Börje Ljungberg

Umeå University, Umeå, Västerbotten, Sweden

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Publications (153)691.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this population-based study was to evaluate the impact of quality indicators on the adherence to guidelines for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Since 2005, virtually all patients with newly diagnosed RCC in Sweden have been registered in the National Swedish Kidney Cancer Register (NSKCR). The register contains information on histopathology, nuclear grade, clinical stage, preoperative work-up, treatment, recurrence and survival. In addition, a number of quality indicators have been measured in the register aiming to increase the quality of care. The quality indicators are: the coverage of the register, histology reports, preoperative chest computed tomography (CT), partial nephrectomy, laparoscopic surgery, centralization to high-volume hospitals and waiting times. A total of 8556 patients with diagnosed RCC were registered from 2005 to 2013 (99% coverage). In 2013, 99% of the histopathology reports were standardized. The number of patients with preoperatively chest CT increased from 59% in 2005 to 89% in 2013. The proportion of patients with RCC T1aN0M0 who underwent partial nephrectomy increased from 22% in 2005 to 56% in 2013. Similarly, laparoscopic radical nephrectomies increased from 6% in 2005 to 24% in 2013. The median tumour size at detection decreased from 60 mm in 2005 to 55 mm in 2013. The proportion of patients who were incidentally detected increased from 43% in 2005 to 55% in 2013. The data show an improved adherence to the guidelines for RCC as measured by quality indicators and a steady process of earlier detection of patients with RCC.
    07/2015; DOI:10.3109/21681805.2015.1059882
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    ABSTRACT: We screened promoter region of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) for activating somatic mutations in 188 tumors from patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Twelve tumors (6.4%) carried a mutation within the core promoter region of the gene. The mutations were less frequent in high grade tumors compared to low grade tumors (odds ratio (OR) = 0.15, 95% CI = 0.03-0.72, p = 0.02). Multivariate analysis for cause specific survival showed statistically significant poor outcome in patients with TERT promoter mutations (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.90, 95% CI = 1.13–7.39, p = 0.03). A common polymorphism (rs2835699) within the locus seemed to act as a modifier of the effect of the mutations on patient survival as the non-carriers of the variant allele with the TERT promoter mutations showed worst survival (HR = 3.34, 95% CI = 1.24-8.98, p = 0.02). We also measured relative telomere length (RTL) in tumors and difference between tumors with and without the TERT promoter mutations was not statistically significant. Similarly, no difference in patient survival based on RTL in tumors was observed. Our study showed a relatively low frequency of TERT promoter mutations in ccRCC. Nevertheless, patients with the mutations, particularly in the absence of the rs2853669 variant showed the worst disease-specific survival. Thus, it is possible that the TERT promoter mutations define a small subset of tumors with an aggressive behavior. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2015; 136(10). DOI:10.1002/ijc.29279 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic studies have reported that moderate alcohol consumption is inversely associated with the risk of renal cancer. However, there is no information available on the associations in renal cancer subsites. From 1992 through to 2010, 477,325 men and women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort were followed for incident renal cancers (n = 931). Baseline and lifetime alcohol consumption was assessed by country-specific, validated dietary questionnaires. Information on past alcohol consumption was collected by lifestyle questionnaires. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated from Cox proportional hazard models. In multivariate analysis, total alcohol consumption at baseline was inversely associated with renal cancer; the HR and 95% CI for the increasing categories of total alcohol consumption at recruitment versus the light drinkers category were 0.78 (0.62–0.99), 0.82 (0.64–1.04), 0.70 (0.55–0.90), 0.91 (0.63–1.30), respectively, (ptrend = 0.001). A similar relationship was observed for average lifetime alcohol consumption and for all renal cancer subsites combined or for renal parenchyma subsite. The trend was not observed in hypertensive individuals and not significant in smokers. In conclusion, moderate alcohol consumption was associated with a decreased risk of renal cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2015; DOI:10.1002/ijc.29559. · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate recurrence and progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) in a large population-based setting. Materials and methods. Patients with bladder cancer (stage Ta, T1 or carcinoma in situ) diagnosed in 2004-2007 (n = 5839) in Sweden were investigated 5 years after diagnosis using a questionnaire. Differences in time to recurrence and progression were analysed in relation to age, gender, tumour stage and grade, intravesical treatment, healthcare region, and hospital volume of NMIBC patients (stratified in three equally large groups). Results. Local bladder recurrence and progression occurred in 50 and 9% of the patients, respectively. The rate of local recurrence was 56% in the southern healthcare region compared to 37% in the northern region. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, adjusting for age, gender, tumour stage and grade, intravesical treatment, healthcare region and hospital volume, showed that recurrence was associated with TaG2 and T1 disease, no intravesical treatment and treatment in the southern healthcare region, but indicated a lower risk of recurrence in the northern healthcare region. Adjusting for the same factors in a multivariate analysis suggested that increased relative risk of progression correlated with older age, higher tumour stage and grade, and diagnosis in the Uppsala/Örebro healthcare region, whereas such risk was decreased by intravesical treatment (relative risk 0.72, 95% confidence interval 0.55-0.93, p = 0.012). Conclusions. The incidence of NMIBC recurrence and progression was found to be high in Sweden, and important disparities in outcome related to care patterns appear to exist between different healthcare regions.
    01/2015; DOI:10.3109/21681805.2014.1000963
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    ABSTRACT: High expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl is associated with poor prognosis in patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC), the most common malignancy of the kidney. The miR-34a has been shown to directly regulate Axl in cancer cells. The miR-34a is a mediator of p53-dependent tumor suppression, and low expression of miR-34a has been associated with worse prognosis in several cancers. Our aim was to elucidate whether miR-34a or the other members of the miR-34 family (miR-34b/c) regulate Axl in RCC. Using western blot, flow cytometry, and RT-qPCR, we showed that Axl mRNA and protein are downregulated in 786-O cells by miR-34a and miR-34c but not by miR-34b. A luciferase reporter assay demonstrated direct interaction between the Axl 3' UTR and miR-34a and miR-34c. The levels of miR-34a/b/c were measured in tumor tissue in a cohort of 198 RCC patients, and the levels of miR-34a were found to be upregulated in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) tumors, but not associated with patient outcome. Neither of the miR-34 family members correlated with Axl mRNA, soluble Axl protein in serum, nor with immunohistochemistry of Axl in tumor tissue. In addition, we measured mRNA levels of a known miR-34a target, HNF4A, and found the HNF4A levels to be decreased in ccRCC tumors, but unexpectedly correlated positively rather than negatively with miR-34a. Although miR-34a and miR-34c can regulate Axl expression in vitro, our data indicates that the miR-34 family members are not the primary regulators of Axl expression in RCC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(8):e0135991. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0135991 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 12/2014; 106(12). DOI:10.1093/jnci/dju327 · 15.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to analyse the rate of use of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) at a population-based level, and the overall mortality and bladder cancer mortality due to stage T1 bladder cancer in a national, population-based register. Materials and methods. In total, 3758 patients with primary stage T1 bladder cancer, registered in the Swedish Bladder Cancer Register between 1997 and 2006, were included. Age, gender, tumour grade and primary treatment in the first 3-6 months were registered. High-volume hospitals registered 10 or more T1 tumours per year. Date and cause of death were obtained from the National Board of Health and Welfare Cause of Death Register. Results. BCG was given to 896 patients (24%). The use of BCG increased from 18% between 1997 and 2000, to 24% between 2001 and 2003, and to 31% between 2004 and 2006. BCG was given more often to patients with G3 tumours, patients younger than 75 years and patients attending high-volume hospitals. BCG treatment, grade 2 tumours and patient age younger than 75 years were associated with lower mortality due to bladder cancer. Hospital volume, gender and year of diagnosis were not related to bladder cancer mortality. However, selection factors might have affected the results since comorbidity, number of tumours and tumour size were unknown. Conclusions. Intravesical BCG is underused at a population-based level in stage T1 bladder cancer in Sweden, particularly in patients 75 years or older, and in those treated at low-volume hospitals. BCG should be offered more frequently to patients with stage T1 bladder cancer in Sweden.
    10/2014; 49(2). DOI:10.3109/21681805.2014.968868
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    ABSTRACT: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of bladder cancer identified a genetic marker rs8102137 within the 19q12 region as a novel susceptibility variant. This marker is located upstream of the CCNE1 gene, which encodes cyclin E, a cell-cycle protein. We performed genetic fine-mapping analysis of the CCNE1 region using data from two bladder cancer GWAS (5,942 cases and 10,857 controls). We found that the original GWAS marker rs8102137 represents a group of 47 linked SNPs (with r(2) ≥ 0.7) associated with increased bladder cancer risk. From this group, we selected a functional promoter variant rs7257330, which showed strong allele-specific binding of nuclear proteins in several cell lines. In both GWASs, rs7257330 was associated only with aggressive bladder cancer, with a combined per-allele OR = 1.18 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09-1.27, P = 4.67 × 10(-5)] versus OR = 1.01 (95% CI, 0.93-1.10, P = 0.79) for nonaggressive disease, with P = 0.0015 for case-only analysis. Cyclin E protein expression analyzed in 265 bladder tumors was increased in aggressive tumors (P = 0.013) and, independently, with each rs7257330-A risk allele (Ptrend = 0.024). Overexpression of recombinant cyclin E in cell lines caused significant acceleration of cell cycle. In conclusion, we defined the 19q12 signal as the first GWAS signal specific for aggressive bladder cancer. Molecular mechanisms of this genetic association may be related to cyclin E overexpression and alteration of cell cycle in carriers of CCNE1 risk variants. In combination with established bladder cancer risk factors and other somatic and germline genetic markers, the CCNE1 variants could be useful for inclusion into bladder cancer risk prediction models. Cancer Res; 74(20); 5808-18. ©2014 AACR.
    Cancer Research 10/2014; 74(20):5808-18. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-1531. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic studies have reported that moderate alcohol consumption is inversely associated with the risk of renal cancer. However, there is no information available on the associations in renal cancer subsites. From 1992 through to 2010, 477,325 men and women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort were followed for incident renal cancers (n = 931). Baseline and lifetime alcohol consumption was assessed by country-specific, validated dietary questionnaires. Information on past alcohol consumption was collected by lifestyle questionnaires. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated from Cox proportional hazard models. In multivariate analysis, total alcohol consumption at baseline was inversely associated with renal cancer; the HR and 95% CI for the increasing categories of total alcohol consumption at recruitment versus the light drinkers category were 0.78 (0.62-0.99), 0.82 (0.64-1.04), 0.70 (0.55-0.90), 0.91 (0.63-1.30), respectively (ptrend =0.001). A similar relationship was observed for average lifetime alcohol consumption, and for all renal cancer subsites combined or for renal parenchyma subsite. The trend was not observed in hypertensive individuals and not significant in smokers. In conclusion, moderate alcohol consumption was associated with a decreased risk of renal cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 UICC.
    International Journal of Cancer 09/2014; 136(5). DOI:10.1002/ijc.29236 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Normal renal function is essential for vitamin D metabolism, but it is unclear whether circulating vitamin D is associated with risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We assessed whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) was associated with risk of RCC and death after RCC diagnosis in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC recruited 385,747 participants with blood samples between 1992 and 2000. The current study included 560 RCC cases, 557 individually matched controls, and 553 additional controls. Circulating 25(OH)D3 was assessed by mass spectrometry. Conditional and unconditional logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Death after RCC diagnosis was assessed using Cox proportional hazards models and flexible parametric survival models. A doubling of 25(OH)D3 was associated with 28% lower odds of RCC after adjustment for season of and age at blood collection, sex, and country of recruitment (odds ratio = 0.72, 95% confidence interval: 0.60, 0.86; P = 0.0004). This estimate was attenuated somewhat after additional adjustment for smoking status at baseline, circulating cotinine, body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)2), and alcohol intake (odds ratio = 0.82, 95% confidence interval: 0.68, 0.99; P = 0.038). There was also some indication that both low and high 25(OH)D3 levels were associated with higher risk of death from any cause among RCC cases.
    09/2014; 180(8):kwu204. DOI:10.1093/aje/kwu204
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    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have mapped risk alleles for at least 10 distinct cancers to a small region of 63 000 bp on chromosome 5p15.33. This region harbors the TERT and CLPTM1L genes; the former encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase reverse transcriptase and the latter may play a role in apoptosis. To investigate further the genetic architecture of common susceptibility alleles in this region, we conducted an agnostic subset-based meta-analysis (association analysis based on subsets) across six distinct cancers in 34 248 cases and 45 036 controls. Based on sequential conditional analysis, we identified as many as six independent risk loci marked by common single-nucleotide polymorphisms: five in the TERT gene (Region 1: rs7726159, P = 2.10 × 10−39; Region 3: rs2853677, P = 3.30 × 10−36 and PConditional = 2.36 × 10−8; Region 4: rs2736098, P = 3.87 × 10−12 and PConditional = 5.19 × 10−6, Region 5: rs13172201, P = 0.041 and PConditional = 2.04 × 10−6; and Region 6: rs10069690, P = 7.49 × 10−15 and PConditional = 5.35 × 10−7) and one in the neighboring CLPTM1L gene (Region 2: rs451360; P = 1.90 × 10−18 and PConditional = 7.06 × 10−16). Between three and five cancers mapped to each independent locus with both risk-enhancing and protective effects. Allele-specific effects on DNA methylation were seen for a subset of risk loci, indicating that methylation and subsequent effects on gene expression may contribute to the biology of risk variants on 5p15.33. Our results provide strong support for extensive pleiotropy across this region of 5p15.33, to an extent not previously observed in other cancer susceptibility loci.
    Human Molecular Genetics 07/2014; DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddu363 · 6.68 Impact Factor
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    Linda Köhn · Ulrika Svenson · Börje Ljungberg · Göran Roos
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    ABSTRACT: Detailed genetic profiling of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has revealed genomic regions commonly affected by structural changes and a general genetic heterogeneity. VHL and PBRM1, both located at chromosome 3p, are 2 major genes mutated at high frequency but apart from these aberrations, the mutational landscape in ccRCC is largely undefined. Potential prognostic information given by the genomic changes appears to depend on the particular cohort studied. We analyzed a Swedish ccRCC cohort of 74 patients and found common changes (loss or gain occurring in >20% of the tumors) in 12 chromosomal regions (1p, 3p, 3q, 5q, 6q, 7p, 7q 8p, 9p, 9q, 10q, and 14q). A poor outcome was associated with gain of 7q and losses on 9p, 9q, and 14q. These aberrations were more frequent in metastasized tumors, suggesting alterations of genes important for tumor progression. Sequencing of 48 genes implicated in cancer revealed that only VHL, TP53, and PTEN were mutated at a noticeable frequency (51%, 9%, and 9%, respectively). Shorter relative telomere length (RTL) has been associated with loss of specific chromosomal regions in ccRCC tumors, but we could not verify this finding. However, a significantly lower tumor/nontumor (T/N) RTL ratio was detected for tumors with losses in 4q or 9p. In conclusion, poor outcome in ccRCC was associated with gain of 7q and loss on 9p, 9q, and 14q, whereas the mutation rate overall was low in a screen of cancer-associated genes.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 4.0, where it is permissible to download, share and reproduce the work in any medium, provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.
    Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry 07/2014; 23(5). DOI:10.1097/PAI.0000000000000087 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of cancer in the adult kidney, and the prognosis of metastatic ccRCC remains poor with high mortality. In ccRCC, microRNAs (miRs) differentially expressed in tumour tissue have been identified and have been proposed to predict prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate candidate miR markers identified from analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets in a large RCC cohort and to elucidate whether a ratio of miRs provided additional prognostic information. Experimental design Deep sequencing data from TCGA datasets were analysed using biostatistical methods to identify candidate miRs that correlate with factors such as survival and stage of disease. Candidate miRs were analysed by reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in a cohort of 198 RCC tumours (ccRCC, n = 152) and 50 normal kidney samples. Results Four candidate miRs (miR-10b, miR-21, miR-101 and miR-223) were selected from the TCGA analysis and analysed in our cohort. Of these, miR-21 and miR-10b were differentially expressed in RCC subtypes and in ccRCC nuclear grades. Individually, the two miRs demonstrated a non-significant trend to correlate with survival. Importantly, the ratio of miR-21/miR10b (miR21/10b) correlated significantly with disease severity and survival, a high miR21/10b being associated with poor prognosis (P = 0.0095). In particular, the miR21/10b was found to be an independent prognostic factor in metastasis-free patients (P = 0.016; confidence interval (CI) 1.201–5.736). Conclusions We have shown that the miR21/10b ratio is an independent prognostic factor for M0 ccRCC patients, which could be useful to identify high-risk M0 patients who could benefit from increased surveillance.
    European Journal of Cancer 07/2014; 50:S143-S144. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(14)50529-1 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Cystectomy combined with pelvic lymph-node dissection and urinary diversion entails high morbidity and mortality. Improvements are needed, and a first step is to collect information on the current situation. In 2011, this group took the initiative to start a population-based database in Sweden (population 9.5 million in 2011) with prospective registration of patients and complications until 90 days after cystectomy. This article reports findings from the first year of registration. Material and methods. Participation was voluntary, and data were reported by local urologists or research nurses. Perioperative parameters and early complications classified according to the modified Clavien system were registered, and selected variables of possible importance for complications were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results. During 2011, 285 (65%) of 435 cystectomies performed in Sweden were registered in the database, the majority reported by the seven academic centres. Median blood loss was 1000 ml, operating time 318 min, and length of hospital stay 15 days. Any complications were registered for 103 patients (36%). Clavien grades 1-2 and 3-5 were noted in 19% and 15%, respectively. Thirty-seven patients (13%) were reoperated on at least once. In logistic regression analysis elevated risk of complications was significantly associated with operating time exceeding 318 min in both univariate and multivariate analysis, and with age 76-89 years only in multivariate analysis. Conclusions. It was feasible to start a national population-based registry of radical cystectomies for bladder cancer. The evaluation of the first year shows an increased risk of complications in patients with longer operating time and higher age. The results agree with some previously published series but should be interpreted with caution considering the relatively low coverage, which is expected to be higher in the future.
    05/2014; 48(4):1-7. DOI:10.3109/21681805.2014.909883
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    ABSTRACT: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of cancer in the adult kidney, and the prognosis of metastatic ccRCC remains poor with high mortality. In ccRCC, microRNAs (miRs) differentially expressed in tumour tissue have been identified and have been proposed to predict prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate candidate miR markers identified from analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets in a large RCC cohort and to elucidate whether a ratio of miRs provided additional prognostic information. Deep sequencing data from TCGA datasets were analysed using biostatistical methods to identify candidate miRs that correlate with factors such as survival and stage of disease. Candidate miRs were analysed by reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in a cohort of 198 RCC tumours (ccRCC, n=152) and 50 normal kidney samples. Four candidate miRs (miR-10b, miR-21, miR-101 and miR-223) were selected from the TCGA analysis and analysed in our cohort. Of these, miR-21 and miR-10b were differentially expressed in RCC subtypes and in ccRCC nuclear grades. Individually, the two miRs demonstrated a non-significant trend to correlate with survival. Importantly, the ratio of miR-21/miR10b (miR(21/10b)) correlated significantly with disease severity and survival, a high miR(21/10b) being associated with poor prognosis (P=0.0095). In particular, the miR(21/10b) was found to be an independent prognostic factor in metastasis-free patients (P=0.016; confidence interval (CI) 1.201-5.736). We have shown that the miR(21/10b) ratio is an independent prognostic factor for M0 ccRCC patients, which could be useful to identify high-risk M0 patients who could benefit from increased surveillance.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 04/2014; 50(10). DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2014.03.281 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anthropometric measures have been related to risk of several cancers. For bladder cancer, however, evidence is sparse. Comparability of existing studies is hampered by use of different obesity-measures, inadequate control for smoking, and few female cases. This study examined associations between height, weight, waist and hip circumference, waist-hip-ratio, waist-height-ratio, BMI, recalled weight at age 20 and bladder cancer, and investigated effect modification by age, tumor aggressiveness and smoking. The study was conducted in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort, in 390,878 participants. Associations were calculated using Cox Proportional Hazards Models. During follow-up, 1,391 bladder cancers (1,018 male; 373 female) occurred. Height was unrelated to bladder cancer in both genders. We found a small but significant positive association with weight (1.04 (1.01-1.07) per 5 kilo), BMI (1.05 (1.02-1.08) per 2 units), waist circumference (1.04 (1.01-1.08) per 5 cm), waist-hip-ratio (1.07 (1.02-1.13) per 0.05 unit) and waist-height ratio (1.07 (1.01-1.13) per 0.05 unit) in men. Stratification by smoking status confined associations in men to former smokers. In never smokers, we found no significant associations, suggesting residual confounding by smoking. Results did not differ with tumor aggressiveness and age. Residual analyses on BMI/waist circumference showed a significantly higher disease risk with BMI in men (p = 0.01), but no association with waist circumference. In conclusion, in this large study, height was unrelated to bladder cancer, whereas overweight was associated with a slightly higher bladder cancer risk in men. This association may, however, be distorted by residual confounding by smoking. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 135(12). DOI:10.1002/ijc.28936 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements 04/2014; 13(1):e1005. DOI:10.1016/S1569-9056(14)60988-X · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Tumour characteristics, preoperative work-up and surgical treatment in patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2005 and 2010, and changes over time were studied in a national population-based cohort. Material and methods. The National Swedish Kidney Cancer Register (NSKCR) contains information on histopathology, Fuhrman grade and clinical stage at presentation, and on the preoperative work-up and surgical treatment of patients with RCC. Between 2005 and 2010, 5553 RCC patients were registered in the NSKCR, 99% of those registered in the National Cancer Registry. Results. During the study period the mean tumour size decreased from 70 to 64 mm (p = 0.024) and the frequency of metastatic RCC decreased from 22% to 15% (p < 0.001). The use of preoperative chest computed tomography increased from 59% to 84%. In total, 4229 (76%) patients were treated with curative intent, 3453 (82%) underwent radical nephrectomy, 606 (14%) partial nephrectomy (PN) and 170 (4%) cryotherapy or radiofrequency ablation. In tumours up to 4 cm, PN was performed in 33% of the surgically treated patients. PN irrespective of size increased from 8% to 20% and laparoscopic nephrectomy increased from 6% to 17% during the period. In patients with metastatic RCC, 55% underwent cytoreductive nephrectomy. Conclusions. The NSKCR explores population-based data on the clinical handling of patients with RCC. This study, between 2005 and 2010, shows significant decrease in tumour size and metastatic RCC at presentation, a more complete preoperative work-up, and significantly increased use of PN and laparoscopic nephrectomy in Sweden.
    03/2014; 48(3). DOI:10.3109/21681805.2013.864698
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with radical nephrectomy (RN) induces chronic kidney disease more frequently compared with nephron-sparing surgery (NSS), which may have an impact on overall survival. Thus, NSS is recommended for RCCs up to 7 cm (T1). The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which these recommendations are implemented in clinical practice. Material and methods. Data were extracted from the Swedish National Kidney Cancer Register, a population-based register covering 98% of all RCCs in Sweden. In total, 3158 patients (1892 men, 1266 women) were primarily diagnosed with cT1N0M0 and treated surgically during 2005-2011. The administered treatments were evaluated between different hospitals as well as between the 21 independent healthcare counties. Results. In all, 742 patients were treated with NSS, 2339 with RN and 77 with minimally invasive ablative treatments. For cT1a RCC, patients treated with NSS increased from 22% in 2005 to 53% in 2011, and for cT1b from 2% to 10%. Nephron-sparing treatments for cT1a RCC were performed in 62% in university hospitals, 34% in intermediate- and 11% in low-volume hospitals. There was significant (p < 0.001) variation (31-67%) between the university hospitals and also for patient care in the 21 different counties (16-78%). There was an increased relative survival after NSS for T1a patients compared with RN. The register design by itself indicates limitations using data gathered from all Swedish hospitals. Conclusions. NSS was underutilized in many hospitals and a patient's chance of being offered NSS varied according to their place of residence. Patients with cT1a RCC treated with NSS had a significantly better relative survival than those treated with RN.
    03/2014; 48(5). DOI:10.3109/21681805.2014.898686

Publication Stats

4k Citations
691.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1986–2015
    • Umeå University
      • • Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences
      • • Centre for Biomedical Engineering and Physics – CMTF
      • • Department of Medical Biosciences
      Umeå, Västerbotten, Sweden
  • 2007
    • Institutul Clinic Fundeni
      Bucureşti, Bucureşti, Romania
  • 2002
    • Lund University
      • Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden