[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the changes and correlations of the serum inflammation factors levels and left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
A prospective study was performed on 70 STEMI patients and 70 control subjects. Serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), metalloproteinase- 9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and cardiac structure and function were assessed by echocardiography at admission and 3-year follow-up.
We found that the levels of serum IL-6, sCD40L and MMP-9 increased steadily among control subjects, remote myocardial infarction and acute STEMI patients, and the level of TIMP-1 elevated remarkly at 3-year follow-up visit in STEMI. The admission level of serum MMP-9 positively correlated with LV end-diastolic and end-diastole volume (r=0.294, p=0.022; r=0.269, p=0.036, respectively), and TIMP-1 positively correlated with E/A ratio (r=0.278, p=0.044) at 3-year follow-up.
The study indicates that admission levels of serum MMP-9 and TIMP-1 closely correlated with left ventricular structure and function, which may be involved in the process of post-infarction remodeling of myocardium.
Yonsei medical journal 05/2012; 53(3):501-7. · 0.77 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND#ENTITYSTARTX02014;: Previous studies have shown that there is a circadian variation in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study is to examine the circadian rhythms of acute myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS#ENTITYSTARTX02014;: 1016 consecutive patients admitted to a coronary care unit with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction were studied from January 2004 to December 2008. All patients were divided into two groups according to with or without diabetes. Admission rates were calculated according to the 6-hour interval of the day (circadian rhythm). The data were analyzed for variations within subgroups. In diabetic group, number of patients in the first to fourth quarters was 38, 45, 43, 46 respectively (NS). The corresponding figures for the controls were 174, 295, 183, 192 (P<0.01). The difference between the two groups was significant (P<0.02). CONCLUSION#ENTITYSTARTX02014;: There is no a significant circadian variation in the onset of acute myocardial infarction in diabetic subjects.
Journal of cardiovascular disease research 01/2010; 1(1):23-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammation plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This recognition has stimulated the evaluation of different inflammatory markers as potential predictors of cardiovascular risk. However, the existing data are limited and controversial. This study was designed to simultaneously measure serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and to evaluate their ability to predict prognosis. A prospective cohort study was conducted with 263 patients with first STEMI who were admitted to our institute within 6 h of symptoms onset. Clinical data were recorded and serum admission levels of IL-6, sCD40L, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The patients were then followed prospectively for the occurrence of cardiovascular mortality for 3 years. Follow-up information was available for 228 patients (86.7%) from the 263 STEMI patients; 34 patients died from cardiovascular causes during the 3-year follow-up period. Kaplan-Meier plots demonstrated a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality with increasing IL-6 levels (chi(2) = 14.13, P = 0.0002, by log-rank test). Logistic regression analysis revealed that IL-6 was an independent predictor for cardiovascular mortality. The present study indicates that elevated admission level of IL-6 could provide valuable information for long-term risk stratification in patients with STEMI.
Heart and Vessels 09/2009; 24(5):329-34. · 2.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is widely accepted as a chronic inflammatory disease. Research paid much attention to sensitive specific serum biomarkers for vulnerable plaques. The markers not only serve as diagnostic tools for the identification of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but also help us to identify high-risk patients. However, the existing data are limited and have been conflicting.
Circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) might correlate with the onset and the cardiac mortality of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Serum levels of IL-6, sCD40L, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 263 patients with STEMI and 262 age- and gender-matched control subjects without coronary artery disease (CAD). The patients with STEMI were then followed prospectively for 24 mo for the occurrence of cardiac mortality.
Compared with the control subjects, patients with STEMI exhibited higher levels of IL-6 (p<0.001), sCD40L (p<0.001), MMP-9 (p<0.001), TIMP-1 (p=0.045), and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio (p=0.007). Significant and positive correlations between MMP-9 and TIMP-1 (r=0.610, p<or=0.001]), IL-6 and creatine kinase (CK) (r=0.159, p=0.022), and IL-6 and Troponin-I (TnI) (r=0.141, p=0.042) were observed by Spearman's correlations analysis. Logistic regression analysis revealed that IL-6 significantly and independently correlated with the occurrence of STEMI, and IL-6 was an independent predictor for cardiac mortality during a 24-mo follow-up in patients with STEMI.
The present study indicates that elevated admission level of IL-6, but not of sCD40L, MMP-9, or TIMP-1, might indicate the onset of STEMI, and could provide prognostic value for future cardiac mortality within 2 y in patients with STEMI.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The extracellular matrix is vital for maintaining tissue integrity, and the matrix metalloproteinases/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (MMPs/TIMPs) system is involved in the regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism. Extracellular matrix turnover plays an important role in the change of large arterial mechanical properties in hypertension. However, the association of the metalloproteinase-9/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-9/TIMP-1) system and arterial stiffness is not straightforward and existing data are rather limited. Our objective is to explore the impact of the MMP-9/TIMP-1 system on large arterial stiffness in patients with essential hypertension. An automatic pulse wave velocity (PWV) measuring system was used to examine carotid-femoral PWV (CFPWV) and carotid-radial PWV (CRPWV) as the parameters reflecting central elastic large arterial and peripheral muscular medium-sized arterial elasticity, respectively; and serum MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels, along with a number of other established biomarkers, were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 202 essential hypertensive patients and 54 age and gender-matched control subjects. Compared with the control subjects, hypertensive patients exhibited higher levels of MMP-9 (p=0.001) and TIMP-1 (p=0.002). Spearman's correlation analysis showed that serum levels of MMP-9 (p=0.014) and TIMP-1 (p=0.005) were significantly and positively correlated with CFPWV in hypertensive patients. A stepwise multiple regressive analysis demonstrated that age, systolic blood pressure, heart rate and TIMP-1 were independent predictors of CFPWV in patients with essential hypertension (adjusted r2=0.458). In conclusion, our results imply that the MMP-9/TIMP-1 system may play an important role in the determination of arterial function, and these findings may have implications for the involvement of MMP-9/TIMP-1 system in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease.
Hypertension Research 11/2007; 30(10):959-63. · 2.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the correlation between birth weight and simple obesity, blood lipids, blood glucose and blood pressure from childhood to adolescence.
A vertical sectional survey on 193 children aged 7 - 11 years was performed in 1996. A questionnaire consisting of items on environmental factors and lifestyle, physical examination and biochemical assessment was conducted at baseline and the 9th year of follow-up.
The incidence of obesity and over-weight in childhood in high (6.1%) and low birth-weight group (5.6%) was higher than that in normal birth-weight group (2.8%), but did not reach statistic significance; The levels of body mass index in adolescence in high and low birth-weight group were significantly higher than that in normal birth-weight group (P = 0.002 and 0.009, respectively), and the incidence of obesity and over-weight in adolescence was significantly higher in high (33.3%) and low birth-weight group (38.9%) than that in normal birth-weight group (16.2%, P = 0.025 and 0.020, respectively). There were no significant differences in the levels of blood glucose, blood lipids and blood pressure between different birth weight groups (all, P > 0.05).
Intrauterine growth is linked to physical growth during childhood and adolescence. Nutritional guidance in pregnant phase may help to control the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescent.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 11/2007; 46(11):923-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the changes of carotid-femoral and carotid-radial pulse wave velocity in patients with essential hypertension, and effects of age and levels blood pressure levels on these changes.
Automatic pulse wave velocity (PWV) measuring system was applied to examine carotid-femoral PWV (CFPWV) and carotid-radial PWV (CRPWV) as the parameters reflecting central elastic large arterial and peripheral muscular medium-sized arterial elasticity respectively. 517 hypertensive patients aged 17-82 years (272 males and 245 females, mean age 52.0 +/- 13.0 years) and 118 healthy subjects aged 19-82 years (52 males and 66 females, mean age 54.2 +/- 13.8 years) were recruited in the study.
CFPWV increased with age in both groups (P < 0.001), whereas CRPWV did not change significantly. CFPWV and CRPWV both increased with blood pressure. A stepwise multiple regression analysis demonstrated that age and systolic blood pressure were positively related to CFPWV independently, while diastolic blood pressure was significantly associated with CRPWV.
Age and components of blood pressure exert different effects on elasticity of central elastic large artery and peripheral muscular medium-sized artery. Examining the change of large arterial elasticity has important clinical value in hypertensive patients.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 12/2005; 33(12):1088-91.