[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mechanisms responsible for the development of apical aneurysms in cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are currently unclear but likely involve multiple factors. Here, we present a case of HCM with marked subendocardial fibrosis involving the apical and proximal portions of the left ventricle. A 71-year-old man with left ventricular hypertrophy presented with signs and symptoms of heart failure. The presence of asymmetrical left ventricular hypertrophy and bilateral, thickened ventricular walls with an apical aneurysm on transthoracic echocardiography suggested a diagnosis of HCM with ventricular dysfunction. No intraventricular pressure gradients with obstruction were identified. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and endomyocardial biopsies showed subendocardial fibrosis involving the apical aneurysm and proximal portion. Whereas LGE in a transmural pattern is commonly observed in HCM apical aneurysms, subendocardial LGE, as noted in the present case, is a relatively rare occurrence. Thus, the present case may provide unique insights into the adverse remodeling process and formation of apical aneurysms in cases of HCM.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The imaging features of chronic periaortitis resemble those of infected aneurysms. Two illustrative cases of chronic periaortitis, in which the etiologies were caused by IgG4-related disease, are presented. The first case involved a 68-year-old man who presented with vague discomfort in his lower abdomen. The second case was a 42-year-old man who presented with a fever of 38°C and persistent, vague chest discomfort. Both cases demonstrated an increased amount of connective tissue around the aorta in computed tomography images and low intensity in the T2-weighed sequence and high intensity in the diffusion-weighed sequence, suggesting the presence of inflammation, in the magnetic resonance imaging. Negative blood cultures, elevated IgG4 levels, and pathological findings confirmed the diagnosis as chronic periaortitis due to IgG4-related disease. This is a newly recognized syndrome of unknown etiology, characterized by a fibroinflammatory condition, tumefactive lesions, and a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells. Both cases were successfully treated with corticosteroids. Infected aneurysms need to be carefully differentiated from this syndrome in view of the similar imaging features.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Whole-body periodic acceleration (WBPA) has been developed as a passive exercise device capable of improving endothelial function by applying pulsatile shear stress to vascular endothelium. We hypothesized that treatment with WBPA improves exercise capacity, myocardial ischemia, and left ventricular (LV) function because of increased coronary and peripheral vasodilatory reserves in patients with angina. Twenty-six patients with angina who were not indicated for percutaneous coronary intervention and/or coronary artery bypass grafting were randomly assigned to remain sedentary (sedentary group) or undergo 20 sessions of WBPA with the motion platform for 4 weeks (WBPA group) in addition to conventional medical treatment. WBPA was applied at 2 to 3 Hz and approximately ±2.2 m/s² for 45 minutes. We repeated the symptom-limited treadmill exercise test and adenosine sestamibi myocardial scintigraphy. In the WBPA group, the exercise time until 0.1-mV ST-segment depression increased by 53% (p <0.01) and the double product at 0.1-mV ST-segment depression by 23% (p <0.001). Severity score of myocardial scintigraphy during adenosine infusion decreased from 20 ± 10 to 14 ± 8 (p <0.001) and severity score at rest also decreased from 13 ± 10 to 8 ± 10 (p <0.01). On scintigraphic images at rest, LV end-diastolic volume index decreased by 18% (p <0.01) with an augmentation of LV ejection fraction from 50 ± 16% to 55 ± 16% (p <0.01). In contrast, all studied parameters remained unchanged in the sedentary group. In conclusion, treatment with WBPA for patients with angina ameliorates exercise capacity, myocardial ischemia, and LV function.
The American journal of cardiology 01/2011; 107(2):168-74. · 3.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery remains as a most common complication. Tachycardia with atrial fibrillation just after the operation could lead to cardiac deterioration. Although we have to control tachycardia, we often have great difficulties in managing these arrhythmias. Many reports have showed landiolol, ultra short-acting beta1 blocker, and amiodarone were effective against postoperative atrial fibrillation. However there has been no report on comparison between these 2 drugs. As excessively sympathetic activity might cause atrial fibrillation, landiolol was introduced into our therapy concomitant with the sedative. Our investigation confirmed that both landiolol and amiodarone were effective in preventing atrial fibrillation, and that the timing of transition from intravenous administration to oral intake was acceptable. When landiolol was administered, enough attention should be paid to the patients whose left ventricular function was low. The patients in whom atrial fibrillation occurred under landiolol therapy showed tendency of lower heart rate in comparison with the patients under amiodarone therapy.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 03/2010; 63(3):188-91.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 75-year-old male presented with palpitation on exertion. He suffered from frequent tachycardia attacks. His 12-leads electrocardiogram showed irregular cycle lengths (400–550 ms) of tachycardia with occasional 2:1 atrioventricular conduction (thus AV reentry was excluded). He had a complex anatomy of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC)/ enlarged coronary sinus (CS). The activation map in a 3-dimensional CARTO system (Biosense-Webster, USA) was merged with the multi-detector computed tomography image and revealed that the tachycardia spread centrifugally from the junction between the PLSVC and enlarged CS. However, delivery of radio frequency (RF) energy to the earliest atrial activation site did not affect the tachycardia. Finally, the tachycardia was diagnosed as a fast/ slow type atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) because the tachycardia was cured only after the anterograde/retrograde AV conduction was disturbed by the application of RF energy to the posteroseptal perimitral area, possibly due to the injury to the AV node.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm by a combination of catheter ablation and antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) on atrial function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) remain unknown. In 15 patients with chronic AF (>1 year), we attempted to restore and maintain sinus rhythm by ablation targeting complex fractionated atrial electrocardiograms (CFAEs) combined with pulmonary vein isolation with or without AADs. Sinus rhythm was restored in all patients. At 17:7 ± 7:2 months after AF ablation, maintenance of sinus rhythm was achieved in 20% of patients without AADs and in 73.3% of patients with AADs. The left atrial diameter decreased significantly by 9:5 ± 8:1% (P < 0:05) during the 12-month followup. AADs did not have any adverse effects. The aggressive strategy for maintenance of sinus rhythm involving AF ablation and AADs potentially led to recovery of structural changes in the LA in patients with chronic AF.