Luqi Huang

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (173)273.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Antelope horn is a valuable Chinese traditional medicine and widely used in clinic. However, with the deterioration of antelope's living environment and a lot of killing, the saiga population begins falling and in some places plummet. Since the increasing demand of this expensive and good bioactive medicine, the horn of artiodactyla animals is often used as the antelope horn. The adulterated or impostor not only cause damage to clinical medicine but also affect the antelope resources protection and sustainable development. Here, in order to establish a melting curve analysis (MCA) method to distinguish the antelope horn from other animal horns and identify the decoction pieces and Chinese patent medicine in a fast and easy way, animal horns and its decoction pieces, Chinese patent medicines were collected from the market and the DNA of all the collected samples were extracted. The melting curve of two universal fragments (COI and Cyt b) was scanned and Cyt b was selected as feasibility fragment for identifying authentic antelope horn from eight adulterant animal horns. After optimizing the condition for MCA, inspecting the precision and the replication of the method, a reference melting curve modern was established and we performed MCA on the antelope horns, fakes, and adulterants on a 1:1 mix, decoction pieces, and Chinese patent medicine. Thus, this study provides fast and easy methods so that MCA can detect the truth, fakes, and adulterations of antelope horns.
    Mitochondrial DNA 12/2014; · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Erratum to: Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult DOI 10.1007/s11240-014-0650-xThere was an error in the title name of Figure 4 in the original publication. Figure 4 showed the EMSA results on the GmMYB92 BS3 sequence of SbCHS promoter. The title “Electrophoretic gel mobility shift assays for box-L of the NtPAL promoter” should read “Electrophoretic gel mobility shift assays for GmMYB92 BS3 sequence of SbCHS promoter”. The error does not change the outcome of the study. We apologize for any inconvenience.
    Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 12/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dummy molecularly imprinted polymers for ginkgolic acids were firstly proposed.•6-methoxysalicylic acid and 6-hexadecyloxysalicylic acid were synthesized as dummy template.•The DMIPs had high affinity and selectivity to three ginkgolic acids.•Application of the optimized protocol for simultaneously selective removal and enrichment of three ginkgolic acids during the processing of Ginkgo biloba leaves.
    Journal of Chromatography A 11/2014; 1368. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluating the safety of traditional medicinal herbs and their major active constituents is critical for their widespread usage. Geniposide, a major active constituent with a defined structure from the traditional medicinal herb Gardenia jasminoides ELLIS fruit, exhibits remarkable anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and antifibrotic properties and has been used in a variety of medical fields, mainly for the treatment of liver diseases. However, geniposide-induced hepatotoxicity and methods for the early detection of hepatotoxicity have yet to be reported. In this study, geniposide-induced hepatotoxicity was investigated. In addition, candidate biomarkers for the earlier detection of geniposide-induced hepatotoxicity were identified using a label-free quantitative proteomics approach on a geniposide overdose-induced liver injury in a rat model. Using an accurate intensity-based, absolute quantification (iBAQ)-based, one-step discovery and verification approach, a candidate biomarker panel was easily obtained from individual samples in response to different conditions. To determine the biomarkers' early detection abilities, five candidate biomarkers were selected and tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Two biomarkers, glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) and glycogen phosphorylase (PYGL), were found to indicate hepatic injuries significantly earlier than the current gold standard liver biomarker. This study provides a first insight into geniposide-induced hepatotoxicity in a rat model and describes a method for the earlier detection of this hepatotoxicity, facilitating the efficient monitoring of drug-induced hepatotoxicity.
    Journal of Proteome Research 10/2014; · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is an herbaceous perennial plant used as one of the staple Chinese herbal medicines in China with a long officinal history. However, research on S. baicalensis is currently limited due to the lack of genome and gene expression information. A full-length cDNA library from leaves and roots of S. baicalensis subjected to water deficit and heat, conditions that have been shown to affect baicalein accumulation, was constructed. There were 6491 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) obtained. UniGenes were assembled by BLAST similarity searches and annotated with Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). A total of 78 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified and SSR markers associated with the active ingredients of S. baicalensis were selected. EST-SSR transferability was determined from 5 populations from different areas. This study is the first to produce a large volume of gene expression data from S. baicalensis to facilitate gene discovery in S. baicalensis and provide an important resource for molecular genetic and functional genomic studies in this species.
    Genomics 10/2014; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The changes in the main nutrient and medicinal components during the storage of the Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) tubers were studied. The harvested tubers were stored under ambient conditions (10 °C to 18 °C, 60 % to 80 % Relative Humidity) and cold temperature and packaged conditions (4 °C, 60 % to 65 % Relative Humidity) for 45 day. The allantoin, starch, total alcohol-soluble sugar, reducing sugar, protein, and moisture contents of the samples were evaluated. Their amylase activities were also investigated. Results of ambient conditions indicated that, during storage, moisture decreased by 67.96 % to 56.51 %, and total sugars, reducing sugars, and protein increased by 6.49 % to 9.81 %, 1.7 % to 2.27 %, and 13.02 % to 14.55 %, respectively. Starch and enzyme activities increased during the early days of storage and progressively decreased, and the content of allantoin changed in volatility. The changes were more significant at cold temperatures and packaged conditions than at ambient conditions. This result suggests that after-ripening occurred in the early stages of Chinese yam tubers, which positively affected the nutritional potential of the tubers by a marked increase in nutrients. Low-temperature sweetening greatly affects the nutritional potential of tubers by a series of complicated interactions between starch and sugars at 4 °C.
    Journal of Food Science and Technology -Mysore- 10/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Food Hydrocolloids 10/2014; 40:196–202. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a reliable method for analysis and identification of eight terpenoids in tissue cultures of Tripterygium wilfordii has been established using high‐performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC‐ESI‐MS). Our study indicated that sterile seedlings, callus cultures and cell‐suspension cultures can rapidly increase the amount of biological materials. HPLC‐ESI‐MS was used to identify terpenoids from the extracts of these tissue cultures. Triptolide, triptophenolide, celastrol and wilforlide A were unambiguously determined by comparing the retention times, UV spectral data, and mass fragmentation behaviors with those of the reference compounds. Another four compounds were tentatively identified as triptonoterpenol, triptonoterpene, 22β‐hydroxy‐3‐oxoolean‐12‐en‐29‐oic acid and wilforlide B, based on their UV and mass spectrometry spectra. The quantitative analysis showed that all three materials contain triptolide, triptophenolide, celastrol, wilforlide A, and the contents of the four compounds in the cell‐suspension cultures were 53.1, 240, 129 and 964 µg/g, respectively, which were at least 2.0‐fold higher than these in the sterile seedlings and callus cultures. Considering the known pharmacological activity of triptolide and celastrol, we recommend the cell‐suspension cultures as biological materials for future studies, such as clinical and toxicological studies. The developed method was validated by the evaluation of its precision, linearity, detection limits and recovery, and it was successfully used to identify and quantify the terpenoids in the tissue cultures. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Biomedical Chromatography 09/2014; 28(9). · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Pilos antler (Lu-Rong in Chinese) is a famous traditional medicine in China. Many adulterants have been discovered in Chinese markets in recent years. However, few DNA-based methods are effective for discrimination of this DNA-degraded animal medicine. Here, novel and deft amplification refractory mutation sequencing system (ARMSS), integrating the advantages of the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) and the short DNA barcode, was first developed to discriminate Pilos antler from its adulterants. We aimed to provide a new sight and inspiration for deft detection. The results showed that developed ARMS achieved strong specificity and high sensitivity in rapid identification, while the short Cytb gene was of excellent identification power in terms of accurate identification, which suggested that ARMSS successfully integrated the advantages of the ARMS and short DNA barcode, and that it was useful for deft detection. Our study determined that the deft ARMSS could be the well candidate for discrimination of Pilos antler, as well as be a valuable tool for deft identification of Chinese medicine.
    Mitochondrial DNA 08/2014; · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • Food Hydrocolloids 08/2014; 39:286–294. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the oldest East Asian medical systems. The present study adopted a systems biology-based approach to provide new insights relating to the active constituents and molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of dragon's blood (DB) tablets for the treatment of colitis. This study integrated chemical analysis, prediction of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME), and network pharmacology. Firstly, a rapid, reliable, and accurate ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was employed to identify 48 components of DB tablets. In silico prediction of the passive absorption of these compounds, based on Caco-2 cell permeability, and their P450 metabolism enabled the identification of 22 potentially absorbed components and 8 metabolites. Finally, networks were constructed to analyze interactions between these DB components/metabolites absorbed and their putative targets, and between the putative DB targets and known therapeutic targets for colitis. This study provided a great opportunity to deepen the understanding of the complex pharmacological mechanisms underlying the effects of DB in colitis treatment.
    PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e101432. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traditionally, high-value metabolites have been produced through direct extraction from natural biological sources which are inefficient, given the low abundance of these compounds. On the other hand, these high-value metabolites are usually difficult to be synthesized chemically, due to their complex structures. In the last few years, the discovery of genes involved in the synthetic pathways of these metabolites, combined with advances in synthetic biology tools, have allowed the construction of increasing numbers of yeast cell factories for production of these metabolites from renewable biomass. This review summarizes recent advances in synthetic biology in terms of the use of yeasts as microbial hosts for the identification of the pathways involved in the synthesis, as well as for the production of high-value metabolites.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    FEMS Yeast Research 07/2014; · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a rapid (within 4-5 h), sensitive and visible new method for assessing botanic origin is developed by combining loop-mediated isothermal amplification with cationic conjugated polymers. The two Chinese medicinal materials (Jin-Yin-Hua and Shan-Yin-Hua) with similar morphology and chemical composition were clearly distinguished by gene SNP genotyping assays. The identification of plant species in Patented Chinese drugs containing Lonicera buds is successfully performed using this detection system. The method is also robust enough to be used in high-throughput screening. This new method is very helpful to identify herbal materials, and is beneficial for detecting safety and quality of botanic products.
    Scientific Reports 06/2014; 4:5395. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity and affinity to glabridin were designed based on the screening results of the library of non-imprinted polymers (NIPs). The NIP library contained 48 polymers that were polymerized with the combinations of different functional monomers, cross-linkers, and porogenic solvents. The distribution coefficient (k) values were used to estimate the affinity of NIPs to glabridin. The corresponding MIPs of the best three NIPs were prepared. After evaluating the imprinting effects and selectivity of the three MIPs, the performance of the best MIP as solid phase extraction sorbent was investigated. Glabridin with percent recovery of 83 was obtained from the extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (G. glabra L.) residues by molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE). Thus, this material can be successfully used for the extraction and purification of glabridin from G. glabra L. residues.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 06/2014; 965C:1-6. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to compare the contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids, and total triterpenes between peel and flesh of ten different pear cultivars. The monomeric compounds were analyzed by HPLC, their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were also measured. Peel and flesh from Yaguang, Hongpi, Qingpi and Guifei varieties contained relatively more total phenolic, total flavonoids and total triterpene, and showed stronger antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, while Lvbaoshi and Youran appeared to be weakest among them. All the chemical components found in the pear peel were approximately 6-20 times higher than those in the flesh of pear. For the monomeric compounds, arbutin, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, and rutin were the dominant components contained in the ten pear cultivars both in peel and in flesh. All of the analyses suggested that the peel of pear might be an excellent polyphenol and triterpenes source.
    Food Chemistry 06/2014; 152C:531-538. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Scutellaria baicalensis is a popular medicinal plant that is on the verge of extinction due to uncontrolled harvesting, habitat destruction and deterioration of its ecosystem. We isolated and characterised 21 microsatellite loci in this species. Ninety-four individuals from six populations were used to test the polymorphism of the microsatellite loci. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 1 to 13, with a mean of 7.2. Observed and expected heterozy-gosities varied from 0.000 to 1.000 and 0.000 to 0.938, respectively. Among these new mi-crosatellite markers, only two loci showed significant deviation from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. No locus pairs showed significant linkage disequilibrium. The 21 primer pairs were tested in other Scutellaria species. Most of these primer pairs worked successfully, except for Scut18. These new microsatellite markers could be applied to investigate the genetic di-versity and population genetic structure of S. baicalensis and its closely related species.
    Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 06/2014; 54:267–271. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity and affinity to gastrodin in water were designed using allyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-glucopyranoside (TAGL) and 1,2,3,4,5-pentafluoro-6-vinylbenzene (PFVB) as novel functional monomers. Binding characterization of pre-polymerization complexes was researched by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and the MIPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The properties involving adsorption isotherm, adsorption kinetics and selective recognition capacity were evaluated. The MIPs/TAGL exhibited good site accessibility in which it only took 30min to achieve adsorption equilibrium and highly selective recognition for the template. Furthermore, the performance of the MIPs/TAGL as solid phase extraction material was investigated in detail and hot water at 50°C served as the eluting solvent. Pure gastrodin with the recovery of 76.6% was obtained from the aqueous extract of Gastrodia elata roots.
    Journal of Chromatography A 03/2014; · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 4-Coumarate:CoA ligases (4CLs) are a group of essential enzymes involved in the pathway of phenylpropanoid-derived compound metabolisms; however it is still difficult to identify orthologs and paralogs of these important enzymes just based on sequence similarity of the conserved domains. Using sequence data of 20 plant species from the public databases and sequences from Lonicera japonica, we define 1252 adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-dependent synthetase/ligase sequences and classify them into three phylogenetic clades. 4CLs are in one of the four subgroups, according to their partitioning, with known proteins characterized in A. thaliana and Oryza sativa. We also defined 184 non-redundant sequences that encode proteins containing the GEICIRG motif and the taxonomic distribution of these GEICIRG-containing proteins suggests unique catalytic activities in plants. We further analyzed their transcription levels in L. japonica and L. japonica. var. chinensis flowers and chose the highest expressed genes representing the subgroups for structure and binding site predictions. Coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of the L. japonica flowers, the structural study on putative substrate binding amino acid residues, ferulate, and 4-coumaric acid of the conserved binding-site of LJ4CL1 leads to a conclusion that this highly expressed protein group in the flowers may process 4-coumarate that represents 90% of the known phenylpropanoid-derived compounds. The activity of purified crude LJ4CL1 protein was analyzed using 4-coumarate as template and high activity indicating that 4-coumarate is one of the substrates of LJ4CL1.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 02/2014; 15(2):2386-99. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plant natural products have been co-opted for millennia by humans for various uses such as flavor, fragrances, and medicines. These compounds often are only produced in relatively low amounts and are difficult to chemically synthesize, limiting access. While elucidation of the underlying biosynthetic processes might help alleviate these issues (e.g., via metabolic engineering), investigation of this is hindered by the low levels of relevant gene expression and expansion of the corresponding enzymatic gene families. However, the often-inducible nature of such metabolic processes enables selection of those genes whose expression pattern indicates a role in production of the targeted natural product. Here, we combine metabolomics and transcriptomics to investigate the inducible biosynthesis of the bioactive diterpenoid tanshinones from the Chinese medicinal herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen). Untargeted metabolomics investigation of elicited hairy root cultures indicated that tanshinone production was a dominant component of the metabolic response, increasing at later time points. A transcriptomic approach was applied to not only define a comprehensive transcriptome (comprised of 20,972 non-redundant genes), but also its response to induction, revealing 6,358 genes that exhibited differential expression, with significant enrichment for up-regulation of genes involved in stress, stimulus and immune response processes. Consistent with our metabolomics analysis, there appears to be a slower but more sustained increased in transcript levels of known genes from diterpenoid and, more specifically, tanshinone biosynthesis. Among the co-regulated genes were 70 transcription factors and 8 cytochromes P450, providing targets for future investigation. Our results indicate a biphasic response of Danshen terpenoid metabolism to elicitation, with early induction of sesqui- and tri- terpenoid biosynthesis, followed by later and more sustained production of the diterpenoid tanshinones. Our data provides a firm foundation for further elucidation of tanshinone and other inducible natural product metabolism in Danshen.
    BMC Genomics 01/2014; 15(1):73. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides are the primary bioactive components of ginseng, which is a popular medicinal plant that exhibits diverse pharmacological activities. Protopanaxadiol, protopanaxatriol and oleanolic acid are three basic aglycons of ginsenosides. Producing aglycons of ginsenosides in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was realized in this work and provides an alternative route compared to traditional extraction methods. Synthetic pathways of these three aglycons were constructed in S. cerevisiae by introducing β-amyrin synthase, oleanolic acid synthase, dammarenediol-II synthase, protopanaxadiol synthase, protopanaxatriol synthase and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase from different plants. In addition, a truncated 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, squalene synthase and 2,3-oxidosqualene synthase genes were overexpressed to increase the precursor supply for improving aglycon production. Strain GY-1 was obtained, which produced 17.2 mg/L protopanaxadiol, 15.9 mg/L protopanaxatriol and 21.4 mg/L oleanolic acid. The yeast strains engineered in this work can serve as the basis for creating an alternative way for producing ginsenosides in place of extractions from plant sources.
    Scientific Reports 01/2014; 4:3698. · 5.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

485 Citations
273.17 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Clemson University
      Clemson, South Carolina, United States
    • 302 Military Hospital of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2014
    • China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Chinese Material Medica
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2013
    • Capital Medical University
      • School of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • Institute of Automation
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • Taishan Medical University
      Taishan, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2010–2013
    • Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Shandong Academy of Sciences
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2012
    • Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
      Yün-nan, Yunnan, China
    • Southwest Jiaotong University
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
    • Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Shan-tang, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2011–2012
    • Chongqing Municipal Academy of Chinese Materia Medica
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2009–2012
    • Tianjin University
      • School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
      Tianjin, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Hangzhou Normal University
      • College of Life and Environmental Sciences
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2010–2011
    • Jinan University (Guangzhou, China)
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2009–2010
    • Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology
      • College of Chinese Materia Medica
      Peping, Beijing, China