Kwok-Pui Fung

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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Publications (148)409.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The fresh leaves of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (Lan An) have been used in Chinese medicine for many years to treat dermatomycosis. Macrocarpal C was isolated from this herb and identified as its major antifungal component by bioassay-guided purification. This study aims to investigate the antifungal activity of macrocarpal C against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, which can cause tinea pedis. Fresh leaves of E. globulus were extracted with 95 % ethanol, and the resulting ethanolic extracts were dried before being partitioned with n-hexane. The n-hexane layer was then subjected to chromatographic purification to give macrocarpal C. The antifungal minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of macrocarpal C was determined using the standard M38-A2 method described by the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). The mode of action of macrocarpal C was elucidated using three in vitro assays, including (1) a fungal membrane permeability test using SYTOX ® Green; (2) a reactive oxygen species (ROS) production test using 5-(and-6)-carboxy-2′,7′-dihydrodichlorofluorescein diacetate as a cell-permeable fluorogenic probe; and (3) a DNA fragmentation test based on terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) detection. Terbinafine hydrochloride and nystatin were used as positive controls. The suppression in the growth of T. mentagrophytes following its treatment with macrocarpal C was associated with an increase in the permeability of the fungal membrane (P = 0.0043 when compared to control); an increase in the production of intracellular ROS (P = 0.0063); and the induction of apoptosis as a consequence of DNA fragmentation (P = 0.0007). This study demonstrated that the antifungal action of macrocarpal C was associated with increases of membrane permeability, intracellular ROS and DNA fragmentation.
    Chinese Medicine 11/2015; 10(1):34. DOI:10.1186/s13020-015-0068-3 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pneumo- and hepato-toxicity of 4-vinylphenol (4VP), a styrene metabolite, has been previously reported. Nevertheless, the present study reported the novel anti-angiogenic activities of 4VP which was firstly isolated from the aqueous extract of a Chinese medicinal herb Hedyotis diffusa. Our results showed that 4VP at non-toxic dose effectively suppressed migration, tube formation, adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins, as well as protein and mRNA expressions of metalloproteinase-2 of human endothelial cells (HUVEC and HMEC-1). Investigation of the signal transduction revealed that 4VP down-regulated PI3K/AKT and p38 MAPK. Besides, 4VP interfered with the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, the translocation and expression of NFkappaB. In zebrafish embryo model, the new blood vessel growth was significantly blocked by 4VP (6.25-12.5 μg/mL medium). The VEGF-induced blood vessel formation in Matrigel plugs in C57BL/6 mice was suppressed by 4VP (20-100 μg/mL matrigel). In addition, the blood vessel number and tumor size were reduced by intraperitoneal 4VP (0.2-2 mg/kg) in 4T1 breast tumor-bearing BALB/c mice, with doxorubicin as positive control. Together, the in vitro and in vivo anti-angiogenic activities of 4VP were demonstrated for the first time. These findings suggest that 4VP has great potential to be further developed as an anti-angiogenic agent.
    Scientific Reports 06/2015; 5:11149. DOI:10.1038/srep11149 · 5.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and there is a continuing need for exploring new anti-angiogenic agents from natural products including herbs. Aromatic (Ar)-turmerone isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa Linn. (Turmeric) exhibits anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities. In this study, the anti-angiogenic effects of Ar-turmerone were evaluated in human microvascular endothelial cells, zebrafish and Matrigel plugs mouse models. The data obtained indicate that Ar-turmerone treatment significantly inhibits the proliferation, tube formation and motility of HMEC-1 cells at non-cytotoxic concentrations (4.6–9.2 µM, p < 0.05). The mRNA expressions of metalloproteinase-2 and -9 as well as adhesion molecules could be down-regulated by Ar-turmerone at 18.4 µM (p < 0.05). In zebrafish model, the new blood vessel growth in embryos was significantly blocked by Ar-turmerone treatment (12.5–25 µg/mL medium). The bFGF-induced blood vessel formation in Matrigel plugs in C57BL/6 mice was suppressed by Ar-turmerone (25–50 µg/mL Matrigel). Thus, the in vitro and in vivo anti-angiogenic activities of Ar-turmerone were demonstrated for the first time. The findings suggest that such a component of turmeric essential oil has the potential to be further developed as an anti-angiogenic agent.
    Journal of Functional Foods 05/2015; 15. DOI:10.1016/j.jff.2015.03.030 · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In previous studies, we demonstrated that the green tea Camellia sinensis (CS) water extract had potent antitumor and antimetastatic effects on 4T1 breast cancer. The metronomic regimen (0.0125 mg/kg twice a week for 4 weeks) of zoledronate (ZOL) was found to be effective in decreasing tumor burden and metastasis as compared with conventional regimen. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antitumor, antimetastatic and anti-osteolytic effects of the combined use of CS water extract and metronomic ZOL against 4T1 breast carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. The results demonstrated that the combination of CS+ZOL exerted a more potent effect on lung and liver by decreasing tumor burden and metastasis, when compared to CS or metronomic ZOL as monotherapies. The combination of CS+ZOL demonstrated optimal bone protection against breast cancer‑induced osteolysis for the three groups of CS, ZOL and CS+ZOL. The in vitro results further demonstrated that ZOL enhanced CS-induced apoptosis in 4T1 cells as assessed by the Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and caspase-3 activity assays. In addition, the combined use of CS+ZOL significantly inhibited 4T1 cell migration. Mechanistic studies showed that the enzyme levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were suppressed significantly by CS+ZOL. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the novel combined application of herbal extract CS and chemotherapy ZOL in 4T1 breast cancer. The combination of CS plus metronomic ZOL demonstrated significant antitumor, antimetastatic and anti-osteolytic effects against breast cancer, and suggested potential clinical application for breast cancer patients.
    Oncology Reports 05/2015; 34(1). DOI:10.3892/or.2015.4001 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclopeptide RA-V has potent anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activities, but its potential anti-metastatic activity is unknown. Cancer cells acquire invasive ability to degrade and adhere to extracellular matrix (ECM), allowing them to migrate to adjacent tissues and ultimately metastasize. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of RA-V on cell adhesion, migration, invasion and matrix degradation, and its underlying mechanism in two human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 (ER-positive) and MDA-MB-231 (ER-negative). Our results demonstrated that RA-V (12.5 nM) can significantly inhibit breast cancer cell adhesion and migration via interfering cofilin signaling and chemokine receptors involved in cell migration. RA-V reduced the expressions of vascular intracellular adhesion molecule (VCAM), intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and integrins. The activities and expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and urokinase-type of plasminogen activator (uPA) were also inhibited by RA-V. Furthermore, RA-V inhibits the expressions of EGFR, PI3K/AKT and NF-κB signaling molecules, and reduces the binding of β-estradiol to ER via affecting binding ability of ER in MCF-7 cells. RA-V inhibits breast cancer cell migration, adhesion and ECM degradation in vitro, implying that RA-V is a potential anti-metastatic agent in breast cancer, and likely acts via PI3K/AKT and NF-κB signaling pathways in both ER-positive and ER-negative breast cancer cells. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2015; 1853(8). DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2015.04.020 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    Carbohydrate Polymers 03/2015; 117. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.10.043 · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Five new cucurbitacins, kuguacins II-VI (1-5), along with five known analogues (6-10), were obtained from the fruit of Momordica charantia. Structures of the new compounds were elucidated as 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-23-en-7-on-3β,25-diol (1), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-7,23-dion-3β,25-diol (2), 5β,19-epoxycucurbit-6-en-19,23-dion-3β,25-diol (3), 5β,19-epoxy-23,24,25,26,27-pentanorcucurbit-6-en-7,19-dion-3β,22-diol (4), and cucurbit-5-en-7,23-dion-3β,19,25-triol (5) by extensive spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Some cucurbitane compounds from this species were screened for their potential antidiabetic properties in terms of antigluconeogenic activity. As a result, compounds 1, 10, 11, and 12 (at 25-100 µM) showed concentration-dependent inhibition on glucose production from liver cells. In addition, compounds 11 and 12 (at 100 µM) showed around 20-30 % inhibition on PEPCK activity. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 03/2015; 81(4):327-32. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545695 · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethnopharmacological relevance: With the prevalent use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for AIDS patients since 1996, the mortality of HIV/AIDS patients has been remarkably decreased. With long-term use of HAART, drug resistance and side effects of antiretrovirals have been frequently reported, which not only reduce the efficacy, but also decreases the tolerance of patients. Traditional herbal medicine has become more popular among HIV/AIDS patients as adjuvant therapy to reduce these adverse effects of HAART. SH formula is a Chinese herbal formula consisting of five traditional Chinese herbs including Morus alba L., Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Artemisia capillaris Thumb., Astragalus membranaceus Bge., and Carthamus tinctorius L. SH formula is clinically used for HIV treatment in Thailand. However, the possible pharmacokinetic interactions between these Chinese herbs and antiretroviral drugs have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential herb-drug interaction between SH herbal Chinese formula and the antiretroviral drug atazanavir (ATV). Materials and methods: The combination effect of SH formula and ATV on HIV protease was studied in HIV-1 protease inhibition assay in vitro. The inhibition of SH formula on rat CYP3A2 was assessed by detecting the formation of 1'-OH midazolam from midazolam in rat liver microsomes in vitro. The in vivo pharmacokinetic interaction between SH formula and ATV was investigated by measuring time-dependent plasma concentrations of ATV in male Sprague-Dawley rats with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: Through the in vitro HIV-1 protease inhibition assay, combination of SH formula (41.7-166.7 μg/ml) and ATV (16.7-33.3 ng/ml) showed additive inhibition on HIV-1 protease activity than SH formula or ATV used alone. In vitro incubation assay indicated that SH formula showed a weak inhibition (IC50=231.2 µg/ml; Ki=98.2 µg/ml) on CYP3A2 activity in rat liver microsomes. In vivo pharmacokinetic study demonstrated that SH formula did not affect the metabolism of ATV in rats. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated for the first time that there is no metabolism-based herb-drug interaction between SH formula and ATV in rats, but this combination enhances the inhibition potentials against HIV protease activity. This observation may support the combinational use of anti-HIV treatment in human.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 01/2015; 162. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2015.01.010 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    European Journal of Integrative Medicine 12/2014; 6(6). DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2014.09.098 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In previous studies, we demonstrated that green tea (Camellia sinensis, CS) water extract had potent anti-tumor and anti-metastasis effects in the 4T1 mouse breast cancer xenograft model, and the metronomic regimen (0.0125 mg/kg twice a week for 4 weeks) of zoledronic acid (ZOL) was also effective in decreasing tumor burden and metastasis when compared with the conventional regimen. This study aimed to investigate the combined use of CS water extract and metronomic ZOL against tumor metastasis and bone destruction in MDA-MB-231-TXSA human breast cancer. Female nude mice were injected with MDA-MB-231-TXSA cells into the marrow space of tibia and were treated with CS water extract and/or metronomic ZOL for 4 weeks. Tumor growth and metastasis to lungs and livers were assessed by in vivo bioluminescence imaging. Abilities of migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231-TXSA cells were also evaluated in vitro. Our results demonstrated that combination of CS and ZOL had the most potent effects on tumor burden and metastasis to bone, lung and liver, while treatment with CS or ZOL alone significantly protected the bone from cancer-induced osteolysis. In vitro, the combined use of CS + ZOL significantly inhibited MDA-MB-231-TXSA cell migration and invasion. Mechanistic zymography studies showed that the enzyme activities of MMP-9 and MMP-2 were significantly suppressed by CS and CS + ZOL. The combination of CS plus metronomic ZOL demonstrated potent anti-tumor, anti-metastasis and anti-osteolysis effects against breast cancer, suggesting the potential clinical application against breast cancer patients.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 11/2014; 141(6). DOI:10.1007/s00432-014-1882-1 · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to identify the active fraction(s) from AR aqueous extract responsible for promoting angiogenesis using bioassay-guided fractionation. The angiogenic activity was screened by monitoring the increase of sprout number in sub-intestinal vessel (SIV) of the transgenic zebrafish embryos after they were treated with 0.06-0.25 mg/ml of AR aqueous extract or its fraction(s) for 96 h. Furthermore, the angiogenic effect was evaluated in treated zebrafish embryos by measuring the gene expression of angiogenic markers (VEGFA, KDR, and Flt-1) using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and in human microvascular endothelial cell (HMEC-1) by measuring cell proliferation using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, (3)H-thymidine uptake assay, and cell cycle analysis. A major active fraction (P1-1-1), which was identified as glycoproteins, was found to significantly stimulate sprout formation (2.03 ± 0.27) at 0.125 mg/ml (P < 0.001) and up-regulate the gene expression of VEGFA, KDR, and Flt-1 by 2.6-fold to 8.2-fold. Additionally, 0.031-0.125 mg/ml of P1-1-1 was demonstrated to significantly stimulate cell proliferation by increasing cell viability (from 180% to 205%), (3)H-thymidine incorporation (from 126% to 133%) during DNA synthesis, and the shift of cell population to S phase of cell cycle. A major AR active fraction consisting of glycoproteins was identified, and shown to promote angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos and proliferation of endothelial cells in vitro.
    Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 10/2014; 4(4):239-45. DOI:10.4103/2225-4110.139109
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the biological effects of the six-herb mixture Anti-Insomia Formula (AIF) extract using caffeine-induced insomnia Drosophila model and short-sleep mutants. Methods: Caffeine-induced insomnia wild-type Drosophila and short-sleep mutant flies minisleep (mns) and Hyperkinetic(Y) (Hk(Y)) were used to assess the hypnotic effects of the AIF in vivo. The night time activity, the amount of night time sleep and the number of sleep bouts were determined using Drosophila activity monitoring system. Sleep was defined as any period of uninterrupted behavioral immobility (0 count per minute) lasting > 5 min. Night time sleep was calculated by summing up the sleep time in the dark period. Number of sleep bouts was calculated by counting the number of sleep episodes in the dark period. Results: AIF at the dosage of 50 mg/mL, effectively attenuated caffeine-induced wakefulness (P <0.01) in wild-type Canton-S flies as indicated by the reduction of the sleep bouts, night time activities and increase of the amount of night time sleep. AIF also significantly reduced sleeping time of short-sleep Hk mutant flies ((Y) <0.01). However, AIF did not produce similar effect in mns mutants. Conclusion: AIF might be able to rescue the abnormal condition caused by mutated modulatory subunit of the tetrameric potassium channel, but not rescuing the abnormal nerve firing caused by Shaker gene mutation. This study provides the scientific evidence to support the use of AIF in Chinese medicine for promoting sleep quality in insomnia.