Yafang Wu

Soochow University (PRC), Wu-hsien, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (42)63.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinical and laboratory features of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with atypical e14a3 and e19a2 BCR-ABL fusion gene subtypes. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of CML patients with Ph chromosome positive confirmed by cytogenetic and FISH but classical e13a3(b2a2), e14a2(b3a2)and e1a2 fusion transcripts negative identified by conventional real-time quantification RT-PCR (RQ-PCR). Further RQ-PCR was done with the forward primer and reverse primer designed to detect rare atypical BCR-ABL fusion genes including e14a3 and e19a2 transcripts. Direct sequencing analysis was performed on the PCR products and mutations in the BCR-ABL kinase domain were detected. The clinical data of patients were retrospectively analyzed. Six CML patients were found to carry t(9;22) abnormality and BCR-ABL rearrangement confirmed by FISH but classical BCR-ABL fusion genes negative detected by RQ-PCR. Further RQ-PCR and sequencing analysis confirmed the fusion of BCR exon 14 and ABL exon 3 in five CML patients (case1-5) and the fusion of BCR exon 19 and ABL exon 2 in one CML patient (case 6). E255K and I293T IM-resistant mutations were detected in case 1 and 2, respectively. Among five cases with e14a3 transcripts, four were CML-CP, one CML-AP. Four patients were male and one was female. The median age was 48 years. The patient (case 6) with e19a2 transcripts was 40-year-old female with a diagnosis of CML-CP and PLT count was more than 1 000×10⁹/L. Imatinib (IM) therapy was administed in case 1, 2, 3, 4 and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was undergone in case 5 after hydroxyurea (Hu) or interferon failure. Case 1 who had E255K IM resistant mutation, responded poorly to IM but obtained a complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) after a substitution of dasatinib for IM. Case 2 and 3 achieved CCyR 6 months later after IM treatment and had been maintained well with IM despite I293T mutation in case 2. Case 4 attained CCyR 3 months later after IM treatment but relapsed and died soon. Case 5 was still in CCyR after HSCT. Case 6 with e19a2 transcripts got complete hematologic response after Hu treatment and CCyR was achieved soon after IM therapy. Incidence of CML with atypical transcripts is extremely low. They could benefit from tyrosine kinase inhibitors or HSCT. Rare and atypical BCR- ABL fusion gene subtypes could be missed by conventional RQ-PCR.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 03/2014; 35(3):210-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical and hematological characteristics and the prognostic significance of del(20q) were investigated in a consecutive series of 213 myeloid malignancies. In the analyses, the cases were divided into three subgroups according to their diagnosis or four subgroups according to cytogenetic data. Patients in the myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) subgroup had high white blood cell (WBC) and platelet (Plt) at initial diagnosis. Del(20q) occurred predominantly in older men. Sole del(20q) was observed most often in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), while del(20q) as a part of complex karyotypes was observed predominantly in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The most frequent additional abnormalities accompanying del(20q) were -5/del(5q), -7/del(7q) and +8. T(20;21)(q11;q11) and double del(20q) were two rare but recurrent abnormalities secondary to del(20q). In all types of diseases, patients with a sole del(20q) had a favorable prognosis. The presence of any additional abnormality with del(20q) had an unfavorable outcome. Ider(20q) had an unfavorable prognosis. Patients with the minor del(20q) clone had a better median survival than those with the major del(20q) clone.
    Cancer Genetics 01/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze clinical and cytogenetic features of hematological disorders associated with 20q- and t (20;21) (q11;q11) abnormalities. Following short-term culture of bone marrow cells, karyotypic analysis was carried out with R-banding. 20q- and t(20;21) (q11;q11) was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using dual-color 20q11/12 probe, ST 20qter /ST 21qter probes, SE20(D20Z1)/SE 13/21 probes, and WC20/WC21 probes. Six (2.3%) of the 257 patients with 20q- detected by conventional karyotypic analysis were found to have t(20;21) (q11;q11) abnormality. Five cases had myelodysplastic syndrome, 1 had acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Above results were all confirmed by FISH. i (20q-), t(20;21) (q11;q11) seems to be a rare but recurrent chromosomal abnormality which is specifically associated with myeloid disease, late occurrence and poor prognosis. The translocation between chromosome 20q11 and 21q11 may form a novel fusion gene which has an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 04/2013; 30(2):138-42.
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    ABSTRACT: Here, a new acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMML) cell line, JIH-3, is reported, and its biological characteristics are described. JIH-3 cells were maintained without any cytokines for 27 months. The JIH-3 cell line showed typical myelomonocytic morphological features. Additionally, it mainly expressed myeloid and monocytic markers (CD13, CD14, CD11b, CD15 and CD33), although it also expressed other antigens such as the markers of T and B lymphocytic lineage as well as stem cell, progenitor cell, and natural killer cell-related antigens (CD4, CD5, CD7, CD10, CD22, CD34, CD38, HLADR, CD16/CD56 and CD56); the expression of these markers, suggested that this cell line was in the early stage of myelomonocytic differentiation. Cytogenetic analysis initially showed a karyotype of 46, XY, del(7) (p1?3p2?2). During the passage period, the cells with this karyotype gradually decreased and were replaced by cells with a 45,XY,dic(4;7)(p11;p11),del(15)(q2?2) karyotype. Chromosome painting showed a deletion in the short arm of chromosome 7 for del(7)(p1?3p2?2) and der(4;7)(p11;p11). The latter had larger deleted segment than the former. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed the dicentric nature of der(4;7), and Multiplex FISH (M-FISH) confirmed that der(4;7) was an unbalanced translocation. A deletion involving the 7p region on dic(4;7)(p11;p11) harbors many genes, including CDC2L5, C7ORF11, C7ORF10 and INHBA. Haploinsufficiency of the genes on 4p, 7p and 15q caused by deletions of 4p, 7p and 15q2?2 that resulted from dic(4;7)(p11;p11) and del(15)(q2?2) may play important roles in leukemogenesis and in the establishment of the JIH-3 cell line. JIH-3 cells did not express multidrug resistance (MDR)-related genes and apoptosis-related genes such as MDR1, multidrug resistance-related protein, lung resistance protein, BCL-2, Bax, GS-π or Fax, only P21 expression was detected, which probably leads the MDR indirectly through inhibition of the activities of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). JIH-3 cells had tumorigenic capacity in nude mice. In conclusion, JIH-3 is a new acute myelomonocytic leukemia cell line. It is from a well-characterized background and provides a new useful tool for the study of leukemia patients with a 7p deletion.
    Leukemia research 02/2012; 36(7):889-94. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is being used increasingly in cytogenetic diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). However, the utility of FISH in this role has not been well-defined. A total of 249 de novo MDS patients were submitted to karyotyping and FISH analysis for -5/del(5)(q31), -7/del(7)(q31), +8, -17/i(17)(q10), del(20)(q12), and -Y. Of the 234 patients with available karyotypic data, 143 cases (60.9%) demonstrated normal karyotype and 91 cases (39.1%) showed abnormal karyotype. FISH confirmed R-banding findings in 96.6% (226/234) of samples with successful karyotyping and detected cytogenetic abnormalities in 46.7% (7/15) of cases with karyotype failure. Of the 3.4% (8/234) patients showing discrepancies between FISH and R-banding, FISH revealed cytogenetic abnormalities in four patients with normal karyotypes and four patients with complex karyotypes. These results highlight FISH analysis has limited value in MDS cases with successful karyotyping and is only informative in MDS cases with karyotype failure.
    Leukemia research 10/2011; 36(4):448-52. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human leukemia cell lines are powerful tools in the study of leukemogenesis, particularly for rare but recurrent subtypes such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with the t(16;21)(p11.2;q22) and FUS-ERG fusion. Four AML cell lines carrying a t(16;21)(p11.2;q22) have been described previously. We report a novel AML cell line, designated JIH-4, for which karyotypic analysis demonstrated a single abnormality, t(16;21)(p11.2;q22). The FUS-ERG fusion transcript was identified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Neither Epstein-Barr virus nor mycoplasma was detected in JIH-4 cells. The morphology and immunoprofile of JIH-4 cells display typical features of myelogenous lineage, and short tandem-repeat PCR comparison with the donor patient's bone marrow cells confirm the cell line's authenticity. Tumor masses were found in 50% of inoculated mice 83 days after subcutaneous injection with JIH-4 cells. Our results confirm that JIH-4 cells are derived from the donor patient's leukemia cells and support using the JIH-4 cell line as a valuable tool in the study of leukemogenesis.
