Ulrich Jaehde

University of Bonn, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (156)377.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pt-based anti-cancer drugs, such as cisplatin, are known to undergo several (bio-) chemical transformation steps after administration. Hydrolysis and adduct formation with small nucleophiles and larger proteins are their most relevant reactions on the way to the final reaction site (DNA), but there are still many open questions regarding the identity and pharmacological relevance of various proposed adducts and intermediates. Furthermore, the role of buffer components or additives, which are inevitably added to samples during any type of analytical measurement, has been frequently neglected in previous studies. Here, we report on adduct formation reactions of the fluorescent cisplatin analogue carboxyfluorescein diacetate-platinum (CFDA-Pt) in commonly used buffers and cell culture medium. Our results indicate that chelation reactions with non-innocent buffers (e.g. Tris) and components of the cell culture / cell lysis medium must be taken into account when interpreting results. Adduct formation kinetics was followed up to 60 hours at nM concentrations of CFDA-Pt by using CE-LIF. CE-MS enabled the on-line identification of such unexpected adducts down to the nanomolar concentration range. By using an optimized sample preparation strategy, unwanted adducts can be avoided and several fluorescent adducts of CFDA-Pt are detectable in sensitive and cisplatin-resistant cancer cell lines. By processing samples rapidly after incubation, we could even identify the initial, but transient, Pt-species in the cells as deacetylated CFDA-Pt with unaltered complexing environment at Pt. Overall, the proposed procedure enables a very sensitive and accurate analysis of low-molecular-mass Pt-species in cancer cells, involving a fast CE-LIF detection within five minutes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Electrophoresis 12/2014; · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The World Health Organization initiated the project "High5s - Action on Patient Safety". The aim of the High5s project is to achieve a measurable, significant and sustained reduction in the occurrence of five serious patient safety problems within five years, in five countries. One of these patient safety issues is medication reconciliation - the process of assuring medication accuracy at transitions of care. In Germany, eleven hospitals are currently implementing medication reconciliation. Medication reconciliation represents the systematic comparison of the current patient's medication list with the medication list in hospital. For this purpose, Lead Technical Agencies of each participating country translated and adapted the standard operating procedure. This standard operating procedure describes the implementation and the procedure of the medication reconciliation process in detail. This process is divided into three parts. First, the best possible medication history is recorded. Second, based on those records, the responsible physician subsequently prescribes the medication. In the third step, the best possible medication history is compared with the medication orders at admission. During this process, it is likely that some discrepancies will occur. Such discrepancies are discussed with the responsible physician and clarified. A comprehensive acquisition of the best possible medication history is thus particularly important. It will be part of medical records throughout the patients' hospital stay. Thus it will be used as an additional source for comparison and adjustment of patients' medication in order to facilitate optimal drug treatment during the entire hospital stay. The practical implementation of medication reconciliation requires extensive change of the current prescription sheets or prescription software. Thus, this provides a great challenge for many hospitals. Nevertheless, in the Netherlands it has been shown that it is possible to prevent 90 % of unintentional discrepancies with medication reconciliation. A German hospital recently showed a reduction of discrepancies by about 77 %. The use of medication reconciliation to improve clinical endpoints is currently subject of further studies.
    Therapeutische Umschau. Revue thérapeutique. 06/2014; 71(6):335-42.
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    ABSTRACT: This phase I study tested the safety, feasibility, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cisplatin administered as hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (HIPEC) in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery followed by postoperative platinum-based intravenous chemotherapy. Twelve patients with operable, recurrent platinum-sensitive EOC (recurrence ≥6 months after first-line therapy) were included according to the classical 3+3 dose-escalation design at three dose levels—60, 80, and 100mg/m². After surgical cytoreduction, a single dose of cisplatin was administered via HIPEC for 90 min at 41-43°C. Postoperatively, all patients were treated with standard intravenous platinum-based combination chemotherapy. One of six patients experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 renal toxicity) at a dose of 100 mg/m². The remaining five patients treated with 100mg/m² tolerated their treatment well. The recommended phase II dose was established at 100 mg/m². The mean peritoneal-to-plasma AUC ratio was 19·5 at the highest dose level. Cisplatin-induced DNA adducts were confirmed in tumor samples. Common postoperative grade 1-3 toxicities included fatigue, postoperative pain, nausea, and surgical site infection. The ability to administer standard intravenous platinum-based chemotherapy after HIPEC was uncompromised. Cisplatin administered as HIPEC at a dose of 100mg/m² has an acceptable safety profile in selected patients undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery for platinum-sensitive recurrent EOC. Favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of HIPEC with cisplatin were confirmed at all dose levels, especially at 100 mg/m2. The results are encouraging to determine the efficacy of HIPEC as a complementary treatment in patients with EOC. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 06/2014; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was the evaluation of pharmacokinetic parameters, biomarkers, clinical outcome, and imaging parameters in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients treated with FOLFIRI plus sunitinib. Methods: mCRC patients with liver metastases were treated with FOLFIRI and sunitinib as 1st line therapy. At protocol-defined time points, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)measurements, computed tomography (CT) scans, pharmacokinetics (PK), and biomarker analyses were performed during the first and second treatment cycle. Thereafter, patients were treated until tumor progression, investigator’s decision due to toxicity, or patient withdrawal. Results: 28 patients were screened, 26 were included, and 23 received at least one study medication. Full safety analysis was performed in 23 patients. Full PK and biomarker analyses were performed in 21 patients. Strong responses in tumor size reduction forced a change from the original imaging timing scheme. This unforeseen change in the timing scheme resulted in subgroups too small for meaningful statistical analysis of most imaging parameters. Thus, only a descriptive analysis of the MRI data was possible. In 21/22 patients, MRI showeda decrease of the liver metastases. Best response was partial remission (PR) in 8/17 patients. Plasma concentrations of sVEGFR-2 and sVEGFR-3 decreased in all patients. The majority of the patients developed some kind of toxicity not always deducible to FOLFIRI or sunitinib. Conclusions: Due to the observed side effect profile, FOLFIRI plus sunitinib 37.5 mg per day cannot be recommended for previously untreated mCRC.
    International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 05/2014; · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Ulrich Jaehde, Hardy Müller
    Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen. 01/2014; 108(1):4-5.
  • Ulrich Jaehde, Hardy Müller
    Zeitschrift für Evidenz Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen 01/2014;
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 11/2013; · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 11/2013; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Albeit platinum complexes are widely used in cancer chemotherapy, their cellular processing has not been completely elucidated so far. In this study the effects of modulating multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP)-mediated efflux and glutathione (GSH) depletion on the cytotoxicity of oxaliplatin were assessed in a human ileocecal colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line and its oxaliplatin-resistant variant. Upon oxaliplatin exposure, DNA platination was elevated by co-incubation with Gü83, a MRP1 and MRP2 inhibitor, but cytotoxicity was not increased. Addition of oxaliplatin did not alter the cellular GSH content. Following GSH depletion, platinum accumulation was unchanged but cytotoxicity was increased in oxaliplatin-sensitive cells. In conclusion, modulation of MRP-mediated efflux did not affect oxaliplatin cytotoxicity in the investigated cell lines. Intracellular GSH depletion seems to sensitize the cells but does not overcome resistance.
    Pharmazie 07/2013; 68(7):622-7. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously we reported that liposomal cisplatin (CDDP) overcomes CDDP resistance of ovarian A2780cis cancer cells (Krieger et al., Int. J. Pharm. 389, 2010, 10-17). Here we find that the cytotoxic activity of liposomal CDDP is not associated with detectable DNA platination in resistant ovarian cancer cells. This suggests that the mode of action of liposomal CDDP is different from the free drug. To gain insight into mechanisms of liposomal CDDP activity, we performed a transcriptome analysis of untreated A2780cis cells, and A2780cis cells in response to exposure with IC(50) values of free or liposomal CDDP. A process network analysis of upregulated genes showed that liposomal CDDP induced a highly different gene expression profile in comparison to the free drug. p53 was identified as a key player directing transcriptional responses to free or liposomal CDDP. The free drug induced expression of essential genes of the intrinsic (mitochondrial) apoptosis pathway (BAX, BID, CASP9) most likely through p38MAPK activation. In contrast, liposomal CDDP induced expression of genes from DNA damage pathways and several genes of the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis (TNFRSF10B-DR5, CD70-TNFSF7). It thus appears that liposomal CDDP overcomes CDDP resistance by inducing DNA damage and in consequence programmed cell death by the extrinsic pathway. Predictions from gene expression data with respect to apoptosis activation were confirmed at the protein level by an apoptosis antibody array. This sheds new light on liposomal drug carrier approaches in cancer and suggests liposomal CDDP as promising strategy for the treatment of CDDP resistant ovarian carcinomas.
    Biochemical pharmacology 02/2013; · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 01/2013; 51(1):34. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 01/2013; 51(1):38-40. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 01/2013; 51(1):74-76. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 01/2013; 51(1):70-73. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop and evaluate a multiprofessional modular medication management to assure adherence to capecitabine. The study was conducted as a prospective, multicentred observational cohort study. All participants received pharmaceutical care consisting of oral and written information. Daily adherence was defined as percentage of days with correctly administered capecitabine doses and assessed using medication event monitoring. According to their daily adherence during the first cycle, patients were identified as initially non-adherent (<90% adherence) or adherent (≥90% adherence). Initially non-adherent patients received additional adherence support. Seventy-three patients with various tumour entities were enrolled, 58 were initially adherent and 15 non-adherent. Median daily adherence of initially non-adherent patients increased from 85.7% to 97.6% during the observation period of six cycles. Throughout all cycles, median daily adherence of initially adherent patients was 100.0%. Daily adherence was not associated with sociodemographic and disease-related factors. No patient was non-persistent. An early adherence screening effectively distinguishes between patients adhering and non-adhering to capecitabine. The provision of specific adherence support is associated with enhanced adherence of initially non-adherent patients, whereas initially adherent patients remain adherent for at least six cycles without specific support. Our needs-based approach helps to use available resources for adherence management efficiently.
    BMJ Open 01/2013; 3(7). · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decreased cellular accumulation of cisplatin is a frequently observed mechanism of resistance to the drug. Beside passive diffusion, several cellular proteins using ATP hydrolysis as an energy source are assumed to be involved in cisplatin transport in and out of the cell. This investigation aimed at clarifying the contribution of intracellular ATP as an indicator of energy-dependent transport to cisplatin resistance using the A2780 human ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line and its cisplatin-resistant variant A2780cis. Depletion of intracellular ATP with oligomycin significantly decreased cellular platinum accumulation (measured by flameless atomic absorption spectrometry) in sensitive but not in resistant cells, and did not affect cisplatin efflux in both cell lines. Inhibition of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase with ouabain reduced platinum accumulation in A2780 cells but to a lesser extent compared with oligomycin. Western blot analysis revealed lower expression of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase α(1) subunit in resistant cells compared with sensitive counterparts. The basal intracellular ATP level (determined using a bioluminescence-based assay) was significantly higher in A2780cis cells than in A2780 cells. Our results highlight the importance of ATP-dependent transport, among other processes mediated by Na(+),K(+)-ATPase, for cisplatin influx in sensitive cells. Cellular platinum accumulation in resistant cells is reduced and less dependent on energy sources, which may partly result from Na(+),K(+)-ATPase downregulation. Our data suggest the involvement of other ATP-dependent processes beside those regulated by Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Higher basal ATP level in cisplatin-resistant cells, which appears to be a consequence of enhanced mitochondrial ATP production, may represent a survival mechanism established during development of resistance.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 11/2012; · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Defects in intracellular accumulation of the antitumour drug cisplatin are a commonly observed feature in the cells selected for cisplatin resistance. Copper transporter 1 (CTR1) has been suggested to play an important role in drug uptake and resistance. Here, we describe a detailed investigation of the involvement of CTR1 in cisplatin uptake and its relevance for cisplatin resistance using a well characterised sensitive/cisplatin-resistant cell line pair: A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cell line and its cisplatin-resistant variant A2780cis. A2780cis cells showed decreased cisplatin accumulation and lower CTR1 expression compared to A2780 cells. Co-incubation with copper sulphate affected neither cisplatin accumulation (determined by flameless atomic absorption spectrometry) nor its cytotoxicity (determined using an MTT-assay, MTT=3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide). In both cell lines, CTR1 was localised near the nucleus as found using confocal fluorescence microscopy. The steady-state localisation of the protein in perinuclear region appears to involve its continuous endocytosis from cell surface. In contrast to copper, cisplatin exposure had no influence on the sub cellular localisation of CTR1. Co-localisation between CTR1 and a fluorescent cisplatin analogue labelled with carboxyfluorescein-diacetate could be observed in vesicular structures when continuous retrieval of the protein from cell membrane was inhibited. Our results strongly suggest that CTR1 mediates cisplatin uptake in the cell lines studied. Upon its transport across the plasma membrane by CTR1 the platinum drug is likely to be internalised along with the protein. Our findings imply that reduced CTR1 expression accounts for decreased cisplatin accumulation and represents one of the determinants of cisplatin resistance in A2780cis cell line.
    Journal of inorganic biochemistry 07/2012; 116C:1-10. · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe neutropenia is the most frequent and important toxicity of 3-weekly paclitaxel and puts patients at substantial risk of infectious complications. It is well known that the time during which paclitaxel plasma concentrations exceed 0.05 μmol/L (T(C>0.05)) correlates with the extent of neutropenia. This study was initiated to develop a dosing algorithm that would be able to reduce severe neutropenia by targeting an individual paclitaxel T(C>0.05) between 26 and 31 hours, and could be validated in a prospective randomized trial by comparing it to conventional dosing of paclitaxel. Paclitaxel plasma concentration-time (n = 273) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) data (152 of the 273 patients) were pooled from two previous studies and submitted to population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modelling using nonlinear mixed-effects modelling software NONMEM® version VII. To fit the data, we used a previously described 3-compartment model with saturable elimination and distribution, coupled to a semiphysiological model with a linear function to describe the myelotoxic effect of paclitaxel (E(paclitaxel)) on circulating neutrophils (neutropenia). Patient age, sex, body surface area (BSA), bilirubin and renal function were tested as potential covariates on the maximum elimination capacity of paclitaxel (VM(EL)). Limited sampling strategies were tested on the pharmacokinetic model for their accuracy to predict paclitaxel T(C>0.05). Subsequently, we proposed a first-cycle dosing algorithm that accounted for BSA, patient age and sex, while later cycles accounted for the previous-cycle paclitaxel T(C>0.05) (target: 26 to 31 hours) and ANC nadir to adapt the paclitaxel dose for the next treatment cycle. To test the adequacy of the proposed dosing algorithm, we used extensive data simulations on the final pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model, generating datasets of 1000 patients for six subsequent treatment cycles. Grade 4 neutropenia was tested as a potential endpoint for a prospective clinical trial and simulated for two scenarios, i.e. conventional dosing of paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks, and personalized, pharmacology-driven dosing as outlined