H Dechaud

Université de Montpellier 1, Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France

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Publications (198)474.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Female fertility preservation in the context of cancer management is crucial for patient's health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oncofertility practice at our university hospital of Montpellier since 2011.
    Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Female fertility preservation in the context of cancer management is crucial for patient's health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oncofertility practice at our university hospital of Montpellier since 2011. Patients and methods The evaluation of management of young patients referred to Montpellier University Hospital from September 2011 to September 2013 for oncofertility counselling before cancer treatment. Results Seventy-one patients were referred to a specialized oncofertility center. Forty-two patients (59.1%) were included in the oncofertility program. Twenty-two patients (31%) were proposed for oocyte vitrification after COS protocol, eight patients (11.3%) for ovarian tissue cryoconservation, seven patients (9.9%) for GnRH injections, three patients (4.2%) ovarian transposition and two patients (2.8%) for embryo cryopreservation. Among the 42 indications of fertility preservation, only 18 will have finally taken place. Conclusion Oncofertility counselling for young patients should now be part of the cancer management. It involves multidisciplinary teams. Further information of both oncologists and patients is needed to improve this new approach in the field of cancer treatments.
    Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of a premature elevation of serum progesterone level, the day of hCG administration in patients under controlled ovarian stimulation during IVF procedure, on human endometrial receptivity is still debated. In the present study, we investigated the endometrial gene expression profile shifts during the prereceptive and receptive secretory stage in patients with normal and elevated serum progesterone level on the day of hCG administration in fifteen patients under stimulated cycles. Then, specific biomarkers of endometrial receptivity in these two groups of patients were tested. Endometrial biopsies were performed on oocyte retrieval day and on day 3 of embryo transfer, respectively, for each patient. Samples were analysed using DNA microarrays and qRT-PCR. The endometrial gene expression shift from the prereceptive to the receptive stage was altered in patients with high serum progesterone level (>1.5 ng/mL) on hCG day, suggesting accelerated endometrial maturation during the periovulation period. This was confirmed by the functional annotation of the differentially expressed genes as it showed downregulation of cell cycle-related genes. Conversely, the profile of endometrial receptivity was comparable in both groups. Premature progesterone rise alters the endometrial gene expression shift between the prereceptive and the receptive stage but does not affect endometrial receptivity.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:951937. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptotic cell death has been reported in human oocytes and preimplantation embryos under in vivo and in vitro conditions. BCL-2 family proteins comprise both anti- and pro-apoptotic members, which are likely to play a key role in controlling oocyte and early embryo survival. However, very limited data are available on their expression kinetics during human early embryonic development. Using our DNA microarray data, we analyzed the expression pattern of 21 BCL-2 family genes in human mature MII oocytes, day 3 embryos and day 5/6 blastocysts from patients who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF). Selected genes were further validated by qRT-PCR and their subcellular localization analyzed by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Our results suggest a switch from oocyte-inherited BCL-2 family transcripts, such as BCL2L10, to embryo-produced transcripts after embryonic genome activation, including BIK, BCL2L11 and NOXA. Moreover, the pro-apoptotic gene BCL2L13 was constitutively expressed throughout human early embryonic development. Remarkably, day 3 embryos expressed more BCL-2 pro-apoptotic genes than mature MII oocytes and day 5/6 blastocysts, suggesting that embryos at this stage are more prone to apoptosis. This is further supported by an absence of cleaved Caspase-3 in the oocyte and its presence in the embryo. Using a drug that induces apoptosis (gambogic acid), we were able to show activated Caspase-3 in the oocyte in addition to an alteration of BCL2L13 protein localization. Similarly BCL2L13 localization was altered in degenerated oocytes. This study opens new perspectives for understanding the molecular regulation of human oocyte and pre-implantation embryo survival and death.
    Current Medicinal Chemistry 09/2013; · 3.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: What is the expression pattern of microRNAs (miRNAs) in human cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs)? Several miRNAs are enriched in cumulus cells (CCs) or oocytes, and are predicted to target genes involved in biological functions of the COC. The transcriptional profiles of human MII oocytes and the surrounding CCs are known. However, very limited data are available about post-transcriptional regulators, such as miRNAs. This is the first study focussing on the identification and quantification of small RNAs, including miRNAs, in human oocytes and CCs using a deep-sequencing approach. MII oocytes and CCs were collected from women who underwent IVF. Using the Illumina/deep-sequencing technology, we analyzed the small RNAome of pooled MII oocytes (n = 24) and CC samples (n = 20). The mRNA targets of CC and MII oocyte miRNAs were identified using in silico prediction algorithms. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, genome-wide gene expression was studied in oocytes (10 pools of 19 ± 3 oocytes/each) and 10 individual CC samples. TaqMan miRNA assays were used to confirm the sequencing results in independent pools of MII oocytes (3 pools of 8 ± 3 oocytes/each) and CC samples (3 pools of 7 ± 3 CCs/each). The functional role of one miRNA, MIR23a, was assessed in primary cultures of human CCs. Deep sequencing of small RNAs yielded more than 1 million raw reads. By mapping reads with a single location to the human genome, known miRNAs that were abundant in MII oocytes (MIR184, MIR100 and MIR10A) or CCs (MIR29a, MIR30d, MIR21, MIR93, MIR320a, MIR125a and the LET7 family) were identified. Predicted target genes of the oocyte miRNAs were associated with the regulation of transcription and cell cycle, whereas genes targeted by CC miRNAs were involved in extracellular matrix and apoptosis. Comparison of the predicted miRNA target genes and mRNA microarray data resulted in a list of 224 target genes that were differentially expressed in MII oocytes and CCs, including PTGS2, CTGF and BMPR1B that are important for cumulus-oocyte communication. Functional analysis using primary CC cultures revealed that BCL2 and CYP19A1 mRNA levels were decreased upon MIR23a overexpression. Only known miRNAs were investigated in the present study on COCs. Moreover, the source of the material is MII oocytes that failed to fertilize. The present findings suggest that miRNA could play a role in the regulation of the oocyte and CC crosstalk. This work was partially supported by a grant from Ferring Pharmaceuticals. The authors of the study have no conflict of interest to report. Not applicable.
    Human Reproduction 07/2013; · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In in vitro fertilization cycles, both HP-hMG and rFSH gonadotropin treatments are widely used to control human follicle development. The objectives of this study are (i) to characterize and compare gene expression profiles in cumulus cells (CCs) of periovulatory follicles obtained from patients stimulated with HP-hMG or rFSH in a GnRH antagonist cycle and (ii) to examine their relationship with in vitro embryo development, using Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays. Genes that were upregulated in HP-hMG-treated CCs are involved in lipid metabolism (GM2A) and cell-to-cell interactions (GJA5). Conversely, genes upregulated in rFSH-treated CCs are implicated in cell assembly and organization (COL1A1 and COL3A1). Interestingly, some genes specific to each gonadotropin treatment (NPY1R and GM2A for HP-hMG; GREM1 and OSBPL6 for rFSH) were associated with day 3 embryo quality and blastocyst grade at day 5, while others (STC2 and PTX3) were related to in vitro embryo quality in both gonadotropin treatments. These genes may prove valuable as biomarkers of in vitro embryo quality.
    BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:354582.
