Nicoleta Reinald

Université René Descartes - Paris 5, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (4)10.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To develop a reproducible and accessible model of elastase-induced fusiform aneurysm in carotid rabbit arteries. Elastase, at a concentration of 1-30 U, was incubated into the lumen of carotid rabbit arteries. Four weeks later, angiography, histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and zymography were performed. The optimal concentration of elastase in this model was 3 U according to the balance between mortality and thrombosis rates. Indeed, at 3 U, external carotid diameter increased from 1.9 +/- 0.1 to 3.1 +/- 0.4 mm (p < 0.0001) associated with degradation of elastic fibers, matrix metalloproteinase-9 secretion, apoptosis and macrophage infiltration. Our study underlines that abdominal aortic aneurysm can be reliably duplicated in an elastase-induced aneurysm in carotid artery, a much more accessible vessel.
    Journal of Vascular Research 09/2009; 47(1):61-8. · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - ARCH CARDIOVASC DIS. 01/2009; 102.
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    ABSTRACT: Embryo-like gingival healing properties are attributed to the gingival fibroblast (GF) and could be used as a model for other types of healing dysfunctions. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation is associated with elastin degradation and increase in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 activity. We aimed to validate the concept of using GF healing properties in arteries. We evaluated MMP-9 and its tissue inhibitor (TIMP-1) in rabbit aortic rings cultured in collagen gels with or without GFs and observed throughout 21 days. We also performed cocultures of human smooth muscle cells (hSMCs) with either gingival, dermal, or adventitial fibroblasts, and alone (control). In control arteries, elastic fibers became spontaneously sparse. In presence of GFs, elastic fibers were preserved. There was a dramatically reduced protein level of MMP-9 in coculture of aorta and GFs, in contrast with control aorta. MMP-9 expression was unaffected by GFs. MMP-9 inhibition was related to increased TIMP-1 secretion, TIMP-1 forming a complex with MMP-9. Cell cocultures of hSMC with GFs showed similar results. Dermal and adventitial fibroblasts did not affect MMP-9. Elastic fiber degradation was specifically preserved by GFs via reduction of MMP-9 protein level by increasing TIMP-1 synthesis. Vascular transfer of gingival fibroblasts could be a promising approach to treat AAA.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 10/2007; 27(9):1984-90. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main arterial pathologies can be associated with a deregulation of remodeling involving matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), whereas gingival healing is characterized by an absence of fibrosis or irreversible elastin/collagen degradation. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of gingival fibroblasts on MMP-1 and MMP-3 secretion in an organotypic artery culture. MMP-1 and MMP-3 secretions and activities (dot blots, zymography, ELISA) were evaluated in coculture of rabbit artery in the presence or not of gingival fibroblasts. MMP-1/TIMP-1 and MMP-3/TIMP-1 complexes forms were measured by ELISA. Complementary studies were performed using human aortic smooth muscle cells cocultured with adventitial, dermal, or gingival fibroblasts. Our results indicated that MMP-1 and MMP-3 free-forms activities were significantly reduced in coculture. This inhibition was linked to a significant increase of TIMP-1 leading to formation of TIMP-1/MMPs complexes. Due to the presence of gingival fibroblasts, the decrease in MMP-1 and MMP-3 efficiency thus contributes to diminish the degradation of artery. This cellular therapy strategy could be promising in artery pathologies treatment.
    Connective tissue research 02/2007; 48(6):300-8. · 1.55 Impact Factor