smokers (6.5% vs 6.7%, P = .7226). On follow-up at 30 days, 62.3% (n =1397) of current smokers reported not smoking. Smokers with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome are generally younger and have fewer cardiac risk factors. A significant interaction of smoking and enoxaparin was seen at 30 days, but not sustained at 6 months and 1 year. More than 60% of smokers quit within 30 days of their cardiac event. There was little difference in outcomes from 30 days to 1 year for these smokers who quit versus those who did not.
    American heart journal 08/2008; 156(1):177-84. DOI:10.1016/j.ahj.2008.02.002 · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Marc Cohen ·
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    ABSTRACT: Early risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), unstable angina, or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction ensures patients receive appropriate care. Many risk-stratification models have been developed to identify high-risk ACS patients who would benefit most from an early invasive strategy and to determine patients at greater risk for bleeding complications. Although high-risk patients seem to benefit most from a combination of aggressive antithrombotic and early invasive therapies, stratification for risk of bleeding also helps in the choice and dosing of appropriate medical therapy. The effective use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, in particular, is dependent on accurate risk assessment, whereas the risk-to-benefit ratio of direct thrombin inhibitors in high-risk versus low-risk patients as part of an initial therapy plan requires clarification. Nevertheless, use of the same anticoagulant throughout the care pathway may reduce the rates of death or recurrent myocardial infarction, and bleeding complications.
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 08/2008; 22(5):407-18. DOI:10.1007/s10557-008-6120-0 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite advances in pharmacologic therapy and invasive management strategies for patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS), these patients still suffer substantial morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to analyze independent predictors of 1-year mortality in patients with high-risk NSTE ACS. A total of 9,978 patients were assigned to receive enoxaparin or unfractionated heparin (UFH) in this prospective, randomized, open-label, international trial. Vital status at 1 year was collected. Univariable and multivariable predictors of 1-year mortality were identified. Three different multivariable regression models were constructed to identify: (1) predictors of 30-day mortality; (2) predictors of 1-year mortality; (3) predictors of 1-year mortality in 30-day survivors. The last model is the focus of this paper. Overall, 9,922 (99.4%) of patients had 1-year follow-up. Of the 56 patients (37 UFH-assigned and 19 enoxaparin-assigned) without 1-year data, 11 patients were excluded because of withdrawal of consent, and 45 could not be located. One-year mortality was 7.5% (7.7% enoxaparin-assigned patients; 7.3% UFH-assigned patients; P = 0.4). In patients surviving 30 days after enrollment, independent predictors of 1-year mortality included factors known at baseline such as increased age, male sex, decreased weight, having ever smoked, decreased creatinine clearance, ST-segment depression, history of diabetes, history of angina, congestive heart failure, coronary artery bypass grafting, increased heart rate, rales, increased hematocrit, lowered hemoglobin, and higher platelet count. Factors predictive of mortality during the hospitalization and 30-day follow-up period were decreased weight at 30 days from baseline, atrial fibrillation, decreased nadir platelet, no use of beta-blockers and statins up to 30 days, and not receiving an intervention (c-index = 0.82). Easily determined baseline clinical characteristics can be used to predict 1-year mortality with reasonable discriminative power. These models corroborate prior work in a contemporary aggressively managed population. A model to predict 1-year mortality in patients surviving at least 30 days may be quite helpful to healthcare providers in setting expectations and goals with patients after ACS.