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    ABSTRACT: STUDY QUESTION: Oocyte developmental competence is altered in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); is gene expression in cumulus cells (CCs) from mature metaphase II oocytes of patients with PCOS altered as well? SUMMARY ANSWER: Compared with CCs from non-PCOS patients, the gene expression profile of CCs isolated from mature oocytes of patients with PCOS present alterations that could explain the abnormal folliculogenesis and reduced oocyte competence in such patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Abnormal mRNA expression of several members of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family in CCs from PCOS patients was previously reported. Moreover, the whole transcriptome has been investigated in cultured CCs from PCOS patients. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE AND DURATION: This retrospective study included six PCOS patients diagnosed following the Rotterdam Criteria and six non-PCOS patients who all underwent ICSI for male infertility in the assisted reproduction technique (ART) Department of Montpellier University Hospital, between 2009 and 2011. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTINGAND METHODS: CCs from PCOS and non-PCOS patients who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) were isolated mechanically before ICSI. Gene expression profiles were analysed using the microarray technology and the Significance Analysis of Microarray was applied to compare the expression profiles of CCs from PCOS and non-PCOS patients. MAIN RESULTS: The gene expression profile of CCs from patients with PCOS was significantly different from that of CCs from non-PCOS patients. Specifically, CCs from women with PCOS were characterized by abnormal expression of many growth factors, including members of the epidermal growth factor-like (EGFR, EREG and AREG) and IGF-like families (IGF1R, IGF2R, IGF2BP2 and IGFBP2), that are known to play a role in oocyte competence. In addition, mRNA transcripts of factors involved in steroid metabolism, such as CYP11A1, CYP1B1, CYP19A1 and CYP2B7P1, were deregulated in PCOS CCs, and this could explain the abnormal steroidogenesis observed in these women. Functional annotation of the differentially expressed genes suggests that defects in the transforming growth factor β and estrogen receptors signalling cascades may contribute to the reduced oocyte developmental competence in patients with PCOS. LIMITATIONS AND REASONS FOR CAUTION: Owing to the strict selection criteria (similar age, weight and reasons for ART), this study included a small sample size (six cases and six controls), and thus, further investigations using a large cohort of patients are needed to confirm these results. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: This study opens a new perspective for understanding the pathogenesis of PCOS. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS: This work was partially supported by a grant from the Ferring Pharmaceutical. The authors of the study have no competing interests to report. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Not applicable.
    Human Reproduction 09/2012; · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Annales d Endocrinologie 09/2012; 73(4):250. · 0.66 Impact Factor
  • Fertility and Sterility 09/2012; 98(3):S21. · 4.30 Impact Factor
  • Annales d Endocrinologie 09/2012; 73(4):372. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate if internal version with ruptured membranes is a risk factor of cesarean section for the second twin.Patients and methodsTwo hundred and fifty-nine twins vaginal deliveries after 33 weeks of gestation from 1997 to 2009 in a level 3 maternity. A retrospective case–control study comparing two groups: cases of cesarean section on second twin and five twins vaginal deliveries following the case. Active management of the second twin delivery was performed with a short intertwin delivery.ResultsEleven cesarean sections on the second twin were performed (4.2%). The main indication was failure of internal version. The risk of cesarean section was significantly greater when the internal version was performed with ruptured membranes (OR: 25.4 IC 95% [2.3–275.7] P < 0.003) and when intertwin time delivery interval was increased (8.1 ± 5.1 vs 16.7 ± 6.3, P < 0.001).Discussion and conclusionThe rupture of amniotic membranes before or during the internal podalic version is associated with a risk of failure and cesarean for the second twin. We recommend to perform the internal podalic version with unruptured membranes according to the French recommendations.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 07/2012; 40(s 7–8):402–405. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In humans, successful pregnancy depends on a cascade of dynamic events during early embryonic development. Unfortunately, molecular data on these critical events is scarce. To improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that govern the specification/development of the trophoblast cell lineage, the transcriptome of human trophectoderm (TE) cells from day 5 blastocysts was compared to that of single day 3 embryos from our in vitro fertilization program by using Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays. Some of the microarray data were validated by quantitative RT-PCR. The TE molecular signature included 2,196 transcripts, among which were genes already known to be TE-specific (GATA2, GATA3 and GCM1) but also genes involved in trophoblast invasion (MUC15), chromatin remodeling (specifically the DNA methyltransferase DNMT3L) and steroid metabolism (HSD3B1, HSD17B1 and FDX1). In day 3 human embryos 1,714 transcripts were specifically up-regulated. Besides stemness genes such as NANOG and DPPA2, this signature included genes belonging to the NLR family (NALP4, 5, 9, 11 and 13), Ret finger protein-like family (RFPL1, 2 and 3), Melanoma Antigen family (MAGEA1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 12) and previously unreported transcripts, such as MBD3L2 and ZSCAN4. This study provides a comprehensive outlook of the genes that are expressed during the initial embryo-trophectoderm transition in humans. Further understanding of the biological functions of the key genes involved in steroidogenesis and epigenetic regulation of transcription that are up-regulated in TE cells may clarify their contribution to TE specification and might also provide new biomarkers for the selection of viable and competent blastocysts.
    PLoS ONE 06/2012; 7(6):e39306. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate if internal version with ruptured membranes is a risk factor of cesarean section for the second twin. Two hundred and fifty-nine twins vaginal deliveries after 33 weeks of gestation from 1997 to 2009 in a level 3 maternity. A retrospective case-control study comparing two groups: cases of cesarean section on second twin and five twins vaginal deliveries following the case. Active management of the second twin delivery was performed with a short intertwin delivery. Eleven cesarean sections on the second twin were performed (4.2%). The main indication was failure of internal version. The risk of cesarean section was significantly greater when the internal version was performed with ruptured membranes (OR: 25.4 IC 95% [2.3-275.7] P<0.003) and when intertwin time delivery interval was increased (8.1±5.1 vs 16.7±6.3, P<0.001). The rupture of amniotic membranes before or during the internal podalic version is associated with a risk of failure and cesarean for the second twin. We recommend to perform the internal podalic version with unruptured membranes according to the French recommendations.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 06/2012; 40(7-8):402-5. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oocyte maturation and competence to development depends on its close relationship with cumulus cells (CCs). However, the maturation conditions of human cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) might affect gene expression in both oocyte and CCs. We thus compared the transcriptome profiles of CCs isolated from in vivo and in vitro matured COCs at different nuclear maturation stages. Three groups of CCs from patients who underwent ICSI were included: CCs of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) referred for in vitro maturation (IVM), CCs from patients with PCOS for in vivo maturation (used as controls) and CCs from normal responders referred for in vivo maturation. CCs were isolated from COCs at the germinal vesicle, metaphase I and metaphase II stages. Microarray technology was used to analyse the global gene expression and significance analysis of microarray to compare the expression profiles of CCs from COCs at different nuclear maturation stages following IVM or in vivo maturation. Selected genes were validated by RT-qPCR. In CCs isolated after IVM, genes related to cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation, such as EREG, AREG and PTX3, were down-regulated, while cell cycle-related genes were up-regulated in comparison with CCs from in vivo matured COCs from PCOS and normal responder patients. Moreover, irrespective of the stage of oocyte maturation, genes involved in DNA replication, recombination and repair were up-regulated in CCs after IVM. The CC transcriptomic signature varies according to both the oocyte maturation stage and the maturation conditions. Our findings suggest a delay in the acquisition of the mature CC phenotype following IVM, opening a new perspective for the improvement in IVM conditions.
    Human Reproduction 05/2012; 27(8):2438-47. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cryopreservation is now considered as an efficient way to store human oocytes to preserve fertility. However, little is known about the effects of this technology on oocyte gene expression. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the two cryopreservation procedures, slow freezing and vitrification, on the gene expression profile of human metaphase II (MII) oocytes. Unfertilized MII oocytes following ICSI failure were cryopreserved either by slow freezing or by the Cryotip method for vitrification. After thawing, total RNA was extracted and analyzed using Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 GeneChip arrays. The gene expression profiles and associated biological pathways in slowly frozen/thawed and vitrified MII oocytes were determined and compared with those of non-cryopreserved MII oocytes used as controls. Both cryopreservation procedures negatively affected the gene expression profile of human MII oocytes in comparison with controls. However, slowly frozen and vitrified MI oocytes displayed specific gene expression signatures. Slow freezing was associated with down-regulation of genes involved in chromosomal structure maintenance (KIF2C and KIF3A) and cell cycle regulation (CHEK2 and CDKN1B) that may lead to a reduction in the oocyte developmental competence. In vitrified oocytes, many genes of the ubiquitination pathway were down-regulated, including members of the ubiquitin-specific peptidase family and subunits of the 26S proteasome. Such inhibition of the degradation machinery might stabilize the maternal protein content that is necessary for oocyte developmental competence. The low pregnancy rates commonly observed when using human MII oocytes after slow freezing-thawing may be explained by the alterations of the oocyte gene expression profile.
    Human Reproduction 05/2012; 27(7):2160-8. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Pratique Médicale et Chirurgicale de l Animal de Compagnie 04/2012; 47(2):62.
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    ABSTRACT: The good folliculogenesis evolution is fundamental for the obtaining of a competent oocyte, able to lead to pregnancy, once fertilized. During the follicular development, the oocyte is in close contact with surrounding cumulus cells (CCs) to form a cumulus-oocyte complex. The bidirectional exchange between oocyte and contiguous CCs via gap junction communications and paracrine signaling is important for oocyte competence and CCs development. These reciprocal regulations are controlled by some key genes. Recently, it has been demonstrated that these genes are themselves regulated by short RNAs fragments (∼22 nucleotides), called microRNAs. The identification and the quantification in the CCs of the microRNAs regulating these genes could promote the development of non invasive tests in order to assess the oocyte quality and its ability to provide embryo with a high implantation potential. This approach could be decisive in the embryo selection to transfer and could avoid the risk of multiple pregnancies by the replacement of a single embryo.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 03/2012; · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess risk factors for anal sphincter injury during operative vaginal delivery using spatulas. Patients and methods A monocentric retrospective study of all assisted vaginal deliveries using Thierry and Teissier's spatulas between January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2009 in a teaching level III maternity. We studied risk factors such as primiparity, gestational age, maternal age, previous perineal laceration, level and type of presentation, type of expulsion, unsuccessful extraction and successive use of tools, episiotomy, type of anaesthesia and birth weight. Results There were 346 perineal tears (60.5%); among them, 175 (31%) were type 1, 131 (23%) type 2, 35 (6.1%) type 3 and five (0.9%) type 4. There were 235 episiotomy (41.1%). There was no statistically significant difference between all the supposed risk factors and the severe perineal tears. Conclusion There are no relationship between third and fourth degree perineal lesions during spatula's delivery and supposed risk factors of anal sphincter injury. Only statistical tendances between first vaginal delivery and anal sphincter injury and between occipitosacral delivery and anal sphincter injury were found. We need further randomized studies comparing assisted births using spatulas, forceps and vacuum extractors to better assess perineal tears risk factors.
    Fuel and Energy Abstracts 02/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The good folliculogenesis evolution is fundamental for the obtaining of a competent oocyte, able to lead to pregnancy, once fertilized. During the follicular development, the oocyte is in close contact with surrounding cumulus cells (CCs) to form a cumulus-oocyte complex. The bidirectional exchange between oocyte and contiguous CCs via gap junction communications and paracrine signaling is important for oocyte competence and CCs development. These reciprocal regulations are controlled by some key genes. Recently, it has been demonstrated that these genes are themselves regulated by short RNAs fragments (approximately 22 nucleotides), called microRNAs. The identification and the quantification in the CCs of the microRNAs regulating these genes could promote the development of non invasive tests in order to assess the oocyte quality and its ability to provide embryo with a high implantation potential. This approach could be decisive in the embryo selection to transfer and could avoid the risk of multiple pregnancies by the replacement of a single embryo.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 12/2011; 40(3):170-3. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The bi-directional communication between the oocyte and the surrounding cumulus cells (CCs) is crucial for the acquisition of oocyte competence. We investigated the transcriptomic profile of human CCs isolated from mature and immature oocytes under stimulated cycle. We used human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays to perform an extensive analysis of the genes expressed in human CCs obtained from patients undergoing intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection. CC samples were isolated from oocyte at germinal vesicle, stage metaphase I and stage metaphase II. For microarray analysis, we used eight chips for each CC category. Significance analysis of microarray multiclass was used to analyze the microarray data. Validation was performed by RT-qPCR using an independent cohort of CC samples. We identified differentially over-expressed genes between the three CC categories. This study revealed a specific signature of gene expression in CCs issued from MII oocyte compared with germinal vesicle and metaphase I. The CC gene expression profile, which is specific of MII mature oocyte, can be useful as predictors of oocyte quality.
    PLoS ONE 11/2011; 6(11):e27179. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
474.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2013
    • Université de Montpellier 1
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 1998–2013
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier
      • Département de biologie de la reproduction
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 2007–2012
    • Institut de Recherche en Cancerologie de Montpellier
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 2010
    • University of Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1989–2010
    • Hospices Civils de Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2009
    • Université de Rennes 1
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
  • 2005
    • Institut de Génétique Humaine
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 2003
    • Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille
      • Service de gynécologie obstétrique
      Marseille, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • University Hospital Estaing of Clermont-Ferrand
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2001
    • College of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Leon
      Aquitaine, France
  • 1988
    • Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
      • Laboratoire de physique
      Villeurbanne, Rhone-Alpes, France