above. Concentration-time data for paclitaxel were adequately described by the 3-compartment model. Also, individual ANC counts were adequately described by the semiphysiological model using a linear function to describe E(paclitaxel) on neutropenia. Patient age, sex, bilirubin and BSA were significant and independent covariates on the elimination of paclitaxel. Paclitaxel VM(EL) was 16% higher in males than in female patients, and a 10-year increase in age led to a 13% decrease in VM(EL). A single paclitaxel plasma concentration 24 hours after the start of infusion was adequate to predict paclitaxel T(C>0.05) (root squared mean error [RSME] = +0.5%), and the addition of an end-of-infusion sample did not further improve precision (RSME = -0.6%). Data simulations on the final pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model and using the proposed dosing algorithm resulted in a first-cycle paclitaxel dose ranging from 150 to 185 mg/m(2) for women and from 165 to 200 mg/m(2) for men. Dose adaptations for cycles two to six ranged from -40% to +30%, with a final median paclitaxel dose of 167 mg/m(2) (range 76 to 311 mg/m(2)). When compared with conventional dosing (paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks), personalized dosing reduced grade 4 neutropenia in cycle one from 15% to 7%, and further to 4% in cycle 2. This study proposes a pharmacology-driven dosing algorithm of 3-weekly paclitaxel to reduce the incidence of grade 4 neutropenia. A randomized clinical trial comparing this dosing algorithm with conventional BSA-based dosing of paclitaxel in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer is currently ongoing.
    Clinical Pharmacokinetics 07/2012; 51(9):607-17. · 5.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soluble VEGFR-3 (sVEGFR-3) is a potential biomarker for the anti-angiogenic activity of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The aim of this investigation was the validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure sVEGFR-3 in human plasma and the investigation of its applicability in clinical trials as first step of the biomarker validation process. General validation criteria were assessed based on current guidelines and recommendations for immunoassays. The ELISA was applied in two clinical trials including healthy volunteers and metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients receiving 50 or 37.5mg sunitinib per day, respectively. SVEGFR-3 was measured at predefined time points. Undiluted, inactivated fetal calf serum was identified as surrogate matrix to substitute for human plasma. Dilutional linearity and parallelism could be successfully confirmed. The analyte was measured in the study matrix with intra- and inter-run precision and accuracy≤20%. Stability was proven over a period of at least 15 months as well as upon three freeze-thaw cycles. SVEGFR-3 concentrations decreased in response to sunitinib to 57% (IQR 50-88%) and 58% (IQR 47-80%) of the respective baseline concentrations in healthy volunteers and mCRC patients, respectively, with subsequent increase after stop of treatment. The ELISA for the quantification of sVEGFR-3 in human plasma was successfully validated. The applicability of the assay was demonstrated in two clinical trials.
    Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 07/2012; 70:485-91. · 2.45 Impact Factor
  • Michael Höckel, André Wilmer, Ulrich Jaehde
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    ABSTRACT: Fatigue is characterized by persistent tiredness or exhaustion and besides the anorexia-nausea-emesis syndrome one of the most frequent adverse events of cancer treatment. There is a large variety of causes and symptoms. Various non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions can help to ameliorate the symptoms and to improve patient's quality of life. For the effective management of fatigue a systematic approach of the multiprofessional team is required. Last but not least, the pharmacist can contribute to support cancer patients suffering from fatigue.
    Medizinische Monatsschrift für Pharmazeuten 05/2012; 35(5):172-9; quiz 181-2.

Publication Stats

1k Citations
377.03 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2014
    • University of Bonn
      • • Pharmaceutical Institute
      • • Fachgruppe Pharmazie
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1987–2013
    • Freie Universität Berlin
      • • Division of Clinical Pharmacy
      • • Institute of Pharmacy
      Berlin, Land Berlin, Germany
  • 2012
    • Cantonal Hospital of Schwyz
      Schwyz, Schwyz, Switzerland
  • 2003–2011
    • University of Cologne
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      • • Institute of Pathology
      Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2003–2004
    • Sana Klinikum Remscheid GmbH
      Remscheid, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1994–1995
    • Institute For Biomedical And Pharmaceutical Research
      Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany