Eiji Uchida

Nippon Medical School, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (356)603.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the surgical outcome and long-term prognosis of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) compared with conventional open liver resection (OLR) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). A one-to-two propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was applied. Covariates (P < 0.2) used for PSM estimation included preoperative levels of CEA and CA19-9; primary tumor differentiation; primary pathological lymph node metastasis; number, size, location, and distribution of CRLM; existence of extrahepatic metastasis; extent of hepatic resection; total bilirubin and prothrombin activity levels; and preoperative chemotherapy. Perioperative data and long-term survival were compared. From 2005 to 2010, 1,331 patients with hepatic resection for CRLM were enrolled. By PSM, 171 LLR and 342 OLR patients showed similar preoperative clinical characteristics. Median estimated blood loss (163 g vs 415 g, P < .001) and median postoperative hospital stay (12 days vs 14 days; P < .001) were significantly reduced in the LLR group. Morbidity and mortality were similar. Five-year rates of recurrence-free, overall, and disease-specific survival did not differ significantly. The R0 resection rate was similar. In selected CRLM patients, LLR is strongly associated with lower blood loss and shorter hospital stay and has equivalent long-term survival comparable with OLR. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 04/2015; DOI:10.1002/jhbp.261 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulinoma is a very serious functional tumor. Surgeons should confirm complete resection of insulinomas before completing the operation, even in laparoscopic surgery. Between August 2007 and September 2014, 15 consecutive patients with biochemical evidence of an insulinoma underwent laparoscopic pancreatectomy. Intraoperatively, a peripheral arterial blood sample was taken, and insulin was measured by quick insulin assay. Insulin levels were determined before anesthesia induction, every 30 min thereafter, and every 30 min for at least 1 h after tumor resection to confirm insulin levels did not increase before surgery was completed. All 15 patients (3 men and 12 women, average age 57.2 years) successfully underwent laparoscopic resection. One patient had two tumors, and the remaining 14 patients had one tumor each (three in the head, five in the body, and eight in the tail of the pancreas). Preoperative localization and regionalization studies identified the tumor correctly through CT (12/15 [80.0%]), MRI (9/12 [75.0%]), angiography (11/13 [84.6%]), endoscopic ultrasonography (7/10 [70.0%]), and selective arterial calcium injection (14/14 [100%]). Intraoperative ultrasonography detected 13 of 15 tumors (86.7%), and intraoperative blood insulin monitoring confirmed the complete resection of 16 of 16 tumors (100%). All patients were discharged with normal insulin levels and have been followed up for 3-88 months. There has been no recurrence of symptoms in any patients and none has died. Complete removal of an insulinoma can be reliably predicted by intraoperative blood insulin monitoring even in laparoscopic pancreatectomies. © 2015 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 04/2015; DOI:10.1111/ases.12187
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    ABSTRACT: A large number of studies have demonstrated that the synergistic collaboration of a number of microRNAs (miRNAs), their growth factors and their downstream agents is required for the initiation and completion of pathogenesis in the liver. miRNAs are thought to exert a profound effect on almost every aspect of liver biology and pathology. Accumulating evidence indicates that several miRNAs are involved in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) life cycle and infectivity, in addition to HBV-associated liver diseases including fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In turn, HBV can modulate the expression of several cellular miRNAs, thus promoting a favorable environment for its replication and survival. In this review, we focused on the involvement of host cellular miRNAs that are directly and indirectly associated with HBV RNA or HBV associated transcription factors. Exploring different facets of the interactions among miRNA, HBV and HCV infections, and the carcinogenesis and progress of HCC, could facilitate the development of novel and effective treatment approaches for liver disease.
