[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization has been widely used to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma that cannot be treated by local ablation therapies or surgical resection. The effectiveness of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization in prolonging survival has been well established, and approximately one third of newly discovered hepatocellular carcinoma patients were repeatedly treated by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization in Japan. Various kinds of complications have been reported, and many of which are general complications such as hepatic coma, jaundice, fever-up, ascites, and bile duct injury. The hepatic falciform artery is found frequently during postmortem anatomic dissection and the incidence of hepatic falciform artery is reported to be over 60%. Hepatic falciform artery is known to be the responsible artery for supraumbilical skin rash development after arterial chemo infusion therapy; however, skin complications after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization are rare.
A 70-year-old female with chronic hepatitis C infection was diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma (S4, 20 mm in diameter). Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization was performed via the left hepatic artery, which was a feeding artery of the hepatocellular carcinoma. Two days after that, supraumbilical skin rash with local tenderness and redness appeared. Retrospective analysis revealed that occlusion of the hepatic falciform artery branching from the left hepatic artery with micromaterials caused the skin lesion.
We should keep in mind that anticancer drugs or embolic materials can flow into the HFA and may cause abdominal wall injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 79-year-old man was admitted with hematemesis. Emergency upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy revealed bleeding from the papilla of Vater. Computed tomography showed cholecystitis with a gallstone and a hematoma in the gallbladder. Angiography demonstrated a pseudoaneurysm of the anterior branch of the right hepatic artery. Emergency selective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed, with intravascular microcoils, and complete occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm was achieved. This case shows embolization is effective in the treatment of pseudoaneurysm rupturing in the gallbladder.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 06/2008; 105(5):699-704.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the medical environment are diverse in different geographic areas. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the surveillance of HCC in different medical circumstances.
The Markov model focused on variables that differ from country to country and may change in the future, especially in regards to the proportion of small HCC detected incidentally. The target population was 45-year-old patients with Child-Pugh class A cirrhosis, and the intervention was surveillance with ultrasonography every 6 months.
The additional cost of the surveillance was $US15 100, the gain in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) was 0.50 years, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was $US29 900/QALY in a base-case analysis (annual incidence of HCC = 4%). If 40% of small HCC were detected incidentally without surveillance, the gain in QALY decreased to 0.15 and the ICER increased to $US47 900/QALY. The increase in the annual incidence of HCC to 8% resulted in the increase of QALYs to 0.81, and the decrease of the ICER to $US25 400/QALY. The adoption of liver transplantation increased the gain in QALYs and the ICER to 0.84 and $US59 900/QALY, respectively.
The gain in QALYs and the ICER due to the surveillance of HCC varies between different patient subgroups and it critically depends on the rate of small HCC detected incidentally without surveillance, as well as the annual incidence of HCC and the adoption of liver transplantation.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2008; 23(3):437-44. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An 85-year-old man with HCV infection and diabetes mellitus was diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, 13 cm in diameter) based on high serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), AFP-L3, and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin levels as well as typical enhancement pattern on contrast-enhanced CT. The patient did not receive any interventional treatments because of advanced age and the advanced stage of HCC. He chose to take vitamin K, which was reported to suppress the growth of HCC in vitro. Three months after starting vitamin K, all three tumor markers were normalized and HCC was markedly regressed, showing no enhancement in the early arterial phase on CT. Here we present the report describing the regression of HCC during the administration of vitamin K.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2005; 11(42):6722-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is effective for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To prevent the ablation of adjacent organs and vessels, the spread of microbubbles generated by heating during RFA was observed by ultrasonography (US) and used to predict the ablated area; however, several reports documented that discrepancies existed between the spread of microbubbles and the ablated area. Patients and
The spread of microbubbles during RFA was observed by US in 24 patients with HCC and the areas were compared with the defect of enhancement in contrast enhanced (CE)-US, using Levovist in the same plane.
During the ablation, the posterior margin was obscure but the border could be visualized 5 min after the ablation. The size of the area of hyperechogenicity 5 min after ablation and that of the defect observed by CE-US was found to correlate (r(2)=0.91, P<0.0001). The shape of the hyperechogenicity corresponded well to the defect area, even in cases showing irregular spread of the microbubbles.
The observation of microbubbles during RFA can predict the ablated area and might be useful to prevent the unfavorable ablation of adjacent organs and vessels.
Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 11/2005; 25(5):967-72. · 3.87 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to elucidate the effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of metastatic liver cancers.
From 74 patients with metastatic liver cancers treated by RFA, 40 patients including 23 colon cancer who had received curative resection of the primary tumor were analyzed.
Recurrence of the tumor was observed in 29 (72.5%) patients. The most prevalent site of recurrence was the liver in both colon cancer (10/15, 66.7%) and non-colon cancer patients (12/14, 85.7%). Among the recurrence in the liver, the rate of intrahepatic distant recurrence (recurrence outside of the RFA-treated segment) was high in both colon cancer (55.6%) and non-colon cancer patients (69.0%). Local recurrence (recurrence at the RFA-treated segment) rate was low (32.6% and 32.9%, respectively) and none of single tumor less than 2 cm in diameter showed local recurrence. The intrahepatic recurrence was single in 67.6% of the patients and 59.1% of the patients were re-treated by RFA.
RFA is a less-invasive method for the treatment of metastatic liver tumors and can be performed repetitively. Although the rate of intra-hepatic distant recurrence and extra-hepatic recurrence was high, good local control can be achieved by RFA.