G B Ambrosio

University of Padova, Padua, Veneto, Italy

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Publications (62)88.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: summaryThe relationship between body weight and blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid and glucose was investigated in 203 psoriatic patients in comparison with 904 healthy controls. In the psoriatic patients, these parameters were clearly related to their body weight. Those psoriatic patients of normal weight exhibited lower mean values of all the parameters compared with overweight psoriatic patients while they did not differ from control subjects of normal weight. Our results suggest that only overweight psoriatic patients exhibit the metabolic abnormalities frequently reported in the literature, while psoriatic patients of normal weight do not differ from the general population in this respect.
    British Journal of Dermatology 07/2006; 118(2):191 - 194. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.1988.tb01773.x · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 1978 a random sample (367 men and 568 women aged 18-65 years) taken from the general population of a north-eastern Italian town was screened for cardiovascular risk; 16 years later, the women were invited to a second screening. Three groups were identified at the initial screening (fertile, naturally menopausal and surgically menopausal) and four in the longitudinal study (137 remained fertile during the whole study, 205 became naturally menopausal, 56 were ovariectomised and 127 were already going through the menopause). The protocol included a questionnaire, blood pressure (BP) measurement, and blood exams. Continuous variables were adjusted for confounders. Systolic BP, prevalence of hypertension, cholesterol, glycaemia and uricaemia were similar, whereas diastolic and triglycerides (TG) were lower in surgically-menopausal than in fertile women (P < 0.001). No significant difference in 16 years' variation from baseline was observed between the four groups, although women who remained fertile showed the smallest increases. In particular, neither systolic or diastolic BP increases differed between the women who were oophorectimised and those who remained fertile. 'Fertile status' was rejected from the logistic equation of incidence of hypertension, and 'age of menopause' was also rejected when this analysis was repeated in ovariectomised women. New coronary artery disease (angina pectoris or myocardial infarction) was observed in one ovariectomised woman, in three naturally menopausal, and in 13 already menopausal women which seemed to reflect the age trend. No new cases were observed in women who remained fertile. In conclusion, in Italian women surgical menopause, similarly to natural menopause, is devoid of any negative prognostic effect. Journal of Human Hypertension (2000) 14, 799-805
    Journal of Human Hypertension 12/2000; 14(12):799-805. DOI:10.1038/sj.jhh.1001113 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse the effect of menopause on blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. From an Italian general population, 568 women (408 pre- and 160 post-menopausal) were screened twice, in 1978 and 16 years later. Cross-sectional analyses both in 1978 and in 1994, and longitudinal analysis in the 1978-1994 period. For the general analysis the cohort was reduced to 525 women with paired data in 1978 and 1994. In both cross-sectional studies, unadjusted blood pressure and cardiovascular risk were higher after than they were before menopause, but any difference disappeared after adjustment or matching for age. In 1994 we studied three groups of women: those who were still premenopausal, those who were fertile in 1978 but postmenopausal in 1994 and those who were already postmenopausal in 1978. The 16-year blood pressure increment was similar in all three groups. The incidence of myocardial infarction and angina pectoris was greater in those who were already postmenopausal than it was in those who had their menopause during the study period. An analysis of mortality was performed for all of the 568 women. Forty-three of them died, 14 from cardiovascular causes (six before and eight after menopause), 18 from neoplasia (two before and 16 after menopause) and 11 from other diseases. Menopausal status was rejected from the Cox equations both of overall and of cardiovascular mortality, showing a significantly predictive value only for neoplastic mortality. Menopause has no influence on high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. The greater blood pressure levels, mortality and morbidity observed in postmenopausal women are simply attributable to their older age and are no longer detectable in an age-matched sample.
    Journal of Hypertension 07/1996; 14(6):729-36. DOI:10.1097/00004872-199606000-00008 · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although limited numbers of elderly subjects have occasionally been included in population-based studies, only a few studies have been conducted specifically on elderly hypertensives, and practically none at a population level. We studied 655 hypertensive subjects from a cohort of 2,254 elderly subjects. The intervention consisted of the creation of a Hypertension Outpatients' Clinic under our auspices but with complete co-operation from general practitioners, randomizing the identified hypertensive patients into pre-established therapeutic drug regimens, and early follow-up recording of mortality for 7 years. The drugs used were clonidine (n = 61), nifedipine (n = 146) and the fixed combination of atenolol+chlorthalidone (n = 144); 304 subjects underwent "free therapy" by their personal physicians without any special intervention. There were 1,404 normotensive subjects. Overall 7-year follow-up mortality was 34.9% in the hypertensive subjects receiving "free therapy", 22.5% in those receiving "special care", and 24.2% in the normotensives. Cardiovascular mortality was respectively 23.7%, 12.2%, and 12.0%. Overall and cardiovascular annual cumulative mortality were significantly lower in the < special therapy > than in the < free therapy > group. The fixed combination of atenolol and chlorthalidone reduced mortality below that of the normotensives, independent of other cardiovascular risk factors.
    Japanese Heart Journal 10/1994; 35(5):589-600. DOI:10.1536/ihj.35.589 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied 318 subjects aged 80 years of over included in the Cardiovascular Study in the Elderly (CASTEL). Some well known risk factors (left ventricular hypertrophy, glucose intolerance, cholesterol, ApoB/ApoA ratio, triglycerides, proteinuria, cigarette smoking, and ECG abnormalities), whose importance in cardiovascular risk is definitely accepted for young adults, were very poor predictors of mortality in our survey. On the contrary, FEV1 reduction and blood uric acid were strong predictors.
    European Journal of Epidemiology 12/1993; 9(6):577-86. DOI:10.1007/BF00211430 · 5.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of electrocardiographic abnormalities has not been widely studied in the elderly. We examined the Minnesota code ECG items in 2254 elderly subjects of the Cardiovascular Study in the Elderly (CASTEL), performed on an Italian general population. In our experience, codes for ischaemia, 1st-degree atrio-ventricular block, bundle branch blocks, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation or sinus tachycardia were predictors of overall mortality in females, while only the former three items were predictors in men. Although ischaemia, left bundle branch block and atrial fibrillation were predictors of cardiovascular mortality in both sexes, right bundle branch block, supraventricular arrhythmias and left ventricular hypertrophy were predictors only in men, and 1st-degree atrio-ventricular block were predictors only in women. Surprisingly, left anterior haemiblock and bifascicular blocks were not predictive of mortality.
    Japanese Heart Journal 10/1993; 34(5):567-77. DOI:10.1536/ihj.34.567 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypertension is common in elderly subjects, but old and particularly very old people have usually been excluded from major epidemiological trials. We studied 179 hypertensive subjects aged 80 years or more drawn from elderly people of an Italian town within the context of the CASTEL (Cardiovascular Study in the Elderly). Prevalence of hypertension declined from 66.7% (first visit, first measurement) to 56.3% (last visit, last measurement). Systolic but not diastolic blood pressure was a little higher among very old hyperglycemic hypertensive subjects than in normoglycemic ones, while left ventricular mass was independent of both blood pressure and glucose intolerance.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 07/1993; 38(6):363-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of regular daily coffee consumption on liver enzymes were studied in a large number of subjects from the general population. In coffee drinkers, liver enzymes (gamma-glutamyl transferase, alanine-amino transferase, and alkaline phosphatase) and serum bilirubin were lower than in non-coffee-drinking subjects or in those consuming less than 3 cups daily. The hypothesis proposed is that liver enzymes are a target for caffeine contained in coffee.
    European Journal of Epidemiology 06/1993; 9(3):293-7. DOI:10.1007/BF00146266 · 5.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on the prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) in a random sample of a population (aged 20-64 years) from the Veneto region in northern Italy. The relationship between CHF and hypertension and obesity was also investigated. These data were collected during an international research project coordinated by the World Health Organization. The overall prevalence of CHF was 2.0% both in the male and female population. The prevalence of CHF increased significantly with age and was positively correlated with body mass index in both sexes. Patients with borderline hypertension showed a 3.5-fold increased prevalence of CHF. The prevalence of CHF was 4.9-fold higher in hypertensive than in the normotensive subjects. Patients treated with hypotensive drugs had a significantly higher prevalence of CHF than untreated patients.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 11/1992; 37(10):685-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Since we have observed that monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) enriched diet modifies red cell membrane lipids and cation transport systems in normotensive subjects, we similarly evaluated a group of hypertensive patients undergoing an analogous dietary modification. In a group of 18 moderately hypertensive women, the diet was supplemented for two months with olive oil (about 45 g/day), which replaced an equal amount of seasoning fats. Before and after this period, red cell fatty acid composition was evaluated by gas-chromatography in order to verify diet compliance: a significant increase in oleic acid was observed, while the content of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids remained unchanged. After olive oil, maximal rates of Na-K pump (5580 +/- 329 vs 6995 +/- 390, p less than 0.001) and Na-K cotransport (Na-COT 544 +/- 52 vs 877 +/- 46, p less than 0.001: K-COT 790 +/- 76 vs 1176 +/- 66, p less than 0.001), cell Na content (9.58 +/- 0.4 vs 10.61 +/- 0.6, p less than 0.03) and passive permeability for Na (936 +/- 74 vs 1836 +/- 102, p less than 0.001) rose significantly. Although the reduction in maximal rate of the Li-Na CT after olive oil was not significant, it was the only cation transport parameter being correlated with the variations of membrane lipids, namely negatively with UFA (r = -0.528, p less than 0.05) and positively with SFA (r = 0.482, p less than 0.005). The change in maximal rate of Li-Na CT was also correlated with the variation of systolic and diastolic BP (r = 0.50, p less than 0.03).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 06/1992; 15(5):369-76. DOI:10.1016/0378-5122(93)90143-6 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The CASTEL (CArdiovascular STudy in the ELderly) has been performed in order to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension of people aged 65 years or more, to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of elderly subjects from a general population, to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of a systematic continuous community-based hypertension control program in the elderly, and finally to evaluate whether a population-based therapeutic intervention was able to extend to a great number of elderly hypertensive patients the benefits of a better control of hypertension. Only the preliminary results of the initial survey are described in this paper, since the final data collection will be available at the end of 1991. The prevalence of hypertension in elderly subjects of the CASTEL was 51.2% (44.6% for males, 52.2% for females), that of isolated systolic hypertension was 8.8% among the whole population sample (2254 subjects) and 23.4% among the subgroup of 850 hypertensives screened following the WHO criteria; 8 visits were performed during the initial screening and prevalence of hypertension regularly decreased from the first visit to the last one. Taking into consideration the mean of the last 2 blood pressure measurements performed during visit 8, average systolic blood pressure was 175.5 +/- 25.9 mmHg and diastolic 93.5 +/- 13.0 mmHg. Some correlations between blood pressure and other biological parameters are also discussed.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 08/1991; 36(7):569-76.
  • Giornale italiano di cardiologia 01/1991; 20(12):1155-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The data obtained from 2240 subjects aged 65 years or more from the general population of Castelfranco Veneto (Italy) included in the CASTEL (CArdiovascular STudy in the ELderly) epidemiological Italian project were analyzed in relation to coffee consumption. Subjects were divided into 3 classes: class 1 (N = 109): non coffee drinkers; class 2 (N = 1554): 1 to 2 cups of coffee per day; class 3 (N = 577): 3 or more cups per day. The results were described by ANOVA, Tukey post hoc test and Pearson correlation coefficient with Bonferroni's conservative correction. In classes 2 and 3 total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B100 and calculated LDL-cholesterol were higher than in class 1. The number of cups of coffee per day directly correlated to both the number of cigarettes per day and the number of drinks per week. Although these data seem to indicate a convergence of risk factors (cholesterol, smoking, alcohol) in coffee drinkers, no increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular events was found in coffee drinkers in comparison with non drinkers. This could be attributed to the fact that prevalence of hypertension and diabetes did not increase with increasing coffee consumption; on the contrary, they were lower in classes 2 and 3 than in class 1.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 11/1990; 35(10):827-32.
  • G B Ambrosio, L M Riva, P Zanchi
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 10/1990; 35(9):707-12.