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11655-014-1625-1 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethnopharmacological relevance: Erigerontis Herba is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine and is commonly used for neuroprotection and vascular protection. Aim of study: In this study, the vasodilator effects of Erigerontis Herba (DZXX) were investigated using rat isolated aorta rings. Material and method: The involvement of endothelium in the vasorelaxation was studied by comparing response of endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded aorta rings which precontracted with U46619. The involvement of K+ channels was studied by pretreatment of the aorta rings with various K+ channel inhibitors. The involvement of Ca2+ channel was studied by incubating aorta rings with Ca2+-free solution, primed with 1346619 prior to elicit contraction by addition of Ca2+ solution. Results: DZXX (0.2-2 mg/ml) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation on U44619-precontracted aorta rings with EC50 of 0.354 +/- 0.036 mg/ml. Removal of endothelium or pretreatment with a BKca inhibitor iberiotoxin, K-IR inhibitor barium chloride or K-v inhibitor 4-aminopyridine produced no effect on the DZXX-induced vasorelaxation. However, pretreatment with a K-ATP inhibitor glibenclamide or a nonselective K+ channel inhibitor tetraethylammonium produced significant inhibition on the DZXX-induced vasorelaxation by 29.9% and 21.3%, respectively. Pretreatment with DZXX (0.4, 1.2 and 2 mg/ml) produced a concentration-dependent inhibition on Ca2+-induced vasoconstriction. Conclusions: These results suggest that the vasodilator effect of DZXX was endothelium-independent, mediated by decreasing the influx of Ca2+ by calcium channel inhibition and increasing the influx of K+ by opening of a K-ATP channel.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 08/2014; 155(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2014.07.053 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coriolus versicolor (CV), a medicinal mushroom widely consumed in Asian countries, has been demonstrated to be effective in stimulation of immune system and inhibition of tumor growth. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-tumor and anti-metastasis effects of CV aqueous extract in mouse mammary carcinoma 4T1 cells and in 4T1-tumor bearing mouse model. Our results showed that CV aqueous extract (0.125-2mg/ml) did not inhibit 4T1 cell proliferation while the non-cytotoxic dose of CV extract (1-2mg/ml) significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion (p<0.05). Besides, the enzyme activities and protein levels of MMP-9 were suppressed by CV extract significantly. Animal studies showed that CV aqueous extract (1g/kg, orally-fed daily for 4 weeks) was effective in decreasing the tumor weight by 36%, and decreased the lung metastasis by 70.8% against untreated control. Besides, micro-CT analysis of the tumor-bearing mice tibias indicated that CV extract was effective in bone protection against breast cancer-induced bone destruction as the bone volume was significantly increased. On the other hand, CV aqueous extract treatments resulted in remarkable immunomodulatory effects, which was reflected by the augmentation of IL-2, 6, 12, TNF-α and IFN-γ productions from the spleen lymphocytes of CV-treated tumor-bearing mice. In conclusion, our results demonstrated for the first time that the CV aqueous extract exhibited anti-tumor, anti-metastasis and immunomodulation effects in metastatic breast cancer mouse model, and could protect the bone from breast cancer-induced bone destruction. These findings provided scientific evidences for the clinical application of CV aqueous extract in breast cancer patients.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 05/2014; 21(8-9). DOI:10.1016/j.phymed.2014.04.020 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dried roots of Cynanchum stauntonii in having cough-relieving efficacy are commonly included in traditional antitussive formulas. The active components in a C. stauntonii root extract responsible for airway relaxation were isolated using an ex vivo bioassay-guided fractionation method, in which subfractions were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the contraction of isolated rat tracheal rings by isometric tension measurements. A steroidal glycoside, cynatratoside B (1), identified by LC-MS and NMR spectroscopic analysis, was shown to have potent inhibition on acetylcholine- and carbachol-induced tracheal contractions. The present data provide scientific evidence to support the traditional use of C. stauntonii as an antitussive herbal medicine.
    Journal of Natural Products 04/2014; 77(4):1074-7. DOI:10.1021/np4008969 · 3.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bakuchiol was an active antifungal compound isolated from Psoraleae Fructus by means of bioassay-guided fractionation in our previous study. The present work aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms and the therapeutic effect of bakuchiol in Trichophyton mentagrophytes-induced tinea pedis. After exposure to bakuchiol at 0.25-fold, 0.5-fold and 1-fold of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (3.91μg/ml) for 24h, the fungal conidia of T. mentagrophytes demonstrated a significant dose-dependent increase in membrane permeability. Moreover, bakuchiol at 1-fold MIC elicited a 187% elevation in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in fungal cells after a 3-h incubation. However, bakuchiol did not induce DNA fragmentation. In a guinea pig model of tinea pedis, bakuchiol at 1%, 5% or 10% (w/w) concentration in aqueous cream could significantly reduce the fungal burden of infected feet (p<0.01-0.05). In conclusion, this is the first report to demonstrate that bakuchiol is effective in relieving tinea pedis and in inhibiting the growth of the dermatophyte T. mentagrophytes by increasing fungal membrane permeability and ROS generation, but not via induction of DNA fragmentation.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 04/2014; 21(7). DOI:10.1016/j.phymed.2014.03.005 · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Xia Li · Xueli Zeng · Jianguo Sun · Hua Li · Ping Wu · Kwok-Pui Fung · Feiyan Liu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Imperatorin is a small molecule nature compound isolated from the root of Angelica dahurica, and has been shown to exhibit multiple bioeffector functions, including anti-cancer activity. However, the molecular mechanism underlying imperatorin in suppression of tumor growth is unknown. In this study, we aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying imperatorin function and determining the efficacy of imperatorin in suppression of drug-resistant human liver cancer. We observed that imperatorin suppresses tumor cell growth through inducing apoptosis, and imperatorin is more effective in induction of multidrug-resistant human liver cancer cells in vitro. We further determined that imperatorin induces apoptosis through both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathway. At the molecular level, we identified Mcl-1 as the molecular target of imperatorin and determined that imperatorin induces protesome-dependent Mcl-1 degradation to release Bak and Bax to trigger apoptosis in liver cancer cells. Consistent with its in vitro apoptosis induction activity, imperatorin exhibited potent activity against multidrug-resistant liver cancer xenograft growth in vivo. Taken together, we determined that imperatorin is a Mcl-1 degradation inducer that can effectively suppress multidrug-resistant human liver cancer growth in vivo, and thus holds great promise for development as an effective small molecule anti-cancer agent in human liver cancer therapy to overcome drug resistance.
    Cancer letters 03/2014; 348(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2014.03.017 · 5.62 Impact Factor

  • Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 03/2014; · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic foot ulcer is closely associated with peripheral vascular disease. Enhancement of tissue oxidative stress, reduction of nitric oxide (NO) and angiogenic growth factors, and abnormal matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity are pathophysiological factors in post-ischemic neovascularization and diabetic wound healing. Our previous study demonstrated that the Chinese 2-herb formula, NF3, showed significant wound healing effects on diabetic foot ulcer rats. A novel rat diabetic foot ulcer with hindlimb ischemia model was established in order to strengthen our claims on the diabetic wound healing and post-ischemic neovascularization effects of NF3. Our results demonstrate that NF3 can significantly reduce the wound area of the diabetic foot ulcer rat with hindlimb ischemia by 21.6% (p<0.05) compared with the control group. In addition, flow cytometric analysis revealed that NF3 could boost circulating EPC levels for local wound vessel incorporation. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that NF3 could significantly augment blood vessel density, VEGF and eNOS expression, and attenuate tissue oxidative stress of ischemic muscles (p<0.001). NF3 significantly stimulated MMP activity involved in angiogenesis. Our study shows, for the first time, the beneficial effects of NF3 in wound healing and post-ischemic neovascularization in diabetes.
    Journal of diabetes and its complications 03/2014; 28(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2014.03.004 · 3.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
409.51 Total Impact Points


  • 1998-2015
    • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
      • • Institute of Chinese Medicine
      • • State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China
      • • School of Biomedical Sciences
      • • Department of Biochemistry
      • • Department of Biology
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • 2014
    • Zhejiang University
      • College of Life Sciences
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2010
    • University of Oxford
      Oxford, England, United Kingdom
  • 1997
    • University of Toronto
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada