B Messing

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (271)1162.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Benefits of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) alone or combined with glutamine in patients with intestinal failure because of short-bowel syndrome remain controversial.
    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 07/2014; · 6.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Short bowel syndrome (SBS)-intestinal failure (IF) patients have impaired quality of life (QoL) and suffer from the burden of malabsorption and parenteral support (PS). A phase III study demonstrated that treatment with teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 2 analogue, reduces PS volumes by 32% while maintaining oral fluid intake constant; placebo-treated patients had reduced PS by 21%, but oral fluid intake increased accordingly. As effects of teduglutide on QoL are unknown, they were investigated here. METHODS: QoL analyses from a double-blind, randomised Phase III study in 86 SBS-IF patients receiving teduglutide (0.05 mg/kg/day s.c.) or placebo over 24 weeks. At baseline and every 4 weeks, QoL was assessed using the validated SBS-QoL™ scale. RESULTS: PS reductions were associated with QoL improvements (ANCOVA, p = 0.0194, SBS-QoL per-protocol). Compared to baseline, teduglutide significantly improved the SBS-QoL™ total score and the score of 9 of 17 items at week 24. These changes were not significant compared to placebo. Teduglutide-treated patients with remaining small intestine >100 cm experienced more gastrointestinal adverse events (GI-AE), unfavourably affecting QoL. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, PS volume reductions were associated with improvements in SBS-QoL™ scores. The short observation period, imbalances in oral fluid intake in relation to PS reductions, large patient and effect heterogeneity and occurrence of GI-AE in a subgroup of teduglutide-treated patients may account for the inability to show statistically significant effects of teduglutide on SBS-QoL™ scores compared to placebo. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00798967.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS:: Although home parenteral nutrition (PN) can save the lives of patients with massive bowel loss that results in short bowel syndrome and intestinal failure, quality of life is impaired by PN and its complications. We examined the 12-month tolerability and efficacy of teduglutide to reduce PN dependency. METHODS:: Patients who received teduglutide (0.05 or 0.10 mg/kg/d) for 24 weeks in a randomized controlled trial were eligible for a 28-week double-blind extension study; 52 patients were given 52 weeks of the same doses of teduglutide. We investigated the safety, tolerability and clinical efficacy (defined as a clinically meaningful =20% reduction in weekly PN volume from baseline) at week 52. RESULTS:: The most common adverse events reported included headache (35%), nausea (31%), and abdominal pain (25%); 7 patients withdrew because of adverse events (gastrointestinal disorders in 4). Both groups had progressive reduction in PN. At Week 52, 68% of the 0.05 mg/kg/d and 52% of the 0.10 mg/kg/d dose group had a >20% reduction in PN, with a reduction of =1 day of PN dependency in 68% and 37%, respectively. Four patients achieved complete independence from PN. CONCLUSIONS:: For patients with short bowel syndrome intestinal failure, the efficacy of teduglutide was maintained over 52 weeks and the safety profile was sufficient for it to be considered for long-term use. Further studies are needed to determine whether these effects will translate into improved quality of life and reduced PN complications. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00172185).
    Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology: the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association 01/2013; · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Subjects with short bowel syndrome (SBS) have impaired quality of life (QoL). No disease-specific instrument has been available to measure treatment-induced changes in QoL over time. Therefore, the aim was to develop and validate an SBS-specific QoL scale. METHODS: Classical test theory and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance were applied for development and validation of the SBS-QoL™. Procedures included item generation and raw scale construction. Factor analysis, construct validity and internal consistency were assessed in a non-interventional observation, test re-test reliability and responsiveness in a randomised clinical study. RESULTS: The SBS-QoL™ comprises 17 items including two subscales. Subjects assessed the scale as easy to handle and comprehensible. Good construct validity was shown by comparison with the Home Parenteral Nutrition-Quality Of Life questionnaire as an external scale, which yielded moderately high correlation (r ≥ 0.7). High internal consistency was demonstrated (Cronbach's alpha: 0.94). Also the test re-test reliability was high (r ≥ 0.95), indicating reliable reproducibility of results. The Responsiveness Index (1.84) indicated the ability of the scale to detect changes in QoL over time. CONCLUSIONS: The SBS-QoL™ is an easy to handle and comprehensible SBS-specific subject-reported QoL scale. It is valid, reliable and sensitive with excellent psychometric characteristics to measure treatment-induced changes in QoL over time in subjects with SBS.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2012; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Segmental reversal of the small bowel (SRSB) is proposed in patients with short-bowel syndrome (SBS) as a rehabilitative therapy, but its effects on absorption have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine intestinal macronutrient absorption and home parenteral nutrition (HPN) dependence in SBS patients with intestinal failure. DESIGN: We included in a retrospective study all consecutive patients who had an SRSB between 1985 and 2010 and underwent a study of macronutrient absorption. Patients were matched to SBS controls with the same digestive characteristics. Energy and macronutrient absorption were measured. The dependence on HPN was expressed by the number of infusions per week and by the calories infused daily divided by the basal energy expenditure multiplied by 1.5. RESULTS: Seventeen patients who had an SRSB were matched to 17 control patients. Intestinal absorption was higher in the SRSB group for total calories (69.5% compared with 58.0%), fat (48.4% compared with 33.2%), and protein (62.7% compared with 53.4%) (P < 0.05). Median oral autonomy was 100% ± 38.4% in the SRSB group, whereas it was 79% ± 39.6% in the control group (P < 0.05). The number of calories infused was lower in the SRSB group (500 ± 283 compared with 684 ± 541; P < 0.05), as was HPN dependence (33% ± 20% compared with 48% ± 38%; P < 0.05) at the time of the study. CONCLUSION: SRSB allows a gain in macronutrient absorption, which is associated with a lower HPN dependence. To our view, SRSB should be integrated in intestinal rehabilitative adult programs.
    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 11/2012; · 6.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Management of chronic radiation enteritis is often controversial, particularly due to the risk of short bowel syndrome. METHODS: One hundred and seven chronic radiation enteritis patients with short bowel syndrome were studied retrospectively between 1980 and 2009. Survival and home parenteral nutrition dependence rates were evaluated with univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The survival probabilities were 93%, 67% and 44.5% at 1, 5 and 10 years, respectively. On multivariate analysis, survival was significantly decreased with residual neoplastic disease (HR=0.21 [0.11-0.38], p<0.001), an American Society of Anesthesiologists score >3 (HR=0.38 [0.20-0.73], p=0.004) and an age of chronic radiation enteritis diagnosis >60 years (HR=0.45 [0.22-0.89], p=0.02). The actuarial home parenteral nutrition dependence probabilities were 66%, 55% and 43% at 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively. On multivariate analysis, this dependence was significantly decreased when there was a residual small bowel length >100cm (HR=0.35 [0.18-0.68], p=0.002), adaptive hyperphagia (HR=0.39 [0.17-0.87], p=0.02) and the absence of a definitive stoma (HR=0.48 [0.27-0.84], p=0.01). CONCLUSION: The survival of patients with diffuse chronic radiation enteritis after extensive intestinal resection was good and was mainly influenced by underlying comorbidities. Almost two-thirds of patients were able to be weaned off home parenteral nutrition.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 11/2012; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 2 analogue, might restore intestinal structural and functional integrity by promoting growth of the mucosa and reducing gastric emptying and secretion. These factors could increase fluid and nutrient absorption in patients with short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure (SBS-IF). We performed a prospective study to determine whether teduglutide reduces parenteral support in patients with SBS-IF. METHODS: We performed a 24-week study of patients with SBS-IF who were given subcutaneous teduglutide (0.05 mg/kg/d; n = 43) or placebo (n = 43) once daily. Parenteral support was reduced if 48-hour urine volumes exceeded baseline values by ≥10%. The primary efficacy end point was number of responders (patients with >20% reduction in parenteral support volume from baseline at weeks 20 and 24). RESULTS: There were significantly more responders in the teduglutide group (27/43 [63%]) than the placebo group (13/43 [30%]; P = .002). At week 24, the mean reduction in parenteral support volume in the teduglutide group was 4.4 ± 3.8 L/wk (baseline 12.9 ± 7.8 L/wk) compared with 2.3 ± 2.7 L/wk (baseline 13.2 ± 7.4 L/wk) in the placebo group (P < .001). The percentage of patients with a 1-day or more reduction in the weekly need for parenteral support was greater in the teduglutide group (21/39 [54%]) than in the placebo group (9/39 [23%]; P = .005). Teduglutide increased plasma concentrations of citrulline, a biomarker of mucosal mass. The distribution of treatment-emergent adverse events that led to study discontinuation was similar between patients given teduglutide (n = 2) and placebo (n = 3). CONCLUSIONS: Twenty-four weeks of teduglutide treatment was generally well tolerated in patients with SBS-IF. Treatment with teduglutide reduced volumes and numbers of days of parenteral support for patients with SBS-IF; ClinicalTrials.gov Number, NCT00798967.
    Gastroenterology 09/2012; · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a rare and severe condition where home parenteral nutrition (HPN) dependence can be either permanent or transient. The timing of HPN discontinuation and the survival, according to SBS characteristics, need to be further reported to help plan pre-emptive intestinal transplantation and reconstructive surgery. METHODS: 268 Non-malignant SBS patients have been followed in our institution since 1980. HPN dependence and survival rate were studied with univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 4.4 (0.3-24) years. Actuarial HPN dependence probabilities were 74%, 64% and 48% at 1, 2 and 5 years, respectively. In multivariate analysis, HPN dependence was significantly decreased with an early (<6 mo) plasma citrulline concentration >20 μmol/l, a remaining colon >57% (4/7) and a remnant small bowel length >75 cm. Among the 124 patients who became HPN independent, 26.5% did so more than 2 years after SBS constitution. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that long-term HPN is required in 47% of SBS patients started on this therapy. HPN independence is significantly associated with the remnant small bowel length, remaining colon and early plasma citrulline concentration. Noteworthy, HPN dependence could be reversed until 5 years after SBS constitution.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 08/2012; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Indications and timing for referral for intestinal transplantation (ITx) were investigated through a review of the literature on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for benign intestinal failure and a benchmarking to the results of a prospective European survey which evaluated the appropriateness of the current indications for ITx. METHODS: Manuscripts reporting outcomes of adults and children on HPN were retrieved through a PubMed search. Data from the European survey were compared with those on HPN reported in the literature, and with those on ITx reported by the USA registry and by the Pittsburgh center. RESULTS: HPN is a safe treatment with a high probability of survival. The risk of death during HPN is increased by the absence of a specialist team, and appears greater during the early period of treatment. Survival probability is decreased in patients with: age >40 or <2 years, very short bowel remnant, presence of a stoma, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction of myopathic origin, systemic sclerosis, radiation enteritis, intra-abdominal desmoids, necrotizing enterocolitis, congenital mucosal diseases. Liver failure is the HPN-related complication with the greatest risk of death. Death related to venous catheter complications is rare. The benchmarking supported the results of the European survey.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 06/2012; · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • Bernard Messing, Francisca Joly, Olivier Corcos
    Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine 02/2012; 196(2):373-4. · 0.16 Impact Factor
  • Francisca Joly, Aurelien Amiot, Bernard Messing
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    ABSTRACT: The management of CIPO remains difficult and requires a multidisciplinary approach. In adult patients with CIPO on HPN, the 10-year survival rate was 68%. Long-term HPN dependence does not seem to be associated with a significant increase in mortality and morbidity. HPN could be a safe and efficient approach to the management of intestinal failure caused by CIPO, with restoring oral intake and lowering hospitalization frequency as major goals of treatment.
    Gastroenterology clinics of North America 12/2011; 40(4):845-51. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Teduglutide was discontinued after being tested for ≥ 24 weeks in patients with parenteral nutrition (PN) -dependent short bowel syndrome in a clinical trial for efficacy to reduce PN volume. This study was describes change in body mass index (BMI) and PN volume over 12 months in patients who stopped drug after the clinical trial. Prescribed PN volume, weight, and complications were reported. Patients with stable (NEUT, n = 15) or decreased (DEC, n = 7) PN volume by 12 months after stopping drug (NEUT/DEC, n = 22) were compared to those who had increased PN volume (INC, n = 15). With drug response defined by ≥ 20% reduction from pre-drug PN volume to end of drug therapy, 12 INC and 13 NEUT/DEC patients were drug responders. Eleven of 20 eligible sites reported data for 39 of 53 eligible study participants, with follow-up data for 37. INC patients had shorter colon and less frequently had colon in continuity than NEUT/DEC. BMI was decreased at 3, 6, and 12 months relative to the first off-drug visit in INC patients (P = .001), but not in NEUT/DEC patients. Change in BMI off-drug was predicted by colon and small bowel length, baseline BMI, and on-drug change in PN volume (adjusted R2 = 0.708). Gastrointestinal anatomy, baseline BMI, and PN volume reduction on-drug predicted change in BMI off-drug. Whether this response would be maintained for a longer time or in the context of a challenging clinical situation has not been evaluated.
    Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 08/2011; 35(5):603-9. · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Teduglutide, a GLP-2 analogue, may restore intestinal structural and functional integrity by promoting repair and growth of the mucosa and reducing gastric emptying and secretion, thereby increasing fluid and nutrient absorption in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). This 24-week placebo-controlled study evaluated the ability of teduglutide to reduce parenteral support in patients with SBS with intestinal failure. In 83 patients randomised to receive subcutaneous teduglutide 0.10 mg/kg/day (n = 32), 0.05 mg/kg/day (n = 35) or placebo (n = 16) once daily, parenteral fluids were reduced at 4-week intervals if intestinal fluid absorption (48 h urine volumes) increased ≥ 10%. Responders were subjects who demonstrated reductions of ≥ 20% in parenteral volumes from baseline at weeks 20 and 24. The primary efficacy end point, a graded response score (GRS), took into account higher levels and earlier onset of response, leading to longer duration of response. The intensity of the response was defined as a reduction from baseline in parenteral volume (from 20% to 100%), and the duration of the response was considered the response at weeks 16, 20 and 24. The results were tested according to a step-down procedure starting with the 0.10 mg/kg/day dose. Using the GRS criteria, teduglutide in a dose of 0.10 mg/kg/day did not have a statistically significant effect compared with placebo (8/32 vs 1/16, p=0.16), while teduglutide in a dose of 0.05 mg/kg/day had a significant effect (16/35, p = 0.007). Since parenteral volume reductions were equal (353 ± 475 and 354 ± 334 ml/day), the trend towards higher baseline parenteral volume (1816 ± 1008 vs 1374 ± 639 ml/day, p=0.11) in the 0.10 mg/kg/day group compared with the 0.05 mg/kg/day group may have accounted for this discrepancy. Three teduglutide-treated patients were completely weaned off parenteral support. Serious adverse events were distributed similarly between active treatment groups and placebo. Villus height, plasma citrulline concentration and lean body mass were significantly increased with teduglutide compared with placebo. Teduglutide was safe, well tolerated, intestinotrophic and suggested pro-absorptive effects facilitating reductions in parenteral support in patients with SBS with intestinal failure. ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00172185.
    Gut 02/2011; 60(7):902-14. · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    Nutrition Clinique Et Metabolisme - NUTR CLIN METAB. 01/2011; 25(3):164-171.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) may induce liver disorders. Transient elastography (TE) has been proposed as a noninvasive alternative to liver biopsy analysis for assessment of the progression of hepatic fibrosis to cirrhosis. The goal of this study was to compare values from TE measurements to biopsy-determined stages of histologic fibrosis in patients receiving HPN. Methods: In this multicenter prospective study, patients receiving long-term HPN (≥6 months) who required a liver biopsy for clinical reasons were included. TE (FibroScan) values for each patient were compared with the degree of hepatic fibrosis measured from biopsy specimens based on the Brunt classification. TE values were also correlated to biochemical and histologic cholestasis. Two noninvasive indices for predicting liver fibrosis (APRI and FIB-4) were also evaluated. Results: Thirty patients were included in this study (mean age, 42.1 years; 63% male). The mean duration of HPN was 100.7 months; 25 patients had a short bowel and 13 had an intestinal stoma. Biochemical cholestasis was described in 22 patients. Liver histologic features varied among these patients. There was no correlation between the values of TE and the stages of histologic fibrosis, but TE values were significantly correlated to serum bilirubin level and the severity of histologic cholestasis as well as APRI and FIB-4 scores. Conclusions: In patients with long-term HPN, TE failed to assess the degree of hepatic fibrosis. This could be due to the heterogeneity of liver histologic features observed in these patients and the presence of chronic cholestasis.
    Gastroenterology 01/2011; 140(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nutrition Supplements 01/2011; 6(1):7-7.
  • Clinical Nutrition Supplements 01/2011; 6(1):137-137.
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    ABSTRACT: The indications for intestinal transplantation (ITx) are still debated. Knowing survival rates and causes of death on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) will improve decisions. A prospective 5-year study compared 389 non-candidates (no indication, no contraindication) and 156 candidates (indication, no contraindication) for ITx. Indications were: HPN failure (liver failure; multiple episodes of catheter-related venous thrombosis or sepsis; severe dehydration), high-risk underlying disease (intra-abdominal desmoids; congenital mucosal disorders; ultra-short bowel), high morbidity intestinal failure. Causes of death were defined as: HPN-related, underlying disease, or other cause. The survival rate was 87% in non-candidates, 73% in candidates with HPN failure, 84% in those with high-risk underlying disease, 100% in those with high morbidity intestinal failure and 54%, in ITx recipients (one non-candidate and 21 candidates) (p<0.001). The primary cause of death on HPN was underlying disease-related in patients with HPN duration ≤2 years, and HPN-related in those on HPN duration >2 years (p=0.006). In candidates, the death HRs were increased in those with desmoids (7.1; 95% CI 2.5 to 20.5; p=0.003) or liver failure (3.4; 95% CI 1.6 to 7.3; p=0.002) compared to non-candidates. In deceased candidates, the indications for ITx were the causes of death in 92% of those with desmoids or liver failure, and in 38% of those with other indications (p=0.041). In candidates with catheter-related complications or ultra-short bowel, the survival rate was 83% in those who remained on HPN and 78% after ITx (p=0.767). HPN is confirmed as the primary treatment for intestinal failure. Desmoids and HPN-related liver failure constitute indications for life-saving ITx. Catheter-related complications and ultra-short bowel might be indications for pre-emptive/rehabilitative ITx. In the early years after commencing HPN a life-saving ITx could be required for some patients at higher risk of death from their underlying disease.
    Gut 11/2010; 60(1):17-25. · 10.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is observed in Humans after a large resection of gut. Since the remnant colon and its associated microbiota play a major role in the outcome of patients with SBS, we studied the overall qualitative and quantitative microbiota composition of SBS adult patients compared to controls. The population was composed of 11 SBS type II patients (with a jejuno-colonic anastomosis) and 8 controls without intestinal pathology. SBS patients had 38 +/- 30 cm remnant small bowel length and 66 +/- 19% of residual colon. The repartition of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and fibres was expressed as % of total oral intake in patients and controls. The microbiota was profiled from stool and biopsy samples with temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis and quantitative PCR. We show here that microbiota of SBS patients is unbalanced with a high prevalence of Lactobacillus along with a sub-dominant presence and poor diversity of Clostridium leptum, Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroidetes. In addition, Lactobacillus mucosae was detected within the fecal and mucosa-associated microbiota of SBS patients, whereas it remained undetectable in controls. Thus, in SBS the microbial composition was deeply altered in fecal and mucosal samples, with a shift between dominant and sub-dominant microbial groups and the prevalence of L. mucosae.
    Biochimie 02/2010; 92(7):753-61. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/2010; 138(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
1,162.81 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • University of Pittsburgh
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2008–2012
    • Paris Diderot University
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • University of Pennsylvania
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2006–2010
    • Hôpital Beaujon – Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Nord Val de Seine
      • Service de Gastro-Entérologie et Assistance Nutritive
      Clicy, Île-de-France, France
    • University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis
      Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
  • 2007
    • Hôpital Lariboisière - Fernand-Widal (Hôpitaux Universitaires Sant-Louis, Lariboisière, Fernand-Widal)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2005–2006
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2004
    • Hôpital Ambroise Paré – Hôpitaux universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest
      Billancourt, Île-de-France, France
  • 2003
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 1995–2000
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1991–2000
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1999
    • Le Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône-Alpes
      Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1996–1999
    • Hôpital Bichat - Claude-Bernard (Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Nord Val de Seine)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1988
    • Hôpital Paris Saint Joseph
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France