Luqi Huang

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (162)244.72 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, a reliable method for analysis and identification of eight terpenoids in tissue cultures of Tripterygium wilfordii has been established using high‐performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC‐ESI‐MS). Our study indicated that sterile seedlings, callus cultures and cell‐suspension cultures can rapidly increase the amount of biological materials. HPLC‐ESI‐MS was used to identify terpenoids from the extracts of these tissue cultures. Triptolide, triptophenolide, celastrol and wilforlide A were unambiguously determined by comparing the retention times, UV spectral data, and mass fragmentation behaviors with those of the reference compounds. Another four compounds were tentatively identified as triptonoterpenol, triptonoterpene, 22β‐hydroxy‐3‐oxoolean‐12‐en‐29‐oic acid and wilforlide B, based on their UV and mass spectrometry spectra. The quantitative analysis showed that all three materials contain triptolide, triptophenolide, celastrol, wilforlide A, and the contents of the four compounds in the cell‐suspension cultures were 53.1, 240, 129 and 964 µg/g, respectively, which were at least 2.0‐fold higher than these in the sterile seedlings and callus cultures. Considering the known pharmacological activity of triptolide and celastrol, we recommend the cell‐suspension cultures as biological materials for future studies, such as clinical and toxicological studies. The developed method was validated by the evaluation of its precision, linearity, detection limits and recovery, and it was successfully used to identify and quantify the terpenoids in the tissue cultures. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Biomedical Chromatography 09/2014; 28(9). · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Pilos antler (Lu-Rong in Chinese) is a famous traditional medicine in China. Many adulterants have been discovered in Chinese markets in recent years. However, few DNA-based methods are effective for discrimination of this DNA-degraded animal medicine. Here, novel and deft amplification refractory mutation sequencing system (ARMSS), integrating the advantages of the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) and the short DNA barcode, was first developed to discriminate Pilos antler from its adulterants. We aimed to provide a new sight and inspiration for deft detection. The results showed that developed ARMS achieved strong specificity and high sensitivity in rapid identification, while the short Cytb gene was of excellent identification power in terms of accurate identification, which suggested that ARMSS successfully integrated the advantages of the ARMS and short DNA barcode, and that it was useful for deft detection. Our study determined that the deft ARMSS could be the well candidate for discrimination of Pilos antler, as well as be a valuable tool for deft identification of Chinese medicine.
    Mitochondrial DNA 08/2014; · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traditionally, high-value metabolites have been produced through direct extraction from natural biological sources which are inefficient, given the low abundance of these compounds. On the other hand, these high-value metabolites are usually difficult to be synthesized chemically, due to their complex structures. In the last few years, the discovery of genes involved in the synthetic pathways of these metabolites, combined with advances in synthetic biology tools, have allowed the construction of increasing numbers of yeast cell factories for production of these metabolites from renewable biomass. This review summarizes recent advances in synthetic biology in terms of the use of yeasts as microbial hosts for the identification of the pathways involved in the synthesis, as well as for the production of high-value metabolites.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    FEMS Yeast Research 07/2014; · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity and affinity to glabridin were designed based on the screening results of the library of non-imprinted polymers (NIPs). The NIP library contained 48 polymers that were polymerized with the combinations of different functional monomers, cross-linkers, and porogenic solvents. The distribution coefficient (k) values were used to estimate the affinity of NIPs to glabridin. The corresponding MIPs of the best three NIPs were prepared. After evaluating the imprinting effects and selectivity of the three MIPs, the performance of the best MIP as solid phase extraction sorbent was investigated. Glabridin with percent recovery of 83 was obtained from the extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (G. glabra L.) residues by molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE). Thus, this material can be successfully used for the extraction and purification of glabridin from G. glabra L. residues.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 06/2014; 965C:1-6. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to compare the contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids, and total triterpenes between peel and flesh of ten different pear cultivars. The monomeric compounds were analyzed by HPLC, their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were also measured. Peel and flesh from Yaguang, Hongpi, Qingpi and Guifei varieties contained relatively more total phenolic, total flavonoids and total triterpene, and showed stronger antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, while Lvbaoshi and Youran appeared to be weakest among them. All the chemical components found in the pear peel were approximately 6-20 times higher than those in the flesh of pear. For the monomeric compounds, arbutin, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, and rutin were the dominant components contained in the ten pear cultivars both in peel and in flesh. All of the analyses suggested that the peel of pear might be an excellent polyphenol and triterpenes source.
    Food Chemistry 06/2014; 152C:531-538. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Scutellaria baicalensis is a popular medicinal plant that is on the verge of extinction due to uncontrolled harvesting, habitat destruction and deterioration of its ecosystem. We isolated and characterised 21 microsatellite loci in this species. Ninety-four individuals from six populations were used to test the polymorphism of the microsatellite loci. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 1 to 13, with a mean of 7.2. Observed and expected heterozy-gosities varied from 0.000 to 1.000 and 0.000 to 0.938, respectively. Among these new mi-crosatellite markers, only two loci showed significant deviation from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. No locus pairs showed significant linkage disequilibrium. The 21 primer pairs were tested in other Scutellaria species. Most of these primer pairs worked successfully, except for Scut18. These new microsatellite markers could be applied to investigate the genetic di-versity and population genetic structure of S. baicalensis and its closely related species.
    Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 06/2014; 54:267–271. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity and affinity to gastrodin in water were designed using allyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-glucopyranoside (TAGL) and 1,2,3,4,5-pentafluoro-6-vinylbenzene (PFVB) as novel functional monomers. Binding characterization of pre-polymerization complexes was researched by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and the MIPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The properties involving adsorption isotherm, adsorption kinetics and selective recognition capacity were evaluated. The MIPs/TAGL exhibited good site accessibility in which it only took 30min to achieve adsorption equilibrium and highly selective recognition for the template. Furthermore, the performance of the MIPs/TAGL as solid phase extraction material was investigated in detail and hot water at 50°C served as the eluting solvent. Pure gastrodin with the recovery of 76.6% was obtained from the aqueous extract of Gastrodia elata roots.
    Journal of Chromatography A 03/2014; · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plant natural products have been co-opted for millennia by humans for various uses such as flavor, fragrances, and medicines. These compounds often are only produced in relatively low amounts and are difficult to chemically synthesize, limiting access. While elucidation of the underlying biosynthetic processes might help alleviate these issues (e.g., via metabolic engineering), investigation of this is hindered by the low levels of relevant gene expression and expansion of the corresponding enzymatic gene families. However, the often-inducible nature of such metabolic processes enables selection of those genes whose expression pattern indicates a role in production of the targeted natural product. Here, we combine metabolomics and transcriptomics to investigate the inducible biosynthesis of the bioactive diterpenoid tanshinones from the Chinese medicinal herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen). Untargeted metabolomics investigation of elicited hairy root cultures indicated that tanshinone production was a dominant component of the metabolic response, increasing at later time points. A transcriptomic approach was applied to not only define a comprehensive transcriptome (comprised of 20,972 non-redundant genes), but also its response to induction, revealing 6,358 genes that exhibited differential expression, with significant enrichment for up-regulation of genes involved in stress, stimulus and immune response processes. Consistent with our metabolomics analysis, there appears to be a slower but more sustained increased in transcript levels of known genes from diterpenoid and, more specifically, tanshinone biosynthesis. Among the co-regulated genes were 70 transcription factors and 8 cytochromes P450, providing targets for future investigation. Our results indicate a biphasic response of Danshen terpenoid metabolism to elicitation, with early induction of sesqui- and tri- terpenoid biosynthesis, followed by later and more sustained production of the diterpenoid tanshinones. Our data provides a firm foundation for further elucidation of tanshinone and other inducible natural product metabolism in Danshen.
    BMC Genomics 01/2014; 15(1):73. · 4.40 Impact Factor
  • Food Hydrocolloids 01/2014; 39:286–294. · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • Food Hydrocolloids 01/2014; 40:196–202. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a rapid (within 4-5 h), sensitive and visible new method for assessing botanic origin is developed by combining loop-mediated isothermal amplification with cationic conjugated polymers. The two Chinese medicinal materials (Jin-Yin-Hua and Shan-Yin-Hua) with similar morphology and chemical composition were clearly distinguished by gene SNP genotyping assays. The identification of plant species in Patented Chinese drugs containing Lonicera buds is successfully performed using this detection system. The method is also robust enough to be used in high-throughput screening. This new method is very helpful to identify herbal materials, and is beneficial for detecting safety and quality of botanic products.
    Scientific reports. 01/2014; 4:5395.
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    ABSTRACT: 4-Coumarate:CoA ligases (4CLs) are a group of essential enzymes involved in the pathway of phenylpropanoid-derived compound metabolisms; however it is still difficult to identify orthologs and paralogs of these important enzymes just based on sequence similarity of the conserved domains. Using sequence data of 20 plant species from the public databases and sequences from Lonicera japonica, we define 1252 adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-dependent synthetase/ligase sequences and classify them into three phylogenetic clades. 4CLs are in one of the four subgroups, according to their partitioning, with known proteins characterized in A. thaliana and Oryza sativa. We also defined 184 non-redundant sequences that encode proteins containing the GEICIRG motif and the taxonomic distribution of these GEICIRG-containing proteins suggests unique catalytic activities in plants. We further analyzed their transcription levels in L. japonica and L. japonica. var. chinensis flowers and chose the highest expressed genes representing the subgroups for structure and binding site predictions. Coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of the L. japonica flowers, the structural study on putative substrate binding amino acid residues, ferulate, and 4-coumaric acid of the conserved binding-site of LJ4CL1 leads to a conclusion that this highly expressed protein group in the flowers may process 4-coumarate that represents 90% of the known phenylpropanoid-derived compounds. The activity of purified crude LJ4CL1 protein was analyzed using 4-coumarate as template and high activity indicating that 4-coumarate is one of the substrates of LJ4CL1.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(2):2386-99. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the oldest East Asian medical systems. The present study adopted a systems biology-based approach to provide new insights relating to the active constituents and molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of dragon's blood (DB) tablets for the treatment of colitis. This study integrated chemical analysis, prediction of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME), and network pharmacology. Firstly, a rapid, reliable, and accurate ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was employed to identify 48 components of DB tablets. In silico prediction of the passive absorption of these compounds, based on Caco-2 cell permeability, and their P450 metabolism enabled the identification of 22 potentially absorbed components and 8 metabolites. Finally, networks were constructed to analyze interactions between these DB components/metabolites absorbed and their putative targets, and between the putative DB targets and known therapeutic targets for colitis. This study provided a great opportunity to deepen the understanding of the complex pharmacological mechanisms underlying the effects of DB in colitis treatment.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e101432. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides are the primary bioactive components of ginseng, which is a popular medicinal plant that exhibits diverse pharmacological activities. Protopanaxadiol, protopanaxatriol and oleanolic acid are three basic aglycons of ginsenosides. Producing aglycons of ginsenosides in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was realized in this work and provides an alternative route compared to traditional extraction methods. Synthetic pathways of these three aglycons were constructed in S. cerevisiae by introducing β-amyrin synthase, oleanolic acid synthase, dammarenediol-II synthase, protopanaxadiol synthase, protopanaxatriol synthase and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase from different plants. In addition, a truncated 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, squalene synthase and 2,3-oxidosqualene synthase genes were overexpressed to increase the precursor supply for improving aglycon production. Strain GY-1 was obtained, which produced 17.2 mg/L protopanaxadiol, 15.9 mg/L protopanaxatriol and 21.4 mg/L oleanolic acid. The yeast strains engineered in this work can serve as the basis for creating an alternative way for producing ginsenosides in place of extractions from plant sources.
    Scientific Reports 01/2014; 4:3698. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity and affinity to glabridin were designed based on the screening results of the library of non-imprinted polymers (NIPs). The NIP library contained 48 polymers that were polymerized with the combinations of different functional monomers, cross-linkers, and porogenic solvents. The distribution coefficient (k) values were used to estimate the affinity of NIPs to glabridin. The corresponding MIPs of the best three NIPs were prepared. After evaluating the imprinting effects and selectivity of the three MIPs, the performance of the best MIP as solid phase extraction sorbent was investigated. Glabridin with percent recovery of 83 was obtained from the extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (G. glabra L.) residues by molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE). Thus, this material can be successfully used for the extraction and purification of glabridin from G. glabra L. residues.
    Journal of Chromatography B. 01/2014; 965:1–6.
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzed the effects of ecological factors on secondary metabolites of Scutellaria baicalensis using two sources: 92 individual roots of S. baicalensis from all over China, and secondary metabolites, medicinal materials and inorganic element contents obtained from the testing of 92 S. baicalensis rhizosphere soil samples. The study used environmental data from the Genuine Medicinal Material Spatial Analysis Database. Most of the chemical constituents of S. baicalensis were negatively correlated to latitude and positively correlated to temperature; generally, the contents of 21 chemical constituents were higher at low latitudes than that at high latitudes. By gradual regression analysis, it was found that the content of baicalin in S. baicalensis was negatively correlated to latitude and generally the content of inorganic elements in soil was excessively high (excluding Mg and Ca), which has a negative effect on the accumulation of chemical constituents in S. baicalensis. Based on the cluster analysis of 21 constituents, S. baicalensis from different places of origin was divided into two groups, and S. baicalensis was not genuine only in a specific small region. Within the zone from Chifeng, Inner Mongolia to Taibai, Shaanxi is suitable for accumulation of secondary metabolites of S. baicalensis and such a zone represents a suitable distribution and potential genuine producing area.
    Science China. Life sciences 11/2013; 56(11):1047-56. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides are the primary bioactive components of ginseng, which is a popular medicinal herb and exhibits diverse pharmacological activities. Protopanaxadiol is the aglycon of several dammarane-type ginsenosides, which also has anticancer activity. For microbial production of protopanaxadiol, dammarenediol-II synthase and protopanaxadiol synthase genes of Panax ginseng, together with a NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase gene of Arabidopsis thaliana, were introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae, resulting in production of 0.05mg/g DCW protopanaxadiol. Increasing squalene and 2,3-oxidosqualene supplies through overexpressing truncated 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, farnesyl diphosphate synthase, squalene synthase and 2,3-oxidosqualene synthase genes, together with increasing protopanaxadiol synthase activity through codon optimization, led to 262-fold increase of protopanaxadiol production. Finally, using two-phase extractive fermentation resulted in production of 8.40mg/g DCW protopanaxadiol (1189mg/L), together with 10.94mg/g DCW dammarenediol-II (1548mg/L). The yeast strains engineered in this work can serve as the basis for creating an alternative way for production of ginsenosides in place of extraction from plant sources.
    Metabolic Engineering 10/2013; · 6.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tanshinones are a group of bioactive abietane-type norditerpenoid quinone compounds in Salvia miltiorrhiza. Copalyldiphosphate synthase of S. miltiorrhiza (SmCPS) is the first key enzyme in tanshinone biosynthesis from the universal diterpene precursor geranylgeranyl diphosphate. Hairy roots of S. miltiorrhiza were transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes carrying an RNA interference (RNAi) construct designed to silence SmCPS, and we examined the resulting SmCPS expression and tanshinone accumulation. In SmCPS-RNAi hairy roots, the transcript level of SmCPS was reduced to 26 % while the dihydrotanshinone I and cryptotanshinone levels were decreased by 53 and 38 % compared to those of the vector control hairy roots; tanshinone IIA was not detected. Therefore, the decreased expression of SmCPS caused a decrease in tanshinone levels which verifies that SmCPS is a key enzyme for tanshinone biosynthesis in S. miltiorrhiza.
    Biotechnology Letters 09/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main therapeutic concept in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is herb formula, which treats various diseases via potential herb interactions to maximize the efficacy and minimize the adverse effects. However, the combination principle of herb formula still remains a mystery due to the lack of appropriate methods. A systems pharmacology method integrating the pharmacokinetic analysis, drug targeting, and drug-target-disease network is developed to dissect this rule embedded in the herbal formula. All these are exemplified by a representative TCM formula, Ma-huang Decoction, made up of four botanic herbs. Based on the deep investigation of the function and compatibility of each herb, in a molecular/systems level, we demonstrate the different pharmacological roles that each herb might play in the prescription. By the way of enhancing the bioavailability and/or making the pharmacological synergy among different herbs, the four herbs effectively combine together to be suitable for treating diseases. The present work lays foundations for a more comprehensive understanding of the combination rule of TCM, which might also be beneficial to drug development and applications.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 09/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physicochemical properties (paste clarity, water-binding capacity, swelling power, solubility and thermal properties) and in vitro digestion of starches isolated from ten different Dioscorea plants were investigated. Moisture content ranged from 7.52% to 15.75% and protein content varied between 0.010% and 0.028%. All of the starches gave a typical C-type X-ray diffraction pattern except D.BY (CA-type pattern) and Dioscorea persimilis (B-type pattern) starches. The relative crystallinity of them varied from 12.02% to 51.68%. The starches displayed significant variability in thermal transition temperatures and susceptibility to in vitro digestion, and varied in rapidly digestible starch (RDS), slowly digestible starch (SDS), resistant starch (RS) contents, hydrolysis index (HI) and glycemic index (GI). The ten Dioscorea starch samples can be classified into two major clusters by hierarchical cluster analysis: one cluster with more D.PP, D.BY and D.RC, and another cluster with D. XM, D.M-1, D.M-2, D.TG, D.H, D.CJ and D.J.
    Food Hydrocolloids 08/2013; 32(2):432–439. · 3.49 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

393 Citations
244.72 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Clemson University
      Clemson, South Carolina, United States
    • 302 Military Hospital of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2014
    • China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Chinese Material Medica
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2013
    • Capital Medical University
      • School of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • Institute of Automation
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • Taishan Medical University
      Taishan, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2010–2013
    • Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Shandong Academy of Sciences
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2012
    • Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
      Yün-nan, Yunnan, China
    • Southwest Jiaotong University
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
    • Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Shan-tang, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2011–2012
    • Chongqing Municipal Academy of Chinese Materia Medica
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2009–2012
    • Tianjin University
      • School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
      Tianjin, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Hangzhou Normal University
      • College of Life and Environmental Sciences
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2010–2011
    • Jinan University (Guangzhou, China)
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2009–2010
    • Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology
      • College of Chinese Materia Medica
      Peping, Beijing, China