Francesco Scopacasa

University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Campania, Italy

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Publications (55)185.84 Total impact

  • International journal of laboratory hematology 04/2014; · 1.30 Impact Factor
  • R Grillone, E Grimaldi, F Scopacasa, B Dente
    International journal of laboratory hematology 11/2013; · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE Impaired parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system activity have been demonstrated in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and correlated with worse prognosis. Few data are available on the effect of DM on cardiac neuropathy in heart failure (HF). The aim of the current study was to assess cardiac sympathetic activity in HF patients with and without DM.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients with severe HF (n = 75), with (n = 37) and without DM (n = 38), and 14 diabetic patients with normal cardiac function underwent (123)I meta-iodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy from which early and late heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) ratios were calculated. Clinical, echocardiographic, and biochemical data were measured.RESULTSDM compared with non-DM patients showed significantly lower early (1.65 ± 0.21 vs. 1.75 ± 0.21; P < 0.05) and late H/M ratios (1.46 ± 0.22 vs. 1.58 ± 0.24; P < 0.03). Early and late H/M were significantly higher in DM patients without HF (2.22 ± 0.35 and 1.99 ± 0.24, respectively) than HF patients with (P < 0.0001) and without (P < 0.0001) DM. In HF patients, an inverse correlation between early or late H/M ratio and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (Pearson = -0.473, P = 0.001; Pearson = -0.382, P = 0.001, respectively) was observed. In DM, in multivariate analysis, HbA1c and ejection fraction remained significant predictors of early H/M; HbA1c remained the only significant predictor of late H/M. No correlation between early or late H/M and HbA1c was found in non-DM patients.CONCLUSIONS Diabetic patients with HF show lower cardiac sympathetic activity than HF patients not having DM or than DM patients with a similar degree of autonomic dysfunction not having HF. HbA1c correlated with the degree of reduction in cardiac sympathetic activity.
    Diabetes care 03/2013; · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic steatosis (HS) has been associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS), conditions carrying a high risk of coronary artery disease. We aimed to determine whether HS was an independent factor of atherogenic risk beyond its association with MS and its components. We assessed the circulating levels of the heat shock protein-70 (HSP-70), a chaperone involved in inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis at liver and endothelial level and the gamma-glutamyl transferase activity (γ-GT) correlating them to carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), along with lipid profile, HOMA, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, ferritin, adiposity type as well as spleen volume in 52 obese pts with grade 1, 128 with grade 2, and 20 with grade 3 of HS evaluated by sonography. Patients with different grade of HS demonstrated overlapping HSP-70 levels; similarly performed obese subjects regarding IMT. Using multiple regression analysis, IMT was predicted by age, visceral adiposity and by HOMA (β = 0.50, p < 0.0001, β = 0.30, p = 0.01 and β = 0.18, p = 0.048 respectively, while the severity of HS was predicted by visceral and subcutaneous adiposity and HOMA (β = 0.50, p < 0.0001 and β = 0.27, p = 0.001 and β = 0.18, p = 0.024, respectively). In our series of patients with normal or mild elevation of γ-GT, the severity of HS does not entail higher IMT, which may be linked to MS stigmata.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 03/2012; 10:50. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To shed some light on the relationship between anti-apoptotic serum Bcl-2 concentrations and metabolic status, anthropometric parameters, inflammation indices, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease severity were investigated in 43 young individuals with fatty liver (FL) and 41 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Circulating levels of Bcl-2 were detected in 84 patients with ultrasonographic findings of "bright liver" and/or hyper-transaminasemia of unknown origin and/or increase in γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase (γ-GT) strictly in the absence of other acute or chronic liver disease, whose age was not advanced, who gave consent to liver biopsy and were then divided on the basis of the histological results into two groups (43 with FL and 41 with NASH). Twenty lean subjects, apparently healthy and young, were chosen as controls. Serum Bcl-2 concentrations were significantly higher in the FL group than in the NASH group. Insulin resistance and γ-GT activity were significantly higher in NASH subjects. Apoptotic hepatocytes were significantly more numerous in NASH patients. NASH patients presented with larger spleens and augmented C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations than healthy subjects. Steatosis grade at histology was similar in both NASH and FL populations. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly related to anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein values in FL patients. Bcl-2 serum levels positively correlated to body mass index (BMI) values (P ≤ 0.0001) but not to age of the population. Triglycerides/HDL ratio correlated well to waist circumference in males (P = 0.0008). γ-GT activity was associated with homeostatic metabolic assessment (HOMA) (P = 0.0003) and with serum ferritin (P = 0.02). Bcl-2 concentrations were not related to either spleen size or CRP values. NASH patients presented a weak negative correlation between lobular inflammation and Bcl-2 levels. A prediction by low values of serum Bcl-2 towards a greater presence of metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese patients (MUOs) was evidenced. HOMA, BMI and uric acid, in that sequence, best predicted serum Bcl-2 concentrations. MUOs could be detected by Bcl-2 levels. By favoring the life span of hepatocytes, and enhancing triglyceride formation, the anti-apoptotic process inhibits free fatty acids toxicity in FL.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2011; 17(48):5280-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amino-terminal portion of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a valuable diagnostic and prognostic marker in congestive heart failure (CHF). In CHF patients, elevation of natriuretic peptide levels correlate with decreased left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and increased left atrial (LA) volumes, but a correlation with LA function that is a determinant of haemodynamic and clinical status in CHF with independent prognostic value has never been investigated. Aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cardiac neurohormonal activation and LA function in patients with CHF due to dilated cardiomyopathy. One hundred and one patients (86% males; mean age, 64 ± 11 years) with dilated ischaemic or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy, LV EF ≤45% (mean LV EF, 33 ± 8%), and New York Heart Association class II-IV underwent transthoracic echocardiography to evaluate LA fractional active and total emptying from M- and B-Mode images, and, on the same day, venous blood sample collection to dose NT-pro-BNP. By univariate analyses, NT-pro-BNP significantly correlated to age, LA dimensions, LA function indexes, EF, and functional class. At multivariate analysis, LV EF and M- or B-Mode indexes of LA function were the only independent predictors of NT-pro-BNP values. A NT-pro-BNP cut-off of 1480 pg/mL identified LA dysfunction with 89% specificity and 54% sensitivity. In CHF patients with severely impaired systolic function, NT-pro-BNP levels reflect LA and LV dysfunction. These data should prompt studies to investigate the relationship between changes of LA function and NT-pro-BNP levels and their clinical value as prognostic and therapeutic targets in CHF.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 06/2011; 12(7):506-13. · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 03/2010; 29(3):288. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In coronary artery disease (CAD), concomitant peripheral arterial disease (PAD) entails increased systemic inflammatory profile and more severe coronary atherosclerosis. We investigated the relationship between the inflammatory status in the affected limb and CAD severity. In 46 CAD+PAD and 31 CAD-alone patients, the inflammatory status of the leg circulation was measured by the transfemoral gradients of neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPOx) content and interleukin-6 (IL-6). CAD severity was defined by evaluating coronary artery endothelial function, number of significant coronary stenoses, and prevalence of three-vessel CAD and myocardial infarction (MI). In the affected limb of CAD+PAD patients, the transfemoral gradients of neutrophil MPOx content and IL-6 were higher (P < .01, for both) than in the healthy leg of CAD-only patients. At multivariate analysis, CAD+PAD patients with transfemoral gradients of MPOx and IL-6 > median had a more compromised coronary artery endothelial function (P < .05, for both). Furthermore, CAD+PAD patients with transfemoral gradients of neutrophil MPOx content > median showed an independent association with a greater number of significant coronary stenoses, and a greater prevalence of three-vessel CAD and previous MI (P < .01, for all). A more severe coronary atherosclerosis was observed also in CAD+PAD patients with transfemoral gradients of IL-6 > median vs those with IL-6 < median, although differences were not statistically significant. In CAD patients, the coexistence of PAD does not necessarily entail a more severe coronary atherosclerosis. Only those with an inflammatory status of the affected limb presents more severe CAD. Future studies will clarify whether the presence of peripheral inflammation plays a mechanistic role in CAD evolution.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 07/2009; 49(6):1465-71. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease describes a set of conditions that range from fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and is considered the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Obesity and insulin resistance are strongly associated with systemic markers of inflammation. Focusing on this aspect, we have attempted to find a noninvasive method that could likely assess the presence of NASH and help to decide the liver biopsy performance. Using histology as a gold standard to diagnose nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, we consecutively studied 43 patients with NASH and 40 with fatty liver, comparing their data with those of 48 healthy control participants. The outcomes evaluated were ultrasonographic spleen longitudinal diameter coupled with the splenic artery resistive index, serum IL-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations. The NASH group had higher spleen longitudinal diameter values (P=0.0001) as well as significantly higher IL-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations than the other groups (P=0.0001). The optimal cut-off value for spleen longitudinal diameter that best discriminated NASH from fatty liver patients was 116 mm (specificity 95% and sensitivity 88%); the sensitivity and specificity of this parameter was better than both IL-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor in the same setting (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.920 vs. 0.817 and 0.678). Splenic artery resistive index was similar between patients with NASH and those with fatty liver, but differed when compared with controls, P=0.0001. IL-6 was highly specific in confirming the absence of NASH at normal values. In our series, normal values of spleen longitudinal diameter and IL-6 were strongly associated with fatty liver.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 04/2009; 21(5):504-11. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fatigability and dyspnoea on effort are present in many patients with Fabry's disease. We assessed the determinants of cardiac performance during exercise in patients with Fabry's disease and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction at rest. Sixteen patients with Fabry's disease and 16 control subjects underwent radionuclide angiography at rest and during exercise, tissue Doppler echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging at rest. The exercise-induced change in stroke volume was +25 +/- 14% in controls and +5.8 +/- 19% in patients with Fabry's disease (P < 0.001). In 10 patients (group 1), the stroke volume increased (+19 +/- 10%), and in 6 patients (group 2) it decreased (-16 +/- 9%) with exercise. Patients of group 2 were older, had worse renal function, higher left ventricular mass and impaired diastolic function compared to group 1. The abnormal stroke volume response to exercise in group 2 was associated with a decrease in end-diastolic volume (P < 0.001) and a lack of reduction of end-systolic volume (P < 0.01) compared with both controls and group 1. The ratio of peak early-diastolic velocity from mitral filling to peak early-diastolic mitral annulus velocity was the only independent predictor of exercise-induced change in stroke volume (B -0.44; SE 0.119; beta-0.70; P < 0.005). The majority of patients with Fabry's disease were able to augment stroke volume during exercise by increasing end-diastolic volume, whereas patients with more advanced cardiac involvement may experience the inability to increase cardiac output by the Frank Starling mechanism.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/2009; 38(12):910-7. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the lymphotropism of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has already been ascertained, and in the light of the fact that the immune defense system is an organized network composed of functionally interrelated tissues, this study was carried out to verify the possible involvement of spleen in HCV-related chronic hepatitis. In this cross-sectional study we measured spleen longitudinal diameter by ultrasound, beta2-microglobulin serum levels and splenic artery resistivity index (SARI) by Doppler in 51 patients treated with standard combined (Peg-Interferon plus Ribavirin) antiviral therapy. Thirty-three patients (17 females) completed the regimen and were compared to 31 controls (16 females). The mean basal values of spleen longitudinal diameter were higher in patients with chronic hepatitis than in controls, i.e., 116 mm (9.4) versus 102.7 mm (9.3), P = 0.0001. In the same patients a significant trend towards increased spleen longitudinal diameter was found after antiviral therapy, independently of the stage of HCV-related chronic hepatitis. The median values of the beta2-microglobulin concentrations were not significantly higher in the patients with HCV-related chronic hepatitis compared to controls, i.e., 1.3 (0.5-2.6) versus 1 (0.6-1.4), P = 0.16, although during the course of therapy they were significantly increased. SARI values of HCV-related chronic hepatitis patients were different from those of controls, but were unvaried compared to values at the end of treatment. Neither spleen measurements nor serum beta2-microglobulin levels were able to predict therapeutic response to antiviral therapy. A stimulation/expansion of lymphoid tissue was found in patients with HCV-related chronic hepatitis. Such evidence raises the question whether physicians should continue to prescribe antiviral therapy in non-responders and supports the use of a new scheme (SLD plus beta2-MG) to diagnose this ongoing, apparently reversible, but nevertheless dangerous immunologic process.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 01/2009; 22(4):1009-17. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Translational Medicine 12/2008; · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is strongly associated with endothelial dysfunction and inflammation, which portend a high cardiovascular risk. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation on endothelial function and inflammatory status in affected individuals. PAD patients were randomly divided into two groups. In Group I (n=16) pre-enrollment therapy was not modified, while in Group II (n=16) n-3 PUFAs 1 g b.i.d. for 3 months were added to the previous treatment. Endothelial function was assessed by measuring plasma soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and the inflammatory status by measuring high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and myeloperoxidase. In Group II, n-3 PUFAs reduced sTM levels from the median value of 33.0 ng/mL (interquartile range 16.7, 37.2) to 17.0 ng/mL (11.2, 33.7) (p=0.04), and improved FMD from 6.7% (3.7, 8.7) to 10.0% (6.2, 14.2) (p=0.02). Conversely, these markers did not change in Group I. After 3 months, the levels of inflammatory markers remained unmodified in both groups. In PAD, n-3 PUFAs induced a marked improvement in endothelial function. Conversely, they did not affect the inflammatory status. In future, large, prospective studies are needed to investigate whether n-3 PUFAs, by improving endothelial function, would reduce the incidence of ischemic events in a population at high risk.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 04/2008; 27(2):241-7. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In coronary artery disease (CAD), concomitant peripheral arterial disease (PAD) entails more severe coronary atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the inflammatory status of affected limbs impairs coronary artery endothelial function (CAEF). We measured the neutrophil myeloperoxidase content (NMPOxC) and plasma levels of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in the aorta, femoral vein, and coronary sinus of 22 CAD+PAD and 18 CAD-alone patients. CAEF was assessed by the cold pressure test. Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) were incubated with serum from the femoral vein and aorta of CAD+PAD patients to determine whether blood leaving the affected limb activates HCAECs. In CAD+PAD patients, NMPOxC was higher across the femoral circulation than across the coronary circulation (p<0.01); it was also higher than across healthy femoral circulation of CAD patients (p<0.01). These findings apply also to interleukin-6, but not to C-reactive protein. The transfemoral gradient of NMPOxC and interleukin-6 significantly correlated with CAEF. The NMPOxC/CAEF relationship was much greater after exercise (R=0.79, p<0.001), which increased neutrophil activation across the affected circulation. The post-exercise association remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders (p<0.01). Serum from the affected limb of CAD+PAD patients induced, in vitro, a significant release of MCP-1 from HCAECs versus serum from the aorta of the same patients (630 [550-740] vs. 547 [490-620]; p<0.05). In CAD+PAD, triggers from the affected circulation may activate the endothelium at distant sites. Thus, PAD, besides being a marker of cardiovascular risk, could exert a mechanistic function in CAD progression.
    Atherosclerosis 02/2008; 201(2):440-6. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic role of inflammation in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) remains to be conclusively established. Accordingly, in these patients we investigated the impact of myeloperoxidase (MPOx) and C-reactive protein on the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke. Of 156 PAD patients, 10 had a myocardial infarction and seven a stroke, during follow-up. We used the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and the bootstrap approach to identify the MPOx, C-reactive protein, and ankle brachial index (ABI) threshold levels that provided the best cut-off to predict the outcome. For MPOx a cut-off > or =183.7 pM was independently associated with a poor outcome (HR = 6.80, 95% CI 1.20-38.69, P = 0.031). The result remained unmodified when MPOx was used as a continuous variable (HR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.05, P = 0.031). Conversely, C-reactive protein was not a prognostic determinant in our series (HR = 0.88, 95% CI 0.60-1.29, P = 0.514). Kaplan-Meier curves for the four groups of patients delineated according to ABI and MPOx values identified using the bootstrap approach showed that the addition of MPOx measurement to ABI improved the ability to identify patients at risk for myocardial infarction and stroke. In PAD, MPOx, but not C-reactive protein, predicts an increased risk of major cardiovascular events, and adds to the prognostic value of ABI, currently the most powerful prognostic indicator in these patients.
    European Heart Journal 02/2008; 29(2):224-30. · 14.72 Impact Factor
  • Early Human Development - EARLY HUM DEV. 01/2008; 84.
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    ABSTRACT: The Abbot Cell-Dyn Sapphire is a new generation haematology analyser. The system uses optical/fluorescence flow cytometry in combination with electronic impedance to produce a full blood count. Optical and impedance are the default methods for platelet counting while automated CD61-immunoplatelet analysis can be run as selectable test. The aim of this study was to determine the platelet count performance of the three counting methods available on the instrument and to compare the results with those provided by Becton Dickinson FACSCalibur flow cytometer used as reference method. A lipid interference experiment was also performed. Linearity, carryover and precision were good, and satisfactory agreement with reference method was found for the impedance, optical and CD61-immunoplatelet analysis, although this latter provided the closest results in comparison with flow cytometry. In the lipid interference experiment, a moderate inaccuracy of optical and immunoplatelet counts was observed starting from a very high lipid value.
    International journal of laboratory hematology 01/2008; 31(2):151-60. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine differences in peripheral vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-6 (IL6) and cortisol concentrations between patients with both visceral obesity and metabolic syndrome, and lean controls. In a subsample of metabolic patients underwent abdominal surgery, the adipokine concentrations were measured in venous blood from the omentum to determine information on some processes of synthesis. Forty-two healthy lean controls and 46 overweight-obese patients with central adiposity and stigmata of metabolic syndrome were studied. In a subsample of 11 metabolic patients undergoing non-bariatric surgery, blood samples from omental and peripheral veins were taken intraoperatively to determine VEGF, IL6 and cortisol concentrations. Median levels (range) of peripheral VEGF and IL6 were higher in patients than in controls [31.5 (3-112) pg/mL vs 21.35 (9-41.9) pg/mL (P < 0.05) and 5.50 (1.40-13) pg/mL vs 1.15 (0.3-1) pg/mL (P < 0.0001)]. On the other hand, concentrations of VEGF and IL6 from the omental and peripheral veins were similar in the surgery sub-group. Peripheral cortisol concentrations were not higher in patients than in controls, nor were omental concentrations different from the peripheral. Omental and peripheral VEGF and cortisol values were correlated, whereas no association was found between omental and peripheral IL6. In the presence of abdominal obesity, VEGF and IL6 concentrations are increased in the systemic circulation. The contribution of visceral adipose tissue to circulating levels of VEGF and IL6 was modest.
    Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale 01/2007; 30(5):E192-9. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Posttransplant erythrocytosis (PTE; i.e., hematocrit [Ht] >=51%) may be responsible for cardiovascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are increasingly employed in PTE treatment. Diverse ACEIs have been administered at variable doses and with erratic follow-up. In addition, guidelines recommend the administration of ACEIs as first-line therapy for PTE but do not give information on dosage. In this study the dose-response of a single ACEI was assessed, and patients were followed up for 1 year. The role of ACE gene polymorphism in both prevalence of PTE and successful response to ACEI therapy was also tested. At study entry, blood chemistry and ACE-gene polymorphism were measured. ACEI (ramipril) was initiated at 1.25 mg/day; if Ht was still >=51%, ramipril was increased every 6 weeks to ensuing greater dosages. Scheduled dosages were 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 mg/day. Blood chemistry was repeated every 6 weeks. Serum erythropoietin (EPO) concentration was assayed at the start and end of the study. Follow-up was extended for 1 year. PTE developed 12.6 +/- 16.0 months after transplantation in 40 out of 400 patients; 27 patients completed the study. Initial Ht was not correlated with any variable. Final Ht appeared normalized in 26 out of 27 patients. Mean dose (+/- SD) of ramipril was 4.6 +/- 3.6 mg. Mean time for correction of PTE was 135 days, and was not dependent on baseline Ht, hemoglobin or EPO. PTE relapsed in 4 patients. Prevalence of PTE and successful response to ramipril was not dependent on ACE-gene polymorphism. Ramipril was effective in PTE; low doses normalized Ht in most patients. No clinical characteristics or biochemical variables predicted the response to ramipril. PTE may relapse; thus long-term follow-up is mandatory.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2007; 20(1):57-62. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with intermittent claudication, treadmill exercise may cause acute deterioration of endothelial function and increase in plasma concentrations of adhesion molecules. The authors evaluated the efficacy of intravenously administered propionylcarnitine (PLC)in preventing these phenomena. Thirty-six claudicants with postexercise decrease in brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD)were randomized to either placebo or PLC (600 mg as a single bolus followed by 1 mg/kg/min for 60 minutes).In the 18 patients randomized to placebo, FMD markedly decreased with exercise before (from 6.8 +/-0.4% to 4.0 +/-0.4%; p < 0.001) and after treatment (from 6.5 +/-0.4% to 4.4 +/-0.5%; p < 0.001). By contrast, in the PLC group, FMD significantly decreased with exercise before treatment (from 8.0 +/-0.7% to 4.4 +/-0.4%; p < 0.001), but not after active drug administration (from 7.1 +/-0.7% to 6.0 +/-0.6%; p = 0.067). The difference between treatments was not significant (p = 0.099; ANOVA). However, in the PLC group, the authors found that the greater the exercise-induced deterioration in endothelial function before treatment, the greater the capacity of PLC to prevent a postexercise decrease in FMD (r = -0.50, p = 0.034). Accordingly, they analyzed data in the 19 patients with a baseline exercise-induced decrease in FMD >or=45% (ie, the median FMD reduction in the entire group of 36 patients), and found that the exercise-induced FMD decrease was less after PLC than after placebo (p = 0.046, ANOVA). In the same subgroup, the exercise-induced increase in plasma concentrations of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) was significantly higher before than after treatment in patients randomized to PLC (23.4 +/-5% vs 15.3 +/-7%, p = 0.007). In conclusion, in patients with intermittent claudication suffering from a greater endothelial derangement after treadmill, PLC administration provided a protective effect against deterioration of FMD and increase of sVCAM-1 induced by exercise.
    Angiology 01/2006; 57(2):145-54. · 2.37 Impact Factor