ABSTRACT: Serum paraoxonase (PON1) exerts antiatherogenic effects. Novel PON1 enzymatic tests have been recently developed: 5-thiobutyl butyrolactone (TBBL) estimates PON1 lactonase activity, whereas 7-O-diethylphosphoryl-3-cyano-4-methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin (DEPCyMC) is considered a surrogate marker of PON1 concentration. The TBBL to DEPCyMC ratio provides the normalized lactonase activity (NLA), which may reflect the degree of PON1 lactonase catalytic stimulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time TBBLase and DEPCyMCase activity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
An angiography-based case-control study was conducted, including 300 sex- and age-matched subjects [100 CAD-free, 100 CAD without myocardial infarction (MI) and 100 CAD with MI].
A low DEPCyMCase activity (lowest vs. highest tertile: OR 2.96, 95% CI 1.18-7.43) and a high NLA (highest vs. lowest tertile: OR 3.25, 95% CI 1.28-8.26) were both associated with CAD, independent of classical atherosclerosis risk factors, lipid-lowering therapy and PON1 genotype. Total TBBLase activity was, however, not different in CAD compared to CAD-free subjects.
Novel PON1 activity assays may be associated with CAD. In this study, CAD patients had low DEPCyMCase activity, a possible marker of low PON1 concentration, but showed a high stimulation of PON1 lactonase activity.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 02/2009; 47(4):432-40. · 2.15 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The independent prognostic impact, as well as the possible causal role, of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in coronary artery disease (CAD) is controversial. No previous study specifically has addressed the relationship between HHcy and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic impact of HHcy after CABG surgery.
We prospectively followed 350 patients who underwent elective CABG between May 1996 and May 1999. At baseline, fasting total homocysteine (tHcy) levels were measured in all participants, and a post-methionine loading (PML) test was performed in 77.7% of them (n = 272). After a median follow-up of 58 months, 33 patients (9.4%) had died, 25 because of cardiovascular events. HHcy, defined by levels higher than the 90th percentile (25.2 micromol/L) of the population's distribution, was significantly associated to total and cardiovascular mortality (P = 0.018 [log-rank test 5.57]; P = 0.002 [log-rank test 9.76], respectively). The PML test had no prognostic value. After multiple adjustment for other univariate predictors by Cox regression, including statin therapy (the most powerful predictor in uni-/multivariate analyses), high-sensitivity C Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) levels, and all known major genetic (MTHFR 677C-->T polymorphism) and non-genetic (B-group vitamin status and renal function) tHcy determinants, HHcy remained an independent prognostic factor for mortality (HRs: 5.02, 95% CIs 1.88 to 13.42, P = 0.001).
HHcy is an important prognostic marker after CABG, independent of modern drug therapy and biomarkers.
PLoS ONE 01/2006; 1:e83. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Diabetes Care 09/2005; 28(8):2061-3. · 8.09 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Insufficient production of hepcidin, the master regulator of iron metabolism, is recognized as the key pathogenetic feature of HFE-related hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). There is a growing interest in measuring the hepcidin levels, which may improve the diagnosis, prognostic evaluation and clinical management of HH. Nevertheless, few investigative tools are available: an immunodot method for urinary hepcidin developed by a single centre (UCLA), not yet ready for large-scale diffusion, and mass spectrometry (MS) based assays, such as surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (SELDI-TOF-MS). The latter is well suited to small peptides like hepcidin, and can rapidly analyze crude samples with high throughput. This study measured urinary hepcidin levels by SELDI-TOF-MS in a large group of HH patients at diagnosis and during treatment, including both C282Y homozygous and C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes.
We used a protocol based on PBSIIc mass spectrometer and Normal Phase chips. Urinary samples from 30 control subjects were compared to those obtained from 80 HH patients (57 C282Y homozygotes, 23 C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes). Eighteen C282Y homozygotes and 11 C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes were analyzed at diagnosis, the remainder during maintenance phlebotomy.
C282Y homozygotes either at diagnosis, or after phlebotomy had significantly lower urinary hepcidin levels than controls (P<0.05). C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes had hepcidin levels at diagnosis higher than controls, while the hepcidin/ferritin ratio was significantly decreased (P<0.001) suggesting inadequate hepcidin production. After phlebotomy, mean hepcidin levels in the compound heterozygotes were significantly lower than in controls (P<0.001). Samples from 12 randomly selected control subjects were sent to UCLA for duplicate measurement by the immunodot method, yielding a significant correlation (rho=0.64; P=0.024).
This study supports the use of SELDI-TOF-MS for measuring hepcidin levels in research and clinical applications. Our results in phlebotomized patients suggest that the depletion of iron stores may further exacerbate the HFE-related hepcidin defect.
Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 40(3):347-52. · 2.35 Impact Factor