Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 08/2006; 21(7):1224-6. · 2.87 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The latest TNM classification (5th edition) changed the definition of nodal staging from the anatomical localization to the total number of metastatic lymph nodes. This study was designed to evaluate and compare the prognostic significance of nodal staging between the two widely known staging systems, the TNM classification (TNM) and Japanese Classification for Gastric Cancer (JCGC).
A total of 582 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with extended lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer were reviewed retrospectively from hospital records. Based on the localization of metastatic nodes according to the JCGC and the total positive node number according to TNM, the patients were divided into subgroups and their prognoses compared.
Lymph node metastasis was found in 189 of the 582 patients (32.5%). Both nodal staging systems were found to be significant prognostic factors by multivariate analysis. A prognostic analysis of the patients by subdivision with the two staging systems indicated that the nodal staging system in TNM was more homogenous than that of the JCGC.
The nodal staging system of the TNM classification is superior to that of the Japanese Classification of Gastric Cancer, because it is simple, reproducible and homogeneous.
Hepato-gastroenterology 50(49):301-4. · 0.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Recent pathological study demonstrated that extended lymphadenectomy is not always necessary for patients with early gastric cancer.
Twenty-eight patients underwent pylorus-preserving gastrectomy. The clinicopathological findings of patients with pylorus-preserving gastrectomy were compared to those of 58 patients with conventional distal gastrectomy.
There were no significant differences in surgical duration, blood loss, blood chemistry, food intake, and body weight loss. Regarding abdominal symptoms, early dumping syndrome was significantly higher in distal gastrectomy than in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (35.6% vs. 12.0%, p<0.05). Remnant gastritis was also significantly higher in distal gastrectomy (57.1% vs. 27.7%, p<0.05). However, food residue tended to be more frequently seen in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (33.3% vs. 61.1%, p=0.052). Based on questionnaire results, the rate of patient satisfaction with their surgical outcome tended to be lower in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy than in distal gastrectomy (84.0% vs. 95.6%, p=0.098). The tendency was more pronounced in patients over 70 years old (77.8% vs. 100%, p=0.065).
Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy is superior to conventional distal gastrectomy in the prevention of dumping syndrome and reflux gastritis. However, since delayed emptying is frequently seen post pylorus-preserving gastrectomy, this procedure is not recommended for older patients under simplistic indications.
Hepato-gastroenterology 51(57):883-6. · 0.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The reduction in the incidence of severe postoperative complications has resulted in a significant increase in the survival of patients with gastric cancer.
A total of 879 patients undergoing gastrectomy for gastric cancer during the last decade were retrospectively evaluated for postoperative complications, mortality and associated risk factors.
The most frequent complications were anastomotic leakage (3.0%) and wound infection (2.8%) followed by the development of pancreatic fistulae (2.2%) and intra-abdominal abscesses (1.5%). Multiple logistic regression analysis identified various independent risk factors including the extent of lymph node dissection (D1D2 vs. D3) for anastomotic leakage (RR 3.6, P<0.05), splenectomy or distal pancreatosplenectomy for pancreatic fistulae (RR 27.4, P<0.0001) and operative time (360 min < or =) for intra-abdominal abscess (RR 4.8, P<0.05). In total, fourteen patients (1.6%, n=879) died from postoperative complications, with 5 patients dying following non-curative gastrectomy (5.6%, n=90). The complications most associated with death were anastomotic leakage (4 patients) and pneumonia (2 patients).
In view of the potential risk of complications, we should carefully evaluate the indications for aggressive lymph node dissection and/or combined resection of neighboring organs as well as non-curative gastrectomy.
Hepato-gastroenterology 51(56):613-7. · 0.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Although extended lymphadenectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer is widely practiced in Japan, solitary supraclavicular lymph node recurrence (SCLR) has often become a problem. This study was designed to evaluate the survival and clinical benefit of salvage cervical lymphadenectomy.
Between 1989 and 2001, 153 patients underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancers. SCLR was identified in 5 (3.7%) patients and these five patients were examined retrospectively.
Surgical treatment was performed intensively for all patients. Two patients showed longterm survival for 7 years 3 months and 4 years, respectively. Four patients belonged to the good prognostic group but the other patient had poor prognosis from the viewpoint of both the pathological metastatic lymph node number and disease-free interval (DFI). There were no local recurrences but were a recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in three patients associated with treatment.
Salvage cervical lymphadenectomy for SCLR should be performed positively by selecting each case carefully. Indication must be weighed against increased morbidity considering such indicators as the extent of metastatic lymph node numbers and DFI.
Hepato-gastroenterology 52(63):796-9. · 0.66 Impact Factor