Chinnusamy Palanivelu

Government Arts College, Coimbatore, Koyambattūr, Tamil Nādu, India

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Publications (107)177.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Laparoscopic ventral hernia mesh repair has gained wide popularity with the benefits of shorter hospital stay, improved patient outcome, and fewer complications compared with traditional open procedures. It also offers the advantage of combining procedures at different quadrants of the abdomen. In this article we have retrospectively studied the safety of combining laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair with clean contaminated surgeries like cholecystectomy and hysterectomy. Materials and Methods: The data of all patients who received concomitant laparoscopic ventral hernia repairs along with cholecystectomy and hysterectomy were collected retrospectively. The details of these surgeries and the immediate postoperative outcome parameters were analyzed. Results: Between January 2006 and January 2011, 246 cases of laparoscopic IPOM in combination with clean contaminated surgeries were performed. Of these, 126 were hysterectomies, and 120 were cholecystectomies. Mean operating time for laparoscopic IPOM with cholecystectomy was 136 minutes (range, 112-172 minutes), and that for laparoscopic IPOM with hysterectomy was 224 minutes (range, 196-285 minutes). The average hospital stays were 4.3 days (range, 3-7 days) for laparoscopic IPOM with hysterectomy and 2.73 days (range, 1-5 days) for laparoscopic IPOM with cholecystectomy. Thirty-six patients (14.6%) developed seroma, for which 16 patients (6.5%) warranted aspiration. We had 0.8% mesh infection in total. The recurrence rates were 0.83% (n=1) in the cholecystectomy group and 0.8% (n=1) in the hysterectomy group. Conclusions: Laparoscopic IPOM can be performed simultaneously with selected clean contaminated surgeries with acceptable morbidity. Combining clean contaminated surgeries does not significantly alter the outcome of the procedure.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 12/2014; · 1.19 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Colorectal Disease 11/2014; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is a rare tumour commonly seen in young women without significant clinical features. SPN is usually a low grade malignant neoplasm which warrants resection. Recurrence and metastasis is seen rarely after complete resection. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is indicated for SPN situated in head of the pancreas which is generally performed by open approach. Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is difficult to perform for this condition because of smaller size of pancreatic and hepatic ducts more so in paediatric population. We report a case of 12 years old girl having SPN arising from head of the pancreas. She underwent laparoscopic pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Post-operative period was uneventful. Histological examination of resected specimen confirmed diagnosis of SPN. At 6 months follow up, she was doing well without any recurrence. To best of our knowledge, no case of LPD in paediatric patients is reported in literature available to us.
    Pancreatology 07/2014; · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Incidence of hepatic hydatid disease is increasing due to globalization. Surgery is the gold standard treatment. Laparoscopy has gained enough evidence regarding its safety and efficacy. Complete evacuation of hydatid contents without spillage remains a challenge. We aimed to determine long-term results of hepatic hydatid disease managed laparoscopically using palanivelu hydatid system (PHS) at our institution.
    Surgical Endoscopy 06/2014; · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leaks following oesophageal surgery are considered to be amongst the most dreaded complications and contributory to postoperative mortality. Controversies still exist regarding the best option for the management of oesophageal leaks due to lack of standardized treatment protocols. This study was designed to analyse the feasibility outcome and complications associated with placement of removable, fully covered, self-expanding metallic stents for oesophageal leaks with concomitant minimally invasive drainage when appropriate. The study group included 32 patients from a prospectively maintained database of oesophageal leaks, with the majority being anastomotic leaks after minimally invasive oesophagectomy (n = 28), followed by laparoscopic cardiomyotomy (n = 3) and extended total gastrectomy (n = 1). The procedures took place between March 2007 and April 2013. Most patients had an intrathoracic leak (n = 22), with a mean time to detection of the leak following surgery of 7.50 days (SD = 2.23). Subsequent to endoscopic stenting, enteral feeding via a nasojejunal tube was started on the second day and oral feeding was delayed until the 14th day (n = 31). Six patients underwent thoracoscopic (n = 5) or laparoscopic drainage (n = 1) along with stenting for significant mediastinal and intra-abdominal contamination. The stent migration rate of our study was 8.54 %. The overall success in terms of preventing mortality was 96 %. Endoscopic stenting should be considered a primary option for managing oesophageal leaks. Delayed oral intake may reduce the incidence of stent migration. Larger stents (bariatric or colorectal stents) serve as a useful option in case of migrated stents. Combined minimally invasive procedures can be safely adapted in appropriate clinical circumstances and may contribute to better outcomes.
    Surgical Endoscopy 03/2014; · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Echinococcal disease in humans had been widely reported in the literature for its unusual presentation and location. We discuss a rare case of suppurated left hepatic hydatid cyst with contaminant transdiaphragmatic rupture communicating into the right pleural cavity along with fistulisation of cyst into the left hepatic duct and stomach which is very rare according to our knowledge. A 65-year-old man presented to us with features of cholangitis and sepsis. Initial radiological investigations revealed multiloculated cystic mass in the left lobe of cirrhotic liver communicating with the left hepatic duct and extending to the right pleural cavity with dilated common bile duct. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography confirmed the diagnosis yielding hydatid membranes with presence of transgastric fistula in the left hepatic duct and provided postoperatively continuous internal drainage. Old age, complicated cyst, compromised respiratory status, sepsis and cirrhotic liver precluded us to plan for conservative surgical approach (laparoscopic drainage of mediastinal contents) with successful outcome.
    Case Reports 01/2014; 2014.
  • Journal of Minimal Access Surgery 01/2014; · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim-Background Duodenal perforation associated with a self-expandable esophageal metallic stent is very rare. We present a case of duodenal perforation due to a self-expandable metallic stent placed to palliate dysphagia in an elderly male patient with inoperable adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction. Case Report This patient presented ten days later with acute abdomen due to perforative peritonitis. Emergency laparotomy revealed bile in the peritoneal cavity and a large duodenal perforation, with the stent protruding through it. Postoperatively, the patient developed a leak in the suture line and despite our best efforts, succumbed on the 25th postoperative day. Discussion Stent migration occurs in 0–25% of patients and occurs more frequently when the stent is positioned across the gastroesophageal junction. Migration can be prevented by cleverly designing these stents and using improved techniques of deployment as experience increases. A strong suspicion of perforation has to be borne in mind when a patient develops acute abdomen following stenting. Surgery is the ideal treatment for all perforations due to stent migrations, even though it carries a high mortality rate.
    Hellēnikē cheirourgikē. Acta chirurgica Hellenica 11/2013; 84(6).
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    ABSTRACT: Epiphrenic divericula are uncommon disorders of the lower oesophagus, which are symptomatic in only 15-20% of cases. The optimum treatment modality for such cases remains an oesophageal diverticulectomy with long myotomy with or without an antireflux operation. Recently, this is increasingly being done through the laparoscopic approach. Here we describe the first reported case of oesophageal diverticulectomy through the laparoendoscopic single site approach. A 57-year-old man presented to us with 6 months history of dysphagia and regurgitation. Patient was investigated with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy, barium swallow, CECT chest and abdomen, oesophageal manometry and 24 hour pH study. He was diagnosed to have lower oesophageal diverticulum with mildly elevated pressure readings in manometric studies with normal peristalsis. Based on his symptoms, he was taken up for surgery. A laparoscopic transhiatal oesophageal diverticulectomy with myotomy was done through laparoendoscopic single site technique. The procedure lasted 160 min. There was no intraoperative complication. Gastrograffin study was done on postoperative day 2 following which he was started on liquids. He made an uneventful recovery and was discharged on fourth day. He remained asymptomatic on follow up. Oesophageal diverticulectomy is possible through laparoendoscopic single site approach if necessary expertise is available.
    Journal of Minimal Access Surgery 07/2013; 9(3):128-31. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: As our experience with laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgeries increased, we considered how it might be employed if two or more surgeries were to be combined. LESS surgeries' cosmetic advantages, decreased parietal trauma and better patient satisfaction relative to standard multiport laparoscopy have been previously reported, but its special role in combined surgeries has never been stressed. In this series, we present the advantages of LESS procedure over multiport laparoscopy in combined surgical procedures. To the best of our knowledge, this has never been reported before. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 27 patients was performed. The patients underwent combined LESS procedures between February 2010 and January 2012 at GEM Hospital, Coimbatore, India. All patients were of ASA grade 1 or 2. Patients with previous surgery in the umbilical region were not offered single-incision surgery. RESULTS: We successfully performed 27 combined LESS procedures over a span of 2 years. Twenty patients were women and seven were men. Mean age was 35.94 years (range, 10-66 years). Mean BMI was 27.2. There were no major intraoperative complications. Mean blood loss was 45.7 mL (range, 0.0-120.0 mL). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.08 days (range, 1-5 days). CONCLUSION: When a suitable case of multiple pathologies is encountered and LESS surgery is feasible for all of them, performing LESS surgery not only has cosmetic advantages over standard laparoscopy, but it also avoids the need for additional ports to achieve adequate visualization and access. All quadrants of the abdomen remain under reach through umbilicus.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 03/2013;
  • Journal of Minimal Access Surgery 10/2012; 8(4):163-4. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A prospective case series of single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal resections for malignancy using conventional laparoscopic trocars and instruments is described. Eleven patients (seven men and four women) with colonic or rectal pathology underwent single incision multiport laparoscopic colectomy/rectal resection from July till December 2010. Four trocars were placed in a single transumblical incision. The bowel was mobilized laparoscopically and vessels controlled intracorporeally with either intra or extracorporeal anastomosis. Three patients had carcinoma in the caecum, one in the hepatic flexure, two in the rectosigmoid, one in the descending colon, two in the rectum and two had ulcerative pancolitis (one with high grade dysplasia and another with carcinoma rectum). There was no conversion to standard multiport laparoscopy or open surgery. The median age was 52 years (range 24-78 years). The average operating time was 130 min (range 90-210 min). The average incision length was 3.2 cm (2.5-4.0 cm). There were no postoperative complications. The average length of stay was 4.5 days (range 3-8 days). Histopathology showed adequate proximal and distal resection margins with an average lymph node yield of 25 nodes (range 16-30 nodes). Single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal surgery for malignancy is feasible without extra cost or specialized ports/instrumentation. It does not compromise the oncological radicality of resection. Short-term results are encouraging. Long-term results are awaited.
    Journal of Minimal Access Surgery 10/2012; 8(4):134-9. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bariatric surgeries are now redefined as metabolic surgeries given the excellent resolution of metabolic derangements accompanying obesity. Duodenojejunal bypass (DJB) is a novel metabolic surgery based on foregut hypothesis. Reports describe DJB as a stand-alone procedure for the treatment of diabetes in nonobese subjects. For obese subjects, DJB is combined with sleeve gastrectomy. This combination of DJB and sleeve gastrectomy is proposed as an ideal alternative to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with these advantages: (1) easy postoperative endoscopic surveillance, (2) preservation of the pyloric mechanism, which prevents dumping syndrome, and (3) reduced alimentary limb tension. This study aimed to analyze the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy for morbidly obese patients. At our institution, 38 patients who underwent laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy were followed up. The inclusion criteria for the study were according to the Asian Pacific Bariatric Surgery Society guidelines. Sleeve gastrectomy was performed over a 36-Fr bougie, with the first part of the duodenum mobilized and transected. The jejunum was divided 50 cm distal to duodenojejunal flexure. A 75- to 150-cm alimentary limb was fashioned and brought in a retrocolic manner. End-to-end hand-sewn duodenojejunostomy was performed. Intestinal continuity was restored with a stapled jejunojejunostomy, and mesenteric rents were closed. The study population consisted of 38 patients (15 men and 23 women) ranging in age from 31 to 48 years. During a mean follow-up period of 17 months, the excess body weight loss was 72%, with a 92% resolution of diabetes. One patient presented with internal herniation through the retrocolic window 1 month after the operation and was managed surgically without any complication. No other minor or major complications occurred, and there was no mortality. Laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy is safe and effective in achieving durable weight loss and excellent resolution of comorbidities. Long-term follow-up studies are needed.
    Surgical Endoscopy 03/2012; 26(3):688-92. · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • Obesity Surgery 02/2012; 22(5):847-8. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the safety in combing laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with a mesh and bariatric surgery. Obesity is one of the important precipitating factors for primary and recurrent ventral hernias (incisional and umbilical) and it is not uncommon to find these hernias in patients opting for obesity surgery. But, with no consensus or recommendation and concern of mesh infection, surgeons fear in combining these procedures, especially Roux en Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. In this study, we have retrospectively analyzed all patients who underwent concomitant bariatric procedure and mesh repair for ventral hernia at our institute. A total of 36 out of 765 patients operated at our institute between 2003 and 2011 had concomitant procedures. Eleven patients had Roux en Y gastric bypass (group I) and remaining 25 had sleeve gastrectomy (group II) performed on them. The operating times were 149 min(120-210 min) in group I and 122 min (90-220min) in group II. No immediate complications or any incidence of mesh infection or recurrence in either of the groups. Concomitant mesh repair for ventral hernias can be safely combined with bariatric procedures like Roux en Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. But, for beginners, these should be done only in selected cases after fully informed consent from the patients.
    Obesity Surgery 02/2012; 22(5):685-9. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of obesity and related metabolic disorders in India and that of stomach carcinoma is one of the highest in the world. Hence, one requires a procedure that allows postoperative surveillance of the stomach with the best outcomes in terms of weight control and resolution of co-morbidities. Here, we compare one such procedure, duodenojejunal bypass with sleeve against the standard Roux-en Y gastric bypass. Fifty-seven patients who were selected for a bypass procedure were randomized into two groups of laparoscopic duodenojejunal bypass with sleeve (DJB) and laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass. The limb lengths were similar in both the groups, and the sleeve was done over a 36F bougie. The mean body mass index and percent excess weight loss at the end of 3, 6, and 12 months between the groups were not statistically significant. The operating times were higher in the DJB group. The rate of resolution of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemias were also similar with no statistical significance. There was 100% resolution of dyslipidemias in both groups. There was one patient in the DJB group who presented with internal herniation 1 month post-op and was managed surgically. There was no mortality in both the groups. Laparoscopic duodenojejunal with sleeve gastrectomy, a procedure which combines the principles and advantages of sleeve gastrectomy and foregut hypothesis, is a safe and effective alternative to gastric bypass in weight reduction and resolution of co-morbidities especially for Asian countries. But, long-term follow-up is required.
    Obesity Surgery 08/2011; 22(3):422-6. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic pancreatitis is mainly managed with drugs, but surgery is required in selected groups of patients. The Partington procedure is still the procedure of choice for patients with a dilated main pancreatic duct but without an inflammatory pancreatic head mass. The same equivalent can be achieved by laparoscopic approach. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery gained tremendous attention in the past few years. Complex surgeries are being reported using this technique. We report in this paper the first laparoendoscopic single-site lateral pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) for chronic calcific pancreatitis with dilated pancreatic duct. The procedure was performed on a 32-year-old female diagnosed to have chronic calcific pancreatitis. A single vertical 2.5-cm umbilical incision and one 10-mm and two 5-mm ports were made. The procedure was completed in 220 min without any intraoperative complication. There were no postoperative complications, and the patient was discharged on day 5 when she started taking routine diet. This preliminary experience suggests that single-incision laparoscopic LPJ is feasible and safe when performed by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. It has a cosmetic advantage over laparoscopic LPJ. However, it remains to be determined if this technique offers additional advantages of decreased analgesia, decreased hospital stay or cost effectiveness. Further studies are required to analyze these factors.
    Pancreatology 01/2011; 11(5):500-5. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As laparoscopy gained popularity, minimal invasive approach was also applied for hernia surgery. Unfortunately the initial efforts were disappointing due to high early recurrence rate. Experience led to refinement of technique, with acceptable recurrence rates. This combined with the advantages of minimal invasive surgery resulted in a gradual rise in worldwide acceptance of this technique. Our preferred approach for inguinal hernia repair is laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP); only in complicated hernias (sliding or incarcerated inguinal hernias) we use the transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) technique. Records of all patients who underwent TEP repair for inguinal hernia at our centre in last 15 years were retrospectively analysed. We have done 8659 hernias in 7023 patients by TEP approach. We have developed minor modifications for the TEP repair over the years. Out of total 8659 hernias 5262 was right sided and 3397 left sided. Of these, 5387 hernias were unilateral and the remainder were bilateral; 324 cases of recurrent hernias following open repair underwent TEP. Most of the patients were males with a mean age of 46 years. Indirect hernias were most common, followed by direct hernias. Right-sided hernias were more common than left-sided hernias. In 39 cases conversion to TAPP was needed. There were intra-operative problems in 250 patients (3.56%).Postoperative complications were seen in 192 patients (2.73%), majority of which were minor complications. There was no mortality. Recurrence rate was 0.39%. The TEP technique is comfortable and highly effective. Our port placement maintains triangular orientation that is considered vital to the ergonomics of laparoscopy. Nearly 98-99% of inguinal hernias can be treated by TEP approach with excellent results.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 10/2010; 108(10):652-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive oesophagectomy is being increasingly performed for treatment of carcinoma oesophagus. In this article, we overview the different types of minimally invasive oesophagectomies we used in our experience. To present an overview of the different types of minimally invasive oesophagectomies used to treat carcinoma oesophagus and to propose a simple working algorithm for surgical management of carcinoma oesophagus, a retrospective review of patients with carcinoma oesophagus who were operated at this centre during the period 1997-2009 was made. Data regarding type of surgery, level of growth, type of carcinoma, and complications were reviewed. A total of 463 patients underwent minimally invasive oesophagectomy for carcinoma oesophagus. Of these, 121 patients (26%) were female. There were no conversions. The mean age of patients was 61.6 years (range 36 years-77 years). Most patients (n = 330; 71%) had squamous cell carcinoma while 133 patients (29%) had adenocarcinoma. Overall mortality was 0.9%. Overall morbidity was 16%. Minimally invasive approaches to oesophagectomy are safe and the type of approach has to be tailored for the histology, level and stage of growth.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 10/2010; 108(10):642-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity proves to be a growing pandemic with severe health and economic implications. Bariatric surgeries are now recognised as metabolic surgeries given the excellent resolution of metabolic derangements accompanying obesity. This concept of metabolic surgery is now applied to non-obese population with metabolic disorders. The type II diabetes mellitus remission rates as high as 95% have been reported, least with restrictive procedures and maximum with malabsorptive procedures and such effect occurs even before substantial weight loss. This has led to increased understanding of diabetes pathophysiology and formulation of foregut and hindgut hypothesis. The aim of this study was to briefly review the management options for morbid obesity and present the results at a high volume centre. Data from 518 patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgeries at this institute since 2002 were taken up for analysis retrospectively. Study population included 518 patients with 310 males and 208 females. Excess body weight loss and comorbidity resolution rates were analysed. Laparoscopic bariatric surgery is safe and effective for excess body weight loss and confers excellent resolution of associated comorbidities.
    Journal of the Indian Medical Association 10/2010; 108(10):645-7.