Binod R. Giri

The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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Publications (12)21.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Until recently, there was a substantial lack of reliable viscosity data for H2S, making the regression of an accurate H2S viscosity model significantly difficult. To derive a model for engineering applications (2008 H2S model), a corresponding states approach that related molecules of similar shape to H2S was applied to cover regions where no experimental data was available. Recently, new primary low-density experimental data and derived theoretical information have been published. Additionally, new high-pressure H2S viscosity measurements [at (373.15 and 423.15) K and up to 100 MPa] have also been reported. Based on this, a new revised correlation for the viscosity of H2S is presented in this work. The current correlation reproduces the primary H2S viscosity data to within experimental uncertainty. The precision of the new correlation varies from reference quality (better than ± 0.20 %) at low-densities to an estimated ± 5 % at 100 MPa and temperatures between (373 and 423) K. Outside this range of temperature there are no data to validate the accuracy of the model at elevated pressures; therefore we have conservatively estimated an uncertainty of roughly 10 % in the low-temperature and high-density region (T < 323 K up to 100 MPa) and 5 % for the high-temperature region (T > 450 K up to 100 MPa).
    Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 10/2012; 57(11):3014–3018. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rate coefficients for the reaction of 1,4-dioxane with atomic chlorine were measured from T = 292-360 K using the relative rate method. The reference reactant was isobutane and the experiments were made in argon with atomic chlorine produced by photolysis of small concentrations of Cl2. The rate coefficients were put on an absolute basis by using the published temperature dependence of the absolute rate coefficients for the reference reaction. The rate coefficients for the reaction of Cl with 1,4-dioxane were found to be independent of total pressure from p = 290 to 782 Torr. The experimentally measured rate coefficients showed a weak temperature dependence, given by k(exp)(T) = (8.4(-2.3)(+3.1)) × 10(-10) exp(-(470 ± 110)/(T/K)) cm3 molecule (-1) s(-1). The experimental results are rationalized in terms of statistical rate theory on the basis of molecular data obtained from quantum-chemical calculations. Molecular geometries and frequencies were obtained from MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ calculations, while single-point energies of the stationary points were computed at CCSD(T) level of theory. The calculations indicate that the reaction proceeds by an overall exothermic addition-elimination mechanism via two intermediates, where the rate-determining step is the initial barrier-less association reaction between the chlorine atom and the chair conformer of 1,4-dioxane. This is in contrast to the Br plus 1,4-dioxane reaction studied earlier, where the rate-determining step is a chair-to-boat conformational change of the bromine-dioxane adduct, which is necessary for this reaction to proceed. The remarkable difference in the kinetic behavior of the reactions of 1,4-dioxane with these two halogen atoms can be consistently explained by this change in the reaction mechanism.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 05/2011; 115(20):5105-11. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetics of the unimolecular dissociation of propyne and allene, C3H4 + M → C3H3 + H + M, was investigated behind reflected shock waves at temperatures between 1400 and 2150 K and at pressures near 0.3, 1.3, 2.6 (propyne only), and 4.0 bar with argon as bath gas. Rate coefficients were obtained from the initial slope of the hydrogen-atom concentration–time profiles monitored with atomic resonance absorption spectroscopy at the Lyman α wavelength (121.6 nm). Within the experimental uncertainty (±30%), identical rate coefficients for propyne and allene decomposition were obtained, indicating a fast mutual isomerization. The dissociation reactions are shown to be in the low-pressure limit with a bimolecular rate coefficient . From a combination of our experimental results with kinetic data from the literature, we infer the following temperature and pressure dependence of the rate coefficient, which reproduces most of the experimental data at temperatures between 1200 and 2400 K and pressures between 0.1 and 5 bar better than within a factor of two: . This corresponds to a bimolecular rate coefficient in concentration units of .
    Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 01/2011; 33(1):267-272. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetic behaviour for the reaction of atomic bromine with tetrahydrofuran has been analysed using the information from quantum chemical calculations. Structures and energy profiles were first obtained using density functional theory (DFT) employing the Dunning’s basis sets of triple-zeta quality, and then for an accurate energetic description, single-point calculations were carried out at the coupled-cluster with single and double excitations (CCSD) and the fourth-order Møller–Plesset (MP4(SDQ)) levels of theory. The rate coefficients and the equilibrium constants for the potential reaction channels were obtained from the statistical rate theories and statistical thermodynamics, respectively, using the results of quantum chemical calculations; and the results were compared with our recently published experimental data. In terms of reaction mechanism, this reaction was found to be analogous to the reactions of the Br atom with 1,4-dioxane and with methanol, where the reaction proceeds via an addition–elimination mechanism. The dominant reaction channel involved coordination of the approaching Br atom to one of the hydrogen atoms adjacent to the ether oxygen atom, i.e., β-hydrogen abstraction is uncompetitive. Although the complexes formed by direct coordination of the Br atom to the ether oxygen atom appeared in the reaction mechanism, we were not able to link them specifically to any reaction. The density functional theory predicted an activation energy and enthalpy of reaction that were much smaller than the experimental values, which led to an overestimation of the theoretical rate coefficients. The source of this discrepancy could be attributed to the overbinding of the transition states and of the tetrahydrofuranyl radical by DFT. Single-point calculations at the DFT structures using the CCSD and MP4(SDQ) methods yielded an accurate energetic description of the reaction of tetrahydrofuran with bromine, resulting in rate coefficients that showed excellent agreement with the experimental values.
    Canadian Journal of Chemistry 11/2010; 88(11):1136-1145. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Binod R Giri, John M Roscoe
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    ABSTRACT: The reactions of Cl with tetrahydrofuran, tetrahydropyran, and dimethyl ether have been studied as a function of temperature, pressure, and O(2) concentration. The temperature was varied from approximately 280 to 360 K, the mole fraction of O(2) ranged from zero to approximately 0.6, and the experiments were made in a bath of argon at total pressures ranging from approximately 300 to 760 Torr. The rate coefficients were measured using the relative rate method with gas chromatographic analysis. The reaction of Cl with isobutane was the reference reaction, the rate coefficients for which were calibrated against the reaction of propane with chlorine atoms as a function of temperature. The rate coefficients were unaffected by the concentration of O(2) or by variation in pressure. The rate coefficient for the reaction of Cl with isobutane increased slightly with decreasing temperature. This weak temperature dependence of the rate coefficient was in satisfactory agreement with information in the literature and is represented in Arrhenius form by k(T) = (1.02(-0.25)(+0.32)) x 10(-10) exp(99 +/- 88/T) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), where the uncertainties represent two standard deviations. The rate coefficients for the reactions of Cl with the ethers did not show a statistically significant dependence on temperature. Their average values over our range of temperature are: for Cl + tetrahydrofuran, k = (2.71 +/- 0.34) x 10(-10) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1); for Cl + tetrahydropyran, k = (2.03 +/- 0.82) x 10(-10) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1); and for Cl + dimethyl ether, k = (1.73 +/- 0.22) x 10(-10) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), in which the uncertainties are again two standard deviations.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 08/2010; 114(32):8369-75. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Can. J. Chem. 01/2010; 88:1136-1145.
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    ABSTRACT: The rate coefficient for the reaction of atomic bromine with 1,4-dioxane was measured from approximately 300 to 340 K using the relative rate method. Iso-octane and iso-butane were used as reference compounds, and the experiments were made in a bath of argon containing up to 210 Torr of O(2) at total pressures between 200 and 820 Torr. The rate coefficients were not affected by changes in pressure or O(2) concentration over our range of experimental conditions. The ratios of rate coefficients for the reaction of dioxane relative to the reference compound were put on an absolute basis by using the published absolute rate coefficients for the reference reactions. The variation of the experimentally determined rate coefficients with temperature for the reaction of Br with 1,4-dioxane can be given by k(1)(exp)(T) = (1.4 +/- 1.0) x 10(-11)exp[-23.0 +/- 1.8) kJ mol(-1)/(RT)] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1). We rationalized our experimental results in terms of transition state theory with molecular data from quantum chemical calculations. Molecular geometries and frequencies were obtained from MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ calculations, and single-point energies of the stationary points were obtained at CCSD(T)/CBS level of theory. The calculations indicate that the 1,4-dioxane + Br reaction proceeds in an overall endothermic addition-elimination mechanism via a number of intermediates. The rate-determining step is a chair-to-boat conformational change of the Br-dioxane adduct. The calculated rate coefficients, given by k(1)(calc)(T) = 5.6 x 10(-11)exp[-26.6 kJ mol(-1)/(RT)] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), are in very good agreement with the experimental values. Comparison with results reported for the reactions of Br with other ethers suggests that this multistep mechanism differs significantly from that for abstraction of hydrogen from other ethers by atomic bromine.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 10/2009; 114(1):291-8. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Binod Raj Giri, John M Roscoe
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    ABSTRACT: The rate coefficients for the reactions of atomic bromine with toluene, tetrahydrofuran, and tetrahydropyran were measured from approximately 295 to 362 K using the relative rate method. Iso-octane was used as the reference compound for the reaction with toluene, and iso-octane and toluene were used as the reference compounds for the reaction with tetrahydrofuran; tetrahydrofuran was used as the reference compound for the reaction with tetrahydropyran. The rate coefficients were found to be unaffected by changes in pressure and oxygen concentration. The rate coefficient ratios were converted to absolute values using the absolute rate coefficient for the reaction of Br with the reference compound. The absolute rate coefficients, in the units cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), for the reaction of Br with toluene are given by k(T) = (3.7 +/- 1.7) x 10(-12) exp(-(1.63 +/- 0.15) x 10(3)/T), for the reaction of Br with tetrahydrofuran by k(T) = (3.7 +/- 2.7) x 10(-10) exp(-(2.20 +/- 0.22) x 10(3)/T), and for the reaction of Br with tetrahydropyran by k(T) = (3.6 +/- 1.8) x 10(-10) exp(-(2.35 +/- 0.16) x 10(3)/T). The uncertainties represent one standard deviation. The Arrhenius parameters for these reactions are compared with results in the literature for dimethyl ether, diethyl ether, and a series of saturated hydrocarbons, and the effects of structural variation on these parameters are identified.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 07/2009; 113(28):8001-10. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Binod Raj Giri, John M. Roscoe
    J. Phys. Chem. A. 01/2009; 113:8001-8010.
  • Zeitschrift Fur Physikalische Chemie-international Journal of Research in Physical Chemistry & Chemical Physics - Z PHYS CHEM. 01/2009; 223:539-549.
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetics of the reaction of hydrogen atoms with propyne (pC3H4) was experimentally studied in a shock tube at temperatures ranging from 1200 to 1400 K and pressures between 1.3 and 4.0 bar with Ar as the bath gas. The hydrogen atoms (initial mole fraction 0.5-2.0 ppm) were produced by pyrolysis of C2H5I and monitored by atomic resonance absorption spectrometry under pseudo-first-order conditions with respect to propyne (initial mole fraction 5-20 ppm). From the hydrogen atom time profiles, overall rate coefficients k(ov) identical with -([pC3H4][H])(-1) x d[H]/dt for the reaction H + pC3H4 --> products ( not equal H) were deduced; the following temperature dependence was obtained: kov = 1.2 x 10(-10) exp(-2270 K/T) cm(3) s(-1) with an estimated uncertainty of +/-20%. A pressure dependence was not observed. The results are analyzed in terms of statistical rate theory with molecular and transition state data from quantum chemical calculations. Geometries were optimized using density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level, and single-point energies were computed at the QCISD(T)/cc-pVTZ level of theory. It is confirmed that the reaction proceeds via an addition-elimination mechanism to yield C2H2 + CH3 and via a parallel direct abstraction to give C3H3 + H2. Furthermore, it is shown that a hydrogen atom catalyzed isomerization channel to allene (aC3H4), H + pC3H4 --> aC3H4 + H, is also important. Kinetic parameters to describe the channel branching of these reactions are deduced.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 06/2007; 111(19):3812-8. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first direct study on the thermal unimolecular decomposition of allyl radicals. Experiments have been performed behind shock waves, and the experimental conditions covered temperatures ranging from 1125 K up to 1570 K and pressures between 0.25 and 4.5 bar. Allyl radicals have been generated by thermal decomposition of allyl iodide, and H-atom resonance absorption spectroscopy has been used to monitor the reaction progress. A marked pressure dependence of the rate constant has been observed which is in agreement with the results from a master equation analysis. However, our experimental results as well as our Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus calculations seem to contradict the results of Deyerl et al. (J. Chem. Phys. 1999, 110, 1450) who investigated the unimolecular decomposition of allyl radicals upon photoexcitation and tried to deduce specific rate constants for the unimolecular dissociation in the electronic ground state. At pressures around 1 bar we extracted the following rate equation: k(T) = 5.3 x 10(79)(T/K)(-19.29) exp[(-398.9 kJ/mol)/RT] s(-1). The uncertainty of the rate constant calculated from this equation is estimated to be 30%.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 03/2005; 109(6):1063-70. · 2.77 Impact Factor