    Journal of General Internal Medicine 04/2008; 23(3):310-6. DOI:10.1007/s11606-007-0498-4 · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the relationship between anticoagulation levels during percutaneous coronary intervention, and ischaemic events and bleeding. A sub-analysis from the STEEPLE trial was conducted. Pre-defined target anticoagulation levels were achieved in 86% of patients receiving enoxaparin, compared with 20% receiving unfractionated heparin (UFH) (P < 0.001). A significant relationship was observed between anti-Xa levels > 0.9 IU/mL and covariate-adjusted rate of non-coronary artery bypass graft-related major and minor bleeding [odds ratio (OR) 1.6, 95% CI 1.0-2.5 for each unit of anti-Xa; P = 0.03]; anti-Xa levels and covariate-adjusted incidence of death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization showed no significance (P = 0.47). Major bleeding increased significantly with an activated clotting time (ACT) > 325 s (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2 per 100 s; P = 0.04). A significant relationship with increasing ischaemic events was observed when ACT was < 325 s (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.2-0.8 per 100 s; P = 0.006) indicating a narrow therapeutic window. Target anticoagulation levels were achieved more readily in patients receiving enoxaparin. An anti-Xa level of up to 0.9 IU/mL has a good safety and efficacy profile; poor achievement of target ACT with UFH makes assessing the optimal range difficult.
    European Heart Journal 02/2008; 29(4):462-71. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn008 · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper provides a comprehensive up-to-date review of the medical and invasive management of patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), as supported by recent updates to the ACC/AHA Guidelines. The authors have summarized findings from key clinical trials published in recent years that contribute to clinician's understanding of how best to optimize therapy. The goals for the management of NSTE-ACS and STEMI are rapid and accurate risk stratification, appropriate and institution-specific triage to interventional versus medical strategies and optimal pharmacologic therapy - all of which provide for a smooth and seamless transition of care between the emergency department and the cardiology service. High-risk features or absolute treatment trigger criteria that support more aggressive medical therapy (i.e., addition of a small molecule gylcoprotein [GP] IIb/IIIa inhibitor to a core regimen of aspirin, enoxaparin or other anticoagulants, and in most cases, clopidogrel) and/or that would direct clinicians toward percutaneous interventional strategies as the preferred modality include, but are not limited to the presence of one or more of the following: 1) elevatedcardiac markers (troponin and/or CK-MB); 2) age older than 65 years; 3) presence of ST-T-wave changes; 4) TIMI Risk Score >/= 5; 5) clinical instability in the setting of suspected NSTE-ACS. Although additional refinements and changes in ACS management are still to come, evidence-based strategies suggest that prompt mechanical revascularization is associated with the best possible clinical outcomes, particularly for patients with high-risk features and in whom benefits of adjunctive, pharmacoinvasive antithrombotic therapies can be consolidated. Transfer for cardiac catheterization/percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is strongly recommended in patients who manifest high-risk features and/or aggressive treatment trigger criteria, so that this high-risk subgroup may receive definitive, interventional and/or cardiology-directed specialty care at appropriate sites of care. When available, interventional management is preferred in these patients. The importance of safe and effective anticoagulation in the spectrum of management strategies has been confirmed, and the evidence in support of enoxaparin and other antithrombotic agents has been reviewed. Dosing recommendations for enoxaparin use in the setting of PCI have been issued by the CATH Panel and have been summarized in this consensus report. Similar recommendations have been presented for the use of oral antiplatelet agents and GP IIb/IIIa antagonists. The addition of statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers is also stressed as part of a comprehensive secondary cardioprotective strategy for patients with coronary heart disease.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 12/2007; 19(12):525-38; quiz 539-40. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prior retrospective studies have suggested that tacrolimus monotherapy is an option associated with excellent outcomes and reduced toxicities. We conducted a prospective, randomized, 2-center study of tacrolimus combination therapy vs monotherapy. From April 16, 2004, to September 15, 2005, 58 adult heart transplant patients were studied. All received oral tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids. Patients were then randomized to a group where mycophenolate was maintained (COMBO) or to a group where it was discontinued (MONO) 14 days post-transplant. Corticosteroids were rapidly withdrawn in both groups between 8 and 12 weeks. The primary end point (mean 6-month International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation biopsy score) was 0.44 +/- 0.04 in the MONO group and 0.60 +/- 0.05 in the COMBO group (p = 0.013, unpaired Student's t-test). The freedom from rejection grade of 2R or higher at 6 and 12 months was 93.3% with MONO and 92.9% with COMBO (p = NS). Tacrolimus monotherapy appears to be safe and efficacious in heart transplant recipients and is not associated with excess rejection in the first year post-transplant. Further studies of this approach are warranted.