Sergei N. Smirnov

Saint Petersburg State University, Sankt-Peterburg, St.-Petersburg, Russia

Are you Sergei N. Smirnov?

Claim your profile

Publications (37)100.81 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new rhodium(I) dimethyl sulfoxide 8-oxyquinolinato carbonyl complex is prepared and characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, and X-ray data. Long-range ligand interactions are discussed.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 07/2014; 761:123–126. · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The rhodium(III) cationic methyl complexes, cis-[Rh(β-diket)(PPh3)2(CH3)(DMF)][BPh4] (β-diket = Acac or BA), show dynamic behavior in solution at ambient temperature and keep their solid state geometry at −70 °C. Peculiar features of cations are unusual long Rh–O(DMF) bond and non-symmetrical orientation of the formyl C–H bond.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 01/2014; 774:1–5. · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • E. Tupikina, S.N. Smirnov, P.M. Tolstoy
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Condensed Matter (NMRCM 2013), Saint-Petersburg, Russia; 07/2013
  • Central European School on Physical organic Chemistry, Przesieka, Poland; 05/2013
  • Russian Journal of General Chemistry 01/2013; 83(3). · 0.43 Impact Factor
  • VII Symposium "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, Physics and Biological Sciences, Warsaw, Poland; 09/2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ten formally symmetric anionic OHO hydrogen bonded complexes, modeling Asp/Glu amino acid side chain interactions in nonaqueous environment (CDF(3)/CDF(2)Cl solution, 200-110 K) have been studied by (1)H, (2)H, and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, i.e. intermolecularly H-bonded homoconjugated anions of acetic, chloroacetic, dichloroacetic, trifluoroacetic, trimethylacetic, and isobutyric acids, and intramolecularly H-bonded hydrogen succinate, hydrogen rac-dimethylsuccinate, hydrogen maleate, and hydrogen phthalate. In particular, primary H/D isotope effects on the hydrogen bond proton signals as well as secondary H/D isotope effects on the (13)C signals of the carboxylic groups are reported and analyzed. We demonstrate that in most of the studied systems there is a degenerate proton tautomerism between O-H···O(-) and O(-)···H-O structures which is fast in the NMR time scale. The stronger is the proton donating ability of the acid, the shorter and more symmetric are the H-bonds in each tautomer of the homoconjugate. For the maleate and phthalate anions exhibiting intramolecular hydrogen bonds, evidence for symmetric single well potentials is obtained. We propose a correlation between H/D isotope effects on carboxylic carbon chemical shifts and the proton transfer coordinate, q(1) = (1)/(2)(r(OH) - r(HO)), which allows us to estimate the desired OHO hydrogen bond geometries from the observed (13)C NMR parameters, taking into account the degenerate proton tautomerism.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 06/2012; · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The oxidative addition of CH3I to planar rhodium(I) complex [Rh(TFA)(PPh3)2] in acetonitrile (TFA is trifluoroacetylacetonate) leads to the formation of cationic, cis-[Rh(TFA)(PPh3)2(CH3)(CH3CN)][BPh4] (1), or neutral, cis-[Rh(TFA)(PPh3)2(CH3)(I)] (4), rhodium(III) methyl complexes depending on the reaction conditions. 1 reacts readily with NH3 and pyridine to form cationic complexes, cis-[Rh(TFA)(PPh3)2(CH3)(NH3)][BPh4] (2) and cis-[Rh(TFA)(PPh3)2(CH3)(Py)][BPh4] (3), respectively. Acetylacetonate methyl complex of rhodium(III), cis-[Rh(Acac)(PPh3)2(CH3)(I)] (5), was obtained by the action of NaI on cis-[Rh(Acac)(PPh3)2(CH3)(CH3CN)][BPh4] in acetone at −15 °C. Complexes 1–5 were characterized by elemental analysis, 31P{1H}, 1H and 19F NMR. For complexes 2, 3, 4 conductivity data in acetone solutions are reported. The crystal structures of 2 and 3 were determined. NMR parameters of 1–5 and related complexes are discussed from the viewpoint of their isomerism.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 10/2011; 696(20):3214–3222. · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have followed by NMR the zero-point energy changes of the hydrogen bond proton in 1:1 acid-base complexes AHB triple bond {A—H···B <-–> Aδ-···H···Bδ+ <-–> A-···H—B+} as a function of the proton position between A and B. For this purpose, the isotopic fractionation factors K between the acid-base complexes AHB + Ph3COD···B –><- ADB + Ph3COH···B, where AH represents a variety of acids and B represents pyridine-15N, were measured around 110 K, using a 2:1 mixture of liquefied CDClF2-CDF3 as solvent. As under these conditions the slow hydrogen bond exchange regime is reached, the values of K could be obtained directly by integration of appropriate proton NMR signals. Using the valence-bond order concept established previously by crystallography, the fractionation factors and corresponding zero-point energy changes (ΔZPE) are related in a quantitative way to the hydrogen bond geometries, the 1H chemical shift of the hydrogen bond proton, and the pyridine-15N chemical shift. The K values are related in a quasi-linear way to the chemical shifts of the hydrogen bond proton, where the slope depends on whether the proton is closer to oxygen or nitrogen. In the region of the strongly hydrogen-bonded quasi-symmetric complexes, which are characterized by a strong hydrogen bond contraction, the variation of K is very small in spite of substantial proton displacements.Key words: NMR, isotopic fractionation, hydrogen bonding, acid-base complexes, proton transfer, geometric isotope effects.
    Canadian Journal of Chemistry 02/2011; 77:943-949. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra of 17 OHN hydrogen-bonded complexes formed by CH(3)(13)COOH(D) with 14 substituted pyridines, 2 amines, and N-methylimidazole have been measured in the temperature region between 110 and 150 K using CDF(3)/CDF(2)Cl mixture as solvent. The slow proton and hydrogen bond exchange regime was reached, and the H/D isotope effects on the (13)C chemical shifts of the carboxyl group were measured. In combination with the analysis of the corresponding (1)H chemical shifts, it was possible to distinguish between OHN hydrogen bonds exhibiting a single proton position and those exhibiting a fast proton tautomerism between molecular and zwitterionic forms. Using H-bond correlations, we relate the H/D isotope effects on the (13)C chemical shifts of the carboxyl group with the OHN hydrogen bond geometries.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 10/2010; 114(40):10775-82. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: (1)H, (2)H, (19)F and (15)N NMR spectra of a strongly hydrogen-bonded anionic cluster, CNHF(-), as an ion pair with a tetrabutylammonium cation dissolved in CDF(3)-CDF(2)Cl mixture were recorded in the slow exchange regime at temperatures down to 110 K. The fine structure due to spin-spin coupling of all nuclei involved in the hydrogen bridge was resolved. H/D isotope effects on the chemical shifts were measured. The results were compared with those obtained earlier for a similar anion, FHF(-), and interpreted via ab initio calculations of magnetic shielding as functions of internal vibrational coordinates, namely an anti-symmetric proton stretching and a doubly-degenerate bending. The values of primary and secondary isotope effects on NMR chemical shifts were estimated using a power expansion of the shielding surface as a function of vibrational coordinates. A positive primary isotope effect was explained as a result of the decrease of the hydron stretching amplitude upon deuteration. We show that the proton shielding surface has a minimum close to the equilibrium geometry of the CNHF(-) anion, leading to the positive primary H/D isotope effect in a rather asymmetric hydrogen bond. We conclude that caution should be used when making geometric estimations on the basis of NMR data, since the shapes of the shielding functions of the internal vibrational coordinates can be rather exclusive for each complex.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 08/2009; 11(25):5154-9. · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Trans-[RuPy4(CN)2 cleaves chloro-rhodium bridges in rhodium(I) binuclear complexes, [Rh(CO)2Cl]2, [Rh(Cod)Cl]2, and [(Cod)RhCl2Rh(CO)2] yielding heterometallic triad complexes, [(CO)2ClRh(NC)RuPy4(CN)RhCl(CO)2] (I), [(Cod)ClRh(NC)RuPy4(CN)RhCl(Cod)] (II), and [(Cod)ClRh(NC)RuPy4(CN)RhCl(CO)2] (III), respectively. In solutions, III coexists with equilibrium amounts of I and II in the near-binomial proportions. Under action of [Rh(CO)2Cl]2, II transforms into I with parallel formation of [Rh(Cod)Cl]2. Ligand effect transmission along the L-Rh-NC-Ru-CN-Rh-L′ chain is studied by 1H and 13C NMR. Chemical shifts δ1H and δ13C of Ru-bound Py ligands are sensitive to the nature of Rh-bound ligands. Values of δ1H and δ13C of Cod and 13C of CO ligands are sensitive to the ligands at the remote end of the L-Rh-NC-Ru-CN-Rh-L′ chain. Reaction of trans-[RuPy4(CN)2] with Rh2(OAc)4 yields an apparently linear polymer [-Rh(OAc)4Rh-NCRuPy4CN-]. Upon action of [Rh(CO)2Cl]2, the polymer decomposes yielding I and Rh2(OAc)4. X-ray structure data for I are given.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry - J ORGANOMET CHEM. 01/2009; 694(18):2917-2922.
  • Source
    Zeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie. 01/2008; 222:1225-1245.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a model system for the internal and external aldimines of the coenzyme pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) in PLP dependent enzymes we have studied the 1H and 15N NMR spectra of the 15N labeled Schiff base 3-carboxy-5-methyl-salicylidenaniline (1) dissolved in CD2Cl2. 1 contains a charge relay system with two strongly coupled intramolecular hydrogen bonds of the OHOHN type. One-bond 15N1H scalar spin–spin coupling constants and chemical shifts of partially deuterated 1 were measured in the temperature range between 243 and 183 K and analyzed assuming an exchange between three tautomeric states exhibiting well defined hydrogen bond geometries. The analysis shows that the dominant structure 1b corresponds to the zwitterion OH⋯O−⋯HN+, where deuteration of one bond leads to a shortening of the other. This anti-cooperative effect is revealed by the vicinal isotope effects on the proton chemical shifts. By contrast, forms 1a and 1c are characterized by the structures OH⋯OH⋯N and O−⋯HO⋯HN+, correspondingly, whose hydrogen bonds exhibit a cooperative coupling. We predict that 1a will dominate at high temperatures and low dielectric constants, whereas 1c will dominate at low temperatures and large dielectric constants. The comparison with model systems which do not contain the additional COOH-group indicates that the latter is responsible for the dominance of the zwitterionic structure of the OHN hydrogen bond. The implications of these findings for the function of the coenzyme pyridoxal phosphate in its natural environment are discussed.
    Journal of Molecular Structure 01/2007; · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Selective oxidation of one (trans to N) carbonyl group in [Rh(8-Oxiquinolinato)(CO)2] with stoichiometric amount of Me3NO in MeCN produces a solution containing [Rh(Oxq)(CO)(Me3N)] and [Rh(Oxq)(CO)(MeCN)]. The ammonia complex, [Rh(Oxq)(CO)(NH3)], has been prepared by action of NH3 gas on this solution and characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, and X-ray data. Spectral parameters, ν(CO), δ13C, and 1J(CRh), were measured in situ for a series of complexes [Rh(Oxq)(CO)(L)] (L=NAlk3, Py, PBu3, PPh3, P(OPh)3, C8H14) formed upon action of L on [Rh(Oxq)(CO)(NH3)] in THF. A new ν(CO) and δ13C based scale of σ-donor/π-acceptor properties of ligands L is proposed including NH3 and CO as the natural endpoints.
    Journal of Organometallic Chemistry - J ORGANOMET CHEM. 01/2007; 692(26):5788-5794.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The NMR spectra of solutions containing partially deuterated anhydrous hypophosphorous acid (H2POOH) and its complexes with organic bases as proton acceptors were obtained in CD2Cl2 in the temperature range 183–253 K. Under these conditions, the state of slow exchange is achieved, as evidenced by the fine spin-spin and isotope (H/D) structure of the NMR signals. The formation and strengthening of the hydrogen bond by the OH group result in strong shielding of the 31P nucleus and decrease the spin-spin coupling constants of nuclei in the PH2 group. Saturation of these effects occurs in going from proton to base. Direct and long-range effects of H/D substitution in the OH and PH groups on the H, 31P, and 15N chemical shifts in complexes were measured. The signs of these effects were explained in terms of a simplified model of dynamic interaction of covalent and hydrogen bonds. The kinetics of the interconversion of a cyclic H2POOH dimer and a zwitterionic complex with pyridine were studied by dynamic 1H NMR, and thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of the process were measured. A hypothetical mechanism of the reaction with the transition state close to an open-chain dimer with one hydrogen bond was proposed.
    Russian Journal of General Chemistry 01/2006; 76(6):915-924. · 0.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, equations are proposed which relate various NMR parameters of OHN hydrogen-bonded pyridine-acid complexes to their bond valences which are in turn correlated with their hydrogen-bond geometries. As the valence bond model is strictly valid only for weak hydrogen bonds appropriate empirical correction factors are proposed which take into account anharmonic zero-point energy vibrations. The correction factors are different for OHN and ODN hydrogen bonds and depend on whether a double or a single well potential is realized in the strong hydrogen-bond regime. One correction factor was determined from the known experimental structure of a very strong OHN hydrogen bond between pentachlorophenol and 4-methylpyridine, determined by the neutron diffraction method. The remaining correction factors which allow one also to describe H/D isotope effects on the NMR parameters and geometries of OHN hydrogen bond were determined by analysing the NMR parameters of the series of protonated and deuterated pyridine- and collidine-acid complexes. The method may be used in the future to establish hydrogen-bond geometries in biologically relevant functional OHN hydrogen bonds.
    Chemistry 11/2004; 10(20):5195-204. · 5.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1H, (2)H, and (13)C NMR spectra of enriched CH(3)(13)COOH acid without and in the presence of tetra-n-butylammonium acetate have been measured around 110 K using a liquefied Freon mixture CDF(3)/CDF(2)Cl as a solvent, as a function of the deuterium fraction in the mobile proton sites. For comparison, spectra were also taken of the adduct CH(3)(13)COOH.SbCl(5) 1 and of CH(2)Cl(13)COOH under similar conditions, as well as of CH(3)(13)COOH and CH(3)(13)COO(-) dissolved in H(2)O and D(2)O at low and high pH at 298 K. The low temperatures employed allowed us to detect several well-known and novel hydrogen-bonded complexes in the slow hydrogen bond exchange regime and to determine chemical shifts and coupling constants as well as H/D isotope effects on chemical shifts from the fine structure of the corresponding signals. The measurements show that self-association of both carboxylic acids in Freon solution gives rise exclusively to the formation of cyclic dimers 2 and 3 exhibiting a rapid degenerate double proton transfer. For the first time, a two-bond coupling of the type (2)J(CH(3)COOH) between a hydrogen-bonded proton and the carboxylic carbon has been observed, which is slightly smaller than half of the value observed for 1. In addition, the (1)H and (2)H chemical shifts of the HH, HD, and the DD isotopologues of 2 and 3 have been determined as well as the corresponding HH/HD/DD isotope effects on the (13)C chemical shifts. Similar "primary", "vicinal", and "secondary" isotope effects were observed for the novel 2:1 complex "dihydrogen triacetate" 5 between acetic acid and acetate. Another novel species is the 3:1 complex "trihydrogen tetraacetate" 6, which was also characterized by a complex degenerate combined hydrogen bond- and proton-transfer process. For comparison, the results obtained previously for hydrogen diacetate 4 and hydrogen maleate 7 are discussed. Using an improved (1)H chemical shift-hydrogen bond geometry correlation, the chemical shift data are converted into hydrogen bond geometries. They indicate cooperative hydrogen bonds in the cyclic dimers; i.e., widening of a given hydrogen bond by H/D substitution also widens the other coupled hydrogen bond. By contrast, the hydrogen bonds in 5 are anticooperative. The measurements show that ionization shifts the (13)C signal of the carboxyl group to low field when the group is immersed in water, but to high field when it is embedded in a polar aprotic environment. This finding allows us to understand the unusual ionization shift of aspartate groups in the HIV-pepstatin complex observed by Smith, R.; Brereton, I. M.; Chai, R. Y.; Kent, S. B. H. Nature Struct. Biol. 1996, 3, 946. It is demonstrated that the Freon solvents used in this study are better environments for model studies of amino acid interactions than aqueous or protic environments. Finally, a novel correlation of the hydrogen bond geometries with the H/D isotope effects on the (13)C chemical shifts of carboxylic acid groups is proposed, which allows one to estimate the hydrogen bond geometries and protonation states of these groups. It is shown that absence of such an isotope effect is not only compatible with an isolated carboxylate group but also with the presence of a short and strong hydrogen bond.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 06/2004; 126(17):5621-34. · 10.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1H and 15N NMR spectra of 10 complexes exhibiting strong OHN hydrogen bonds formed by 15N-labeled collidine and different proton donors, partially deuterated in mobile proton sites, have been observed by low-temperature NMR spectroscopy using a low-freezing CDF3/CDF2Cl mixture as polar aprotic solvent. The following proton donors have been used: HCl, formic acid, acetic acid, various substituted benzoic acids and HBF4. The slow hydrogen bond exchange regime could be reached below 140 K, which allowed us to resolve 15N signal splittings due to H/D isotopic substitution. The valence bond order model is used to link the observed NMR parameters to hydrogen bond geometries. The results are compared to those obtained previously [Magn. Reson. Chem. 39 (2001) S18] for the same complexes in the organic solids. The increase of the dielectric constant from the organic solids to the solution (30 at 130 K) leads to a change of the hydrogen bond geometries along the geometric correlation line towards the zwitterionic structures, where the proton is partially transferred from oxygen to nitrogen. Whereas the changes of spectroscopic and, hence, geometric parameters are small for the systems which are already zwitterionic in the solid state, large changes are observed for molecular complexes which exhibit almost a full proton transfer from oxygen to nitrogen in the polar liquid solvent.
    Journal of Molecular Structure 01/2004; · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using low-temperature NMR (1H, 19F) technique in the slow exchange regime, the solutions containing tetrabutylammonium (TBA) acetate and HF have been studied in an aprotic freon mixture, CDF3/CDF2Cl, exhibiting a dielectric permittivity, which increases strongly by lowering the temperature. Two different hydrogen bonded anionic clusters, a 1:1 cluster of the type AcOδ−⋯H⋯F−1+δ+ ([AcOHF]−) and a 2:1 cluster of the type AcOH⋯F−⋯HOAc ([(AcOH)2F]−) have been detected in equilibrium with each other, both forming ion pairs with the TBA countercation. [AcOHF]− exhibits an extremely strong hydrogen bond, with a proton shared between partially negatively charged oxygen and fluorine atoms. The NMR chemical shifts and scalar spin–spin coupling constants, 1J(FH), have been measured in the temperature range between 110 and 160 K, where separate NMR signals are observed for both species. In addition, H/D isotope effects on the 19F NMR chemical shielding have been measured for both clusters.In contrast to the related complexes [(FH)nF]− (n=1–4) studied previously, the NMR parameters of [AcOHF]− and of [(AcOH)2F]− depend strongly on temperature. This effect is associated with the increasing polarity of the solvent with decreasing temperatures, established earlier, which displaces the proton from fluorine to oxygen. As a motive power of this conversion, preferential solvation of the compact fluoride ion as compared to acetate is proposed.
    Journal of Molecular Structure 01/2004; · 1.40 Impact Factor