    Cancer Genetics 04/2011; 204(4):219-23. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A pericentric inv(9)(p22q34) of the derivative chromosome 9 that resulted from a standard t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) was identified by R-banding karyotypic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays in 4 (0.18%) of 2,200 Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive leukemia patients, including 3 with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase and 1 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in our hospital since 2004. All four patients had two malignant clones: one with only t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and another with der(9)t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)inv(9)(p22q34) that resulted in the separation of the ABL1/BCR fusion gene. No metaphases with only inv(9)(p22q34) were seen in any of them. FISH also found a deletion of partial sequence of BCR on der(9)t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)inv(9)(p22q34) in 67.5% of bone marrow cells in the AML patient, but did not detect the deletion of the sequence of ASS/9q34 in these four patients. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed a b3a2 type of BCR/ABL1 fusion transcript in all of them, proving their disease to be Ph-positive leukemia. On reviewing the literature, only two solitary Ph-positive leukemia patients have been noticed to have the inv(9)(p22q34) anomaly. These two patients, together with our four documented patients, indicate that inv(9)(p22q34) is a novel, rare, but recurrent secondary chromosomal abnormality for Ph-positive leukemia. Despite receiving hydroxyurea therapy (n = 3 patients), combined chemotherapy (n = 2), even imatinib treatment (n = 1), three patients, including one with AML and two with CML (one of whom progressed into the lymphoblastic blast phase), died with survival times of 28 days, 13 months, and 34 months, respectively. Only one patient with CML remained alive for 5.5 months. Their negative outcome implies that inv(9)(p22q34) has an unfavorable impact on prognosis. Presently, no firm conclusions can be drawn from this study. Because the case number reported here is very small, more patients with this anomaly need to be investigated to elucidate its true prognostic significance.
    Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 12/2010; 203(2):333-40. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To date, at least 25 translocations involving the NUP98 gene and different partner genes have been reported in the literature. Here, we describe a novel reciprocal t(5;11)(q31;p15) involving NUP98, as revealed by conventional karyotypic analysis using R-banding technique and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a BAC RP11-120E20 probe and whole chromosome paint probes for chromosomes 5 and 11 in a 77-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having de novo acute myeloid leukemia. The patient received two courses of intensive combined chemotherapy but did not reach complete remission. She eventually died from the progressive disease, surviving for only 1 month after diagnosis. FISH analysis using WCP5 together with BAC RP11-878F9 or RP11-155N22 demonstrated that the breakpoint of chromosome 5 is located on 5q31. In addition, the EGR1 gene was unexpectedly found to be lost in the FISH study using EGR1 (red)/D5S23, D5S721 (green) dual-color probe. We supposed that the fusion gene created by t(5;11)(q31;p15) consisting of the NUP98 and its partner gene, as well as the loss of the EGR1 gene, may play a cooperative role in leukemogenesis. The partner gene of NUP98 in t(5;11)(q31;p15) is unclear at this time. Further molecular study is required to identify this partner gene in our patient.
    Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 05/2010; 199(1):9-14. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinical and laboratory features of 6 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(6;9)(p23;q34). Chromosome preparation of bone marrow cells was performed with regular method. R-banding by heating using Giemsa banding technique (RHG) was used for karyotype analysis. The immunoprofile was studied by flow cytometry (FCM) using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Chromosome painting was performed by using whole chromosome paint probes for chromosomes 6 and 9 in all the 6 cases. The expression of fusion gene DEK/CAN and FLT3-ITD mutation were analyzed by reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR). The t(6;9)(p23;q34) was found in all the 6 cases including 4 cases of M2 and 2 cases of M4. Blast cells were positive for CD13 and CD33 in 6 patients, for HLA-DR in 4 patients, for CD34 and CD117 in 3 cases, for CD38 or CD15 each in 1 case, respectively. A reciprocal translocation between chromosome 6 and 9 was confirmed by chromosome painting technique in the 6 cases. The DEK/CAN fusion gene was found in all the 6 cases, FLT3-ITD mutation was detected in three of them. Follow-up showed that 3 patients died with a survival time of 3 months, 5 months and 6 months, respectively. The other three obtained complete remission and are still alive. The t(6;9)(p23;q34) is a rare recurrent abnormity. AML with t(6;9)(p23;q34) has unique clinical and laboratory features and its prognosis is poor in most cases.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 02/2010; 27(1):34-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) can improve the detection rate of the karyotypic abnormalities in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood (PB) cells from 57 cases of CLL were collected and cultured with CpG-ODN DSP30+interleukin-2 (IL-2), phytohemagglutinin (PHA), pokeweed (PWM) or IL-2, respectively. Five days later cells were harvested for chromosome preparation. Karyotypic analysis was done using R banding technique. Panel fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out on 19 cases of CLL with normal karyotypes using the following probes: Cen12, D13S25, Rb1, ATM, p53, MYB and IgH. Genomic DNA from 21 cases of them was extracted from BM or PB leukocytes. The immunoglobulin variable heavy chain (IgVH) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. CD38 and ZAP70 expressions in the leukemic cells were determined by flow cytometry (FCM). The detection rate of karyotypic abnormalities in the CpG-ODN+IL-2 group (43.85%) was obviously higher than that in the PHA (15.09%), PWM (17.31%) and IL-2 (3.13%) groups (P<0.01). Fifty-two types of karyotypic abnormalities were found. Among them, trisomy12 (+12) or +12 with other abnormalities were the most common, while translocations were the most frequent structural abnormalities including 3 unbalanced and 11 balanced translocations, among them 7 had rearrangements involving 14q32. Thirteen cases showed one or more abnormalities on FISH including trisomy 12 and p53 deletion each in one case, IgH rearrangement and partial deletion each in one case, 13q14.3 deletion in 11 cases of which 5 cases also had Rb1 deletion, 1 case had Rb1 partial deletion. No case with ATM or MYB deletions was found. PCR detected IgVH mutations in 10/21 cases. FCM showed 10/45 cases were CD38 positive, but 35 /45 were CD38 negative, 11/27 cases expressed ZAP70, but 16/27 did not. Among the 26 cases examined for CD38 and ZAP70 expressions simultaneously, 5 cases were CD38+ZAP70+, 13 were CD38-ZAP70-, 6 were CD38-ZAP70+, and 2 were CD38+ZAP70-, respectively. Statistic analysis showed a correlation between complex karyotype and IgVH without mutation, but no association between karyotype and CD38 or ZAP70 expression was observed. CpG-ODN immunostimulation can obviously raise the detection rate of abnormal karyotypes, especially translocations in CLL. FISH is an important complement to conventional karyotypic analysis. The combination of both methods can provide more comprehensive genetic information for CLL.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 02/2010; 27(1):86-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease that has been reported in 13 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). A dicentric isochromosome of deleted chromosome 20q, idic(20q-), is a newly recognized rare, but recurrent, cytogenetic anomaly that has been described in 28 cases of MDS. Recently, we encountered an interesting MDS patient with idic(20q-) and secondary PAP. At presentation, she was a 40-year-old woman with pancytopenia and dysplasia involving 2 cell lineages that were compatible with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia. A chromosome analysis of bone marrow cells using the R-banding technique revealed a karyotype of 46,XX,-20 and +a small metacentric marker chromosome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated this marker chromosome to be idic(20q-). Three years after presentation, her disease was complicated by secondary PAP that was confirmed by chest computed tomographic scans and a thoracoscopic lung biopsy, revealing the characteristic periodic acid Schiff stain-positive materials filling the alveoli. The patient subsequently died of respiratory failure 45 months after diagnosis. To our knowledge, this is the first MDS patient with idic(20q-) and secondary PAP to be reported in the literature. Moreover, this patient is also the 29th MDS case with idic(20q-).
    Acta Haematologica 12/2009; 123(1):55-8. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Besides cytopenia, dysplasia is crucial characteristic of MDS-RA. To summarize the morphological features that contribute to the diagnosis of MDS-RA, 48 RA patients with abnormal karyotype were analyzed for the features of morphological and cytogenetical abnormalities and the relationships between them. 46 MDS-RA patients with normal karyotype and 207 patients with non-MDS anemia were enrolled into control groups. More conspicuous and diverse dysplasia can be found in abnormal karyotype MDS-RA than those in control groups (P<0.05). Apparent dysplasia in granulocyte and megakaryocytoid lineages may provide valuable evidence for the diagnosis. Dysplasia occurred more frequently in patients with severe chromosome abnormalities.
    Leukemia research 09/2009; 33(8):1029-38. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 02/2009; 188(1):57-9. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the presence of a chromosomal rearrangement involving retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) gene generating the X-RARalpha fusion. We describe here a unique RARalpha gene rearrangement in a patient with M3r subtype of APL. Conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed Y-chromosome loss as the sole karyotypic anomaly. No X-RARalpha fusion was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using PML/RARalpha dual-color dual-fusion translocation probe set, or RARalpha dual-color break apart rearrangement probe or reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). However, FISH using RARalpha dual-color break apart rearrangement probe showed a deletion of the entire 3'-end of one allele of RARalpha gene. To our knowledge, this is the first documented APL with 3'RARalpha submicroscopic deletion which is not associated with X-RARalpha fusion. The molecular consequences of this anomaly remain to be elucidated.
    Leukemia research 02/2009; 33(10):1433-5. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Translocation (14;14)(q11;q32) is one of the recurrent chromosome aberrations in ataxia-teleangiectasia (AT) and T-cell malignancies. In patients with the t(14;14), the TCL1 and TCRalpha/delta genes were found to be involved at the molecular level. However, t(14;14)(q11;q32) is an exceedingly rare phenomenon in B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). To date, it has been reported in only 5 B-ALL cases. Here, we report another B-ALL case with t(14;14)(q11;q32) in a 39-year-old female. The immunophenotype of the blasts showed positivity for CD79a, CD10, CD19, and HLA-DR. Chromosome analysis of the bone marrow (BM) cells at presentation showed the karyotype 47,XX,+4,t(14;14)(q11;q32). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated trisomy 4 and the simultaneous involvement of the IGH gene at 14q32 and the CEBPE gene at 14q11, which differs from the genes involved in T-cell leukemias. After chemotherapy, the patient achieved complete remission (CR). Later, she received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. After CR, the karyotype of the BM cells was normal. She was disease-free at a 6-month follow-up. We suggest that t(14;14)(q11;q32) involving the IGH and CEBPE genes in B-ALL is rare, but it is a recurrent abnormality that could identify a new subgroup of B-ALL.
    Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 01/2009; 187(2):125-9. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report a rare complex karyotypic abnormalities including ins (15;17),t(2;17;20) and trisomy 8 in a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Chromosomes were prepared after 24 h culture of bone marrow cells. R-banding technique was used to analyze the karyotype. Multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH), chromosome painting using whole chromosome parint (WCP) 2, 15, 17 and 20 and interphase-FISH (I-FISH) using PML-RARa dual-colour dual-fusion translocation probe were performed to ascertain the essence and origin of the abnormal chromosomes detected by conventional karyotypic analysis. Karyotypic analysis revealed a karyotype of 47, XY, 2q-, + 8, 17q+ , 20p+ . M-FISH analysis showed a karyotype of 47, XY, t(2;17;20) (q24;q21;p13), + 8, which was confirmed by chromosome painting. PML-RARa fusion gene which lied in the derivative chromosome 15 was detected by I-FISH suggesting a cryptic insertion (15;17)(q22;q21.1q21.3). FISH is a reliable method for characterization of cryptic ins (15;17) and other complex translocations. It should be used in all suspected APL patients lacking t(15;17) by conventional karyotypic analysis.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 01/2009; 25(6):712-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To report here a new acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) cell line SH-2 and describe its biological characteristics. Mononuclear cells isolated from a patient with AML-M2 subtype were passaged by liquid culture medium. Interleukin-3 and bone marrow stromal cells were used to support cell proliferation at the first 3 months. Various methods, including cytogenetic analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), multiplex FISH (M-FISH), reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), multiplex RT-PCR, short tandem repeat (STR)-PCR, direct sequencing of DNA, clonogenic assay, and tumorigenicity in nude and severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were employed to identify and characterize SH-2 cell line. SH-2 cells were maintained without cytokine and stromal cells for 3 years. It had no Epstein-Barr virus or mycoplasma contamination. The SH-2 cell line showed typical myelocytic features in morphology and simultaneous strongly expressed myeloid antigens (CD13, 99.6% and CD33, 99.26%) and natural killer (NK)-related antigens (CD56, 99.5% and CD16/56, 99.62%) suggesting that SH-2 is an AML cell line with NK-antigen expression. SH-2 cell line initially showed a karyotype of 45, X, -Y, der(16)t(16;17)(q24;q12), -17, +19. During the passage period, the cells with a hypodiploid karyotype gradually decreased and were replaced by the near-tetraploid cells with a karyotype of 71-105(86), XX, -Y, -Y, der(16)t(16;17)x2, -17, -17, +19, +19. FISH and M-FISH delineated all abnormalities. SH-2 cells had the approximately same morphological, immunophenotypical, and cytogenetic features as the patient's leukemia cells had. STR-PCR provided powerful evidence for the derivation of SH-2 cell line from the patient's leukemia cells. SH-2 cells showed multiple drug resistance (MDR), which may be related to the p53 gene alteration, including the loss of one p53 allele due to the monosomy 17 and a point mutation of CAG to CAT at codon 576 of exon 5 in another p53 allele resulting in the loss of p53 gene function. In addition, SH-2 cell line did not express MDR-related genes, such as MDR1, multidrug resistance-related protein, and lung resistance protein, but expressed apoptosis-related genes, such as Bcl-2, Fas, glutathione S-transferase-pi, and p21, which were also related to the MDR. SH-2 cell line had tumorigenic capacities in nude and SCID mice. Because SH-2 cell line had a clear biology background, it will provide a useful tool for the study of the pathogenesis and treatment strategy of AML with MDR.
    Experimental Hematology 09/2008; 36(11):1487-95. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cytogenetic anomaly der(20)del(20)(q11.2q13.3)idic(20)(p11), or idic(20q-) in short form, has been reported in 13 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome, one case of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and one case of acute myeloid leukemia since 2004. To our knowledge, it has not previously been described in lymphoid diseases. Here we report the cases of two patients with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) having a novel idic(20q-). One was a 34-year-old man with B-cell ALL whose leukemic cells at presentation had a karyotype of 45,XY,dic(9;20)(p11;q11.2); at relapse, a small marker chromosome was found coexisting with the dic(9;20). The other was a 39-year-old woman with Ph-positive B-cell-ALL whose leukemic cells contained both t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and a small marker chromosome. A series of FISH analyses using the appropriate probes revealed the small marker chromosome in both patients to be an idic(20q-), confirming the dic(9;20)(p11;q11.2) in one case and revealing a BCR/ABL fusion gene in the other. One patient achieved complete remission but relapsed; the other did not achieve complete remission. Both patients died with a short survival time, despite receiving intensive chemotherapy. These two cases show that idic(20q-) can appear not only in myeloid diseases but also in lymphoid diseases.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 03/2008; 181(1):55-9. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Translocations involving 21q22 are commonly observed in both de novo and therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). They often result in the disruption of RUNX1 and give rise to fusion genes consisting of RUNX1 and different partner genes, which contribute to leukemogenesis. To date, at least 21 such translocations are known from the literature. Here we report two novel translocations involving the RUNX1 gene: t(1;21)(q12;q22) in a 53-year-old woman with AML-M5b and t(11;21)(q13;q22) in a 65-year-old man with AML-M2. The abnormalities revealed by R-banding karyotypic analysis were confirmed with interphase and metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), chromosome painting, and M-FISH.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 10/2007; 177(2):120-4. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many European groups have recently described that mutations at exon-12 of the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene are the most frequent genetic lesion in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of a normal karyotype. This study explored the prevalence and clinical profile of NPM1 mutations in a cohort of 156 Chinese adults with AML. NPM1 exon-12 mutations were detected using direct sequencing or fragment analysis of genomic DNA polymerase chain reaction products. NPM1 mutations were present in 28.2% of the overall population, including 1/1 (100%) of M0, 11/27 (40.7%) of M1, 11/46 (23.9%) of M2, 0/29 (0%) of M3, 2/9 (22.2%) of M4, 18/39 (46.2%) of M5, and 1/5 (20.0%) of M6. NPM1 gene mutations were more prevalent in patients with a normal karyotype (37 of 90; 41.1%) when compared with patients with karyotypic abnormalities (7 of 66; 10.6%;P < .001). Sequence analysis of 25 NPM1-mutated cases revealed known mutations (type A, D, N(M), and P(M)) as well as one novel sequence variation (here named as type S). All mutational types were heterozygous and showed a 4 bp insertion. NPM1 mutations were significantly associated with old age (P < .05), high peripheral white blood cell count (P < .05), and the subtypes of French-American-British categories M1/M5, but negatively associated with expression of CD34 (P < .05) and CD117 (P < .05). Thus, this study provides the methods of NPM1 exon-12 mutations detection and related clinical data of NPM1 mutated cases in a Chinese population.
    International Journal of Hematology 08/2007; 86(2):143-6. · 1.68 Impact Factor