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 11/2007; 26(10):992-7. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2007.07.022 · 6.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether the low-molecular weight heparin enoxaparin remains favourable when compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) when incorporating efficacy and safety of these adjunctive therapies using a net clinical endpoint. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized trials of enoxaparin vs. UFH in ST-elevation-MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation-ACS (NSTEACS) (n = 49,088 patients in 12 trials). The net clinical endpoint was defined as death, MI, or major bleeding by 30 days. Death or myocardial infarction (MI) was significantly reduced with enoxaparin when compared with UFH (9.8 vs. 11.4%, OR 0.84, P < 0.001). The net clinical endpoint occurred less frequently with enoxaparin than UFH (12.5 vs. 13.5%, OR 0.90, P = 0.051). Major bleeding was higher with enoxaparin (4.3 vs. 3.4%, OR 1.25, P = 0.019). Among STEMI trials, the net clinical endpoint was significantly lower with enoxaparin (OR 0.84, P = 0.015), but there was no difference in NSTEACS trials (OR 0.97). When compared with UFH, enoxaparin was associated with superior efficacy as adjunctive antithrombin therapy among >49 000 patients across the ACS spectrum. Although bleeding was increased with enoxaparin, this increase was offset by a reduction in death or MI. The net clinical benefit in favour of enoxaparin was evident among the STEMI population and was neutral among the NSTEACS population.
    European Heart Journal 10/2007; 28(17):2077-86. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehm224 · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal anticoagulant regimen for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains to be determined. Otamixaban, a selective and direct inhibitor of factor Xa, was investigated in patients undergoing nonurgent percutaneous coronary intervention. In this double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, dose-ranging trial, 947 patients were randomly assigned to either 1 of 5 weight-adjusted otamixaban regimens or weight-adjusted unfractionated heparin (UFH) before percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary end points were change in prothrombin fragments 1+2 (F1+2), and anti-factor Xa activity. The main secondary end points were Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) bleeding at day 3 or hospital discharge (whichever came first) and 30-day ischemic events. The median change in F1+2 from baseline to the end of infusion was greater with the highest otamixaban dose compared with UFH (-0.3 versus -0.2 ng/mL, P=0.008). Anti-factor Xa levels were 65, 155, 393, 571, and 691 ng/mL with otamixaban doses 1 to 5, respectively. Significant TIMI bleeding (major or minor) occurred in 2.0%, 1.9%, 3.8%, 3.9%, and 2.6% of patients receiving otamixaban doses 1 to 5, respectively, and in 3.8% of patients receiving UFH. Four TIMI major bleeds were observed. Ischemic events occurred in 5.8%, 7.1%, 3.8%, 2.5%, and 5.1% of patients receiving otamixaban doses 1 to 5, respectively, and in 5.6% of patients receiving UFH. Otamixaban reduced F1+2 significantly more than UFH at the highest dose regimen, whereas no significant difference in the incidence of TIMI bleeding was observed between the otamixaban and UFH groups. These results set the stage for adequately powered clinical outcome trials of selective direct factor Xa inhibition in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
    Circulation 06/2007; 115(20):2642-51. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.653428 · 14.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

9k Citations
2,080.58 Total Impact Points


  • 2003-2014
    • Beth Israel Medical Center
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Cardiac Catheterization Lab
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1984-2014
    • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
      • Division of Cardiology
      Borough of Manhattan, New York, United States
  • 2009
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1992-2003
    • Philadelphia University
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2002
    • Tenet HealthSystem Medical, Inc.
      Dallas, Texas, United States
    • University of Geneva
      Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    • The Philadelphia Center
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2001
    • Danbury Hospital
      DXR, Connecticut, United States
  • 1997-2000
    • Allegheny University
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1994
    • Miramar Polyclinic
      Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • 1986-1992
    • Mount Sinai Hospital
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1987-1991
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1984-1991
    • Mount Sinai Medical Center
      New York, New York, United States
  • 1990
    • Gracie Square Hospital, New York, NY
      New York, New York, United States