Yueming Zhai

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (31)176.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate an aqueous solution method for the synthesis of a Ag-TiO2-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) hybrid nanostructure (NS) in which the Ag and TiO2 particles are well dispersed on the rGO sheet. The Ag-TiO2-rGO NS was then used as a template to synthesize Pt-TiO2-rGO NS. The resulting hybrid NSs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and catalytic studies. It was found that TiO2-rGO, Ag-TiO2-rGO and Pt-TiO2-rGO NSs all show catalytic activity for the reduction of p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol by NaBH4, and that Pt-TiO2-rGO NS exhibits the highest catalytic activity as well as excellent stability and easy recyclability.
    Nano Research 11/2011; 4(11). · 6.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic materials and noble metal-based multifunctional hybrids have attracted much attention recently due to their unique properties and potential applications in a variety of fields. However, substantial challenges remain to directly obtain water-soluble hybrids with well-defined structures and to directly combine magnetic nanoparticles with nonspherical noble metals. We describe here for the first time a simple solvothermal method to synthesize a series of novel water-soluble nanohybrids composed of shape-tuned Ag cores and a Fe(3)O(4) shell. We found that small Fe(3)O(4) grains can be well-distributed directly on the surface on the Ag seeds. Such hybrids have both plasmonic and significant superparamagnetic properties, enabling magnetic separation. The plasmon resonance frequency of Ag nanostructures can be fine-tuned through the interactions between the two components. In addition, the decorated Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles stabilized the Ag nanostructures when exposed to air and natural light for a long time. Furthermore, an interesting structural transformation is observed in the one-dimensional Ag-Fe(3)O(4) nanowires under high-energy electron beam. The Ag core can diffuse through the porous iron oxide shell, break away, and result in the formation of Ag nanocluster-decorated iron oxide tubes. Finally, the hybrids acted as a chemical template for the synthesis of Fe(3)O(4)/Au-AgCl double-layer nanotubes that display obvious near-infrared absorption. Importantly, the double-layer nanotubes exhibited enhanced photocatalytic inactivation of bacteria at very low concentrations under natural sunlight.
    ACS Nano 09/2011; 5(11):8562-70. · 12.03 Impact Factor
  • Yueming Zhai, Lihua Jin, Ping Wang, Shaojun Dong
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate for the first time that bifunctional Au-Fe(3)O(4) dumbbell nanoparticles can be used for sensitive and selective turn-on fluorescent detection of cyanide based on the inner filter effect, and a "magnetic concentration-washing process" is proposed to effectively reduce the interference of dye pollution.
    Chemical Communications 06/2011; 47(29):8268-70. · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a stable and highly efficient plasmonic photocatalyst, Ag@AgCl, with cube-like morphology, has been successfully prepared via a simple hydrothermal method. Using methylene dichloride as chlorine source in the synthesis can efficiently control the morphology of Ag@AgCl, due to the low release rate of chloride ions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra were used to characterize the obtained product. The photocatalytic activity of the obtained product was evaluated by the photodegradation of methyl orange (MO) under visible light irradiation, and it was found, interestingly, that Ag@AgCl exhibits high visible light photocatalytic activity and good stability.
    Nanoscale 05/2011; 3(7):2931-5. · 6.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trinitrotoluene, usually known as TNT, is a kind of chemical explosive with hazardous and toxic effects on the environment and human health. Ever-increasing needs for a secure society and green environment essentially require the detection of TNT with rapidity, high sensitivity and low cost. In this article, ionic liquid-graphene hybrid nanosheets (IL-GNs) have been used as an enhanced material for rapidly electrochemical detection of trinitrotoluene (TNT). IL-GNs were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, which confirmed that IL has been effectively functionalized on the surface of GNs. Significantly, IL-GNs modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) showed 6.2 and 51.4-folds higher current signals for TNT reduction than IL-CNTs/GCE and bare GCE, respectively. Adsorptive stripping voltammetry (ASV) for the detection of TNT on IL-GNs exhibited a good linear range from 0.03 to 1.5 ppm with a detection limit of 4 ppb on the basis of the signal-to-noise characteristics (S/N=3). Moreover, IL-GNs/GCE exhibited good stability and reproducibility for the detection of TNT. And, IL-GNs based electrochemical detection platform was also successfully demonstrated for the detection of TNT in ground water, tap water, and lake water with satisfactory results.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 04/2011; 26(8):3475-81. · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The construction of reduced graphene oxide or graphene oxide with semiconductor has gained more and more attention due to its unexpected optoelectronic and electronic properties. The synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) or graphene oxide-semiconductor nanocomposite with well-dispersed decorated particles is still a challenge now. Herein, we demonstrate a facile method for the synthesis of graphene oxide-amorphous TiO(2) and reduced graphene oxide-anatase TiO(2) nanocomposites with well-dispersed particles. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, and thermogravimetric analysis. The photovoltaic properties of RGO-anatase TiO(2) were also compared with that of similar sized anatase TiO(2) by transient photovoltage technique, and it was interesting to find that the combination of reduced graphene oxide with anatase TiO(2) will significantly increase the photovoltaic response and retard the recombination of electron-hole pairs in the excited anatase TiO(2).
    Nanoscale 02/2011; 3(4):1640-5. · 6.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis of graphene-semiconductor nanocomposites has attracted increasing attention due to their interesting optoelectronic properties. However the synthesis of such nanocomposites, with decorated particles well dispersed on graphene, is still a great challenge. This work reports a facile, one-step, solvothermal method for the synthesis of graphene-CdS and graphene-ZnS quantum dot nanocomposites directly from graphene oxide, with CdS and ZnS very well dispersed on the graphene nanosheets. Photoluminescence measurements showed that the integration of CdS and ZnS with graphene significantly decreases their photoluminescence. Transient photovoltage studies revealed that the graphene-CdS nanocomposite exhibits a very unexpected strong positive photovoltaic response, while separate samples of graphene and CdS quantum dots (QDs) of a similar size do not show any photovoltaic response. KeywordsGraphene-CdS-ZnS-quantum dots-charge transfer-photovoltaic
    Nano Research 11/2010; 3(11):794-799. · 6.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel and facile process is reported for water-phase synthesis of high-quality graphene/TiO(2) composite nanosheets (GTCN) on a large scale using TiCl(3) as both a reducing agent and a precursor.
    Chemical Communications 10/2010; 46(38):7148-50. · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclodextrins (CDs) are oligosaccharides composed of six, seven, or eight glucose units (alpha-, beta-, or gamma-CD, respectively), which are toroidal in shape with a hydrophobic inner cavity and a hydrophilic exterior. These interesting characteristics can enable them to bind selectively various organic, inorganic and biological guest molecules into their cavities to form stable host-guest inclusion complexes or nanostructured supramolecular assemblies in their hydrophobic cavity. On the other hand graphene nanosheet (GN), a rising-star material, holds great promise for potential applications in many technological fields due to its high surface areas, low cost, and high conductivity. If GNs are modified with CDs, it is possible to obtain new materials simultaneously possessing unique properties of GNs and cyclodextrins through combining their individual obvious advantages. In this article, we demonstrate for the first time a simple wet-chemical strategy for the preparation of CD-graphene organic-inorganic hybrid nanosheets (CD-GNs), which exhibited high solubility and stability in polar solvent. The obtained CD-GNs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, static contact angle measurement, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, which confirmed that CD had been effectively functionalized on the surface of GNs. Furthermore, the formation mechanism of CD-GNs was also discussed. Interestingly, GNs here could load a number of CD molecules, which was very important for greatly enhancing the supramolecular function of CDs. Electrochemical results obviously reveal that CD-graphene organic-inorganic hybrid nanosheets could exhibit very high supramolecular recognition and enrichment capability and show much higher electrochemical response toward eight probe molecules (biomolecules and drugs) than unmodified GNs and carbon nanotubes, which is probably caused by the synergetic effects from GNs (high conductivity and high surface area) and CD molecules (host-guest recognition and enrichment).
    ACS Nano 08/2010; · 12.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of nanoscience and nanotechnology has inspired scientists to continuously explore new electrode materials for constructing an enhanced electrochemical platform for sensing. In this article, we proposed a new Pt nanoparticle (NP) ensemble-on-graphene hybrid nanosheet (PNEGHNs), a new electrode material, which was rapidly prepared through a one-step microwave-assisted heating procedure. The advantages of PNEGHNs modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) (PNEGHNs/GCE) are illustrated from comparison with the graphenes (GNs) modified GCE for electrocatalytic and sensing applications. The electrocatalytic activities toward several organic and inorganic electroactive compounds at the PNEGHNs/GCE were investigated, all of which show a remarkable increase in electrochemical performance relative to GNs/GCE. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and trinitrotoluene (TNT) were used as two representative analytes to demonstrate the sensing performance of PNEGHNs. It is found that PNEGHNs modified GCE shows a wide linear range and low detection limit for H2O2 and TNT detection. Therefore, PNEGHNs may be an attractive robust and advanced hybrid electrode material with great promise for electrochemical sensors and biosensors design.
    ACS Nano 07/2010; 4(7):3959-68. · 12.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this report, we succeed in constructing a hybrid three-dimensional (3D) nanocomposite film by alternatively assembling the graphene nanosheets modified by ionic liquid (IL) and Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs). In this strategy, an imidazolium salt-based ionic liquid (IS-IL)-functionalized graphene was synthesized by covalently binding 1-(3-aminopropyl)-3-methylimidazolium bromide onto graphene nanosheets. The introduction of IS-IL on the surface of graphene nanosheets can obtain dispersed graphene nanosheets with positive charge. Also, the desired functionalization of graphene can form the building blocks for constructing hybrid 3D nanocomposite film. Then, the positively charged IS-IL-functionalized graphene nanosheets are strong enough to drive the formation of the 3D nanomaterials with negatively charged citrate-stabilized Pt NPs through electrostatic interaction. As far as we know, the reports on the layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assembly of G-IS-IL and nanoparticle multilayer films are few at the moment. UV-visible-near-infrared (UV-vis-NIR) absorption spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) were used to characterize the uniform growth of the multilayer film. The newly prepared 3D nanomaterials containing G-IS-IL and Pt NPs show high electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen reduction. Furthermore, the electrocatalytic activity of the films could be further tailored by simply choosing different cycles in the LBL process. This demonstration offers a new route to assemble graphene/nanoparticle multilayer films and opens up the possibility of building more complex multicomponent nanostructures, which are believed to be useful for electrochemical nanodevices.
    Langmuir 05/2010; 26(10):7614-8. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Yueming Zhai, Junfeng Zhai, Shaojun Dong
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    ABSTRACT: Chain-like and ring-like CoPt hollow nanoparticles were facilely obtained via a one-pot synthesis process, and we found that temperature played an important role in the assembly morphology.
    Chemical Communications 03/2010; 46(9):1500-2. · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the use of cationic polyelectrolyte poly(diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDDA) functionalized graphene nanosheets (GNs) as the building block in the self-assembly of GNs/Au nanoparticles (NPs) heterostructure to enhance the electrochemical catalytic ability. To ensure the GNs were modified with PDDA successfully, we study the PDDA/GNs with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and zeta potential measurements on the roughness and zeta potential changes relative to those of unmodified GNs, respectively. Then, the citrate-capped Au NPs are employed as the other model particles to construct two-dimensional GNs/NPs heterostructure. Here, the use of PDDA modifiers not only alters the electrostatic charges of graphene, but also probably provides a convenient self-assembly approach to the hybridization of graphene. Furthermore, we employ the high-loading Au NPs on graphene (GN/Au-NPs) as the electrochemical enhanced material for H(2)O(2) sensing (as the model analyte). The wide linear ranges and low detection limits are obtained using the chronoamperometry technique at the GN/Au-NPs-modified glassy carbon electrode.
    Langmuir 03/2010; 26(13):11277-82. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • ACS Nano. 01/2010; 4:4001-4010.
  • Jing Li, Shaojun Guo, Yueming Zhai, Erkang Wang
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    ABSTRACT: Graphene nanosheets, dispersed in Nafion (Nafion-G) solution, were used in combination with in situ plated bismuth film electrode for fabricating the enhanced electrochemical sensing platform to determine the lead (Pb2+) and cadmium (Cd2+) by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV). The electrochemical properties of the composite film modified glassy carbon electrode were investigated. It is found that the prepared Nafion-G composite film not only exhibited improved sensitivity for the metal ion detections, but also alleviated the interferences due to the synergistic effect of graphene nanosheets and Nafion. The linear calibration curves ranged from 0.5 microg L(-1) to 50 microg L(-1) for Pb2+ and 1.5 microg L(-1) to 30 microg L(-1) for Cd2+, respectively. The detection limits (S/N=3) were estimated to be around 0.02 microg L(-1) for Pb2+ and Cd2+. The practical application of the proposed method was verified in the water sample determination.
    Analytica chimica acta 10/2009; 649(2):196-201. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prussian blue/carbon nanotube (PB/CNT) hybrids with excellent dispersibility in aqueous solutions were synthesized by adding CNTs to an acidic solution of Fe3+, [Fe(CN)6]3− and KCl. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed to confirm the formation of PB/CNT hybrids. The PB nanoparticles formed on the CNT surfaces exhibit a narrow size distribution and an average size of 40 nm. The present results demonstrate that the selective reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ by CNTs is the key step for PB/CNT hybrid formation. The subsequent fabrication of the PB/CNT hybrid films was achieved by layer-by-layer technique. The thus-prepared PB/CNT hybrid films exhibit electrocatalytic activity towards H2O2 reduction.
    Electroanalysis 09/2009; 21(20):2207 - 2212. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An effective electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor based on Nafion/poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) (PSS) composite film-modified ITO electrode was developed. The Nafion/PSS/Ru composite film was characterized by atomic force microscopy, UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy and electrochemical experiments. The Nafion/PSS composite film could effectively immobilize tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)) via ion-exchange and electrostatic interaction. The ECL behavior of Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) immobilized in Nafion/PSS composite film was investigated using tripropylamine (TPA) as an analyte. The detection limit (S/N=3) for TPA at the Nafion/PSS/Ru composite-modified electrode was estimated to be 3.0 nM, which is 3 orders of magnitude lower than that obtained at the Nafion/Ru modified electrode. The Nafion/PSS/Ru composite film-modified indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode also exhibited good ECL stability. In addition, this kind of immobilization approach was simple, effective, and timesaving.
    Talanta 08/2009; 79(2):454-9. · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Ming Zhou, Yueming Zhai, Shaojun Dong
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the characterization and application of a chemically reduced graphene oxide modified glassy carbon (CR-GO/GC) electrode, a novel electrode system, for the preparation of electrochemical sensing and biosensing platform are proposed. Different kinds of important inorganic and organic electroactive compounds (i.e., probe molecule (potassium ferricyanide), free bases of DNA (guanine (G), adenine (A), thymine (T), and cytosine (C)), oxidase/dehydrogenase-related molecules (hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)/beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)), neurotransmitters (dopamine (DA)), and other biological molecules (ascorbic acid (AA), uric acid (UA), and acetaminophen (APAP)) were employed to study their electrochemical responses at the CR-GO/GC electrode, which shows more favorable electron transfer kinetics than graphite modified glassy carbon (graphite/GC) and glassy carbon (GC) electrodes. The greatly enhanced electrochemical reactivity of the four free bases of DNA at the CR-GO/GC electrode compared with that at graphite/GC and GC electrodes makes the CR-GO/GC electrode a better choice for the electrochemical biosensing of four DNA bases in both the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) at physiological pH without a prehydrolysis step. This allows us to detect a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site for short oligomers with a particular sequence at the CR-GO/GC electrode without any hybridization or labeling processes in this work, suggesting the potential applications of CR-GO in the label-free electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization or DNA damage for further research. Based on the greatly enhanced electrochemical reactivity of H2O2 and NADH at the CR-GO/GC electrode, CR-GO/GC electrode-based bioelectrodes (in connection with glucose oxidase (GOD) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)) show a better analytical performance for the detection of glucose and ethanol compared with graphite/GC- or GC-based bioelectrodes. By comparing the electrochemical performance of CR-GO with that of the conventional graphite and GC, we reveal that CR-GO with the nature of a single sheet showing favorable electrochemical activity should be a kind of more robust and advanced carbon electrode material which may hold great promise for electrochemical sensors and biosensors design.
    Analytical Chemistry 07/2009; 81(14):5603-13. · 5.83 Impact Factor
  • Chemistry - A European Journal 05/2009; 15(25):6116 - 6120. · 5.93 Impact Factor
  • Chang Liu, Ting Sun, Yueming Zhai, Shaojun Dong
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we report the effects of ferricyanide on organisms based on the changes in physiological state and morphology of Escherichia coli (E. coli) DH 5 alpha after being pretreated by ferricyanide. The impact on bacterial cell growth and viable rate of exposure to different concentrations of ferricyanide was determined, and the morphology change of E. coli was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Finally, recovery test was used to evaluate the recovery ability of injured cells. The results showed that the effects on growth and morphology of E. coli were negligible when the concentration of ferricyanide was below 25.0mM. While the results showed 50.8% inhibition of growth in the presence of 50.0mM ferricyanide for 3h, 89.6% viability was detected by flow cytometry (FCM) assay. AFM images proved that compact patches appeared on the bacterial surface and protected the bacterial viability. Furthermore, the results revealed that deterioration of bacterial surface closely related to the incubation time from 0.5 to 3h at 100.0mM ferricyanide. In the recovery test, microbial cell population and dissolved oxygen individually decreased 36.7% and 28.3% with 25.0mM ferricyanide. These results clearly demonstrated that ferricyanide indeed affected viability of cells than morphology damaged, and the effects of toxin on bacteria were not reversible.
    Talanta 05/2009; 78(2):613-7. · 3.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
176.68 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2011
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Northeastern University
      • College of Science
      Boston, MA, United States