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    ABSTRACT: In the course of a general population survey in Mirano (Venice), Northern Italy, a random sample of 1,903 subjects (50.1% men) aged 20-59 was examined. Fifty-five were diabetic (fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 140 mg/dl or diagnosed by a physician) and 1,670 non-diabetic subjects (fasting plasma glucose below 110 mg/dl). In this paper an assessment was made on the more frequent occurrence of coronary risk factors (serum cholesterol and triglycerides, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, cigarette smoking) and, in particular, of their aggregation in diabetic patients as compared to non-diabetic controls. The occurrence of any one of the coronary risk factors studied was more frequent in diabetic subjects and significantly so for triglyceridemia in both sexes and for systolic blood pressure and BMI in men. The aggregation of two or more risk factors was also more frequent in diabetic subjects than controls. Finally, the combined score of coronary risk as calculated by multiple logistic function showed higher values for diabetic subjects. These results confirm the need for a systematic search for coronary risk factors in diabetic subjects in order to prevent cardiovascular complications.
    Acta diabetologica latina 03/1990; 27(1):31-9. DOI:10.1007/BF02624720
  • Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 02/1990; 8(1):75-7. DOI:10.1016/0168-8227(90)90099-F · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • C Dal Palù, S Zamboni, A Pagnan, G B Ambrosio
    Giornale italiano di cardiologia 10/1989; 19(9):800-10; discussion 811-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A genetically determined alteration of the cell membrane sodium metabolism may play a role in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. The most consistent finding in patients with essential hypertension is an increased red blood cell Li/Na exchange (countertransport). It is genetically determined but it is also associated to potentially confounding variables (body weight, race, age and so on). The present study investigates the relationship between red cell Li/Na countertransport and various potentially confounding variables in a random sample of the population. It shows that this membrane cation transport system is increased in males compared to females and significantly correlated to body mass index in males and to blood pressure, alcohol consumption and, negatively, to urinary calcium excretion in females. Since body weight and alcohol consumption are correlated to blood pressure in several epidemiological studies, it can be hypothesized that they influence blood pressure control through an alteration of the cell membrane sodium transport.
    Cardiologia (Rome, Italy) 05/1989; 34(4):347-51.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of "type A" behaviour and possible psychological distress in 373 hypertensive patients. One-hundred and ninety-five males, 56.2 +/- 6.2 years old and one-hundred and seventy-eight females, 57.1 +/- 6.2 years old, coming from the IPPPSH and still under double-blind treatment with or without a beta-blocker (oxprenolol 160 mg SR), were studied by means of the Jenkins Activity Survey form C and several tests from the Cognitive Behavioural Assessment Battery (CBA-2.0). Seventy-four point eight percent of the patients showed a "type A" pattern, and 25.5% were in the extreme predictive interval for coronary heart disease according to WCGS. "Type A" pattern was not influenced by variables such as age, sex, education, job or previous pharmacological treatment. The patients studied did not show any particular psychological distress at the psychometric evaluation. However, special social and cultural characteristics and different therapies influenced some symptoms, such as anxiety, depression and somatic lamentation. According to this study: "type A" behaviour seems to be a steady feature of the hypertensive patient; furthermore, it seems to be due to a "biological imprinting" which can be considered a cause of hypertension; psychological distress depends on a particular set of environmental stimuli. In the first case an accurate prevention is needed while, in the second case adequate pharmacological and/or psychological therapies are needed.
    Giornale italiano di cardiologia 03/1989; 19(2):136-44.
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    ABSTRACT: The echocardiographic features of the left ventricle of 37 obese women (body mass index above 30) and 37 lean controls, matched for sex, age, height and blood pressure levels, were studied. Twenty-six patients in each group were hypertensive. The normotensive obese patients did not show any differences, comparing to the normotensive controls; on the contrary, the hypertensive obese patients had higher left ventricular mass (LVM), stroke volume and cardiac output (CO), and lower total peripheral resistance (TPR) than the hypertensive controls. A positive correlation was found between the LVM and the CO (r = 0.57, P less than 0.01) in hypertensive obese patients, and between the relative wall thickenss (h/r, that is the ratio between the left ventricular wall thickness and the left ventricular radius) and TPR (r = 0.64, P less than 0.01) in the hypertensive controls. It is concluded that obesity per se does not determine left ventricular hypertrophy in women; however, when obesity is associated with arterial hypertension, a distinct pattern of hypertrophy, characterized by high CO and low TPR, develops.
    International Journal of Obesity 02/1989; 13(6):809-16. · 5.39 Impact Factor