    04/2015; 7(4):696-702. DOI:10.4254/wjh.v7.i4.696
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    ABSTRACT: Isoperistaltic stapled side-to-side anastomosis (SSSA), which is a modified technique from conventional antiperistaltic SSSA, has the benefits of antiperistaltic SSSA but requires less intestinal mobility. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate short-term outcomes of isoperistaltic SSSA comparing them with antiperistaltic SSSA during colon cancer surgery. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of patients with colon cancer who underwent elective curative resection and had enough intestinal mobility at anastomosis. The primary outcome was the presence of anastomotic failure, including leakage, hemorrhage, and stenosis. Between July 2012 and January 2014, forty patients were enrolled (20 patients in each group). The study was suspended on detecting excess morbidity in the isoperistaltic SSSA group. No significant differences were observed in all preoperative backgrounds between the two groups. Anastomotic leakage was seen in two patients in the isoperistaltic SSSA group, compared with none in the antiperistaltic SSSA group, although the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.487). One patient in the antiperistaltic SSSA group had anastomotic stenosis, which improved conservatively, compared with none in the isoperistaltic SSSA group (P = 1.000). No anastomotic hemorrhage was seen in either group. There was no significant difference in the median postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.313). This study did not show any short-term advantage or disadvantage of isoperistaltic SSSA compared with that of antiperistaltic SSSA. However, considering that anastomotic leakage occurred only in the isoperistaltic SSSA group, additional modifications are recommended to perform safe isoperistaltic SSSA for colon surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Surgical Research 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.02.059 · 2.12 Impact Factor
  • Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 03/2015; 73 Suppl 3:356-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The traditional National Healthcare Safety Network (previously National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance) risk index is used to predict the risk of surgical site infection across many operative procedures. However, this index may be too simple to predict risk in the various procedures performed in colorectal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the risk index by analyzing the impact of the risk index factors on surgical site infection after abdominal colorectal surgery. Methods: Using our surgical site infection surveillance database, we analyzed retrospectively 538 consecutive patients who underwent abdominal colorectal surgery between 2005 and 2010. Correlations between surgical site infection and the following risk index factors were analyzed: length of operation, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, wound classification, and use of laparoscopy. The 75th percentile for length of operation was determined separately for open and laparoscopic surgery in the study model. Results: Univariate analyses showed that surgical site infection was more strongly associated with a >75th percentile length of operation in the study model (odds ratio [OR], 2.07) than in the traditional risk index model (OR, 1.64). Multivariable analysis found that surgical site infection was independently associated with a >75th percentile length of operation in the study model (OR, 2.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.66-4.55), American Society of Anesthesiologists score≥3 (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.10-4.34), wound classification≥III (OR, 5.29; 95% CI, 2.62-10.69), and open surgery (OR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.07-5.17). Performance of the risk index category was improved in the study model compared with the traditional model. Conclusions: The risk index category is sufficiently useful for predicting the risk of surgical site infection after abdominal colorectal surgery. However, the 75th percentile length of operation should be set separately for open and laparoscopic surgery.
    Surgical Infections 02/2015; 16(1). DOI:10.1089/sur.2013.260 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is an uncommon disease resulting from compression and partial obstruction of the third portion of the duodenum from the SMA. A 77-year-old man, who did not have a history of surgery, experienced repeated vomiting and developed abdominal distension. Abdominal CT showed a narrowed third portion of the duodenum, with a distended stomach and proximal duodenum. The patient was diagnosed as having SMA syndrome and was initially treated conservatively, but his condition did not improve. Single-incision laparoscopy-assisted duodenojejunostomy was performed. The patient recovered well and was discharged from hospital on postoperative day 8. Laparoscopic treatment is feasible for the treatment of SMA syndrome given its safety and minimal invasiveness. This is a report of the first case of single-incision laparoscopy-assisted duodenojejunostomy. This procedure is safer and less invasive than a conventional laparoscopic approach in a patient with SMA syndrome. © 2015 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 02/2015; 8(1):67-70. DOI:10.1111/ases.12140
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rising worldwide. Spontaneous rupture of HCC is occasionally occurred, and ruptured HCC with intraperitoneal hemorrhage is potentially life-threatening. The most common symptom of ruptured HCC is acute abdominal pain. The tumor size in ruptured HCC is significantly greater than that in nonruptured HCC, and HCC protrudes beyond the original liver margin.In the acute phase, hemostasis is the primary concern and tumor treatment is secondary. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) can effectively induce hemostasis. The hemostatic success rate of TAE ranges from 53% to 100%. One-stage surgical operation is a treatment modality for selected patients. Conservative treatment is usually given to patients in a moribund state with inoperable tumors and thus has poor outcomes. Patients with severe ruptures of advanced HCC and poor liver function have high mortality rates. Liver failure occurs in 12% to 42% of patients during the acute phase.In stable phase, tumor treatment, such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or hepatic resection should be concerned.The combination of acute hemorrhage and cancer in patients with ruptured HCC requires a two-step therapeutic approach. TAE followed by elective hepatectomy is considered an effective strategy for patients with ruptured HCC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Hepatology Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1111/hepr.12498 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained increasing attention due to its potential to improve the benefits of laparoscopic surgery. However, the technique remains technically challenging for most surgeons. We developed a new technique utilizing a needle grasper held in the surgeon's left hand as an alternative to conventional single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC). From August 2011 through May 2013, 29 patients at Nippon Medical School Musashi Kosugi Hospital, with gallbladder stones or polyps underwent single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) with an additional needle grasper that was held in the surgeon's left hand (SILCAN) and introduced in the right subcostal region without a trocar. We analyzed intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of 29 patients for whom SILCAN was performed and retrospectively compared these outcomes to those of 32 patients who underwent conventional 4-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) from January 2011 through May 2013. No differences in patient characteristics or intraoperative/postoperative outcomes were observed between the groups. None of the patients in either group required conversion to an open procedure or additional ports. In the SILCAN group, no patients had complications within the first 4 weeks after surgery, with the exception of 1 patient with severe chronic cholecystitis in whom bile duct stenosis developed due to inadvertent clipping of the common hepatic duct. The frequency of postoperative analgesic use was similar in both groups, although none of the patients in the SILCAN group received analgesics for pain from the small, inconspicuous wound in the right subcostal region. SILCAN is a safe and feasible alternative to SILC which does not compromise the qualities of CLC. It is less technically challenging, and postoperative pain and cosmesis are comparable to those of conventional SILC.
    Journal of Nippon Medical School 01/2015; 82(1):43-9. DOI:10.1272/jnms.82.43 · 0.59 Impact Factor
  • 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13691-015-0207-9
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the undisputed importance of altered microRNA (miRNA) expression in various cancers, there is limited information on the clinicopathologic significance of cancer-related miRNAs in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Previously, it was reported that the expression of several miRNAs was dysregulated in ESCC. However, the target genes of these miRNAs have not been identified. Furthermore, additional miRNAs in humans have been discovered recently, indicating that revised miRNA and gene expression profiling for ESCC are necessary. Here, we provide datasets from microarray analyses to identify miRNA and mRNA expression comprehensively in Het-1A, a normal human esophageal squamous cell line, and three human ESCC cell lines.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of cholelithiasis followed by gallstone ileus, documented with serial computed tomography (CT) scans, that responded to conservative therapy. An 80-year-old woman was admitted because of abdominal pain and vomiting. Six months previously, she had presented with abdominal pain and nausea of sudden onset. A CT scan showed thickening of the gallbladder wall and a gallbladder stone. She refused cholecystectomy, and the abdominal pain gradually improved in response to conservative treatment. On admission, plain abdominal radiographs showed obstruction of the proximal small bowel. A CT scan revealed disappearance of the gallbladder stone, fluid-filled bowel loops, and the presence in the small bowel of an impacted stone (major axis, 45 mm; minor axis, 23 mm). We diagnosed gallstone ileus. Because the gallstone was not large, we inserted a stomach tube and administered conservative treatment. One day after admission, CT showed that the impacted stone had migrated to the transverse colon. Four days after admission the impacted stone was not seen on plain abdominal radiography. Five days after admission, follow-up CT revealed pneumobilia but no impacted stone. Because the symptoms had improved the patient resumed oral intake of liquids The patient was discharged 14 days after admission and is doing well.
    Journal of Nippon Medical School 12/2014; 81(6):388-391. DOI:10.1272/jnms.81.388 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is known to be the most frequently viral infection among patients after liver transplantation. This is especially true in pediatric living-donor liver transplantation because the recipients have often not been infected with CMV and postoperative primary infection with CMV frequently occurs. Of 93 patients who underwent pediatric liver transplantation at our department, 33 patients (36.3%) were diagnosed with CMV infection using the antigenemia method (C7-HRP). Retrospective review and statistical analysis were conducted to confirm risk factors of post-transplantation CMV infection. Positive lymphocytes were diagnosed between postoperative days 8 and 111 after transplantation. Ganciclovir or foscavir were administrated to 21 patients. The other 10 patients who had one positive lymphocyte were observed and the cell disappeared on follow-up examination. We did not observe any cases of positive lymphocytes with C7-HRP in patients who received a graft from a CMV antibody-negative donor. Independent predictors associated with CMV infection in the multivariable analysis were administration of OKT3 and grafts from CMV antibody-positive donors. In CMV infection after pediatric liver transplantation, cases with CMV antibody-positive donors and with OKT3 administration for acute rejection are considered high risk, and cases with CMV antibody-negative donors are considered low risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2014; 46(10):3543-7. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2014.09.150 · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Nippon Medical School 12/2014; 81(6):354-355. DOI:10.1272/jnms.81.354 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old Japanese man with no chief complaints underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) during a medical check-up. FDG-PET revealed high tracer uptake in the left supraclavicular and axillary regions but no significant uptake in the esophageal region. However, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an ulcerative tumor in the middle third of the esophagus. Endoscopic biopsy revealed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The patient underwent chemoradiotherapy. Follow-up FDG-PET and computed tomography after therapy revealed a complete response in the lymph nodes. The patient underwent subtotal esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinum. However, metastasis to the axillary lymph nodes was detected 16 months after surgery, and lymph node dissection was performed. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in which the primary site of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was discovered on the basis of axillary lymph node metastasis detected with FDG-PET.
    Journal of Nippon Medical School 12/2014; 81(6):395-400. DOI:10.1272/jnms.81.395 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 56-year-old woman who received surgery for left breast cancer 10 years previously underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) for postoperative follow-up. FDG-PET revealed high uptake of tracer in the esophagogastric junction. A slightly elevated, lobular lesion was found in the lower third of the esophagus on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. An endoscopic biopsy revealed squamous cell carcinoma. We performed thoracoscopic subtotal esophagectomy. Histopathological examination showed a polypoid spindle cell tumor arising from superficial squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells were immunopositive for vimentin and AE1/AE3, and a carcinosarcoma of the esophagus was diagnosed. MIB-1 labeling indexes estimated by Ki-67 immunostaining showed that the proliferative rate of the sarcomatous component was markedly higher than that of the carcinomatous component. This is the rare reported case of esophageal carcinosarcoma that showed increased accumulation of tracer on FDG-PET.
    Journal of Nippon Medical School 12/2014; 81(6):401-405. DOI:10.1272/jnms.81.401 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionLaparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (Lap-DP) has been recognized worldwide as a feasible and highly beneficial procedure. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Lap-DP techniques are being implemented safely by surgeons training to perform this procedure.Methods We retrospectively compared the perioperative outcomes of Lap-DP in patients operated on by the surgeon originating this procedure at our hospital (expert surgeon group [E group], n = 47) and patients operated on by surgeons training to perform this procedure (training surgeons group [T group], n = 53).ResultsThe median operating times for the E group and T group were 321 min (range, 150–653 min) and 314 min (range, 173–629 min), respectively; these times were not significantly different (P = 0.4769). The median blood loss in the T group (100 mL; range, 0–1950 mL) was significantly smaller than in the E group (280 mL; range, 0–1920 mL) (P = 0.0003). There were no significant intergroup differences in other operative results: combined operation ratio, spleen- and splenic vessels-preserving ratio, hand-assisted procedure ratio, and the ratio of transition to open. The frequency of pancreatic fistulas in the E group and T group was 12.8% and 16.9%, respectively; these rates were not significantly different (P = 0.5886). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of other complications and reoperation rates. The median hospital stay for the E group was significantly shorter than for the T group (10 vs 13 days; P = 0.0307).Conclusion This retrospective analysis shows that teaching safe Lap-DP techniques to surgeons is reflected in stable perioperative outcomes.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 11/2014; DOI:10.1111/ases.12131
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. To investigate the liver volume change and the potential of early evaluation by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) after portal vein embolization (PVE). Materials and Methods. Retrospective evaluations of computed tomography (CT) volumetry of total liver and nonembolized areas were performed before and 3 weeks after PVE in 37 cases. The percentage of future liver remnant (%FLR) and the change ratio of %FLR (%FLR ratio) were calculated. Prospective evaluation of signal intensities (SIs) was performed to estimate the role of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI as a predictor of hypertrophy in 16 cases. The SI contrast between embolized and nonembolized areas was calculated 1 week after PVE. The change in SI contrast before and after PVE (SI ratio) was also calculated in 11 cases. Results. %FLR ratio significantly increased, and SI ratio significantly decreased (both P < 0.01). There were significant negative correlations between %FLR and SI contrast and between %FLR and SI ratio (both P < 0.01). Conclusion. Hypertrophy in the nonembolized area after PVE was indicated by CT volumetry, and measurement of SI contrast and SI ratio in Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI early after PVE may be useful to predict the potential for hepatic hypertrophy.
    BioMed Research International 09/2014; 2014. DOI:10.1155/2014/684754 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) using warmed and nonwarmed miriplatin for hepatocellular carcinoma. Eighty patients (117 nodules), treated between January 2010 and June 2013, were evaluated. Thirty-two and 85 nodules were treated with nonwarmed and warmed miriplatin, respectively. The efficacy of TACE was evaluated on a per nodule basis according to treatment effect (TE). Adverse events were evaluated according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0. TE grades were significantly improved in the warmed group compared to the nonwarmed group (nonwarmed: TE 4, 12.5%; TE 3, 0%; TE 2, 15.6%; TE 1, 71.9%; warmed: TE 4, 34.1%; TE 3, 5.9%; TE 2, 9.4%; TE 1, 50.6%; P = 0.017) . Multivariate analysis revealed significant impact of warming miriplatin on objective response rate (odds ratio, 12.35; 95% confidence interval, 2.90-90.0; P = 0.0028). CTCAE grades of elevated aspartate and alanine transaminase after TACE were significantly higher in the warmed group (P = 0.0083 and 0.0068, resp.); however, all adverse events were only transient. The use of warmed miriplatin in TACE significantly improved TE without causing serious complications.
    BioMed Research International 09/2014; 2014:359296. DOI:10.1155/2014/359296 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The short-term safety and efficacy of insertion of a self-expandable metallic colonic stent followed by elective surgery, bridge to surgery (BTS), for malignant large-bowel obstruction (MLBO) have been well described. However, long-term oncological outcomes are still debated. Hence, this study is conducted to evaluate long-term outcomes of colonic stent insertion followed by surgery for MLBO.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2014; 22(2). DOI:10.1245/s10434-014-3997-7 · 3.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
603.65 Total Impact Points


  • 1988–2015
    • Nippon Medical School
      • • Nippon Medical School Hospital
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Pathology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2007–2009
    • Kyoto University
      • Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2006
    • Kinki University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan